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About UlvöspinelHide

Iron-black, brown in reflected light
Metallic, Sub-Metallic
5½ - 6
Specific Gravity:
4.78 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
For the type locality, on Ulvö Island, Sweden, and its spinel structure.
An oxyspinel that commonly occurs and an exsolution product, forming a fine network along {100} in magnetite, or in ilmenite.

Classification of UlvöspinelHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
B : Metal: Oxygen = 3:4 and similar
B : With only medium-sized cations

2 : AB2X4

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Physical Properties of UlvöspinelHide

Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Iron-black, brown in reflected light
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
4.78 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of UlvöspinelHide


Chemical Properties of UlvöspinelHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of UlvöspinelHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.45 Å
Unit Cell V:
603.35 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Range: 8.398–8.50 A.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.924 Å(8)
3.018 Å(33)
2.573 Å(100)
2.464 Å(6)
2.1339 Å(19)
1.7419 Å(10)
1.6426 Å(33)
1.5089 Å(39)
1.4427 Å(1)
1.3495 Å(3)
1.3016 Å(7)
1.2867 Å(3)
1.2318 Å(2)
1.1952 Å(1)
1.1406 Å(3)
1.1111 Å(8)
1.0669 Å(2)
1.0059 Å(1)
0.9856 Å(5)
0.9792 Å(2)
0.9543 Å(2)
0.9369 Å(1)
0.9099 Å(1)
0.8947 Å(4)
0.8711 Å(10)
0.8578 Å(1)
0.8370 Å(2)
0.8251 Å(4)
0.8212 Å(2)
0.7959 Å(1)
ICDD 34-177 synthetic.

Type Occurrence of UlvöspinelHide

Synonyms of UlvöspinelHide

Other Language Names for UlvöspinelHide

Relationship of Ulvöspinel to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AhrensiteSiFe2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
BrunogeieriteGe4+Fe2+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Ulvöspinel associated with AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Clinopyroxene Subgroup
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Glass
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
1 photo of Ulvöspinel associated with FayaliteFe2+2SiO4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.BB.ChenmingiteFeCr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.BB.DellagiustaiteV2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.ThermaerogeniteCuAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05CochromiteCoCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GahniteZnAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05JacobsiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05ManganochromiteMn2+Cr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05TrevoriteNi2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.05VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.BB.10HausmanniteMn2+Mn3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HetaeroliteZnMn2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.10Jacobsite-QMn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
4.BB.15Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4Iso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
4.BB.15Titanomaghemite(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe3+2O4Iso. 4 3 2 : P43 3 2
4.BB.25XieiteFe2+Cr2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.14Jacobsite-QMn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Fluorescence of UlvöspinelHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Ulvöspinel in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for UlvöspinelHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mogensen, F. (1946) A ferro-ortho-titanate ore from Södra Ulvön. Geol. Fören.
Förhandl. Stockholm, 68, 578–588.
Ramdohr, P. (1953) Ulvöspinel and its significance in titaniferous iron ores. Economic Geology, 48, 677–688.
Stout, M.V. and P. Bayliss (1980) Crystal structure of two ferrian ulvöspinels from
British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 339–341.

Internet Links for UlvöspinelHide

Localities for UlvöspinelHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Lakhbi
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mountains
Semenova, A. S., Nazarov, M. A., & Guseva, E. V. (1992, March). Lunar Meteorite MAC 88105: Petrology of Igneous Rock Clasts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 23).
