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Fankou Mine, Renhua Co., Shaoguan Prefecture, Guangdong Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 6' 35'' North , 113° 37' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 25.11000,113.62917
Owned/operated by:Zhongjing Lingnan Nonferrous Metals Data (100%)
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Name(s) in local language(s):凡口铅锌矿, 仁化县, 韶关市, 广东省, 中国

SEDEX style lead-zinc-polymetallic deposit, occurring in Middle to Upper Devonian and Lower Carboniferous carbonate and argillaceous carbonate formations.

Fankou is the largest Pb-Zn producer in Asia, with reserves of 3.4 Mt of Zn and 1.7 Mt of Pb. By-products are copper, tungsten, tin, silver, gold, antimony, mercury, uranium, bismuth, thallium and molybdenum.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

36 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 1381840
Cretaceous plutonic rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Comments: Deep-seated to high-level intrusions are included. Many charnockites, anorthosites, and large ophiolites, classified as plutons, are distinguished in the database using the SIGNIF item. Ophiolites were classified as plutons, even where remnants may be extrusive and/or sedimentary.

Lithology: Plutonic rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Hanhui Yin, Xilin Li, Cimei Yu, and Guoxin Zhang (1980): Geological features of two types of Pb-Zn deposits in South China. Geology and Prospecting 16(8), 1-6 (in Chinese).
Xuexin Song (1982): Minor elements in sphalerites and galena from Fankou Pb-Zn deposit and their ratios - A comparative study. Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 1(3), 37-44 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xuexin Song (1984): Minor elements and ore genesis of the Fankou lead-zinc deposit, China. Mineralium Deposita 19(2), 95-104.
Hongchang Li, Guangli Tang, Xieming Li, Shunquan Yang, and Jinchang Deng (1987): Types and main features of Pb-Zn deposits in Nanling and its neighbouring districts. Geology and Prospecting 23(11), 6-15.
Peilan Li (1989): The evolutionary pattern of mineralization of the Fankou Pb-Zn deposit. Geology and Prospecting 25(8), 9-16.
Jianqing Lai, Chuxiong Yang, and Shijun Yi (1989): Sedimentary facies of ore-bearing carbonate rocks in the Fankou Pb-Zn mining district and its significance in ore-controlling. Geology and Prospecting 25(12), 12-16.
Huang Huiling (1990): The occurrence characteristics of associated mercury in Fankou lead-zinc deposit. Guangdong Geology 5(19, 14-20.
Yimo Fu (1998): Process mineralogy of silver of beneficiation sample from deeper ore body in Fankou lead-zinc mine. Mining and Metallurgy 7(3).
Liming Wang, Wenxin Xu, Heng Li, and Shenglin Peng (2005): Isotope geochemical evidence of the Fankou lead and zinc deposit. Acta Geoscientica Sinica 26(suppl.), 164-167 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jun Deng, Liqing Yang, Xueming Chen, Qingfei Wang, and Yan Liu (2005): Fluid system and ore-forming dynamics of the Yuebei Basin, China. In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting Beijing, China, 18–21 August 2005, pp. 107-109.
Hangzhuang Yang and Shangzhou Chen (2006): Interlayer-gliding structure and its ore-controlling effect in the Fankou lead-zinc deposit, Guangdong. Geology and Prospecting 42(2), 44-48.
Fuguang Zhao (2007): The present situation of the concentration of Pb-Zn ore. Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 23(6), 20-25 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Li (2007): Distinctive features of Late Paleozoic massive sulphide deposits in South China. Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 107-138.
Khin Zaw, Peters, S.G., Cromie, P., Burrett, C., and Zengqian Hou (2007): Nature, diversity of deposit types and metallogenic relations of South China. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 3-47.
Shugen Zhang, Cungen Ding, Minggao Li, and Shenbo Liu (2009): A genetic mineralogical study of sphalerite in the Fankou Pb-Zn ore district. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 28(4), 364-374 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Ying Han, Jingbin Wang, Xinyou Zhu, Ningning Guo, Shunting Li, and Yanli Wang (2011): Geochemical characteristics of carbon and oxygen isotopes in the Fankou lead-zinc deposit, Guangdong, and their geological implications. Geology and Exploration 47(4), 642-648.
Ying Han, Jingbin Wang, Xinyou Zhu, and Shimin Zhen (2014): Stable isotope study of ore-bearing strata of Fankou lead-zinc deposit, Guangdong Province. Mineral Deposits 33(1), 190-200 (in Chinese with English abstract).

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