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Berzeliite

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About BerzeliiteHide

Jöns Jakob Berzelius
Formula:
(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Colour:
Yellow, Orange, colorless, brownish-orange; colorless to orange in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
4.08 - 4.27
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named by O. Kuhn in 1840 for Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist [August 20, 1779 Linköping, Sweden - August 7, 1848 Stockholm, Sweden], discoverer of Ce, Se, Si, Zr, Ti, and Th as well as elements he provided to his students for description. Devised the chemical symbols. Father of analytical chemistry.

The mineral berzelianite is also named after Berzelius.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
Berzeliite-Manganberzeliite Series. The Mg analogue of Manganberzeliite. Structurally related to Palenzonaite and to the Garnet Group of silicates.


Classification of BerzeliiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.AC.25

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.1.1
38.2.1.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
20.8.17

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
8 : Arsenates of Mn

Pronounciation of BerzeliiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of BerzeliiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Yellow, Orange, colorless, brownish-orange; colorless to orange in transmitted light.
Streak:
Nearly white to yellow-orange
Hardness:
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.08 - 4.27 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.068 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Value range is Mg end member to midway point of the series. Mg-rich = 3.84

Optical Data of BerzeliiteHide

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.702 - 1.748
Birefringence:
May show weak anomalous birefringence.
Birefringence:
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of BerzeliiteHide

Formula:
(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3

Crystallography of BerzeliiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Ia3d
Setting:
Ia3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.355(2) Å
Unit Cell V:
1,885.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals very rare, as trapezohedrons with small modifying faces. Commonly massive or as rounded grains.
Comment:
AC B (1976) 32: 1581 structure

Crystallographic forms of BerzeliiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Berzeliite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.03 (60)
3.30 (50)
3.09 (60)
2.75 (100)
2.63 (60)
2.52 (60)
1.712 (70)
1.648 (70)

Type Occurrence of BerzeliiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Metamorphosed Fe-Mn ore.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BerzeliiteHide

Other Language Names for BerzeliiteHide

Relationship of Berzeliite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite22 photos of Berzeliite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Hausmannite6 photos of Berzeliite associated with Hausmannite on mindat.org.
Joesmithite5 photos of Berzeliite associated with Joesmithite on mindat.org.
Hematite5 photos of Berzeliite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Magnetite4 photos of Berzeliite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Manganberzeliite3 photos of Berzeliite associated with Manganberzeliite on mindat.org.
Magnetoplumbite3 photos of Berzeliite associated with Magnetoplumbite on mindat.org.
Caryinite3 photos of Berzeliite associated with Caryinite on mindat.org.
Hedyphane2 photos of Berzeliite associated with Hedyphane on mindat.org.
Bergslagite1 photo of Berzeliite associated with Bergslagite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4 Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2Trig.
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.2.1.2ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
38.2.1.3Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.8.1SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
20.8.2EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
20.8.3ArsenoclasiteMn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4Orth.
20.8.4FlinkiteMn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4Orth.
20.8.5JarosewichiteMn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6Orth. 2 2 2
20.8.6AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.8.7KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2OMon. 2 : P21
20.8.8SynadelphiteMn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
20.8.9SterlinghilliteMn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.8.10GeigeriteMn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
20.8.11Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.8.12Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
20.8.13FluckiteCaMn2+(HAsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.8.14BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.8.15ParabrandtiteCa2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.8.16WallkilldelliteCa2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
20.8.18ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
20.8.19Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.8.20VillyaelleniteMnMn2Ca2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.8.21Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Trig. 3 : R3
20.8.22GrischuniteNaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2OOrth.

