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Orange River, Namakwa District (Namaqualand), Northern Cape Province, South Africa

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude: 30° South , 20° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~357km
Locality type:River


Mineral belt between Vioolsdrif and Upington

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

26 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Greisen'
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Debbie Woolf photo
'Lepidolite'
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Monazite'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pegmatite'
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Debbie Woolf photo
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Soddyite
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Xenotime'
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Soddyite9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-
Chlorite Group-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Greisen-
Lepidolite-
Monazite-
Pegmatite-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Soddyite53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Greisen'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Monazite'-
'Pegmatite'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
BiBismuth
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Minnaar, H. and Theart, H.F.J. (2006). The exploitability of pegmatite deposits in the lower Orange River area (Vioolsdrif-Henkries-Steinkopf). South African Journal of Geology, 109, 341-352.

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South Africa

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