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Rowley Mine (Rawley Mine; Reliance Mine; Reliance Copper Mine; Rainbow Mine; Theba Mine; San Carlos patented claim #4524), Theba, Painted Rock District, Painted Rock Mts, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
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Latitude: 33°2'57"N
Longitude: 113°1'59"W
 
 
A former Cu-Pb-Au-Ag-Mo-V-baryte-fluorspar mine located in secs. 24 & 25, T4S, R8W (Dendora Valley 15 minute topo map), on the western edge of the Painted Rock Mountains and approximately 27 miles west and north of Gila Bend. started about 1909. Owned by Jack Rowley Fedrick (circa 1952). Discovered 1900. Last produced 1923.

Mineralization is the Rowley vein. The structure is a 4000 foot fault zone that strikes N30º-37ºW with quartz vein on the footwall and baryte vein on the hanging wall; NE-SW striking shear zone which may represent a fault with Tertiary volcanics to NW and Precambrian schist to SE. Ore control is quartz veins cutting andesite.

Flat-lying Tertiary andesite flows underlie the Jack Rowley claims and the adjoining San Carlos claims. A fault striking N.30º to 37ºW., and dipping 37º to 50ºE. cuts these rocks and extends about 4,000 feet across the claims. Mineralized segments of the fault comprise the Rowley vein, and one segment, about 800 feet long, is exposed on the Rowley claims. The Rowley vein consists of two distinct and adjoining veins in the same fault structure - a quartz vein in the footwall and a barite vein in the hanging wall.

The quartz vein has a fairly uniform width of about 5 feet in the mainshaft and on the 125 level for a distance of about 370 feet. The footwall contains no fault gouge or breccia. A few widely spaced tight fractures cut the vein and extend a few feet into the andesite. The vein is massive; nowhere is it brecciated or greatly fractured. There is no gossan or leached zone in or near the vein and no evidence of a zone of enrichment at depth.

Massive quartz and a minor amount of jasper compose most of the vein material, but a small amount of specular hematite and sparse grains of pyrite are present. Some of the quartz is rust-colored from small amounts of hematite and limonite that occur both as inclusions and as stains from weathering of iron minerals in the andesite. Several persistent bands of malachite and chrysocolla, 1 to 2½ inches (2.5 to 6.25 cm) thick, occur within the quartz. These minerals also occur for distances as much as 3 feet along isolated fractures that cut the vein and extend into the andesite. Small pockets of high-grade oxide copper ore and a small amount of chalcocite have been reported.

The barite vein in the hanging wall of the Rowley vein structure ranges from 15 to 30 feet in thickness. Its contact with the quartz vein in sharp and regular, whereas the hanging wall is very irregular. Gouge, 4 inches (10 cm) thick, separates the barite from a 3 to 4 foot zone of fractures and slightly brecciated andesite. Inclusions of andesite are present in the vein within 10 feet of the hanging wall. Barite usually occurs as masses of stringers parallel to the strike of the vein, although some of the stringers are contorted and even bend through an arc of 180º.

Galena is associated with the barite. One pod 5 inches in diameter was seen, and reportedly pods of galena were once mined. Small amounts of calcite are also present.

Molybdenum minerals are present in both the quartz and barite veins near their common contact. Ferrimolybdite forms a thin partial coating on the walls of the main shaft from the surface to a depth of 50 feet. At a greater depth, small stringers containing minute crystals of wulfenite are present in the shaft walls. Some of the stringers cut through the narrow bands of malachite and chrysocolla.

Workings included the main inclined shaft (the No. 1) at 265 feet deep, an inclined shaft (the Jones Shaft), at 125 feet deep, and a vertical shaft 163 feet deep. There are also perhaps as much as 1,850 feet of drifts. The 125 level followed the vein for 370 feet.


NOTE: The Rowley Mine is on private property. Trespassing for collecting, or any other activities, either on the surface or underground, without the permission of the lease holders, is strictly prohibited.

Mineral List

Ammineite
Anatacamite
Anglesite
Antlerite
Ashburtonite
Atacamite
Baryte
Boleite
Brochantite
Caledonite
Celestine
Cerussite
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalcopyrite
Chlorargyrite
Chrysocolla
Clinoatacamite
Covellite
Cumengeite
Descloizite
Diaboleite
Ferrimolybdite
Fluorite
Fornacite
Galena
Hematite
Hetaerolite
Leadhillite
Linarite
Malachite
Mammothite
Mimetite
Minium
Mottramite
Parkinsonite
Phosgenite
Pseudoboleite
Pyrite
Pyromorphite
Quartz
Simonkolleite
Sphalerite
Vanadinite
Willemite
Wulfenite


46 entries listed. 46 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

The Mines Handbook & Copper Handbook: vol. XII-XIV: 1916-1924.

Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 63, 67.

Stewart, L.A. & Pfister (1960), Barite deposits of Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5651: 41-44.

Kirkemo, H., et al (1965), Investigations of Molybdenum Deposits in the Conterminous United States 1942-60, Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bulletin 1182-E: E6-7 & 10.

Mineralogical Record (1972): 3: 182.

Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Mineralogical Record: 5: 10-30.

Elevatorski, E.A. (1979), Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Fluorspar Report: 29.

Hicks, C. (1979), Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Fluorspar Report: 17.

Mineralogical Record (1986): 17: 404-405.

Rocks & Minerals (1987): 62: 336 & 338.

Mineralogical Record (1988): 19: 210.

Rocks & Minerals (1990): 65: 10, 23.

Mineralogical Record (1991): 22: 381.

Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Rept. 92-10: 10 (Table 1).

Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) file data.

U.S. Bureau of Land Managemet Mining District sheet #521.

Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Arizona Barite Mine file.

Arizona Department of Mineral Resources (ADMR) Rowley file.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 112, 121, 128, 141, 158, 161, 173, 201, 202, 223, 228, 246, 274, 278, 299, 307, 344, 410, 420, 425.

USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10008298, 10234802 & 10137899.

Yale Peabody GNIS database (NOTE: this database is derived from USGS 1:24,000 topographic map data).

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