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Iron-black, brown in reflected light
5½ - 6
Crystal System:
Member of:
For the type locality, on Ulvö Island, Sweden, and its spinel structure.
This page provides mineralogical data about Ulvöspinel.

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of UlvöspinelHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
B : Metal: Oxygen = 3:4 and similar
B : With only medium-sized cations

2 : AB2X4

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Physical Properties of UlvöspinelHide

Iron-black, brown in reflected light
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of UlvöspinelHide


Chemical Properties of UlvöspinelHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of UlvöspinelHide

Crystal System:

Type Occurrence of UlvöspinelHide

Synonyms of UlvöspinelHide

Other Language Names for UlvöspinelHide

Relationship of Ulvöspinel to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
GahniteZnAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
TrevoriteNi2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
XieiteFe2+Cr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Anorthite3 photos of Ulvöspinel associated with Anorthite on
Clinopyroxene Subgroup1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Clinopyroxene Subgroup on
Chromite1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Chromite on
Pleonaste1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Pleonaste on
Augite1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Augite on
Glass1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Glass on
Titaniferous Magnetite1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Titaniferous Magnetite on
Zirconolite1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Zirconolite on
Ilmenite1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Ilmenite on
Fayalite1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Fayalite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.BB.ChenmingiteFeCr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.BB.05ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GahniteZnAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05TrevoriteNi2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.10HausmanniteMn2+Mn3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.15MaghemiteFe3+2O3Iso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
4.BB.15TitanomaghemiteFe3+(Fe3+,Ti4+,Fe2+,◻)2O4Iso. 4 3 2 : P43 3 2
4.BB.25XieiteFe2+Cr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.14IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Ulvöspinel in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for UlvöspinelHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1955): 40: 138.
Economic Geology: 48: 677-688.
Canadian Mineralogist (1980): 18: 339-341.

