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Trou des Romains (Chapy-Courmayeur), Sapin Valley, Courmayeur, Aosta Valley, Italy

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Name(s) in local language(s):Trou des Romains, Val Sapin, Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 48' 37'' North , 6° 59' 48'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.81047,6.99668
GeoHash:G#: u0hux5wc6
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Pb and Ba mineralization within porphyric Paleozoic rocks. It is probable that mining began during the Roman age.
Locality name "Chapy-Courmayeur" used by Pelloux (1946).

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,242 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Berthierite'2.HA.20FeSb2S4
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
SbAntimony
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3137995
Jurassic meta-sediment

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Meta-sediment group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186756
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Carboniferous
298.9 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2360794
Magmatische Gesteine, Plutonite

Age: Carboniferous (298.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Granite in tonalite and Quartz syenite

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Nicolis de Robilant E.B. - description particulière du Duché d'aoste, suiviu d'essai sur deux minières des anciens romains, et d'un supplément à la théorie des montagnes et des mines. - Mémoire de l'Académie des Sciences de Turin (1786-1787). Turin, 1788
- Stella A. (1902) - Sul giacimento piombo baritico di regione Trou des Romains, presso Courmayeur - rassegna Mineraria, Torino, Vol. 17, 1902
- Pelloux A. (1946) - Contributo alla mineralogia della Val D'Aosta - Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, Vol. 3, Milano, 1946
- Scaini G., Giorgetta A. (1967) - Alcuni minerali di Courmayeur - Rendiconti Soc. Mineralogica Italiana, Vol. 23, Milano, 1967
- Castello P. (1973): Lo Ialofane del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur) - Bulletin S.V.F. n. 27, Aosta,
- Castello P. (1977): Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
- Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.


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