      • Pecora Escarpment
        • LaPaz Ice Field
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Goodrich, C. A., Herd, C. D. K. & Taylor, L. A. (2003) Spinels and oxygen fugacity in olivine-phyric and lherzolitic shergottites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38 (12): 1773-1792. (Dec 2003)
      • Elephant Moraine
McSween Jr., HY & Treiman, AH (1998) Martian Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 6: 1-53: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA. ;
      • Queen Alexandra Range
Mikouchi, T., Miyamoto, M. & McKay, G. A. (1998) Mineralogy of Antarctic basaltic shergottite QUE94201: Similarities to EETA7900 1 (Lithology B) martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (2): 181-189. (March 1998).; McSween Jr., H.Y. & Treiman, A.H. (1998) Martian Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 6: 1-53: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Buenos Aires Province
    • Coronel Suaréz
      • D'Orbigny; Keil, K. (2012) Angrites, a small but diverse suite of ancient, silica-undersaturated volcanic-plutonic mafic meteorites, and the history of their parent asteroid: Chemie der Erde, geochemistry 71:191-218.; Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., Yui, T. F., Varela, M. E., & Iizuka, Y. (2016, March). Tsangpoite: The Unknown Calcium Silico Phosphate Phase in the Angrite D'Orbigny. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1466).
  • Córdoba Province
    • Calamuchita Department
      • Los Reartes District
O. Rabbia, L. Hernández, A. Demichelis y J. Coniglio (1993). Mineralogia de cromitas y óxidos asociados de las serpentinitas del extremo sur de las sierras de Córdoba. 12° Congreso Geológico Argentino y 2do Congreso de Exploración de Hidrocarburos, 5: 73-81.
  • Mendoza Province
    • Las Heras Department
      • Capdevilla District
ZAPPETTINI, Eduardo O.; BRODTKORB, Milka K. de; BERNHARDT, Heinz-Jürgen and VILLAR, Luisa. The spinels of the alcaline complex Puesto la Peña, province of Mendoza. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 544-549
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ciobanu, C.L.; Verdugo-Ihl, M.R.; Slattery, A.; Cook, N.J.; Ehrig, K.; Courtney-Davies, L.; Wade, B.P. (2019) Silician Magnetite: Si–Fe-Nanoprecipitates and Other Mineral Inclusions in Magnetite from the Olympic Dam Deposit, South Australia. Minerals 9, 311.
  • Tasmania
    • Launceston City municipality
      • The Sideling
Bottrill, R., Goemann, K., (2020) Mineralogical Analyses, Eagle Rd Quarry, Sidling. MRT Unpub. Rept, 2018-084b
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills mining district
          • Glen Wills goldfield
Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Uttendorf
        • Fellern
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Central District
    • Letlhakane
      • Orapa
Anashkin, S., Bovkun, A., Bindi, L., Garanin, V., & Litvin, Y. (2013). Kudryavtsevaite, Na3MgFe3+ Ti4O12, a new kimberlitic mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(3), 327-334.
  • Espírito Santo
    • Vitória
      • Trindade and Martin Vaz archipelago de Almeida, F. F. M. (1961). Geologia e petrologia da Ilha da Trindade Departamento Nacional da Produção Mineral, Divisão de Geologia e Mineralogia, Monografia, 18. Cordani, U. G. (1970). Idade do vulcanismo no oceano Atlântico Sul (Doctoral dissertation, Universidade de São Paulo), 1, 9-75. Marques, L. S., Ulbrich, M. N., Ruberti, E., & Tassinari, C. G. (1999). Petrology, geochemistry and Sr–Nd isotopes of the Trindade and Martin Vaz volcanic rocks (southern Atlantic Ocean). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 93(3-4), 191-216. Mitchell-Thomé, R. C. (1970). Geology of the South Atlantic islands. Siebel, W., Becchio, R., Volker, F., Hansen, M. A. F., Viramonte, J., Trumbull, R. B., ... & Zimmer, M. (2000). Trindade and Martı́n Vaz Islands, South Atlantic: Isotopic (Sr, Nd, Pb) and trace element constraints on plume related magmatism. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 13(1-2), 79-103.
  • Goiás
    • Amorinópolis
Danni, J.C.M; Gaspar, J.C., 1994, Química do Katungito de Amorinópolis - Goiás: Contribuição ao Estudo do Magmatismo Kamafugítico.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Martinho Campos
      • Ibitira
Wilkening, L. L. & Anders, E. (1975) Some studies of an unusual eucrite: Ibitira. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 39: 1205-1210.
