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KFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
White to greenish, buff, ...
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Earthy
Named in 1932 by Edward Sydney Simpson from the Greek word "LEUCO" meaning "white" and the prefix PHOSPHate, in allusion to its colour and composition as a phosphate.
Isostructural with:
Leucophosphite Group.
The Fe3+ analogue of tinsleyite.

Originally phosphate formed by the action of solutions derived from bird or bat guano upon serpentine (TL), or earlier iron-bearing minerals, also formed from the hydrothermal alteration of earlier iron-bearing phosphates in granite pegmatites.

Classification of Leucophosphite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
H : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 < 1:1

11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of Leucophosphite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Chalky from guano deposits.
White to greenish, buff, yellow-brown, orange-brown, pink, greenish brown, brownish purple
Hardness (Mohs):
On {100}, perfect.
2.948 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.911 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Type locality density values = 2.30 to 2.65 (porous and chalk-like).

Optical Data of Leucophosphite

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.707 nβ = 1.721 nγ = 1.739
Calculated: 84°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v
Optical Extinction:
X = b, Z ^ c = 26°

Chemical Properties of Leucophosphite

KFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Leucophosphite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.76 Å, b = 9.65 Å, c = 9.74 Å
β = 102.44°
a:b:c = 1.011 : 1 : 1.009
Unit Cell Volume:
V 895.81 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Pseudo-orthorhombic. Crystals rhombic-shaped, exhibiting {100}, {210}, {111}, and {111}. Fine-grained, chalk-like masses. Amorphous in part.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
7.60 (70)
6.79 (100)
5.99 (70)
4.76 (30)
3.06 (70)
2.916 (40)
2.829 (40)
Material from Sapucaia pegmatite, Brazil. See also ICDD 9-446, 37-466

Occurrences of Leucophosphite

Type Occurrence of Leucophosphite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Veinlets in serpentine
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia: M.69.1991, MDC6129.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Guano deposits on Serpentinite

Relationship of Leucophosphite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
8.DH.05MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2F · 4H2O
8.DH.10Spheniscidite(NH4)Fe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
8.DH.10TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)CaMn2+Fe22+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)CaMn2+Mg2Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)CaMn2+Mn22+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
8.DH.15Rittmannite(Mn2+,Ca)Mn2+(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Whiteite-(CaFeMg)CaFe2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Whiteite-(CaMnMg)CaMn2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Whiteite-(MnFeMg)Mn2+Fe2+Mg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)Mn2+Mn2+Mn22+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Kaluginite(Mn2+,Ca)MgFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaFeFe){Ca}{Fe2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)NaFe3+Mg2Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(NaMnMg){Na}{Mn3+}{Mg2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMgMg){Ca}{Mg}{Mg2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.20ManganosegeleriteMn22+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
8.DH.20OveriteCaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
8.DH.20SegeleriteCaMgFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
8.DH.20WilhelmvierlingiteCaMn2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
8.DH.20JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
8.DH.25CalcioferriteCa4MgFe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
8.DH.25KingsmountiteCa4Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
8.DH.25MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
8.DH.25ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
8.DH.30ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 3H2O
8.DH.30KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
8.DH.30MitridatiteCa2Fe33+O2(PO4)3 · 3H2O
8.DH.30PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+O2(PO4)3 · 3H2O
8.DH.30RobertsiteCa2Mn33+O2(PO4)3 · 3H2O
8.DH.30Sailaufite(Ca,Na,◻)2Mn33+O2(AsO4)2CO3 · 3H2O
8.DH.35MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
8.DH.35PaulkerriteKMg2TiFe23+(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
8.DH.35BenyacariteKTiMn22+Fe23+(PO4)4OF · 15H2O
8.DH.40XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
8.DH.45Mahnertite(Na,Ca,K)Cu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2O
8.DH.50AndyrobertsiteKCdCu5(AsO4)4[As(OH)2O2] · 2H2O
8.DH.50CalcioandyrobertsiteKCaCu5(AsO4)4[As(OH)2O2] · 2H2O
8.DH.55EnglishiteK3Na2Ca10Al15(OH)7(PO4)21 · 26H2O
8.DH.60BouazzeriteBi6(Mg,Co)11Fe14(AsO4)18O12(OH)4 · 86H2O
19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O (x~1/3)
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4)Fe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.12GaryanselliteMg2Fe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa4MgFe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe33+O2(PO4)3 · 3H2O
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe43+(PO4)2(OH)8 · 4-5H2O
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.14.21SegeleriteCaMgFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4Fe2+Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
19.14.31SouzaliteMg3Al4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.32GormaniteFe32+Al4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O