Fluorescence of BerzeliiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in HNO3 or HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BerzeliiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kühn (1840) Ann. Chem. Pharm.: 34: 211 (as Berzeliit).
Dana J.D. (1844) System of Mineralogy, 2nd. Edition, New York: 239 (as Magnesian Pharmacolite).
Dufrénoy, A. (1844-1847) Traité de minéralogie (as Chaux arseniatée anhydre).
Haidinger, Wm. (1845) 495 (as Berzelit).
Brooke, H.J. and Miller, W.H. (1852) Introduction to Mineralogy by Wm. Phillips, London, 1823. New edition by Brooke and Miller. 8vo, London: 481 (as Kühnite).
Lindgren (1881) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 5: 552 (as Dubbelbrytande Berzeliit).
Lindgren (1884) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 7: 291 (as Pseudoberzeliite).
Igelström (1886) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 9: 218 (on pyrrhoarsenite).
Igelström (1889) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 49.
Sjögren (1895) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 2: 92 (as Soda Berzeliite).
Bäckström (1896) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 26: 102 (as Natron-berzeliite).
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 191.
Doelter, C. (1914) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 3 [1]: 635, 639.
Hintze, C. (1922) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 214.
Landergren (1930) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 52: 123.
Machatschki, F. (1930) IX. Berzeliit, ein Arsenat vom Formel- und Strukturtypus Granat (X3Y2z3O12). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 73, 123-140. (in German)
Machatschki, F. (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 74: 230.
Bubeck, W. (1934) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 56: 526 (as Magnesium-berzeliit).
Bubeck, W., Machatschki, F. (1935) The crystal structure of berzeliite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 44-50.
McConnell, D. (1942) Griphite, a hydrophosphate garnetoid. American Mineralogist: 27: 452-461.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 681-683.
Blix, R., Wickman, F.E. (1960) The mineral berzeliite. Arkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi: 2: 417-424.
Ito, J. (1968) Synthesis of the berzeliite (Ca2NaMg2As3O12)-manganese berzeliite (Ca2NaMn2As3O12) series (arsenate garnet). American Mineralogist: 53: 316-319.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1976) Refinement of the crystal structure of berzeliite. Acta Crystallographica: B32: 1581-1583.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 65.
Nagashima, M., Armbruster, T. (2012) Palenzonaite, berzeliite, and manganberzeliite: (As5+,V5+,Si4+)O4+ tetrahedra in garnet structures. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 1081-1097.

Internet Links for BerzeliiteHide

Localities for BerzeliiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Corsaglia Valley
        • Montaldo di Mondovì
          • Borgata Oberti
Piccoli, G.C., Kolitsch, U., Blass, G., Ciriotti, M.E. (2007) Berzeliite di Montaldo di Mondovì: prima segnalazione italiana. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 49-54; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Cadoni, M., Armellino, G., Piccoli, G.C., Ambrino, P., Blass, G., Odicino, G., Ciuffardi, M. (2011) Montaldo di Mondovì. Minerali della miniera di manganese e ferro. Micro, 9, 4-21; Cámara, F., Biagioni, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bosi, F., Kolitsch, U., Paar, W.H., Blass, G., Bittarello, E. (2017b) Piccoliite, a new mineral of the pilawite group. Congresso SIMP-SGI-SOGEI-AIV 2017, Pisa, 3-6 settembre 2017, Abstract book, page 120; http://www.socgeol.it/files/download/abstract%20book/abstract_book_pisa_2017_doi.pdf
      • Maira Valley
        • Canosio
          • Vallone della Valletta
Cámara, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Bittarello, E., Nestola, F., Massimi, F., Radica, F., Costa, E., Benna, P., Piccoli, G.C. (2014) Arsenic-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: I. Grandaite, Sr2Al(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 757-774; Cámara, F., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Nestola, F., Radica, F., Massimi, F., Balestra, C., Bracco, R. (2017a) As-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: III. Canosioite, Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 305–317.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda
    • Zhanaarka District (Zhana-Arkinskii)
      • Atasu
Kayupova, M. M. (1963): Mineralogy of the Dzhumart iron-manganese deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, 1963 (6), 57-80.; Kayupova, M. M. (1964) Pyrosmalite from the Dzhumart and Ushkatyn Deposits, Central Kazakhstan. Translated from: Pirosmalit iz mestorozhdeniy Dzhumart i Ushkatyn v Tsentral'nom Kazakhstane. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 1964, Vol. 159, No.3, pp.560-663.
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
[MinRec 19:295, 10:216-217]; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 683.
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 683.; Moore, P. B. (1967). Welinite, a new mineral from LAngban. Arkiv fOr Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 407-411.; Moore, P. B. (1972). III. On Igelström's Manganese Arsenates and Antimonates from the Sjö Mine, Grythyttan, Örebro County, Sweden. GFF, 94(3), 423-434.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Graeser, S., Schwander, H., Suhner, B. (1998): Grischunit (CaMn2(AsO4)2), eine neue Mineralart aus den Schweizer Alpen. Zur Mn-As-Mineralisation des Oberhalbstein- Gebietes (I). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 64(1-2), 1-10.
Venezuela
 
  • Miranda
Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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