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Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Ødegården Apatite minesGroup of Mines
BambleMunicipality
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 57' 40'' North , 9° 33' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kragerø5,158 (2016)13.1km
Herre1,356 (2013)15.8km
Kil901 (2013)16.6km
Langangen505 (2014)19.9km
Porsgrunn34,377 (2017)20.7km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Ødegårdens apatittgruver; Bamble apatittgruver
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Telemark, Norge


Area mined for apatite. The apatite occurs in apatite-enstatite-phlogopite veins of various size, in scapolitized metagabbro and amphibolites [called Ødegårdites by Brøgger (1934)].

The mining area originally consisted of 2 parts: The Vestgruven Field which was started by the Compagnie Francaise des mines de Bamble in 1872 and the Dahlls field which was started in 1873 by the firm Johan Dahll in Kragerø. In 1901 the two areas were united as one under A/S Bamble Apatittgruver until 1910 when a consortium lead by Håkon Mathiesen took over the mines. In 1915 Bamble Apatitt A/S was formed as a new company, but it went broke already in 1920. Håkon Mathiesen then again took the responsibility of the mines. The work in the mines terminated in 1926.
During the 2nd World War, the mines were worked from 1941-1945 under the leadership of Adam Petterson. The mines are now closed and most of the dumps are overgrown by forest. Some of the dumps have been used as masses in construction and reparations of roads in the district.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.99, fig 17)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.98)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Description: Hornblende ?
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field august 1976.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Michel (1893) described a new mineral from Ødegården and named it "hautefeuillite". Barth (1937) showed it to be identical with bobierrite.
Reference: Michel, L.(1893): Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie. 16, 38-40. Barth, T.F.W (1937): Crystallographic studies in the vivianite group. American Mineralogist, 22, 235-341 (p.337-338)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bugge, A. (1936): Kongsberg-Bamble-formasjonen. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 146, 117p. (p. 71)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
'Hornblende'
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Description: Morton & Catanzaro (1964) states that hydroxylapatite is a product of metasomatosis of the primary chlorapatite. Chlorapatite usualy being transparent golden-yellow, while hydroxylapatite usaly is yellowish-white, bone like.
Reference: Morton, R.D. & Cantanzaro,E.J. (1964): Stable chlorine isotope abundances in apatites from Ødegårdens Verk, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 44, 307-313; Griffin, W.L., Amli, R. & Heier, K.S. (1972): Whitlockite and apatite from lunar rock 14310 and from Ødegården, Norway. Earth Planet. Sci. Letters, 15, 53-58 (table 1)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Habit: As 6-8 mm crust and veins on/in red apatite-(CaCl)
Colour: pale yellowish white
Description: Brøgger & Bäckström (1888) described "dahllite" as a new mineral from Ødegården.
Reference: Brögger, W. C and Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den "Dahllit", ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4. (Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 123-124); (Science 155, 1977, 1409); Nickel & Nichols (1991, "Mineral Reference Manual" p35).;
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Description: Analyses of scapolite from Ødegården gives meionite "(CO3)" percentage from 20% to 25%, and anorthite "Ca" percentage from 23% to 30%, clearly showind a marialite dominance. Marialite can be found as several centimeter-long euhedral crystals, and some plases marialite can constitute up to 85% of the rock ("Ødegårdite" = scapolitized metagabbro/amphibolites).
Reference: Lieftink, D.J., Nijland, T.G. & Maijer, C. (1993): Cl-rich scapolite from Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 73 (1), 55-57
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bugge, A. (1965): I akttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 229. 1-115. (p.99, fig 17)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
'Scapolite'
Reference: Neumann, H. (ed)(1960): Mineral occurences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18p
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Description: Found in a plagioclasepegmatite vein, the socalled "dipyrgangen"
Reference: Vogt, J.H.L (1906): Udtalelse om Bambles Apatitgruber. Kristiania 1906, 1-7.; Werenskiold, W: (1915): Dipyrgangen ved Ødegaarden i Bamle. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 3, 5-6
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Vivianite ?
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: A blue mineral containing phosphate and iron was described by Brøgger & Reusch, from clay at the foot of the hill. This is probably vivianite.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Description: Brøgger & Reusch (1875) describes large lentil-shaped lumps of dark apple-green and brown wagnerite from vein # 10, and green wagnerite from vein # 2.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. & Reusch, H.H. (1875): Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen.Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27: 646-702
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Description: Massive cavity fillings with woodhouseite, in a chlor-hydroxy-oxyapatite
Reference: Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246.
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Woodhoseite occure in cavities in a chlor-hydroxy-oxyapatite together with quarts and whitlockite, as violet to purple crystals up to 1,5mm.
Reference: Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246; Neumann (1985, p. 108).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bobierrite8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Vivianite ?8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Bobierrite40.3.7.1Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite ?40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Asbestos'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Scapolite'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
SiSilicon
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
P BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Helland, A. (1874) Apatit, forekommende i rene Stokke og Gange i Bamle i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 2, 148-156.
Brøgger W.C. and Reusch, H.H. (1875) Vorkommen des Apatit in Norwegen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 27, 646-702.
Brøgger, W.C. and Reusch, H.H. (1880) Norske Apatitforekomster. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 25, 255-300.
Brøgger, W.C. and Bäckström, H. (1888) Über den Dahllit. Ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola No 77: 3-6 [also printed in : Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7):1-4]
Michel, L. (1893) Sur une nouvelle espèce minéral de Bamle (Norvegé). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie., 16, 38-40 [Description of hautefeuillite, synonym for bobierrite].
Vogt, J.H.L. (1906) Udtalelse om Bambles Apatitgruber. Kristiania 1906, 1-7.
Werenskiold, W. (1915) Dipyrgangen ved Ødegaarden i Bamle. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 3, 5-6.
Bugge, A. (1965) Iakttagelser fra rektangelbladet Kragerø og den store grunnfjellsbreksje. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 229, 1-115 (pp. 98-102).
Neumann, H. (ed.) (1960) Mineral occurrences in southern Norway. Guide to excursions no. A.15 and no. C.12. International Geological Congress XXI Session Norden 1960, Oslo. 18 pp.
Morton, R.D. (1961) Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9. On the occurrence of two rare phosphates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 41, 233-246.
Morton, R.D. and Cantanzaro, E.J. (1964) Stable chlorine isotope abundances in apatites from Ødegårdens Verk, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 44, 307-313.
Griffin, W.L., Amli, R., and Heier, K.S. (1972) Whitlockite and apatite from lunar rock 14310 and from Ødegården, Norway. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 15, 53-58.
Lieftink, D.J., Nijland, T.G., and Maijer, C. (1993) Cl-rich scapolite from Ødegårdens Verk, Bamble, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 73(1), 55-57.

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