  • Santa Catarina
G. Traversa et al., European Journal of Mineralogy, 1996, Vol. 8, N° 1, pp. 193-208.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Burkina Faso
  • Sahel Region
    • Oudalan Province
      • Oursi Department
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1042-1052
  • Northwest Territories
Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148; Masun, K. M. (1999). The petrography and mineralogy of the Lac de Gras kimberlite field, Slave Province, Northwest Territories: A comparative study. Master of science, Department of Geology, Lakehead University.
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Canadian Mineralogist 35, 53-78.
      • Somerset Island
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp.24l-250 (1980)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (1976) 56:157-172
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Gauthier Township
Mitchell, R.H. (1978) Composition of spinels in micaceous kimberlite from the Upper Canada Mine, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16(4): 591-595.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
SCHILLING, J., FROST, B.R., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., and MARKL, G. (2011a) Fe-Ti oxide-silicate (QUIIF-type) equilibria
      • Rouville RCM
Sharon Cisneros (pers comm)
  • Saskatchewan
Masun, K. M. (1999). The petrography and mineralogy of the Lac de Gras kimberlite field, Slave Province, Northwest Territories: A comparative study. Master of science, Department of Geology, Lakehead University.
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
Zhixin Ma (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(3), 273-277
  • Shaanxi
    • Hanzhong
      • Lüeyang County
Jianxiang Chen, Xinbin Wu, Haifeng Zhang, and Zhongdi Wei (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(2), 111-118
  • Sichuan
    • Panzhihua
      • Dong District
        • Panzhihua Fe-V-Ti-(PGE) deposit
Gao, W., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Slattery, A., Huang, F., & Song, D. (2019). Nanoscale study of titanomagnetite from the Panzhihua layered intrusion, Southwest China: Multistage exsolutions record ore formation. Minerals, 9(9), 513.
  • Xinjiang
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Jiaxin Zhang (2003): Xinjiang Nonferrous Metals 26(3), 15-17; Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Xiaoming Peng, Weidong Hui, and Quanxin Qin (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(1), 61-73; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
Costa Rica
  • Alajuela Province
Rodríguez, A., & van Bergen, M. J. (2017). Superficial alteration mineralogy in active volcanic systems: An example of Poás volcano, Costa Rica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 346, 54-80.
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
      • Hlásná Třebaň
Tasáryová, Z., Frýda, J., Janoušek, V., & Racek, M. (2014). Slawsonite-celsian-hyalophane assemblage from a picrite sill (Prague Basin, Czech Republic). American Mineralogist, 99(11-12), 2272-2279.
  • Liberec Region
    • Jablonec nad Nisou District
      • Kořenov
        • Jizerka
Gunnar Färber
  • South Bohemian Region
    • České Budějovice District
Welser P., Zikeš J.: Magnetit z pegmatitu od Rudolfova u Č. Budějovic. Minerál, 2011, 19, 1, 12-15.
  • Central Ostrobothnia
    • Kokkola
      • Kälviä
Chernet, T. (1999) Applied mineralogical studies of Koivusaarenneva ilmenite deposit, Kälvia, Western Finland, with special emphasis on the altered part of the ore. (Chronicle of Mineral Research and Exploration, in press).
  • Kainuu
    • Kajaani
      • Otanmäki granite
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Kuusamo
Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
    • Taivalkoski
Hayden Dalton, Andrea Giuliani, David Phillips, Janet Hergt, Hugh O'Brien (2018) Mineral Chemistry and Petrography of Kuusamo Kimberlites and Related Rocks, Finland. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129
  • Northern Savonia
O´Brien Hugh,Tyni Matti 2005 Eastern Finland kimberlite province. Fifth international dyke conference 31.7-3.8. 2005 Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Saint-Brieuc
        • Erquy
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 91.
