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Elizabeth R. Mine (Hazel W. claim), Chief Mountain, Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 23' 21'' North , 117° 3' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.38917,-117.05139
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate

The Elizabeth R. mine is located in the N2SE4SE4 Sec. 14, T9S R2W SBM, approximately 2.5 miles northeast of Pala, on the northwest slope of Chief Mountain. The mine is adjacent to and north of the Pala Chief mine, and west of the Oceanview mine. A number of complex pegmatites occur on the property, some of which have produced gem quality crystals of beryl and tourmaline.

A claim to the deposit was first made in 1907 by Frank A. Salmons, and was named Hazel W. in honor of Salmons' wife. The Hazel W. was part of the group of lode mining claims controlled by The Pala Chief Gem Mining Company for several decades, however, the original claim was considered abandoned by the early 1950's.

A later claim to the Hazel W. deposit was purchased by Roland Reed from M. Myers & Barker in April of 1974, and renamed the Elizabeth R. in honor of Reed's wife. For nearly three decades, underground development in this area by Reed and his crew produced outstanding morganite, aquamarine, some polychrome tourmaline, kunzite, and accessory minerals such lepidolite, apatite, lithium phosphates, columbite, tantalite, quartz and feldspar.

On December 27th, 2000, the California Indian Land Transfer Act removed the surrounding vacant public lands encumbered by the claim area of the Elizabeth R. lode from mineral entry under the United States general mining laws. Although these lands were to be held in trust for the benefit of the Pala Band of Mission Indians, the transfer was subject to the valid existing rights, which effectively allowed ongoing mining operations to continue.

The most recent adits and underground workings located within the land boundaries claimed by the unpatented Elizabeth R. lode are referred to as the "Oceanview mine". Work began around September of 2000 by Jeffrey Swanger and Stephen Koonce of Escondido, Philip Osborn of Hemet, and Otto Komarek of Pala. A new adit was constructed in order to intersect the pegmatite further down dip at a point west of the Oceanview lode property boundaries. This adit now serves as the lowest underground haulageway for modern mechanized hardrock mining operations. The underground workings associated with this adit run east for approximately 60 feet, then follow the Oceanview pegmatite laterally along strike, heading south to southwestward for a distance of over 400 feet.

In August of 2010, a quitclaim deed was filed with the County of San Diego, transferring ownership of the Elizabeth R. lode mining claim from Roland Reed to Jeffrey Swanger.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

31 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 2703489
Gabbro, undivided

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Massive, coarse-grained, dark-gray and black biotite-hornblende-hypersthene gabbro.

Reference: Kennedy, M.P., and S.S. Tan. digital prep. by Bovard et al. Geologic Map of the Oceanside 30’ x 60’ Quadrangle, California. California Department of Conservation California Geological Survey. [131]

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 252.17 Ma

ID: 2776321
Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 252.17 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cuyamaca Gabbro; Elk Creek Gabbro; Gold Park Gabbro-Diorite; San Marcos Gabbro; Summit Gabbro

Description: Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Comments: Mostly small exposures of gabbro and diorite scattered in western Klamath Mts., Sierra Nevada, Coast Ranges, Mojave Desert, and Peninsular Ranges

Lithology: Major:{diorite,gabbro}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: p. 14.
Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21; pp 10-22.
Sinkankas, J. (1997), Gemstones of North America. Vol. 3. Beryl; Tucson, Arizona: Geoscience Press Inc.; pages 57-58, 526 pp.
Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
Fisher, J. (2002), Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record 33(5): 388-389.
Osborn, P. (2007), Personal communication between Phil Osborn of Hemet and Scott L. Ritchie; Overview of work including adit development, petrology, lithology, bonanza pocket zone encountered, and gemstones recovered during the Oceanview mining operation. Feb.
Mroch, W. (2008), The History of the Oceanview Gem Mine. Gem and Mineral Exploration Company. Cypress, Orange County, California. May.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2008), The Forty-niner Pocket, Oceanview Mine, Pala District, San Diego County, California. Rocks & Minerals 83(4): 292-297.
Bureau of Land Management, (2009), San Diego County, CA: Serial Number Index of Case Records, United States Department of Interior; Feb.
Butler, D. L. (2010), Quitclaim Deed, Grantor/Grantee Index of Documents, San Diego County Assessor/Recorder/County Clerk; Sept.
Fisher, Jesse (2011), Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals: 86: 14-34.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Updates from the Oceanview Mine. The Vug quarterly magazine 4(1): 41-43.

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