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Popigai impact crater (Popigayskii crater), Popigai river, Anabarskii massif, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Popigai impact crater (Popigayskii crater)Crater
Popigai riverRiver
Anabarskii massifMassif
Krasnoyarsk KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Попигайский импактный кратер, Анабарский массив
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 71° 37' 59'' North , 111° 10' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 71.63333,111.18333
GeoHash:G#: ykxpd03nr
Locality type:Crater
Köppen climate type:Dfd : Extremely cold subarctic climate


35 Ma age (Eocene).

Huge impact crater about 100 km in diameter.

Layered and irregular/massive diamond grains have been reported to contain "lonsdaleite", amorphous carbon, graphite and fullerene-like/onion-like carbon. The first impact diamonds containing the latter are described from here. There is a possibility that the fullerene-like carbon is a relic.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
Siberian Federal District, RussiaDistrict

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chaoite
Formula: C
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Diamond
Formula: C
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Lonsdaleite
Formula: C
'Maskelynite'
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Chaoite1.CB.05bC
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Lonsdaleite1.CB.10bC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Maskelynite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Chaoite1.3.6.4C
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Lonsdaleite1.3.6.3C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Iron-Fe
'Maskelynite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C ChaoiteC
C LonsdaleiteC
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O TridymiteSiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si TridymiteSiO2
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TroiliteFeS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
NiNickel
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni NickelNi
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Oligocene
23.03 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 634119
unclassified; Impact structure

Age: Oligocene (23.03 - 33.9 Ma)

Description: West Siberian Basin, Siberian Platform, Anabar-Olenek uplift

Comments: Craton cover; Petrov et al., unpublished compilation, 2007-08

Lithology: Impact breccia, impact melt rock, crater fill;

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3189665
Mesozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Masaitis, V.L., Mikhailov, M.V., and Selivanovskaya, T.V. (1972): Popigai Basin - an explosion meteorite crater. Meteoritics, 7 (1), 39-46.
Masaitis, V. L. (1994): Impactites from Popigai crater. In: Dressler, B.O., Grieve, R.A.F., and Sharpton, V.L., eds., Large meteorite impacts and planetary evolution. Geological Society of America Special Paper 293, p. 153-162.
Masaitis, V. L. (1998): Popigai crater: Origin and distribution of diamond-bearing impactites. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 33, 349-359.
Kenkmann, T., Horz, F., Deutsch, A. (2005): Large Meteorite Impacts Three. GSA Special Paper: 384.
Shumilova, K., Kis, V.K., Masaitis, V., Isaenko, S., Makeev, B. (2014): Onion-like carbon in impact diamonds from the Popigai astrobleme. European Journal of Mineralogy: 26(2): 267-277.

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