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
      • Vieux-Habitants
Ch. Lefèvre and Ph. Cocusse, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 189-208.
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Kassel
        • Ahnatal
          • Weimar
Medenbach, O., ElGoresy, A. (1982): Ulvöspinel in native iron-bearing assemblages and the origin of these assemblages in basalts from Ovifak, Greenland, and Bühl, Federal Republic of Germany. Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 80, 358-366.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 12/1, 17-25, 2001
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Gerolstein
        • Gerolstein
          • Roth
Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
  • North Aegean
    • Icaria
Voudouris, P., Mavrogonatos, C., Graham, I., Giuliani, G., Tarantola, A., Melfos, V., ... & Magganas, A. (2019) Gemstones of Greece: Geology and Crystallizing Environments. Minerals, 9(8), 461.
  • Kujalleq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Qeqertalik
    • Disko Island
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 80: (1982).358-366. 385 Medenbach, O., ElGoresy, A. (1982): Ulvöspinel in native iron-bearing assemblages and the origin of these assemblages in basalts from Ovifak, Greenland, and Bühl, Federal Republic of Germany. Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 80, 358-366.
  • Maharashtra
    • Raigad District
      • Murud-Janjira
A.G. Dessai et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Prichard, H. M., Mondal, S. K., Mukherjee, R., Fisher, P. C., & Giles, N. (2018). Geochemistry and mineralogy of Pd in the magnetitite layer within the upper gabbro of the Mesoarchean Nuasahi Massif (Orissa, India). Mineralium Deposita, 53(4), 547-564.
  • Rajasthan
    • Jodhpur Division
      • Pali District
Shukla, A. D., Shukla, P. N., Suthar, K. M., Bhandari, N., Vaya, V. K., Sisodia, M. S., Sinha Roy, S., Rao, K. N. & Rajawat, R. S. (1997) Piplia Kalan eucrite : Fall, petrography and chemical characteristics. Meteoritics 32(5): 611-615 (Sept 1997)
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Kaur, G., Mitchell, R. H., & Ahmed, S. (2016). Typomorphic mineralogy of the Vattikod lamproites from Mesoproterozoic Ramadugu Lamproite Field, Nalgonda District, Telangana, India: A plausible manifestation of subduction-related alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt?.
  • Northern District (HaZafon District)
    • Kishon river
Stan, C.V.; O’Bannon, E.F., III; Mukhin, P.; Tamura, N.; Dobrzhinetskaya, L. (2020) X-ray Laue Microdiffraction and Raman Spectroscopic Investigation of Natural Silicon and Moissanite. Minerals 10, 204.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Fénis
      • Clavalité Valley
Toffolo, L. (2012-13) Studio dell’antico sito metallurgico di Misérègne (Fénis, AO): la miniera, le scorie. Tesi di laurea magistrale in geologia e geologia tecnica. Università di Padova, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, 113 pp.
  • Umbria
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Laurenzi, M., Stoppa, F., & Villa, I. (1994). Eventi ignei monogenici e depositi piroclastici nel Distretto Ultra-alcalino Umbro-Laziale (ULUD): revisione, aggiornamento e comparazione dei dati cronologici. Plinius, 12, 61-65. Panina, L. I., Stoppa, F., & Usol tseva, L. M. (2003). Genesis of melilitite rocks of Pian di Celle volcano, Umbrian kamafugite province, Italy: evidence from melt inclusions in minerals. PETROLOGY C/C OF PETROLOGIIA, 11(4), 365-382. Sabatini, V. (1899). I vulcani di San Venanzo. Riv Miner Cristal It, 22, 3-12. Stoppa, F. (1996). The San Venanzo maar and tuff ring, Umbria, Italy: eruptive behaviour of a carbonatite-melilitite volcano. Bulletin of Volcanology, 57(7), 563-577. Stoppa, F., Rukhlov, A. S., Bell, K., Schiazza, M., & Vichi, G. (2014). Lamprophyres of Italy: early Cretaceous alkaline lamprophyres of southern Tuscany, Italy. Lithos, 188, 97-112. Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V. V., & Cundari, A. (1997). New mineral data from the kamafugitecarbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 27-45.