Internet Links for UlvöspinelHide

Localities for UlvöspinelHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Béchar Province
    • Béchar
Connolly Jr., H. C. et al. (2007) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 4 (9): 1647-1694. (Sept 2007); Kuehner, S. M. & Irving, A. J. (2007) Primary Ferric Iron-Bearing Rhönite in Plutonic Igneous Angrite NWA 4590: Implications for Redox Conditions on the Angrite Parent Body. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #P41A-0219. (Dec 2007)
  • Sahara Desert
    • Lakhbi
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Pecora Escarpment
        • LaPaz Ice Field
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Goodrich, C. A., Herd, C. D. K. & Taylor, L. A. (2003) Spinels and oxygen fugacity in olivine-phyric and lherzolitic shergottites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38 (12): 1773-1792. (Dec 2003)
      • Elephant Moraine
McSween Jr., HY & Treiman, AH (1998) Martian Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 6: 1-53: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA. ;
      • Queen Alexandra Range
Mikouchi, T., Miyamoto, M. & McKay, G. A. (1998) Mineralogy of Antarctic basaltic shergottite QUE94201: Similarities to EETA7900 1 (Lithology B) martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (2): 181-189. (March 1998).; McSween Jr., H.Y. & Treiman, A.H. (1998) Martian Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 6: 1-53: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Buenos Aires
    • Coronel Suaréz
      • D'Orbigny; Keil, K. (2012) Angrites, a small but diverse suite of ancient, silica-undersaturated volcanic-plutonic mafic meteorites, and the history of their parent asteroid: Chemie der Erde, geochemistry 71:191-218.; Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., Yui, T. F., Varela, M. E., & Iizuka, Y. (2016, March). Tsangpoite: The Unknown Calcium Silico Phosphate Phase in the Angrite D'Orbigny. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1466).
  • Córdoba
    • Calamuchita Department
O. Rabbia, L. Hernández, A. Demichelis y J. Coniglio (1993). Mineralogia de cromitas y óxidos asociados de las serpentinitas del extremo sur de las sierras de Córdoba. 12° Congreso Geológico Argentino y 2do Congreso de Exploración de Hidrocarburos, 5: 73-81.
  • Mendoza
    • Las Heras department
      • Las Heras
ZAPPETTINI, Eduardo O.; BRODTKORB, Milka K. de; BERNHARDT, Heinz-Jürgen and VILLAR, Luisa. The spinels of the alcaline complex Puesto la Peña, province of Mendoza. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 544-549
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills Mining District
          • Glen Wills
Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
        • Fellern
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Central District
    • Orapa
Anashkin, S., Bovkun, A., Bindi, L., Garanin, V., & Litvin, Y. (2013). Kudryavtsevaite, Na3MgFe3+ Ti4O12, a new kimberlitic mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(3), 327-334.
  • Goiás
    • Amorinópolis
Danni, J.C.M; Gaspar, J.C., 1994, Química do Katungito de Amorinópolis - Goiás: Contribuição ao Estudo do Magmatismo Kamafugítico.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Martinho Campos
      • Ibitira
Wilkening, L. L. & Anders, E. (1975) Some studies of an unusual eucrite: Ibitira. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 39: 1205-1210.
  • Santa Catarina
G. Traversa et al., European Journal of Mineralogy, 1996, Vol. 8, N° 1, pp. 193-208.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Burkina Faso
  • Sahel Region
    • Oudalan Province
      • Oursi
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1042-1052
  • Northwest Territories
Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Canadian Mineralogist 35, 53-78.
    • Somerset Island
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp.24l-250 (1980)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (1976) 56:157-172
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Gauthier Township
R. H. Mitchell (1978) Composition of spinels in micaceous kimberlite from the Upper Canada Mine, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:591-595
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
SCHILLING, J., FROST, B.R., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., and MARKL, G. (2011a) Fe-Ti oxide-silicate (QUIIF-type) equilibria
      • Rouville RCM
Sharon Cisneros (pers comm)
  • Hubei Province
    • Shiyan Prefecture
Zhixin Ma (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(3), 273-277
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Lüeyang Co.
Jianxiang Chen, Xinbin Wu, Haifeng Zhang, and Zhongdi Wei (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(2), 111-118
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Jiaxin Zhang (2003): Xinjiang Nonferrous Metals 26(3), 15-17; Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Xiaoming Peng, Weidong Hui, and Quanxin Qin (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(1), 61-73; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
      • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Gunnar Färber
    • South Bohemia Region
      • České Budějovice (Budweis)
Welser P., Zikeš J.: Magnetit z pegmatitu od Rudolfova u Č. Budějovic. Minerál, 2011, 19, 1, 12-15.
  • Eastern Finland Region
O´Brien Hugh,Tyni Matti 2005 Eastern Finland kimberlite province. Fifth international dyke conference 31.7-3.8. 2005 Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kajaani
      • Otanmäki
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Kokkola
      • Kälviä
