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Champion Mine (White Mountain Mine; Jeffrey Mine; Diaspore; Vulcanus; Black Eagle; Champion Sillimanite Mine; Champion Andalusite Mine; Vulcanite Mine; Vulcanite & Vulcanus No. 156; Black Eagle & Vulcanus Nos. 8 and 9 No. 157), White Mountain Peak, White Mts, Mono Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Champion Mine (White Mountain Mine; Jeffrey Mine; Diaspore; Vulcanus; Black Eagle; Champion Sillimanite Mine; Champion Andalusite Mine; Vulcanite Mine; Vulcanite & Vulcanus No. 156; Black Eagle & Vulcanus Nos. 8 and 9 No. 157)Mine
White Mountain PeakPeak
White MtsMountain Range
Mono Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by Steven Renaud
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 37' 8'' North , 118° 19' 16'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Dyer259 (2011)23.1km
Benton280 (2011)26.1km
Dixon Lane-Meadow Creek2,645 (2011)27.1km
Bishop3,806 (2017)29.1km
Mesa251 (2011)29.6km


A former andalusite mine located in sec. 11, T4S, R33E, MDM, 4.5 km (2.8 miles) WSW of White Mountain Peak, along Jeffrey Mine Canyon, 7 miles E of Mocalno, and a considerable distance N of Laws (Inyo County) (about 13.3 km), also N of Bishop. First operated in 1922. Owned by the Champion Sillimanite Corp.

NOTE: This mine appears on the topo map as the "Jeffrey Mine." Alternate names are as presented in USGS MRDS file Nos. 10031572 & 10212328. The several MRDS database files address this mine by three primary names and present differing geographic coordinates for this locality. The values presented in this Mindat file are derived from the exact location on the topo map with a mine symbol and specific identification of the mine as the "Jeffrey Mine." The ore at the Champion Mine was andalusite which was converted to artificial sillimanite as that is the commercial product (http://www.mindat.org/mesg-105-322696.html).

Mineralization is a metamorphic andalusite deposit hosted in quartzite. The ore body forms pods. The deposit occurs in a layer 5 to 20 feet thick, about 400 feet long, and 100 feet in vertical dimension, exposed on, and attached to, a steep, E-facing cliff of quartzite. Associated rocks include Late Cretaceous-Late Permian quartz monzonite. Local rocks include pre-Cenozoic metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks undivided and/or Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 3 (Sierra Nevada, Death Valley area, Northern Mojave Desert and Transverse Ranges), and/or Mesozoic volcanic (??) rocks, unit 3 (Mojave Desert, Death Valley area, and Eastern Sierra Nevada).

The Vulcanus No. 8 (claim ?) had the largest body of andalusite-bearing rock, 3,500 feet SW of the Champion (Vulcanite) Mine proper, and on the opposite side of a deep canyon (Jeffrey Mine Canyon). It is about 600 feet long and 230 feet wide in the outcrop, with an unknown extended depth. It averages about 40% andalusite at surface. It was not mined extensively.

This mine yielded a total of about 20,000 tons of hand-cobbed rock containing 53% or more of andalusite. The known minable reserves were depleted in the 1930's.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