  • Kanagawa Prefecture
    • Ashigarakami District
Sharon Cisneros, pers comm.
  • Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan Volcanic Field
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
  • Jufra District
    • Dar al Gani
Ikeda, Y., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (2000) Lithic and mineral clasts in the Dar Al Gani (DAG) 319 polymict ureilite: Antarctic Meteorite Research. Twenty-fourth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, NIPR Symposium No. 13., Editor in Chief, Takeo Hirasawa. National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. pp.177-221. (Mar 2000).
  • Inchiri Region
Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Middle East
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.; Vapnik, Y., Galuskina, I., Murashko, M., Britvin, S., & Galuskin, E. (2014). The Hatrurim Complex-the New Unique Locality on World Mineral Map: the Review of Mineral Discoveries. In Israel Geological Society 2014, Annual Meeting, En Boqeq (pp. 143-144).
  • Töv Province
    • Choir-Nyalga basin
Peretyazhko, I. S., Savina, E. A., Khromova, E. A., Karmanov, N. S., & Ivanov, A. V. (2018) Unique Clinkers and Paralavas from a New Nyalga Combustion Metamorphic Complex in Central Mongolia: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Genesis. Petrology, 26(2), 181-211.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Errachidia Province
      • Er-Rissani Cercle
        • Sidi Ali Caïdat; Connolly, Jr., H. C. et al., (2007) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 92, 2007 September: MAPS 42 (9), 1647-1694. (Sept 2007) ; Connolly Jr., H. C. et al. (2007) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 4 (9): 1647-1694. (Sept 2007); Kuehner, S. M. & Irving, A. J. (2007) Primary Ferric Iron-Bearing Rhönite in Plutonic Igneous Angrite NWA 4590: Implications for Redox Conditions on the Angrite Parent Body. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #P41A-0219. (Dec 2007)
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Tata Province
      • Tata Cercle
Balta, J. B., Sanborn, M. E., Udry, A., Wadhwa, M. & McSween Jr., H. Y. (2015) Petrology and trace element geochemistry of Tissint, the newest shergottite fall: MAPS 50 (1): 63-85. (Jan 2015)
Northwest Africa Meteorites
Meteoritical Bulletin 86: July, 2002; Barrat, J. A., Jambon, A., Bohn, M., Gillet, P., Sautter, V., Göpel, C., ... & Keller, F. (2002). Petrology and chemistry of the picritic shergottite North West Africa 1068 (NWA 1068). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(19), 3505-3518.; Herd, C. D. (2006). Insights into the redox history of the NWA 1068/1110 martian basalt from mineral equilibria and vanadium oxybarometry. American Mineralogist, 91(10), 1616-1627.
Srinivasan, P., Dunlap, D. R., Agee, C. B., Wadhwa, M., Coleff, D., Ziegler, K., ... & McCubbin, F. M. (2018). Silica-rich volcanism in the early solar system dated at 4.565 Ga. Nature communications, 9(1), 3036. -NWA1670@MetBullDatabase
Baghdadi, B., Godard, G. & Jambon, A. (2012) Metamorphic Reactional Coronas in the Peridotitic Angrite NWA 3164, Interpretations and Implications: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, XLIII: LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2188. (Mar 2012).
Barrat, J. A., Gillet, P., Sautter, V., Jambon, A., Javoy, M., Göpel, C., ... & Petit, E. (2001). The basaltic shergottite North West Africa 480: Petrology and geochemistry. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 14.
