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Elizabeth R. Mine (Hazel W. claim), Chief Mountain, Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 23' 21'' North , 117° 3' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.38917,-117.05139
GeoHash:G#: 9muvbqmcb
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


Setting:
The Elizabeth R. mine is located in the N2SE4SE4 Sec. 14, T9S R2W SBM, approximately 2.5 miles northeast of Pala, on the northwest slope of Chief Mountain. The mine is adjacent to and north of the Pala Chief mine, and west of the Oceanview mine. A number of complex pegmatites occur on the property, some of which have produced gem quality crystals of beryl and tourmaline.

History:
A claim to the deposit was first made in 1907 by Frank A. Salmons, and was named Hazel W. in honor of Salmons' wife. The Hazel W. was part of the group of lode mining claims controlled by The Pala Chief Gem Mining Company for several decades, however, the original claim was considered abandoned by the early 1950's.

A later claim to the Hazel W. deposit was purchased by Roland Reed from M. Myers & Barker in April of 1974, and renamed the Elizabeth R. in honor of Reed's wife. For nearly three decades, underground development in this area by Reed and his crew produced outstanding morganite, aquamarine, some polychrome tourmaline, kunzite, and accessory minerals such lepidolite, apatite, lithium phosphates, columbite, tantalite, quartz and feldspar.

On December 27th, 2000, the California Indian Land Transfer Act removed the surrounding vacant public lands encumbered by the claim area of the Elizabeth R. lode from mineral entry under the United States general mining laws. Although these lands were to be held in trust for the benefit of the Pala Band of Mission Indians, the transfer was subject to the valid existing rights, which effectively allowed ongoing mining operations to continue.

The most recent adits and underground workings located within the land boundaries claimed by the unpatented Elizabeth R. lode are referred to as the "Oceanview mine". Work began around September of 2000 by Jeffrey Swanger and Stephen Koonce of Escondido, Philip Osborn of Hemet, and Otto Komarek of Pala. A new adit was constructed in order to intersect the pegmatite further down dip at a point west of the Oceanview lode property boundaries. This adit now serves as the lowest underground haulageway for modern mechanized hardrock mining operations. The underground workings associated with this adit run east for approximately 60 feet, then follow the Oceanview pegmatite laterally along strike, heading south to southwestward for a distance of over 400 feet.

In August of 2010, a quitclaim deed was filed with the County of San Diego, transferring ownership of the Elizabeth R. lode mining claim from Roland Reed to Jeffrey Swanger.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

31 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21.; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21.; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
'Clays'
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: various added photos
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Van King
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Van King
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Van King
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Fisher, Jesse (2011), Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals: 86: 14-34.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388. Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: The personal collections of Roland Reed and Mark Mauthner.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Jeffrey E. Patterson analysis
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Reference: Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336. Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Van King
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Greg Slak photo and specimen
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
'Montebrasite'8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
'Phosphosiderite'8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
'Pseudomalachite'8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Pucherite'8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
'Purpurite'8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Montmorillonite'9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Clays-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Elbaite-Schorl Series-
Feldspar Group-
'var: Perthite'-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Indicolite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Jahnsite Group-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Lepidolite-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
Rubellite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Verdelite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3MnTa2O6
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Eulytine51.5.4.1Bi4(SiO4)3
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
Quartz
var: Citrine
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
PPhosphorus
P FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
VVanadium
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Mn FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
FeIron
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
BiBismuth
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismuthBi
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 2703489
Gabbro, undivided

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Massive, coarse-grained, dark-gray and black biotite-hornblende-hypersthene gabbro.

Reference: Kennedy, M.P., and S.S. Tan. digital prep. by Bovard et al. Geologic Map of the Oceanside 30’ x 60’ Quadrangle, California. California Department of Conservation California Geological Survey. [131]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186295
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2776321
Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cuyamaca Gabbro; Elk Creek Gabbro; Gold Park Gabbro-Diorite; San Marcos Gabbro; Summit Gabbro

Description: Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Comments: Mostly small exposures of gabbro and diorite scattered in western Klamath Mts., Sierra Nevada, Coast Ranges, Mojave Desert, and Peninsular Ranges Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{diorite,gabbro}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: p. 14.
Sinkankas, J. (1988), Beryl: A Summary. Rocks & Minerals 63(01): p. 21; pp 10-22.
Sinkankas, J. (1997), Gemstones of North America. Vol. 3. Beryl; Tucson, Arizona: Geoscience Press Inc.; pages 57-58, 526 pp.
Moore, P. B., 2000, Analyses of Primary Phosphates from Pegmatites in Maine and Other Localities, in V. T. King (editor), Mineralogy of Maine. Mining History, Gems, and Geology, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, p. 333-336.
Fisher, J. (2002), Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record 33(5): 388-389.
Osborn, P. (2007), Personal communication between Phil Osborn of Hemet and Scott L. Ritchie; Overview of work including adit development, petrology, lithology, bonanza pocket zone encountered, and gemstones recovered during the Oceanview mining operation. Feb.
Mroch, W. (2008), The History of the Oceanview Gem Mine. Gem and Mineral Exploration Company. Cypress, Orange County, California. May.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2008), The Forty-niner Pocket, Oceanview Mine, Pala District, San Diego County, California. Rocks & Minerals 83(4): 292-297.
Bureau of Land Management, (2009), San Diego County, CA: Serial Number Index of Case Records, United States Department of Interior; Feb.
Butler, D. L. (2010), Quitclaim Deed, Grantor/Grantee Index of Documents, San Diego County Assessor/Recorder/County Clerk; Sept.
Fisher, Jesse (2011), Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals: 86: 14-34.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Updates from the Oceanview Mine. The Vug quarterly magazine 4(1): 41-43.

Localities in this Region
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