Other Names for Leucophosphite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Leucophosphite

Reference List:
Simpson (1931-1932) Journal of the Royal Soceity of Western Australia: 18: 69.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 936.

Lindberg, M.L. (1957) Leucophosphite from the Sapucaia pegmatite mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist, 42, 214–221.

Moore, P.B. (1972) Octahedral tetramer in the crystal structure of leucophosphite, K2[Fe3+4 (OH)2(H2O)2(PO4)4]•2H2O. American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 397-410.

Internet Links for Leucophosphite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Leucophosphite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Western Antarctica
Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
  • Salta
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Stienstra, P. (1985). Geology of a small rock-phosphate deposit, Ceru Colorado, Aruba, Netherlands Antilles. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 55(1).
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
        • Paddy's River Cu Mine
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • New South Wales
    • Bathurst Co.
R Bottrill, unpub. Data
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Goonumbla
A.L. McLean, J.Chapman, J.L. Sharpe and P.A. Williams (2004): The mineralogy of the oxidised zone of the E26 orebody at Northparkes, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 10, 53-57.
    • Westmoreland Co.
      • Oberon
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Gladstone
Steve Sorrell Collection
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Harrowfield, I. R., Segnit, E. R., & Watts, J. A. (1981). Aldermanite, a new magnesium aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(333), 59-62.
        • Kapunda
Frost, R.L., S.J. Mills, and K.L. Erickson, (2004), Thermal decomposition of peisleyite: a thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 419(1-2): p. 109-114.; Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., & Watts, J. A. (1982). Peisleyite, a new sodium aluminium sulphate phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 449-452.
        • Robertstown
Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 351-357; & Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Southern Islands
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Buloke Shire
      • Wycheproof
W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
W.D. Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 14-27
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974);
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Weelhamby Lake
Simpson, E.S. (1931-1932) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 18: 69. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 936.
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, 2007 Perth
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
various photographs
sergio varvello
luigi chiappino specimen
      • Ferruginha
Sergio Varvello photo
Natural History Museum Collections (London 2008); Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
      • Linópolis
Atencio et al (2005) Roscherite-Group Minerals from Brazil, Axis (Min Rec), Vol 1, #6, p.1 (2005)
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
EDS analisis; samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
EDS-SEM analisis; samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Sulphides analysed by geology dep. of company; sulphates, phosphates, analysed by Bob Jenkins (Usa) 2007
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Škoda, R. and Ondruš, P., 2006: New naturally occurring mineral phases from the Krásno  Horní Slavkov area, western Bohemia, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 51, 159-187.; Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
          • Vysoký Kámen
Jirásek J. et al. (2016): Fosfáty a doprovodné minerály z živcového lomu Vysoký kámen u Krásna, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 80-94.
Sejkora, J., Süsser, C., Plášil, J.: Natrodufrénit a asociace fosfátů, ložisko Vysoký kámen – greisen, Krásno u Horního Slavkova. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 116-125; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z. & Gabašová, A. (2006): New data on mineralogy of the Vysoký Kámen deposits near Krásno, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 43-55.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Rokycany (Rokitzan; Rokytzan)
Janouš, F.: Minerály z Kněží hory u Těškova (okres Rokycany), Minerál, 1995, roč. 3, č. 6, s. 367-369.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Velké Meziříčí
Škoda, R., Staněk, J., Čopjaková, R.: Minerální asociace fosfátových nodulí z granitického pegmatitu od Cyrilova u Velkého Meziříčí, Moldanubikum; část 1 – primární a exsoluční fáze. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 59-74.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Chollet Pascal collection