Ruzicka, A., Grossman, J. N. & Garvie, L. (2014) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 100: Meteoritical & Planetary science 49: E1-E101. (Aug 2014) [Online supplement]; Mikouchi, T. & Bizzarro, M. (2012) Mineralogy and Petrology of NWA 7203: A New Quenched Angrite Similar to NWA 1296 and NWA 1670. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5120. (Sept 2012)
Jambon, A., Barrat, J. A., Sautter, V., Gillet, P., Göpel, C., Javoy, M., ... & Lesourd, M. (2002). The basaltic shergottite Northwest Africa 856: Petrology and chemistry. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(9), 1147-1164.
Hu, S., Li, Y., Gu, L., Tang, Xu, Zhang, T., Yamaguchi, A., Lin, Y., Changela, H. (2020): Discovery of coesite from the martian shergottite Northwest Africa 8657. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 286, 404-417.; Hu, S., Li, Y., Gu, L., Tang, Xu, Zhang, T., Yamaguchi, A., Lin, Y., Changela, H. (2020): Discovery of coesite from the martian shergottite Northwest Africa 8657. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 286, 404-417.; Hu, S., Li, Y., Gu, L., Tang, Xu, Zhang, T., Yamaguchi, A., Lin, Y., Changela, H. (2020): Discovery of coesite from the martian shergottite Northwest Africa 8657. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 286, 404-417.
  • Nordland
    • Hadsel
Griffin, W.L., Heier, K.S., Taylor, P.N. & Weigand, P.W. (1974): General geology, age and chemistry of the Raftsund mangerite intrusion, Lofoten, Vesterålen. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 312, 1-30.(p. 19); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 58.
    • Lødingen
      • Vestpolltind
Krogh, E.J. (1977): Origin and metamorphism of iron formations and associated rocks, Lofoten-Vesterålen, N. Norway. I. The Vestpolltind Fe-Mn-deposit. Lithos, 10: 243-255
    • Vågan
      • Austvågøya
        • Kabelvåg
Carstens, H. (1957): Investigations of titaniferous iron ore deposits. Part I. Gabbros and associated titaniferous iron ore in the West-Norwegian gneisses. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskap Skrifter. 1957, 3, 1-67.
  • Rogaland
    • Bjerkreim
Urban, H. (1971): Zur Kenntnis der schichtgebundenen Wolfram-Molybdän-Vererzung im Örsdalen (Rogaland), Norwegen. Mineralium Deposita 6: 177-195. Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 58
  • Viken
    • Jevnaker
Kristoffersen, Y.( 1973): A magnetic investigations of the larvikite complex SW of the lake Gjerdingen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 53, 267-281 (p. 280)
  • Dhofar Governorate
Taylor, L. A., Nazarov, M. A., Demidova, S. I., & Patchen, A. D. (2001). Dhofar 287: A new lunar mare basalt from Oman. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 204.
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
Bzowski Z., Włodyka R., Karwowski Ł. 1983 - Tlenki żelazowo - tytanowe gabr rejonu Słupca (Dolny Slask). Prace Naukowe USl w Katowicach, nr 614, Geologia t.7
  • Opole Voivodeship
    • Opole County
      • Gmina Niemodlin
        • Gracze
W. Szeliga, Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, 2004, V 24, pp. 369-372.
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
    • Suwałki County
      • Suwałki Massif
Kucha H., Kwiecińska B., Piestrzyński A., Wieczorek A. 1979: On the genesis of graphite from magnetite rocks of Krzemianka (NE Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 81-88
  • Brașov
Puşcaş, C. M., Kristaly, F., Stremţan, C. C., Onac, B. P., & Effenberger, H. S. (2014). Stability of cave phosphates: Case study from Liliecilor Cave (Trascău Mountains, Romania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(2), 157-168.
    • Racoş
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Altai Krai
    • Gornyi Altai
      • Kharlovo
I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Ivanyuk, G. Y., Korchak, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Men’shikov, Y. P., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2012). Ulvöspinel from xenoliths of contact-altered volcanic and volcanosedimentary rocks in nepheline syenites of the Khibiny and Lovozero plutons. Geology of Ore Deposits, 54(7), 575-579.
