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Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble (Bamle), Telemark, Norway

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 57' 40'' North , 9° 33' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.96112,9.55756
GeoHash:G#: u4qz3mx97
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Ødegårdens Verk (Ødegårdens apatittgruver; Bamble apatittgruver), Bamble kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge


Area mined for apatite. The apatite occurs in apatite-enstatite-phlogopite veins of various size, in scapolitized metagabbro and amphibolites [called Ødegårdites by Brøgger (1934)].

The mining area originally consisted of 2 parts: The Vestgruven Field which was started by the Compagnie Francaise des mines de Bamble in 1872 and the Dahlls field which was started in 1873 by the firm Johan Dahll in Kragerø. In 1901 the two areas was united as one under A/S Bamble Apatittgruver until 1910 when a consortium lead by Håkon Mathiesen took over the mines. In 1915 Bamble Apatitt A/S was formed as a new company, but it went broke already in 1920. Håkon Mathiesen then again took the responsibility of the mines. The work in the mines terminated in 1926.
During the 2 World War, the mines was worked from 1941-1945 under the leadership of Adam Petterson. The mines are now closed and most of the dumps are overgrown by forest. Some of the dumps has been used as masses in construction and reparations of roads in the district.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels from this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org.

Ødegården, Bamble, Telemark, Norge
Ødegården Verk, Bamble, Telemark, Norway
Ødegården, Bamble, Telemark, Norway

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 1,983 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'
'Asbestos'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Michel, L.(1893): Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 16, 38-40. Barth, T.F.W (1937): Crystallographic studies in the vivianite group. American Mineralogist, 22, 235-341 (p.337-338)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1880): Norske Apatitforekomster. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 25: 255-300
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bugge, A. (1936): Kongsberg-Bamble-formasjonen. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 146, 117p. (p. 71)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
'Hornblende'
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Morton, R.D. & Cantanzaro,E.J. (1964): Stable chlorine isotope abundances in apatites from Ødegårdens Verk, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 44, 307-313; Griffin, W.L., Amli, R. & Heier, K.S. (1972): Whitlockite and apatite from lunar rock 14310 and from Ødegården, Norway. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 15, 53-58 (table 1)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Brögger, W. C and Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den "Dahllit", ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4. (Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 123-124); (Science 155, 1977, 1409); Nickel & Nichols (1991, "Mineral Reference Manual" p35).;
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Lieftink, D.J., Nijland, T.G. & Maijer, C. (1993): Cl-rich scapolite from Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 73 (1), 55-57
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.98)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
'Scapolite'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L (1906): Udtalelse om Bambles Apatitgruber. Kristiania 1906, 1-7.; Werenskiold, W: (1915): Dipyrgangen ved Ødegaarden i Bamle. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 3, 5-6
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Vivianite ?
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246; Griffin et al. (1972); Neumann (1985, p. 115).
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246; Neumann (1985, p. 108).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Bobierrite'8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Vivianite ?8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Clinochrysotile9.ED.
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Asbestos'-
Hornblende-
Scapolite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Bobierrite40.3.7.1Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite ?40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Scapolite'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Helland, A. (1874): Apatit, forekommende i rene Stokke og Gange i Bamle i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 2: 148-156
Brøgger W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1880): Norske Apatitforekomster. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 25: 255-300
Brøgger, W.C. & Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den Dahllit. Ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola No 77: 3-6 [also printed in : Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4]
Michel, L.(1893): Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 16, 38-40. [Description of hautefeuillite, synonym for bobierrite]
Vogt, J.H.L (1906): Udtalelse om Bambles Apatitgruber. Kristiania 1906, 1-7.
Werenskiold, W: (1915): Dipyrgangen ved Ødegaarden i Bamle. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 3, 5-6
Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.98-102)
Neumann, H. (ed.) (1960): Mineral occurrences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9. On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246
Morton, R.D. & Cantanzaro,E.J. (1964): Stable chlorine isotope abundances in apatites from Ødegårdens Verk, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 44, 307-313
Griffin, W.L., Amli, R. & Heier, K.S. (1972): Whitlockite and apatite from lunar rock 14310 and from Ødegården, Norway. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 15, 53-58.
Lieftink, D.J., Nijland, T.G. & Maijer, C. (1993): Cl-rich scapolite from Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 73 (1), 55-57.

Localities in this Region
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Norway

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