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Toughnut Mine (Tough Nut Mine; Northwest Mine; Hoodoo stopes; Tombstone group), Tombstone, Tombstone District, Tombstone Hills, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Toughnut Mine (Tough Nut Mine; Northwest Mine; Hoodoo stopes; Tombstone group)Mine
Tombstone- not defined -
Tombstone DistrictMining District
Tombstone HillsGroup of Hills
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 42' 44'' North , 110° 4' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.71250,-110.06667
GeoHash:G#: 9t9srm5fs
USGS MRDS Record:10039570
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tombstone1,312 (2017)0.1km
Saint David1,699 (2011)25.5km
Whetstone2,617 (2017)25.9km
Huachuca City1,755 (2017)27.0km
Sierra Vista43,355 (2017)28.5km


A former small underground Pb-Ag-Zn-Cu-Au-V-(Cd) mine located in the center of sec. 11 and 14, T.20S., R.22E, ¼ mile south of Tombstone, on private land. Discovered by A.E. Sheiffelin in February 1878. One of Tombstone's first mines, included in the Tombstone group, adjoins the Empire shaft. Owned at times, or in part, by the Tombstone Mill & Mining Co., Tombstone Consolidated Mines Co., Bunker Hill mines Co., and the Tombstone Development Co.

Mineralization is a replacement deposit oxidized base metal sulfides in replacement orebodies in the lower section of the Cretaceous Bisbee Group beds along anticlinal rolls and in pipes where rolls are cut by 'northeast' fissures.

Local structures include the Tombstone Basin; N-trending dikes and NE fissures.

Workings include shafts, drifts, winzes and open cuts. Workings length is 1,219.2 meters in overall area 304.8 meters long, 228.6 meters wide and 152.4 meters deep, including the Empire and adjoining shaft. Several thousand tons of ore were produced in the late 1800's and early 1900's. After 1883 production was included under the Goodenough and the Tombstone group in ABGMT-USBM file data.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


46 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039570, MRDS ID #M050351.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: Needle-like
Description: Crystals lining vugs in cuprite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 196; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 30.
Buttgenbachite
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hibbs, Leverette, Williams (2006) Connellite from Bisbee Arizona: A single Crystal X-ray Study Axis Vol 2 No. 2 http://www.minrec.org/pdfs/CONNELLITE.pdf
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 35.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 157; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Rasor, C.A. (1938), Bromyrite from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 23: 157-159; Frondel, C. & F.H. Pough (1944), Two new tellurites of iron: Mackayite and blakeite, with new data on emmonsite and durdenite, Am.Min.: 29: 211-225.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039570, MRDS ID #M050351.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 211.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 211.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 304; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Habit: Slender, needle-like
Description: Crystals and aggregates in cavities in cuprite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 183, 196; McLean, W.J. & J.W. Anthony (1972), The disordered ‘zeolite-like’ structure of connellite, Am.Min.: 57: 426-438; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 30; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Microscopic particles sparsely distributed in cuprite. The irregular grains are grouped near the centers of cuprite crystals.
Reference: Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143: 52.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: Cubic
Colour: Bright red
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 183, 196; McLean, W.J. & J.W. Anthony (1972), The disordered ‘zeolite-like’ structure of connellite, Am.Min.: 57: 426-438; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 30.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 200; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70.
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 212, 281; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 219; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 27.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Girdite'
Formula: H2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039570, MRDS ID #M050351.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Description: Sparingly as radiating aggregates in oxidized ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 247, 357; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 101.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Abundant.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 261; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 64.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 265; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Mackayite
Formula: Fe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 212, 281; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146, 196; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 30.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Van King
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Description: On the 4th. level as narrow bands in a contact metamorphosed zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 304; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Brilliant crystals
Colour: Black
Reference: Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen, Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331;
Oboyerite
Formula: H6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 35.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Colour: Bright green
Description: Mammillary spherules in siliceous linings of vugs & between hemimorphite crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 53.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Habit: Tiny, rhombic
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 374; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 48.
Sonoraite
Formula: Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Reference: Mike Scott S102666 fm Cureton CWB ID by A. Roberts
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 385; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Guild, F.N. (1917), A microscopic study of the silver ores and their associated minerals, Econ.Geol.: 12: 297-353; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 16.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 212, 281; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 392; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 34: 790-803; Romslo, T.M. & S.F. Ravitz (1947), Arizona manganese-silver ores, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4097.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 304; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Long fibrous masses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 401; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 92.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 304; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: The Rocksmiths (former mine owners).
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Record 21:481-492, 501

