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Hudson Bay Mine (H.B. Mine), Salmo, Nelson Mining Division, British Columbia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Hudson Bay Mine (H.B. Mine)Mine
Salmo- not defined -
Nelson Mining DivisionDivision
British ColumbiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
49° 9' 8'' North , 117° 11' 55'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Salmo1,125 (2008)7.4km
Fruitvale3,790 (2006)26.0km
Metaline Falls241 (2017)34.5km
Metaline172 (2017)36.3km
Castlegar8,715 (2008)37.9km


Ref.: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205, 734 & 753, 933.

The HB property is located on Aspen Creek, a tributary of Sheep Creek, 8 kilometres southeast of Salmo. The north end of the No. 1 orebody outcropped at an elevation of 1219 metres, west of Aspen Creek and almost a 1.6 kilometres north of Sheep Creek.

The HB orebodies are currently thought to be Kootenay Arc-type carbonate hosted sedimentary exhalative (sedex) deposits. The orebodies are located within dolomitized limestone of the Lower Cambrian Laib Formation, Reeves Member (correlative with limestone of the Badshot Formation). The east boundary of the Laib Formation is in contact with argillites of the Lower to Middle Ordovician Active Formation, on a fault contact, with the Active rocks overthrust from the east over the Reeves rocks.

The principal ore zones consist of three steeply dipping, parallel zones lying approximately side by side and extending as pencil-like shoots for about 900 metres along the gentle south plunge of the controlling structures. The largest and most easterly ore zone has a maximum height of about 140 metres and a maximum width of 30 metres. Within these zones are steeply dipping discontinuous ore stringers with a lead to zinc ratio of 1:5.

The mineralogy of the ore is relatively simple with pyrite, sphalerite and galena in order of abundance and minor pyrrhotite found locally. The northern portion of these bodies is exposed at surface, near the original HB claim, and are oxidized to a depth of about 100 metres at that point. Where the ore is protected by enclosing dolomite relatively little oxidation has occurred. Other secondary minerals include calamine, smithsonite, anglesite, and the rare zinc phosphate, spencerite.

Wallrock alteration is typical of lead-zinc deposits in the area. The ore zones are enveloped by a broad zone of dolomitization which is bordered along its contact with the limestone by a narrow zone in which limestone is replaced by fine-grained silica. Talc and tremolite alteration, thought to be pre-ore, is concentrated near the silica-rich zone resulting from the silicification of dolomite. An appreciable amount of talc is found locally within the ore zone.

A smaller zone, located to the southwest of the main HB mine, is known as the Garnet orebody (082FSW249). The Garnet zone was mined from the surface from a small open pit, whereas the main mine is entirely underground.

The University of Toronto studies - Geological series No.10:
Mineralogy of the H.B. Mine, Salmo, B.C. by T.L.Walker 1919. It describes the discovery of a large cave full of spencerite. I think it is worth noting in Mindat.
The horror of it all though is they smelted it all for Zinc!!!

SpenceriteDiscovery.JPG

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Dana 7:II:734 & 753.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205.; Walker T L (1916) Spencerite, a new zinc phosphate from British Columbia, Mineralogical Magazine 18, 76-81 ; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Dana 7:II:734 & 753.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734 & 753, 933.; Walker T L (1916) Spencerite, a new zinc phosphate from British Columbia, Mineralogical Magazine 18, 76-81 ; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734 & 753, 933.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Walker T L (1916) Spencerite, a new zinc phosphate from British Columbia, Mineralogical Magazine 18, 76-81
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Parahopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734 & 753.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
'Salmoite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 933.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Walker T L (1916) Spencerite, a new zinc phosphate from British Columbia, Mineralogical Magazine 18, 76-81 ; British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Spencerite (TL)
Formula: Zn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nature (1916): 97, 375; Mineralogical Magazine (1917): 18, 76-83; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 933.; Walker T L (1916) Spencerite, a new zinc phosphate from British Columbia, Mineralogical Magazine 18, 76-81 ; British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Tarbuttite
Formula: Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: British Columbia Minfile 082FSW004; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parahopeite8.CA.70Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Spencerite (TL)8.DA.40Zn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Tarbuttite8.BB.35Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Salmoite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parahopeite40.3.3.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Tarbuttite41.6.7.1Zn2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Spencerite (TL)42.6.4.2Zn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Salmoite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
P HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AnglesitePbSO4
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Zn HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TeTellurium
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2

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