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Sherlova Gora (Sherlovaya Gora), Adun-Cholon Range, Nerchinsk Gem mines, Nerchinsk (Nertschinsk), Chitinskaya Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Sherlova Gora (Sherlovaya Gora)- not defined -
Adun-Cholon RangeMountain Range
Nerchinsk Gem minesGroup of Mines
Nerchinsk (Nertschinsk)- not defined -
Chitinskaya OblastOblast
Zabaykalsky KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 31' 12'' North , 116° 17' 60'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Borzya30,421 (2016)21.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Шерлова гора


These Nertschinsk gem mines started in 1723 are are on three peaks of the Adun-Cholon Mountains: Hoppevskaya Gora (Schorl Mountain), Sherlova Gora, Soktuj Gora; and further north near the Urulga River. Most locality attributions are suspect as the gem dealers are not interested.

Sherlovaya Gora is a common alternative transliteration.

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
Siberian Federal District, RussiaDistrict
Amur PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

14 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, pp. 89, 114
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: prismatic xls to many cm
Colour: greenish blue
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-ScherlovG.htm
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, pp. 89, 114
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: large cubes?
Colour: purple, green ,yellow
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: prisms to many cm
Colour: smokey or amethystine
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ref: E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 116
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Habit: prismatic xls to many cm
Colour: golden or blue
Reference: P. Scalisi, D. Cook, (1983), Classic Mineral Localities of the World: Asia and Australia, Van Nostrand, pp150-160]
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, pp. 89, 114
Zavaritskite (TL)
Formula: (BiO)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Zavaritskite (TL)3.DC.25(BiO)F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Zavaritskite (TL)10.2.1.1(BiO)F
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O Zavaritskite(BiO)F
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
FFluorine
F Zavaritskite(BiO)F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
BiBismuth
Bi Zavaritskite(BiO)F
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthBi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Silurian
358.9 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3184414
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Yurgenson G.A., Kononov O.V. (2015): Sherlova Gora: a Deposit for Gemstones and Rare Metals. Mineralogical Almanac: volume 19, issue 2. Mineral-Almanac Ltd, Moscow 138 pages.

External Links

http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-ScherlovG.htm A lot of photos (specimens from different collections) and maps (in Russian)

http://www.minbook.com/book.php?book=76

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