Chernet, T. (1999) Applied mineralogical studies of Koivusaarenneva ilmenite deposit, Kälvia, Western Finland, with special emphasis on the altered part of the ore. (Chronicle of Mineral Research and Exploration, in press).
French West Indies
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
Ch. Lefèvre and Ph. Cocusse, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 189-208.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Gerolstein
        • Roth
Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 17-25, 2001
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 80: (1982).358-366. 385
  • Maharashtra
    • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
      • Murud-Janjira
A.G. Dessai et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Pali District
Shukla, A. D., Shukla, P. N., Suthar, K. M., Bhandari, N., Vaya, V. K., Sisodia, M. S., Sinha Roy, S., Rao, K. N. & Rajawat, R. S. (1997) Piplia Kalan eucrite : Fall, petrography and chemical characteristics. Meteoritics 32(5): 611-615 (Sept 1997)
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Fénis
      • Clavalité Valley
Toffolo, L. (2012-13) Studio dell’antico sito metallurgico di Misérègne (Fénis, AO): la miniera, le scorie. Tesi di laurea magistrale in geologia e geologia tecnica. Università di Padova, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, 113 pp.
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
Sharon Cisneros, pers comm.
  • Al Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
  • Al Jufrah District
    • Dar al Gani
Ikeda, Y., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (2000) Lithic and mineral clasts in the Dar Al Gani (DAG) 319 polymict ureilite: Antarctic Meteorite Research. Twenty-fourth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, NIPR Symposium No. 13., Editor in Chief, Takeo Hirasawa. National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. pp.177-221. (Mar 2000).
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province); Connolly, Jr., H. C. et al., (2007) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 92, 2007 September: MAPS 42 (9), 1647-1694. (Sept 2007)
    • Ouarzazate Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Tata Province
Balta, J. B., Sanborn, M. E., Udry, A., Wadhwa, M. & McSween Jr., H. Y. (2015) Petrology and trace element geochemistry of Tissint, the newest shergottite fall: MAPS 50 (1): 63-85. (Jan 2015)
Northwest Africa Meteorites
Meteoritical Bulletin 86: July, 2002; Barrat, J. A., Jambon, A., Bohn, M., Gillet, P., Sautter, V., Göpel, C., ... & Keller, F. (2002). Petrology and chemistry of the picritic shergottite North West Africa 1068 (NWA 1068). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(19), 3505-3518.; Herd, C. D. (2006). Insights into the redox history of the NWA 1068/1110 martian basalt from mineral equilibria and vanadium oxybarometry. American Mineralogist, 91(10), 1616-1627. -NWA1670@MetBullDatabase
Baghdadi, B., Godard, G. & Jambon, A. (2012) Metamorphic Reactional Coronas in the Peridotitic Angrite NWA 3164, Interpretations and Implications: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, XLIII: LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2188. (Mar 2012).
Barrat, J. A., Gillet, P., Sautter, V., Jambon, A., Javoy, M., Göpel, C., ... & Petit, E. (2001). The basaltic shergottite North West Africa 480: Petrology and geochemistry. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 14.
Ruzicka, A., Grossman, J. N. & Garvie, L. (2014) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 100: Meteoritical & Planetary science 49: E1-E101. (Aug 2014) [Online supplement]; Mikouchi, T. & Bizzarro, M. (2012) Mineralogy and Petrology of NWA 7203: A New Quenched Angrite Similar to NWA 1296 and NWA 1670. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5120. (Sept 2012)
  • Nordland
    • Hinnøya
      • Lødingen
Krogh, E.J. (1977): Origin and metamorphism of iron formations and associated rocks, Lofoten-Vesterålen, N. Norway. I. The Vestpolltind Fe-Mn-deposit. Lithos, 10: 243-255
    • Lofoten
      • Vågan
        • Austvågøya
          • Kabelvåg
Carstens, H. (1957): Investigations of titaniferous iron ore deposits. Part I. Gabbros and associated titaniferous iron ore in the West-Norwegian gneisses. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskap Skrifter. 1957, 3, 1-67.
Griffin, W.L., Heier, K.S., Taylor, P.N. & Weigand, P.W. (1974): General geology, age and chemistry of the Raftsund mangerite intrusion, Lofoten, Vesterålen. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 312, 1-30.(p. 19); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 58.
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Nordmarka
Kristoffersen, Y.( 1973): A magnetic investigations of the larvikite complex SW of the lake Gjerdingen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 53, 267-281 (p. 280)
  • Rogaland
    • Bjerkreim
      • Ørsdalen
Urban, H. (1971): Zur Kenntnis der schichtgebundenen Wolfram-Molybdän-Vererzung im Örsdalen (Rogaland), Norwegen. Mineralium Deposita 6: 177-195. Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 58
  • Dhofar Governorate (Al Janubiyah Province)
Taylor, L. A., Nazarov, M. A., Demidova, S. I., & Patchen, A. D. (2001). Dhofar 287: A new lunar mare basalt from Oman. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 204.
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
  • Opolskie
    • Opole District
      • Niemodlin commune
        • Gracze
W. Szeliga, Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, 2004, V 24, pp. 369-372.
  • Podlaskie
    • Suwałki District
      • Suwałki Massif
