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Canale della Radice mines, Calcaferro, Mulina, Stazzema, Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Canale della Radice minesGroup of Mines
Calcaferro- not defined -
Mulina- not defined -
Stazzema- not defined -
Lucca ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniere del Canale della Radice, Calcaferro, Mulina, Stazzema, Alpi Apuane, Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° North , 10° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~9km
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Old Fe mines. The mineralization is embedded at the contact between phyllites and dolomitic marble (Grezzoni Fm.) and marble (Marble Fm.).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: prismatic
Colour: colorless, white
Description: It was found in the alteration zone of a pyrite concentration.
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Habit: prismatic, deeply striated
Colour: gray
Description: It is included in marble.
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: blue
Description: Aquamarine xls are included in calcite veins. Rarely it is possible to find them in small cavities of the veins.
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P., Riccobono F., 1993. The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 5: 193-207
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: blue
Description: Aquamarine xls are included in calcite veins. Rarely it is possible to find them in small cavities of the veins.
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P., Riccobono F., 1993. The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 5: 193-207
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Carmignani L., Dessau G., Duchi G., 1976. I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: octahedric xls
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 1 mm.
Reference: Carmignani L., Dessau G., Duchi G., 1976. I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Carmignani L., Dessau G., Duchi G., 1976. I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Colour: yellow
Reference: Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P., Riccobono F., 1993. The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 5: 193-207
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Carmignani L., Dessau G., Duchi G., 1976. I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O RutileTiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S UllmanniteNiSbS
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Corpo delle miniere, 1927. Giacimento di pirite del Canale delle Radici in Comune di Stazzema (Lucca). Congr. Geol. Internaz. 1926, Madrid: 31-41.
- Carmignani L., Dessau G., Duchi G., 1976. I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 95: 1009-1061.
- Carmignani L., Dessau G., Duchi G., 1978. Structural control of mineralization in the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). Verh. Geol. B-A, 3: 279-283
- Duchi G., Franzini M., Giamello M., Orlandi P., Riccobono F., 1993. The iron-rich beryls of Alpi Apuane.Mineralogy, chemistry, fluid inclusion. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 5: 193-207
- Lattanzi P., Benvenuti M., Costagliola P., Tanelli G., 1994. An overview on recent research on the metallogeny of Tuscany, with special reference to the Apuane Alps. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital., 48: 613-625.
- Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.


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