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Amiata Mt., Siena Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Amiata Mt.Mountain
Siena ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 53' 60'' North , 11° 37' 60'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Vivo d'Orcia532 (2014)3.6km
Abbadia San Salvatore6,364 (2014)3.8km
Pescina153 (2014)4.4km
Campiglia d'Orcia413 (2014)6.0km
Bagnolo612 (2014)6.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Monte Amiata, Siena, Toscana, Italia


Area with several mercury mines.
Part of the Selvena mining district.

The first find (together with that on Mt. Cimino) of grandidierite, in a hornfels xenolith. This accounts for the first find on grandidierite in a xenolith within a volcanic rock.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

32 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6; van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Meli R., 2002. Giacimenti da non dimenticare: Pietrineri (Val d'Orcia, Siena). Riv. Miner. Ital. 2: 70-73.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6; van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Meli R., 2002. Giacimenti da non dimenticare: Pietrineri. Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 70-73.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Meli R., 2002. Giacimenti da non dimenticare: Pietrineri (Val d'Orcia, Siena). Riv. Miner. Ital. 2: 70-73.
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658; Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Meli R., 2002. Giacimenti da non dimenticare: Pietrineri (Val d'Orcia, Siena). Riv. Miner. Ital. 2: 70-73.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Montroydite
Formula: HgO
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Meli R., 2002. Giacimenti da non dimenticare: Pietrineri (Val d'Orcia, Siena). Riv. Miner. Ital. 2: 70-73.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Meli R., 2002. Giacimenti da non dimenticare: Pietrineri (Val d'Orcia, Siena). Riv. Miner. Ital. 2: 70-73.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 553-6

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Montroydite4.AC.15HgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Montroydite4.2.6.1HgO
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
BBoron
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MontroyditeHgO
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S CinnabarHgS
S MetacinnabarHgS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S SulphurS8
S BaryteBaSO4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg MontroyditeHgO

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658.
- Andrea Brogi, Lorenzo Fabbrini, Domenico Liotta (2011): Sb–Hg ore deposit distribution controlled by brittle structures: The case of the Selvena mining district (Monte Amiata, Tuscany, Italy). Ore Geology Reviews 41, 35-48.

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