    • Kovdor Massif
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
    • Lovozersky District
Ivanyuk, G. Y., Korchak, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Men’shikov, Y. P., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2012). Ulvöspinel from xenoliths of contact-altered volcanic and volcanosedimentary rocks in nepheline syenites of the Khibiny and Lovozero plutons. Geology of Ore Deposits, 54(7), 575-579.
Ivanyuk, G. Y., Korchak, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Men’shikov, Y. P., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2012). Ulvöspinel from xenoliths of contact-altered volcanic and volcanosedimentary rocks in nepheline syenites of the Khibiny and Lovozero plutons. Geology of Ore Deposits, 54(7), 575-579.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
      • Daldyn
Rezvukhin, D.I.; Alifirova, T.A.; Golovin, A.V.; Korsakov, A.V. (2020) A Plethora of Epigenetic Minerals Reveals a Multistage Metasomatic Overprint of a Mantle Orthopyroxenite from the Udachnaya Kimberlite. Minerals 10, 264.
  • Central Serbia
    • Bor District
      • Bor
Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
South Africa
  • Limpopo
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Burgersfort
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
      • Steelpoort
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District Municipality
      • Rustenburg
Scoon, R. N., & Eales, H. V. (2002). Unusual Fe-Ti-Cr spinels from discordant bodies of iron-rich ultramafic pegmatite at the Amandelbult Platinum mine, northwestern Bushveld Complex. Mineralogical Magazine, 66(6), 857-879.
  • Northern Cape
    • Frances Baard
      • Sol Plaatje
        • Kimberley
Soltys, A., Giuliani, A., & Phillips, D. (2018). Crystallisation sequence and magma evolution of the De Beers dyke (Kimberley, South Africa). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-16.
    • Namakwa
      • Khâi-Ma
        • Pofadder
Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Li, Q. L., Yang, J. H., & Zhang, Y. B. (2010). In situ U–Pb age determination and Nd isotopic analysis of perovskites from kimberlites in southern Africa and Somerset Island, Canada. Lithos, 115(1-4), 205-222.
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Estopiñán del Castillo / Estopanyà
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Sopeira
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Cantabria
    • Santander
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Camuñas
Llorca, J., Ignasi Casanova, I., Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M., Madiedo, J. M., Roszjar, R., Addi Bischoff, A., Ott, U., Franchi, I. A., Greenwood, R. C, Matthias., M. (2009) The Puerto Lápice eucrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (2): 159-174. (Feb 2009)
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
      • Malpica
        • La Pioza
J.I. Gil Ibarguchi, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 403-415.
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
MinMag 42, 265
  • Västernorrland County
    • Örnsköldsvik
Halfen, B. (1976): Difference in spectral reflectivity between grains of homogeneous and exsolved titanomagnetite. Mineralogical Magazine. 40: 843-851
Mogensen, F. (1946): A ferro-ortho-titanate ore from Södra Ulvön. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 68: 578-588; Can. Mineral. (1980) 18, 339–341
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
Gursky D, Nechaev S & Bobrov A (2001) Titanium deposits in Ukraine focussed on the Proterozoic anorthosite-hosted massives. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • San Carlos Indian Reservation
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221, 406; Caporuscio, F.A. (1980), Alkalic lavas from the San Carlos, Arizona province (abstract), Amer. Geophys. Union, 1979 Fall annual meeting.
  • Arkansas
    • Pike Co.
      • Murfreesboro
AmMin 85:420-429 (2000)
  • California
Warren, P. H., Greenwood, J. P. & Rubin, A. E. (2004) Los Angeles: A tale of two stones: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(1):139-156. (Jan 2004).
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Amboy
Smith, A.L. and Carmichael, I.S.E. (1969) Quaternary trachybasalts from southeastern California. American Mineralogist: 54: 915; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 152.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Hawaii
    • Maui County
      • Maui Island
Velde, D. (1978): An aenigmatite-richterite-olivine trachyte from Puu Koae, West Maui, Hawaii, American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 771-778
  • Maine
    • Knox Co.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
  • Michigan
    • Menominee Co.
