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Vondechenite-bearing xenolith, Caspar quarry, Bellerberg volcano, Ettringen, Mayen, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Vondechenite-bearing xenolith- not defined -
Caspar quarryQuarry
Bellerberg volcanoVolcano
Ettringen- not defined -
MayenTown
Mayen-KoblenzDistrict
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry
Vondechenite-bearing xenolith, Caspar quarry, Bellerberg volcano, Ettringen, Eifel Volcanic Fields, Germany

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° North , 7° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~1km
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Vondechenite-haltiger Xenolith, Steinbruch Caspar, Bellerberg Vulkan, Ettringen, Mayen, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


"Vondechenite" (discredited in 2019 because it it identical with calumetite) occurs in a xenolith with the dimensions of approximately 80 x 40 x 40 cm. The xenolith, collected in April 1993 in the northern part of the Caspar quarry, is coarse-grained and zoned, consisting of the primary minerals amphibole, diopside, plagioclase, some quartz and less titanite (as an accessory mineral).

Regions containing this locality

Eifel Volcanic Fields, GermanyGroup of Volcanic Fields
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Rhenish Massif, EuropeMassif
Eifel Mountains, Germany/BelgiumMountain Range
East Eifel Volcanic Field, GermanyVolcanic Field

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Apophyllite'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Baghdadite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Description: rock-forming, very small
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Bredigite
Formula: Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Calumetite
Formula: CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Reference: Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D. and Schäfer, C. (2016) Vondechenite, IMA 2016-065. CNMNC Newsletter No. 34, December 2016, page 1316; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1315–1321. [as - later discredited - "vondechenite"], Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., Schäfer, C. (2018): Vondechenite, a new hydrous calcium copper chloride hydroxide, from the Bellerberg, East-Eifel volcanic area, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 195, 79-86. [as - later discredited - "vondechenite"]
'Chabazite'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Gismondine'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Kerimasite
Formula: Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Description: rock-forming, very small
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Lakargiite
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Description: rock-forming, very small
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Rankinite
Formula: Ca3Si2O7
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Rondorfite
Formula: Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Scottyite
Formula: BaCu2Si2O7
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Thomsonite'
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Vondechenite'
Formula: Cu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O
Habit: tabular
Colour: sky-blue
Description: The type specimen was collected in 1993 in the northern part of the Caspar quarry.
Reference: Blass, G., H.-W. Graf, U. Kolitsch and D. Sebold (2009): The new finds from the volcanic Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 38-49. (in German) [as unnamed "Ca-Cu-Chlorid]. Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., Schäfer, C. (2018): Vondechenite, a new hydrous calcium copper chloride hydroxide, from the Bellerberg, East-Eifel volcanic area, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 195, 79-86.
Willhendersonite
Formula: KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Calumetite3.DA.40CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Lakargiite4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Baghdadite9.BE.17Ca3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Bredigite9.AD.20Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluorellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
'Gismondine'9..
Jennite9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kerimasite9.AD.25Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Rankinite9.BC.15Ca3Si2O7
Rondorfite9.AB.20Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Willhendersonite9.GD.10KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Pyroxene Group'-
Scottyite-BaCu2Si2O7
'Thomsonite'-
'Vondechenite'-Cu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Calumetite6.2.5.1CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Miscellaneous
Hydrocalumite6.4.4.1Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bredigite51.4.1.1Ca7Mg(SiO4)4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Fluorellestadite52.4.9.3Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [7] coordination
Rankinite55.3.1.1Ca3Si2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Baghdadite56.2.4.1Ca3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Willhendersonite77.1.2.3KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kerimasite-Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Lakargiite-Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
'Pyroxene Group'-
Rondorfite-Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Scottyite-BaCu2Si2O7
'Thomsonite'-
'Vondechenite'-Cu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VondecheniteCu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O VondecheniteCu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O
O JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
O ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
O BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
O BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O RankiniteCa3Si2O7
O RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
MgMagnesium
Mg BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
AlAluminium
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
SiSilicon
Si JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Si WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Si ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Si BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si RankiniteCa3Si2O7
Si RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Si LarniteCa2SiO4
Si KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
ClChlorine
Cl VondecheniteCu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Cl RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Cl CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
KPotassium
K WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca VondecheniteCu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O
Ca JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Ca BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ca BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca RankiniteCa3Si2O7
Ca RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Ca LarniteCa2SiO4
Ca KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ca CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ti BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
CuCopper
Cu VondecheniteCu4CaCl2(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Zr BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Zr KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
SnTin
Sn LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
BaBarium
Ba ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Ba BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Blaẞ, G., Graf, H.-W., Kolitsch, U., and Sebold, D. (2009) The new finds from the volcanic Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 20(2), 38-49 (in German) [Vondechenite described as unnamed "Ca-Cu-Chlorid"].
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., Schäfer, C. (2018): Vondechenite, a new hydrous calcium copper chloride hydroxide, from the Bellerberg, East-Eifel volcanic area, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 195, 79-86.


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