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Edwards Mine (St. Joe Lead), Edwards, Balmat-Edwards Zinc District, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USAi
Regional Level Types
Edwards Mine (St. Joe Lead)Mine
Edwards- not defined -
Balmat-Edwards Zinc DistrictMining District
St. Lawrence Co.County
New YorkState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 19' North , 75° 15' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.31667,-75.25000
GeoHash:G#: drfkpese7
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Edwards439 (2017)0.9km
Hailesboro624 (2017)15.6km
Richville320 (2017)15.9km
Hermon406 (2017)16.8km
Gouverneur3,797 (2017)17.1km


A former Zn-Pb mine in calcitic and dolomitic marbles. 880 meters deep. Now closed.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Mineral News (2000) 16:4 pp1,5
Afghanite
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Description: D4 orebody
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Lupulescu, M.V., Rowe, R., Bailey, D., Hawkins, M. (2013) Chernikovite, Fe-free warwickite, and dissakisite-(Ce) from New York state, USA. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 20-21.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: No reference listed
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Description: Please see: http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,208552,208552#msg-208552
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483 http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,208552,208552#msg-208552
'Lazurite'
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Description: Mike Hawkins, curator of the mineral collection at the NY State Museum wrote: "... lazurite from the St. Joe Edwards Mine found in the 1970's. I think it is the intermixed diopside that fluoresces blue-white. The Edwards mineral was originally described as hauynite, but modern analysis shows lazurite. They are very difficult to tell apart with sophisticated tests."
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:678.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:678.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:678.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: Mineral News (2000) 16:4 pp1,5
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Occurs in an orebody in clacitic and dolomitic marbles.
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:678.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: pink, <2% Cr2O3
Reference: Lupulescu, M.V., Rowe, R., Bailey, D., Hawkins, M. (2013) Chernikovite, Fe-free warwickite, and dissakisite-(Ce) from New York state, USA. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 20-21.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:678.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Van King
Warwickite
Formula: (Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Description: green (Fe-free!)
Reference: Lupulescu, M.V., Rowe, R., Bailey, D., Hawkins, M. (2013) Chernikovite, Fe-free warwickite, and dissakisite-(Ce) from New York state, USA. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 20-21.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 6 - Borates
Warwickite6.AB.20(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Afghanite9.FB.05(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Haüyne ?9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite'9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Warwickite24.2.2.1(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Afghanite76.2.5.1(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Haüyne ?76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite'76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
O Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Na Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Al Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
SiSilicon
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Si Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
S Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
ClChlorine
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
TiTitanium
Ti Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
CrChromium
Cr Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
SbAntimony
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Stenian
1000 - 1200 Ma



ID: 3185352
Mesoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2917763
Calcitic and dolomitic marble

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: Predominantly; variably siliceous; in part with calcsilicate rock and amphibolite.

Comments: Original map source: NYS Museum, NYS Geological Survey, NYS Museum Technology Center, 1999, bedrock geology of NYS data is distributed in ARC/INFOr EXPORT format (with '.e00' extension) in 5 seperate files based on 1970 printed map sheets, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{marble}, Incidental:{calc silicate rock, amphibolite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals (1948): 23: 678.
Lessing, P. and Grout, C.M. (1971). "Hauynite from Edwards, New York." American Mineralogist: 56(5/6): 1096-1100.
Canadian Mineralogist (1979): 17: 47-52.
Mineral News (2000) 16(4): 1, 5.
Rocks & Minerals (2007): 82: 472-483.
Lupulescu, M.V., Rowe, R., Bailey, D., Hawkins, M. (2013), Chernikovite, Fe-free warwickite, and dissakisite-(Ce) from New York state, USA. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy: 20-21.

External Links



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