42 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/aluminocopiapite.pdf.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: Rhombohedra modified by basal forms
Colour: Pink to pale brown
Description: Occurs in quartz veins; granular masses and rhombohedra.
Reference: Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 4, 37-38; Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Geology of the andalusite deposits in the northern Inyo Range, California. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University: 42-43; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Crystals form columnar masses; prismatic crystals to 10 cm long.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1007; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 478-486; Knopf, Adolf (1917b), An andalusite mass in the Precambrian of the Inyo Range, California: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 7: 549-552; Peck, Albert B. (1924), Note on andalusite from California: a new use and some thermal properties: American Mineralogist: 9: 123-129; […California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 149-154 (1924)]; Jeffery, Joseph Arthur & Charles D. Woodhouse (1931), Note on a deposit of andalusite in Mono County, California: its occurrence and technical importance: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 459-464; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 621; Woodhouse, C.D. (1951), The Mono County andalusite mine: Rocks & Minerals: 34: 486-493; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 450.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Colour: White
Description: Occurs as small tabular crystals partly lining cavities in phosphatic rock.
Reference: Peacock, Martin Alfred & D.A. Moddle (1941), On a crystal of Augelite from California: Mineralogical Magazine: 26: 105-115; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 482; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 316.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Colour: Colourless
Description: Occurs as crystals to 0.75 inches (1.8 cm) or more; commonly euhedral, transparent, and as fracture coatings and cavity fillings.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 872, 1007; Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1935), Augelite from Mono County California American Mineralogist: 20: 664-668; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 304.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Large crystals are found in fractures but are rare.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 872; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 484; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 293.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Colour: Deep blue
Description: Occurs as coarse nodular masses, as deep blue plates or irregular crystals in andalusite; rare but widespread.
Reference: Peck, Albert B. (1924), Note on andalusite from California: a new use and some thermal properties: American Mineralogist: 9: 123-129; […California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 149-154 (1924)]; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 621; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 143.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Colour: White to yellow-brown
Description: Occurs as compact masses with andalusite or in veins of pyrophyllite; blades and plates to 3 cm long.
Reference: Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 626; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 144.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Colour: Light blue
Description: Coatings.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 316; www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Colour: Light blue
Description: Coatings.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 316; www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 316.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Jeffery, Joseph Arthur & Charles D. Woodhouse (1931), Note on a deposit of andalusite in Mono County, California: its occurrence and technical importance: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 459-464; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 187.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Many pseudomorphs after pyrite.
Reference: Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 484; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 161; www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Locally abundant.
Reference: Knopf, Adolf (1917b), An andalusite mass in the Precambrian of the Inyo Range, California: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 7: 549-552; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 484; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 161.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: Occurs sparingly.
Reference: Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 4; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 226.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 4; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 484; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 277.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 37-38; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 437.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Colour: Deep blue
Description: Abundant in veinlets cutting the ore body and wiedely disseminated in phosphate rock and vein quartz.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 872, 911, 1007; Jeffery, Joseph Arthur & Charles D. Woodhouse (1931), Note on a deposit of andalusite in Mono County, California: its occurrence and technical importance: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 459-464; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 629; Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 37-38; Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Woodhouseite, a new mineral of the beudantite group American Mineralogist: 22: 945; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 240; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486; Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America II. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York: 256; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 310.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 4; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 233.
Magnesio-foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: F. Hawthorne pers. comm.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Abundant. Forms veinlets with tourmaline and quartz.
Reference: Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480, 482; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 426.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Geology of the andalusite deposits in the northern Inyo Range, California. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University: 42-43; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
Natroalunite var: Strontian Natroalunite
Formula: (Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Geology of the andalusite deposits in the northern Inyo Range, California. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University: 42-43; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.: 18 (1987).
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Abundant.
Reference: Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 72.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Colour: White to colourless
Description: Occurs as sheaves of plates to 12 mm and small clusters of radiating masses and veinlets in andalusite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 872, 1007; Peck, Albert B. (1924), Note on andalusite from California: a new use and some thermal properties: American Mineralogist: 9: 123-129; […California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 149-154 (1924)]; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 627; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 416.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Forms veins hosting other minerals also occurs as crystals to 10 cm long lining walls of vugs and fractures.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1007; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 357, 388; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 480, 482; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 347.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Colour: Wine-red to red-brown
Description: Occurs as abundant minute specks in andalusite; crystals to 3 mm common.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 872; Peck, Albert B. (1924), Note on andalusite from California: a new use and some thermal properties: American Mineralogist: 9: 123-129; […California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 149-154 (1924)]; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 627; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 169.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Occurs as veinlets of hair-like fibers.
Reference: Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 503.
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Description: Only material associated with svanbergite and schorl.
Reference: Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America II. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York: 256; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480, 484-485; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 311.
'Strengite-Variscite Series'
Formula: Fe3+PO4 . 2H2O - Al3+PO4 . 2H2O
Reference: Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 484; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 311.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Occasionally occurs as large balls filling cavities in andalusite ore.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293; Melhase, John (1925), Andalusite in California (Inyo Range): Engineering & Mining Journal: 120: 92; Sampson, Reid J. & W. Burling Tucker (1931), Feldspar, silica, andalusite, and cyanite deposits of California: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 461; Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 37-38; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 484; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 52; www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: Rhombahedra
Colour: Pale yellow to orange, brown
Reference: Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 307.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: Occurs as minute grains scattered through andalusite.
Reference: Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 3-4; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 344.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Description: Occurs as small amounts of granular material in andalusite.
Reference: Jeffery, Joseph Arthur & Charles D. Woodhouse (1931), Note on a deposit of andalusite in Mono County, California: its occurrence and technical importance: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 459-464; Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 620; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 454.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
Trolleite
Formula: Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Colour: Pale blue to blue-green
Description: Occurs as masses intergrown with augelite.
Reference: Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1935), Augelite from Mono County California American Mineralogist: 20: 664-668; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 304.
'Viséite'
Description: Lines many cavities in the phosphatic rock.
Reference: Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 482, 484-485; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 310.
Woodhouseite (TL)
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Type Locality:
Habit: Pseudocubic rhombohedra
Colour: Colourless to pale orange
Description: Occurs in veins; transparent to translucent. Some material is strontian.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1007; Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Woodhouseite, a new mineral of the beudantite group American Mineralogist: 22: 939-948; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480, 483-485; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 305, 307, 309; Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 360; Mineralogical Record (1988): 19: 331.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: Occurs in minor amounts.
Reference: Sampson, Reid J. & W. Burling Tucker (1931), Feldspar, silica, andalusite, and cyanite deposits of California: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 461; Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 3-4; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 461.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
var: Strontian Natroalunite7.BC.10(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Trolleite8.BB.45Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Woodhouseite (TL)8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Strengite-Variscite Series'-Fe3+PO4 . 2H2O - Al3+PO4 . 2H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Viséite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Trolleite41.11.1.1Al4(PO4)3(OH)3
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Woodhouseite (TL)43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
'Viséite'43.5.9.1
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Fluorellestadite52.4.9.3Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-foitite-(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
var: Strontian Natroalunite-(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Strengite-Variscite Series'-Fe3+PO4 . 2H2O - Al3+PO4 . 2H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Natroalunite (var: Strontian Natroalunite)(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
OOxygen
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O BaryteBaSO4
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O RutileTiO2
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Natroalunite (var: Strontian Natroalunite)(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Natroalunite (var: Strontian Natroalunite)(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
AlAluminium
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Natroalunite (var: Strontian Natroalunite)(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SulphurS8
S Natroalunite (var: Strontian Natroalunite)(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
CaCalcium
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr Natroalunite (var: Strontian Natroalunite)(Na,Sr)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3192002
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2941213
Mesozoic volcanic rocks, unit 3 (Mojave Desert, Death Valley area, and Eastern Sierra Nevada)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Inyo Mountains Volcanic Complex; Sidewinder Volcanic Series; Warm Spring Formation; Soda Mountain Formation; Ord Mountain Group

