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Befanamo pegmatite, Beronono, Anjozorobe, Analamanga, Madagascari
Regional Level Types
Befanamo pegmatitePegmatite
BerononoCommune
AnjozorobeDistrict
AnalamangaRegion
MadagascarCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
18° South , 47° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~14km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other Languages:
Malagasy:
Befanamo, Kaominin'i Beronono, Distrikan' Anjozorobe, Faritr' Analamanga, Madagasikara


A granite NYF pegmatite, monazite-thortveitite subtype that is hosted in an amphibolite-gneiss (a partially decomposed fine-grained biotite gneiss). It is situated 2 km W of the village Ambalabako, about 20 NW of Ambatomanoina, about 40 km ENE of Ankazobe and about 80 km N of the capital Antananarivo.
The map coordinates given by Guigues (1955) are X= 876.9 and Y= 510.7.

This scandium-rich pegmatite has produced more than 40 kg of "befanamite" (a variety of thortveitite rich in Sc and Zr and low in Y) since its discovery in 1918. It was first discovered in the eluvials of the pegmatite in 1918 by the prospector J.B. Rasamoel and later described by the French mineralogist Alfred Lacroix. In 1952 the same prospector, J.B. Rasamoel started prospecting for befanamite (Concession PE 10050), which in the early 1950s was sold to the USA). By 1960 the mineralogist J. Behier believed the locality to be exhausted.

Regions containing this locality

Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Antananarivo Province, MadagascarProvince (Abolished)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955) Étude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologique de Madagascar 67, Service Géologique, Tananarive, p. 6-8.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Colour: green, colorless, blue
Description: Crystals 5-10cm in length, but up to 20 cm has been reported (Guigues 1955)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Van King
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19; Guigues, J. (1955) Étude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologique de Madagascar 67, Service Géologique, Tananarive, p. 6-8.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: masses to 2cm in diameter
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
'Monazite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: small scales on microcline
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955) Étude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologique de Madagascar 67, Service Géologique, Tananarive, p. 6-8.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris, p 232
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris, p 232
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Description: variety ampangabeite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 14
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: 1,5-3 cm large typically altered
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955): Etude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologiques de Madagascar 67, Service Geologique, Tananarive, p 6-8
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Description: Described as the variety befanamite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19-20
Thortveitite var: Befanamite (FRL)
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Type Locality:
Description: The largest crystal found weighed 450 gram. Found as groups of parallellgrowing crystals mostly embedded in quartz, but it has been observed together with strüverite, monazite and beryl. Small crystals of green thortveitite has been observed on monazite crystals.
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922) Minéralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. Augustin Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p. [p.500-502]; Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19-20
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Guigues, J. (1955) Étude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologique de Madagascar 67, Service Géologique, Tananarive, p. 6-8.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Description: In groups with zircon
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Zircon var: Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19-20

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
var: Befanamite (TL)9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Malacon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Gilbertite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Thortveitite
var: Befanamite (FRL)
-Sc2Si2O7
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Malacon
-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O Thortveitite (var: Befanamite)Sc2Si2O7
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O RutileTiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Thortveitite (var: Befanamite)Sc2Si2O7
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ScScandium
Sc Thortveitite (var: Befanamite)Sc2Si2O7
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
YYttrium
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Malacon)Zr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Guigues, J. (1955) Étude des gisements de pegmatite de Madagascar (Deuxième partie). Travaux du Bureau Géologique de Madagascar 67, Service Géologique, Tananarive, p. 6-8.
Behier, J. (1960) Contribution à la minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 19-20 [on befanamite].
Pezzotta, F. (1999) Madagaskar. Das Paradies der Mineralien und Edelsteine. ExtraLapis nr 17, 44-46 [German version, a short notice].


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