      • Hermansville
Xu, J.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Li, Q.; Abat, L.T.; Castillo-Oliver, M. (2020) Magma Mingling in Kimberlites: Evidence from the Groundmass Cocrystallization of Two Spinel-Group Minerals. Minerals 10, 829.
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
Rice, Jack M., Dickey, John S. Jr., and Lyons, John B. (1971): Skeletal Crystallization of Pseudobrookite (American Mineralogist 56:158-162.)
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Sparta Township
Baker, Donald R. and Buddington, A. F. (1970) Geology and Magnetite Deposits of the Franklin Quadrangle and Part of the Hamburg Quadrangle, New Jersey, Professional Paper 638, pp. 1-73.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Newcomb Township
        • Tahawus
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
    • Halifax Co.
Stoddard,E.F.,(1992),A new suite of post-ororgenic dikes in eastern North Carolina Piedmont:Part II.Mineralogy and geochemistry,Southeastern Geology,V.32,no.3,pg.119-142
    • Warren Co.
Stoddard,E.F.,(1992) A new suite of post-orogenic dikes in eastern North Carolina Piedmont:Part II.Mineralogy and geochemistry,Southeastern Geology,v.32,no.3,pg.119-142
  • Pennsylvania
    • York Co.
      • Frogtown
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the Pa List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 35, 75; Smith, R. C., II (1973), "Geochemistry of Triassic Diabase from SE Pennsylvania," unpub. PhD Dissertation, 262 p., PA State Univ.;
  • Wyoming
    • Campbell Co.
      • Reno Junction
American Mineralogist, Volume 73, pages 1440-1448, 1988
    • Laramie Co.
Van King
The Moon
  • Descartes Highlands
Walker, D., J. Longhi, T.L. Grove, E.M. Stolper, and J.F. Hays (1973) Experimental petrology and origin of rocks from the Descartes Highlands. Proc. Fourth Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 4, p. 1013-1032.; Dowty, E., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1974) Igneous rocks from Apollo 16 rake samples. In: Lunar Science Conference, 5th, Houston, Tex., March 18-22, 1974, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A75-39540 19-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1974, p. 431-445.
  • Fra Mauro Highlands
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004); Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004); El Goresy, A., Ramdohr, P., & Taylor, L. A. (1971). The geochemistry of the opaque minerals in Apollo 14 crystalline rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 13(1), 121-129.
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).; Pavel Kartashov
  • Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility)
Agrell, S. O., Boyd, F. R., Bunch, T. E., Cameron, E. N., Dence, M. R., Douglas, J. A. V., (1970) Titanian chromite, aluminian chromite and chromian ulvöspinel from Apollo 11 rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, Volume 1. Proceedings of the Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference held 5-8 January, 1970 in Houston, TX. Volume 1: Mineraolgy and Petrology. Edited by A. A. Levinson. New York: Pergammon Press, 1970., p.81; Schmitt, H.H., Lofgren, G., Swann, G.A., Simmons, G. (1970) The Apollo 11 samples: Introduction, Vol.1, 1-59. In: Levinson, A.A. (ed.) (1970) Proceedings of the Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference, Houston Texas, January 5-8, 1970. (3 volumes: Vol.1: Mineralogy and Petrology; Vol.2: Chemical Isotope Analyses; Vol.3: Physical Properties). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Journal of The Geochemical Society and The Meteoritical Society, Pergamon Press Inc. New York, NY, USA.
  • Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms)
Meyer, C. ( 2003). NASA Lunar Petrographic Educational Thin Section Set ; NASA Lunar Petrographic Educational Thin Section Set, C Meyer - 2003
  • Taurus-Littrow Valley ; Meyer, H. O. A., & Boctor, N. Z. (1974). Opaque mineralogy-Apollo 17, rock 75035. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Proceedings (Vol. 5, pp. 707-716).
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