Kucha H., Kwiecińska B., Piestrzyński A., Wieczorek A. 1979: On the genesis of graphite from magnetite rocks of Krzemianka (NE Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 81-88
  • Brașov Co.
Puşcaş, C. M., Kristaly, F., Stremţan, C. C., Onac, B. P., & Effenberger, H. S. (2014). Stability of cave phosphates: Case study from Liliecilor Cave (Trascău Mountains, Romania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(2), 157-168.
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Gornyi Altai
        • Kharlovo
I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Bor
Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Estopiñán del Castillo
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Sopeira
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Cantabria
    • Santander
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Castile-La Mancha
Llorca, J., Ignasi Casanova, I., Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M., Madiedo, J. M., Roszjar, R., Addi Bischoff, A., Ott, U., Franchi, I. A., Greenwood, R. C, Matthias., M. (2009) The Puerto Lápice eucrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (2): 159-174. (Feb 2009)
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Malpica
        • La Pioza
J.I. Gil Ibarguchi, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 403-415.
  • Ångermanland
    • Örnsköldsvik
Halfen, B. (1976): Difference in spectral reflectivity between grains of homogeneous and exsolved titanomagnetite. Mineralogical Magazine. 40: 843-851
Mogensen, F. (1946): A ferro-ortho-titanate ore from Södra Ulvön. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 68: 578-588; Can. Mineral. (1980) 18, 339–341
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
MinMag 42, 265
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
Gursky D, Nechaev S & Bobrov A (2001) Titanium deposits in Ukraine focussed on the Proterozoic anorthosite-hosted massives. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • San Carlos Indian Reservation
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221, 406; Caporuscio, F.A. (1980), Alkalic lavas from the San Carlos, Arizona province (abstract), Amer. Geophys. Union, 1979 Fall annual meeting.
  • Arkansas
    • Pike Co.
      • Murfreesboro
AmMin 85:420-429 (2000)
  • California
Warren, P. H., Greenwood, J. P. & Rubin, A. E. (2004) Los Angeles: A tale of two stones: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(1):139-156. (Jan 2004).
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Amboy
Smith, A.L. and Carmichael, I.S.E. (1969) Quaternary trachybasalts from southeastern California. American Mineralogist: 54: 915; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 152.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Hawaii
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
Velde, D. (1978): An aenigmatite-richterite-olivine trachyte from Puu Koae, West Maui, Hawaii, American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 771-778
  • Maine
    • Knox Co.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
Rice, Jack M., Dickey, John S. Jr., and Lyons, John B. (1971): Skeletal Crystallization of Pseudobrookite (American Mineralogist 56:158-162.)
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Newcomb Township
        • Tahawus
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
    • Halifax Co.
Stoddard,E.F.,(1992),A new suite of post-ororgenic dikes in eastern North Carolina Piedmont:Part II.Mineralogy and geochemistry,Southeastern Geology,V.32,no.3,pg.119-142
    • Warren Co.
Stoddard,E.F.,(1992) A new suite of post-orogenic dikes in eastern North Carolina Piedmont:Part II.Mineralogy and geochemistry,Southeastern Geology,v.32,no.3,pg.119-142
  • Pennsylvania
    • York Co.
      • Frogtown
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the Pa List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 35, 75; Smith, R. C., II (1973), "Geochemistry of Triassic Diabase from SE Pennsylvania," unpub. PhD Dissertation, 262 p., PA State Univ.;
  • Wyoming
    • Campbell Co.
      • Reno Junction
American Mineralogist, Volume 73, pages 1440-1448, 1988
    • Laramie Co.
Van King
The Moon
  • Descartes Highlands
Walker, D., J. Longhi, T.L. Grove, E.M. Stolper, and J.F. Hays (1973) Experimental petrology and origin of rocks from the Descartes Highlands. Proc. Fourth Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 4, p. 1013-1032.; Dowty, E., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1974) Igneous rocks from Apollo 16 rake samples. In: Lunar Science Conference, 5th, Houston, Tex., March 18-22, 1974, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A75-39540 19-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1974, p. 431-445.
  • Fra Mauro Highlands
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).; Pavel Kartashov
  • Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility)
Agrell, S. O., Boyd, F. R., Bunch, T. E., Cameron, E. N., Dence, M. R., Douglas, J. A. V., (1970) Titanian chromite, aluminian chromite and chromian ulvöspinel from Apollo 11 rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, Volume 1. Proceedings of the Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference held 5-8 January, 1970 in Houston, TX. Volume 1: Mineraolgy and Petrology. Edited by A. A. Levinson. New York: Pergammon Press, 1970., p.81
  • Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms)
Meyer, C. ( 2003). NASA Lunar Petrographic Educational Thin Section Set ; NASA Lunar Petrographic Educational Thin Section Set, C Meyer - 2003
  • Taurus-Littrow Valley
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