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Azogue Valley mercury deposit, Pulpí, Almería, Andalusia, Spain

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 22' 28'' North , 1° 39' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.37454,-1.65800
GeoHash:G#: eywud7bdm
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Pulpí, Almería, Andalucía, España


The mineralised zone occupies a narrow fringe of this basin, trending NE–SW for 1 km. The width of the main mineralised area varies from 5 to 100 m.
Between 1875 and 1878 production of mercury estimated at 30,000 flasks.

Regions containing this locality

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,540 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


46 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
'Basanite'
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
'Breccia'
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Description: In calcined waste
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Kuzminite
Formula: (Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2
Description: In calcined waste
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
'commodity:Mercury'
Formula: Hg
Reference:  
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
'Mica Group'
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
'Phyllite'
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Schuetteite
Formula: Hg2+3(SO4)O2
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Shakhovite
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.; Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Corderoite'2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Group 3 - Halides
'Calomel'3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
Kuzminite3.AA.30(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Shakhovite4.FB.05(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Huntite'5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Nitrocalcite5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Argentojarosite'7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Schuetteite7.BB.40Hg2+3(SO4)O2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chalcosiderite'8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Clintonite'9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Basanite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Breccia'-
Mica Group-
Phyllite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Calomel9.1.8.1(Hg2)2+Cl2
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Kuzminite9.1.8.2(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Corderoite10.3.3.1Hg2+3S2Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Schuetteite30.1.13.1Hg2+3(SO4)O2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentojarosite30.2.5.5AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
Miscellaneous
Shakhovite44.3.8.1(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Basanite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Breccia'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Phyllite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
BBoron
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C SideriteFeCO3
NNitrogen
N NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
O SideriteFeCO3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MetacinnabarHgS
S MilleriteNiS
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
ClChlorine
Cl Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Cl CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl Kuzminite(Hg22+)(Br,Cl)2
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
MnManganese
Mn PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
SeSelenium
Se TiemanniteHgSe
BrBromine
Br Kuzminite(Hg22+)(Br,Cl)2
AgSilver
Ag ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SbAntimony
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
Hg Kuzminite(Hg22+)(Br,Cl)2
Hg MercuryHg
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2
Hg Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2511033

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Conglomerate, gravel, sand, sandstone, silt and clay. Fluvial and marine terraces

Lithology: Gravel, conglomerate, sand and silt

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3141015
continental molasse

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{marl}, Minor{conglomerate,limestone,gypsum}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Viladevall, M., Font, X., & Navarro, A. (1999). Geochemical mercury survey in the Azogue Valley (Betic area, SE Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1-2), 27-35.
Fernández-Cortés, Á., Calaforra, J. M., & García-Guinea, J. (2006). The Pulpí gigantic geode (Almería, Spain): geology, metal pollution, microclimatology, and conservation. Environmental Geology, 50(5), 707.
Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.
Gutiérrez Martín, R., & Cardellach López, E. (2014). Mineralogía y tipología del depósito de Hg-Sb del Valle del Azogue (Almería, España).


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