SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Waaikraal gold deposit, Rustenburg (Rustenburg District), Western Bushveld Complex, Bojanala Platinum District, North West, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Waaikraal gold depositDeposit
Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)- not defined -
Western Bushveld ComplexComplex
Bojanala Platinum DistrictDistrict
North WestProvince
South AfricaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 29' 9'' South , 27° 31' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -25.48583,27.52556
GeoHash:G#: ke7x427qr
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


Bushveld sill in quartzite. Also cobalt arsenide.

Located 25 kilometers NW of Brits.

Sill-like body of alternating layers and lenses of pyroxenite and magnetite-rich rocks.
Hosted in sediments belonging to the Rayton formation of the Transvaal sequence (between the magnetite gabbros of the upper zone of the Bushveld complex and the Lebowa granites suite).

Two assemblages of ore minerals :
- Early pyrrhotite, pentlandite, pyrite, chalcopyrite and sphalerite
- Later safflorite, arsenopyrite, cobaltite, lollingite, joseite, bismuthinite, bismuth, chalcopyrite, maldonite, gold, Au3Cu phase (hydrothermal origin).

Regions containing this locality

Transvaal, South Africa

Province (Former) - 838 mineral species & varietal names listed

Bushveld Complex, South Africa

Complex - 527 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'Apatite'
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 218;
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'Hornblende'
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: Exsolutions in magnetite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Description: In clinopyroxene or between magnetite grains and in safflorite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: Exsolutions in pyrrhotite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Description: Hexagonal Fe9S10-Fe11S12 and monoclinic Fe7S8.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'
Formula: Au3Cu
Description: Associated with maldonite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
UM1991-06-E:AuCu1.AA.05Au3Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-
Chlorite Group-
Hornblende-
Joséite-Bi4TeS2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.1.2.4Au3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Andesine-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
AgSilver
Ag KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
TeTellurium
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
Au UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Rhyacian - Siderian
2050 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2232438
Lebowa Granite Suite of Bushveld Complex

Age: Proterozoic (2050 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Lebowa Granite Suite

Description: Granite

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Rhyacian
2050 - 2300 Ma



ID: 3306670

Age: Rhyacian (2050 - 2300 Ma)

Lithology: Plutonic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3184975
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bushveld Igneous Complex

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 15, 2019 06:47:37 Page generated: December 1, 2018 00:37:10
Go to top of page