Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble (Bamle), Telemark, Norway
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||58° 57' 40'' North , 9° 33' 27'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||58.96112,9.55756|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Ødegårdens Verk (Ødegårdens apatittgruver; Bamble apatittgruver), Bamble kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge|
|Other regions containing this locality:||Scandinavia|
Area mined for apatite. The apatite occurs in apatite-enstatite-phlogopite veins of various size, in scapolitized metagabbro and amphibolites [called Ødegårdites by Brøgger (1934)].
The mining area originally consisted of 2 parts: The Vestgruven Field which was started by the Compagnie Francaise des mines de Bamble in 1872 and the Dahlls field which was started in 1873 by the firm Johan Dahll in Kragerø. In 1901 the two areas was united as one under A/S Bamble Apatittgruver until 1910 when a consortium lead by Håkon Mathiesen took over the mines. In 1915 Bamble Apatitt A/S was formed as a new company, but it went broke already in 1920. Håkon Mathiesen then again took the responsibility of the mines. The work in the mines terminated in 1926.
During the 2 World War, the mines was worked from 1941-1945 under the leadership of Adam Petterson. The mines are now closed and most of the dumps are overgrown by forest. Some of the dumps has been used as masses in construction and reparations of roads in the district.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
24 valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
1000 - 1600 Ma
|Mesoproterozoic intrusive and metamorphic terranes|
Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)
Description: Sveconorwegian Complex
Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.
Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. 
Localities in this Region
Brøgger W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1880): Norske Apatitforekomster. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 25: 255-300
Brøgger, W.C. & Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den Dahllit. Ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola No 77: 3-6 [also printed in : Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4]
Michel, L.(1893): Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 16, 38-40. [Description of hautefeuillite, synonym for bobierrite]
Vogt, J.H.L (1906): Udtalelse om Bambles Apatitgruber. Kristiania 1906, 1-7.
Werenskiold, W: (1915): Dipyrgangen ved Ødegaarden i Bamle. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 3, 5-6
Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.98-102)
Neumann, H. (ed.) (1960): Mineral occurrences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9. On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246
Morton, R.D. & Cantanzaro,E.J. (1964): Stable chlorine isotope abundances in apatites from Ødegårdens Verk, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 44, 307-313
Griffin, W.L., Amli, R. & Heier, K.S. (1972): Whitlockite and apatite from lunar rock 14310 and from Ødegården, Norway. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 15, 53-58.
Lieftink, D.J., Nijland, T.G. & Maijer, C. (1993): Cl-rich scapolite from Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 73 (1), 55-57.