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Plumelin
Pierre Le Roc'h & Jean-Marc Johannet collections
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Deux-Sèvres
      • Le Temple
Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 2002, N°75, pp 8-25
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
Natural History Museum Paris analysis
      • Razès
        • Chanteloube
          • Vilatte Quarries (La Vilate)
Boisson, J. M. (1988) - Les monts d'Ambazac, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (2), 3-33.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • La Capelle-Bleys
Gayraud, L., Gineste, C., Bernadi, G. & Johannet, J.-M. (2011) - Bleys et Puech de Compolibat: deux localités minéralogiques remarquables du massif de leucogranite de La Capelle-Bleys (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 111(1), 7-23
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
      • Waldmünchen
        • Althütte
Lapis, 10 (4), 13-17.
  • Bomi Co.
J.M.Axelrod, et al.: :Phosphate mineralization at Bomi Hill and Bambuta, Liberia, West Africa", Am. Min. 37,883-909(1952)
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ambatofinandrahana District
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.46-47
  • Borneo
    • Sarawak
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Rodeo
      • Rodeo
        • Abasolo
sergio varvello collection
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
      • Usakos
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Keller, P. (1974): Phosphatmineralien aus Pegmatiten Sudwestafrikas, Der Aufschluss 25,577-591(1974)
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material Jose Gonsales del Tanago
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
Mineralien Atlas
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Eur.Journ.Min. 14:157-164
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Austell District
        • Treverbyn
          • Stenalees
Elton, N. J. (1998): Barbosalite, frondelite and other phosphates from Gunheath China Clay Pit, St Austell, Cornwall, England. Journal of the Russell Society 7, 15-18. ; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 517-518.
  • Scotland
    • Outer Hebrides
B. Young et al. : "Bazirite, Ba Zr Si3 O9, a new mineral from Rockall Island, Inverness-shire, Scotland", Mineralogical Magazine, G.B., 1978, 42, 35-40
  • Alabama
    • Cherokee Co.
    • Coosa Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 70(5): 320-333.
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Hillside
          • Bagdad Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132-133, 253-254, 275-276; Leavens, P.B. (1967), Reexamination of bermanite, Am.Min.: 52: 1060-1066.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Escarpado Canyon
          • Cima Hill
Gulbrandsen, Robert Allen, D.L. Jones, K. McQ. Tagg & D.W. Reeser (1963), Apatitized wood and leucophosphite in nodules in the Moreno formation, California: USGS PP 475-C: 100-104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 243; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 310, 314.
    • San Diego Co.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
Van King
  • Colorado
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Indiana
    • Pike Co.
Coveney, R.M., A.V. Allen, J.C. Blankenship & W.B. Simmons (1984) Hawleyite and phosphate minerals from Bethel Church, Indiana, including a second occurrence for ferrostrunzite: The Mineralogical Record: 15: 351-357.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
No reference listed
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Gibellini District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; [Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, 362
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Online Documents OF06-19 - Nevada Uranium and Thorium Occurrences
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
        • Lone Tree Mine
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 80:251
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Big Burro Mts
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Tyrone Area
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Santa Rita
Mineralogical Magazine 60:787-793.
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
jbs collection
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.:60:117.
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
      • Needles
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
      • Unorganized District
Van King specimen
  • Virginia
    • Giles Co.
      • Pig Hole Cave
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Wisconsin
    • Rusk Co.
      • Ladysmith
Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
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