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Buttgenbachite3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Emmonsite4.JM.10Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
'Girdite'4.JL.30H2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Mackayite4.JL.10Fe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)
Oboyerite4.JN.25H6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Sonoraite4.JN.05Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 33 - SELENATES AND TELLURATES
Compound Selenates and Tellurates
'Girdite'33.3.3.1H2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Emmonsite34.3.3.1Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Anhydrous Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Mackayite34.6.1.1Fe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)
Hydrated Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Sonoraite34.7.1.1Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Compound Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites
Oboyerite34.8.3.1H6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H MackayiteFe3+(Te24+O5)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
H OboyeriteH6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
NNitrogen
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O QuartzSiO2
O MackayiteFe3+(Te24+O5)(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
O OboyeriteH6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe MackayiteFe3+(Te24+O5)(OH)
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CopperCu
Cu ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Te MackayiteFe3+(Te24+O5)(OH)
Te TelluriumTe
Te SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Te GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
Te OboyeriteH6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)
Pb OboyeriteH6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Campanian - Oxfordian
72.1 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2946362
Cretaceous to Late Jurassic sedimentary rocks with minor volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (72.1 - 163.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temporal Formation; Bathtub Formation; Sand Wells Formation; Fort Crittenden Formation; McCoy Mountains Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate, rarely forms prominent outcrops; massive conglomerate is typical near base of unit and locally in upper part. These deposits are nonmarine except in southeastern Arizona, where prominent gray marine limestone (Mural Limestone) forms the middle of the Bisbee Group. Sandstones are typically medium-bedded, drab brown, lithic-feldspathic arenites. Includes Bisbee Group (largely Early Cretaceous) and related rocks, Temporal, Bathtub, and Sand Wells formations, rocks of Gu Achi, McCoy Mountains Formation, and Upper Cretaceous Fort Crittenden Formation and equivalent rocks. (80-160 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{arenite,conglomerate}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hamilton, Patrick (1881) The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory: 35. Prescott, AZ.
Blake, W.P. (1882) The geology and veins of Tombstone, Arizona. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 10: 336, 342-344.
Church, J.A. (1903) The Tombstone, Arizona, mining district. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers: 33: 6, 9, 14-17, 21-22, 24, 25-26.
Guild, F.N. (1911) Mineralogische Notizen. Zeitschrift für Krystallografie und Mineralogie: 49: 321-331.
Guild, F.N. (1917) A microscopic study of the silver ores and their associated minerals. Economic Geology: 12: 297-353.
Rasor, C.A. (1938) Bromyrite from Tombstone, Arizona. American Mineralogist: 23: 157-159.
Rasor, C.A. (1939) Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, Arizona. Economic Geologist: 34: 790-803.
Butler, B.S. et al. (1938) Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 143: 41, 44, 51, 89, 92-93, Pl. III, IV.
Frondel, C. and Pough, F.H. (1944) Two new tellurites of iron: Mackayite and blakeite, with new data on emmonsite and durdenite. American Mineralogist: 29: 211-225.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947) Minerals of Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 153: 16, 27, 30.
Romslo, T.M. and Ravitz, S.F. (1947) Arizona manganese-silver ores. U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4097.
Gilluly, James (1956) General geology of central Cochise County, Arizona, with sections on age and correlation, by A.R. Palmer, J.S. Williamson, and J.B. Reeside, Jr. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 281, 169 p., 13 sheets, scale 1:62,500.
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 48, 53, 64, 65, 70, 92, 101.
Bideaux, R.A. et al. (1960) Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona. Arizona Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56.
McLean, W.J. and Anthony, J.W. (1972) The disordered ‘zeolite-like’ structure of connellite. American Mineralogist: 57: 426-438.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 187: 79 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 125, 131, 146, 157, 183, 196, 200, 211, 212, 219, 247, 261, 265, 281, 304, 306, 332, 357, 361, 374, 385, 392, 401.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039570, MRDS ID #M050351; and, Dep. ID #10258769, MAS ID #0040030692.


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