Description: Undivided Mesozoic volcanic and metavolcanic rocks. Andesite and rhyolite flow rocks, greenstone, volcanic breccia and other pyroclastic rocks; in part strongly metamorphosed. Includes volcanic rocks of Franciscan Complex: basaltic pillow lava, diabase, greenstone, and minor pyroclastic rocks.

Comments: Southeastern California and eastern Sierra Nevada. Mostly rhyolitic to dacitic ignimbrites and tuffs. Includes andesite, basalt, pyroclastic rocks, and sedimentary rocks. In part strongly metamorphosed. Continental and marine Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{felsic volcanic}, Minor:{mafic volcanic,clastic}, Incidental:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Knopf, Adolf (1917b), An andalusite mass in the Precambrian of the Inyo Range, California: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 7: 549-552.
Peck, Albert B. (1924), Note on andalusite from California: a new use and some thermal properties: American Mineralogist: 9: 123-129; […California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 149-154 (1924)].
Melhase, John (1925), Andalusite in California (Inyo Range): Engineering & Mining Journal: 120: 91-94; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 37: 73 (1928)]: 92.
Jeffery, Joseph Arthur & Charles D. Woodhouse (1931), Note on a deposit of andalusite in Mono County, California: its occurrence and technical importance: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 453-455, 457-464.
Sampson, Reid J. & W. Burling Tucker (1931), Feldspar, silica, andalusite, and cyanite deposits of California: California Mining Bureau. Report 27: 407-464.
Jeffery, Joseph Arthur & Charles D. Woodhouse (1932), Mining andalusite in Mono County, California: Arizona Mining Journal: 15(16): 5-6, 43-44.
Kerr, Paul Francis (1932), Occurrence of andalusite and related minerals at White Mountain, California: Economic Geology: 27: 614-643.
Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1935), Augelite from Mono County California American Mineralogist: 20: 664-668.
Woodhouse, C.D. (1936), Change them every 10,000 miles: Mineralogist: 4(3): 3-4, 37-38.
Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Geology of the andalusite deposits in the northern Inyo Range, California. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University: 42-43.
Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937),Woodhouseite, a new mineral of the beudantite group American Mineralogist: 22: 939-948.
Tucker, W.B., and Sampson, R.J. (1940), Mineral Resources of Mono County: California Journal of Mines and Geology; California Division of Mines (Report 36): 36(2): 149-150.
Peacock, Martin Alfred & D.A. Moddle (1941), On a crystal of Augelite from California: Mineralogical Magazine: 26: 105-115.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 872, 911, 1007.
Woodhouse, C.D. (1951), The Mono County andalusite mine: Rocks & Minerals: 34: 486-493.
Wright, L.A. (1957), Kyanite, Andalusite, and Related Minerals, in Mineral Commodities of California, California Division of Mines Bulletin 176: 275-280.
Sinkankas, J. (1959), Gemstones of North America. D. Van Nostrand Co., New York, 675 pp.: 393, 431.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 74, 78, 88, 97, 161, 169, 187, 216, 226, 233, 240, 293, 306, 325, 344, 356, 357, 368, 370, 388, 392.
Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497.
Varley, E.R. (1968), Sillimanite, Chemical Publishing Co.
Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America II. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York: 256.
Wise, W. S. (1977), Mineralogy of the Champion Mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 478-486.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 52, 72, 143, 144, 161, 163, 169, 265, 277, 293, 304, 305, 307, 309 (photo 9-2B), 310, 311, 316, 347, 416, 426, 437, 450, 454, 461, 503.
Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 360.
Mineralogical Record (1988): 19: 331.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10031572, 10069783 & 10212328.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060510001.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation RI 5183: 15.
USGS Professional Paper 800-B: 202.

USGS MRDS Record:10069783

External Links


Localities in this Region
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  • California
    • Mono Co.
      • White Mts
        • White Mountain Peak
          • Champion Mine (White Mountain Mine; Jeffrey Mine; Diaspore; Vulcanus; Black Eagle; Champion Sillimanite Mine; Champion Andalusite Mine; Vulcanite Mine; Vulcanite & Vulcanus No. 156; Black Eagle & Vulcanus Nos. 8 and 9 No. 157)

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