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Empire Mine, Tombstone District, Tombstone Hills, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Empire MineMine
Tombstone DistrictMining District
Tombstone HillsGroup of Hills
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 42' 27'' North , 110° 3' 39'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.70750,-110.06083
GeoHash:G#: 9t9srs0js
USGS MRDS Record:10027124
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tombstone1,312 (2017)0.9km
Saint David1,699 (2011)26.2km
Whetstone2,617 (2017)26.4km
Huachuca City1,755 (2017)27.3km
Sierra Vista43,355 (2017)28.6km


A former small underground Ag-Pb-Cu-Zn-Mo-Fluorspar mine located in the East-center sec. 11, T.20S., R.22E, ¼ mile S of Tombstone, on private land. One of Tombstone's first producers, from both the Empire and Toughnut shafts. Owned at times, or in part, by the Tombstone Mill & Mining Co., Tombstone Consolidated Mines Co., Bunker Hill Mines Co., and the Tombstone Development Co.

Mineralization is a replacement deposit with oxidized base metal sulfides and minor wulfenite in irregular pipes and bedded deposits in Cretaceous Bisbee Group limestone along a series of anticlinal rolls cut by the strong Empire Dike filled fault and 'northeast' fissures. The ore zone is 609.6 meters long. Alteration is recrystallized limestone and silicification.

Workings include shaft(s), of which the main shaft is 450 feet deep. Workings total 1219.2 meters long and 152.4 meters deep. Over 10,000 tons of ore were produced in the late 1800's but output was included with adjoining mines. Output statistics were included with the Toughnut and Empire, and Tombstone group.


CAUTION: The Empire Mine workings are deteriorated and VERY hazardous - DO NOT ATTEMPT ENTRY!

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: 4th. level in the Skipjack fissure being replaced by sulphur.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Description: Occurs as bournonite-quartz ore in a fissure, fourth level.
Reference: Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143: 51.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Habit: Individual crystals & irregular scales
Colour: Gray-green
Description: Occurs throughout limonitic gangue.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 147; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs as black crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 151.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b).
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: EDS confirmed by Bob Housley.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Brent Thorne
Dugganite
Formula: Pb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Reference: [AmMin 84:993]
Emmonsite
Formula: Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Reference: www.azminerals.com
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Colour: Green and purple.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 223; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 43.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Occurs on 4th. level in the Skipjack fissure being replaced by sulphur.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b).
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: Radiating aggregates
Description: Sparse; occurs in oxidized ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 247, 356; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 101.
Housleyite
Formula: Pb6CuTe6+4O18(OH)2
Reference: PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Abundant.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 261; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 64.
Khinite
Formula: Pb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2
Reference: Brent Thorne
'Khinite-3T'
Formula: Pb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2
Reference: Brent Thorne
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Description: A component of gangue (gossan).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 147; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Molybdofornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Reference: Peter Mcgaw, Sugar White collected specimens
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: EDS by Tony Kampf, November 15, 2010. Specimen in the Bruce J. Murphy collection.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 331.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027124, MRDS ID #M002173.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Colour: Bright green
Description: Occurs as mammillary spherules in siliceous linings of vugs & between hemimorphite crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 356; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 53.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Occurs as disseminated flakes in gougy, slickensided material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 372; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143: 51; Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Traywick, Bent. (1983), The Mines of Tombstone.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 385; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 16.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Colour: Amber-yellow
Description: Occurs on 4th. level in the Skipjack fissure as small, resinous crystals resembling sphalerite, replacing anglesite & galena.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b).
Utahite
Formula: Cu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
Colour: Blue
Description: Occurs associated with other tellurium minerals and several unknowns.
Reference: Dr. Peter Megaw, analysis by Dr. Malcomb E. Back, Royal Ontario Museum, Canada.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 75; Dana 6:1093.
Yafsoanite
Formula: Ca3Zn3(TeO6)2
Reference: From the collection of William W. Pinch. XRD and EDS analyzed.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Emmonsite4.JM.10Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Khinite4.FD.30Pb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2
'Khinite-3T'4.FD.30Pb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Yafsoanite4.CC.25Ca3Zn3(TeO6)2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Molybdofornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Natrochalcite7.DF.15NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Utahite7.DE.25Cu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Dugganite8.DL.20Pb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Housleyite-Pb6CuTe6+4O18(OH)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Yafsoanite7.2.14.1Ca3Zn3(TeO6)2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Natrochalcite31.8.1.1NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 33 - SELENATES AND TELLURATES
(AB)m(XO4)pZq
Housleyite33.1.7.Pb6CuTe6+4O18(OH)2
Khinite33.1.3.1Pb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2
(AB)m(XO6)·xH2O, where x can equal zero
'Khinite-3T'33.2.4.1Pb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A2(XO3)3·xH2O
Emmonsite34.3.3.1Fe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Dugganite43.2.5.1Pb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Molybdofornacite43.4.3.3Pb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Utahite-Cu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
H KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
H Khinite-3TPb2+Cu32+Te6+O6(OH)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
H MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HousleyitePb6CuTe46+O18(OH)2
H NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
O KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
O Khinite-3TPb2+Cu32+Te6+O6(OH)2
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
O MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
O YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HousleyitePb6CuTe46+O18(OH)2
O NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SulphurS8
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CervelleiteAg4TeS
S NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2
CrChromium
Cr MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
Cu Khinite-3TPb2+Cu32+Te6+O6(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu HousleyitePb6CuTe46+O18(OH)2
Cu NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
Zn YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
As MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag SilverAg
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag CervelleiteAg4TeS
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
TeTellurium
Te DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Te EmmonsiteFe23+(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
Te KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
Te Khinite-3TPb2+Cu32+Te6+O6(OH)2
Te UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2O
Te YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2
Te HousleyitePb6CuTe46+O18(OH)2
Te CervelleiteAg4TeS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
Pb Khinite-3TPb2+Cu32+Te6+O6(OH)2
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)
Pb HousleyitePb6CuTe46+O18(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Campanian - Oxfordian
72.1 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2946362
Cretaceous to Late Jurassic sedimentary rocks with minor volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (72.1 - 163.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temporal Formation; Bathtub Formation; Sand Wells Formation; Fort Crittenden Formation; McCoy Mountains Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate, rarely forms prominent outcrops; massive conglomerate is typical near base of unit and locally in upper part. These deposits are nonmarine except in southeastern Arizona, where prominent gray marine limestone (Mural Limestone) forms the middle of the Bisbee Group. Sandstones are typically medium-bedded, drab brown, lithic-feldspathic arenites. Includes Bisbee Group (largely Early Cretaceous) and related rocks, Temporal, Bathtub, and Sand Wells formations, rocks of Gu Achi, McCoy Mountains Formation, and Upper Cretaceous Fort Crittenden Formation and equivalent rocks. (80-160 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{arenite,conglomerate}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 37.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1093.
Church, J.A. (1903) The Tombstone, Arizona, mining district: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 33: 3-37: 24, 33.
Guild, F.N. (1910), The Mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.
Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 143: 51, 84-89, 98, Pl. III, IV.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 16.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 43, 53, 64, 65, 101.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 75 (Table 4).
Traywick, Bent. (1983), The Mines of Tombstone.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131, 151, 162, 223, 247, 261, 331, 356, 372, 385, 386.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10027124, MRDS ID #M002173; and, Dep. ID #10161237, MAS ID #0040030608.

Localities in this Region
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  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills

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