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Clintonite

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DeWitt Clinton
Formula:
Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Brown, golden brown, ...
Hardness:
3½ - 6
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1843 by William Williams Mather, John Finch, and William Horton in honor of DeWitt Clinton [March 2, 1769 Little Britain, New York, USA - February 11, 1828 Albany, New York, USA], multi-talented American statesman and naturalist. Clinton was a Congressional senator for New York and later mayor of New York City. He was an organizer of the Historical Society of New York and the American Academy of Fine Arts. Clinton was one of the original surveyors of the route of the Erie Canal and later governor of New York state (July 1, 1817 - December 31, 1822. Work of the Erie Canal began with Clinton's breaking the ground for construction on July 4, 1817. Daniel Walker Howe (2007) wrote about Clinton: "The infrastructure he worked to create would transform American life, enhancing economic opportunity, political participation, and intellectual awareness." Sixteen towns and eight USA state counties are named for him.
Isostructural with:

Classification of Clintonite

Approved
9.EC.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.2c.2

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
16.11.5

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
11 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and Mg with or without alkalis
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1088.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Clintonite

General Appearance of First Recorded Material:
bronzey plates in matrix
Year of Discovery:
1828
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
High temperature marble
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Clintonite

Geological Setting:
High grade marble
chlorite schist
meta-diorite

Physical Properties of Clintonite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Brown, golden brown, reddish brown, yellow green, dark green
Streak:
Colorless to white, pale brown
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 6
Comment:
Extreme hardness variation. 3.5 || {001}, 6 ⊥ {001}
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001}
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
3.0 - 3.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Clintonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Space Group Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.204Å, b = 9.026Å, c = 9.812Å
β = 100.35°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.577 : 1 : 1.087
Unit Cell Volume:
V 453.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Platy
Comment:
Space group C2/m (1M polytype); 2M1 and 3A polytypes rare.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.68 (50)
3.21 (70)
2.56 (100)
2.45 (50)
2.11 (70)
1.505 (60)
1.485 (50)
Comments:
ICDD 20-321

Optical Data of Clintonite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.643 - 1.648 nβ = 1.655 - 1.662 nγ = 1.655 - 1.663
2V:
Measured: 2° to 40°
Birefringence:
0.013
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012 - 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none
Optical Extinction:
Y=b 1M or Z=b 2M1
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X

Chemical Properties of Clintonite

Formula:
Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Al may be present in excess amounts in tetrahedral sites
Common Impurities:
Na,K,Ti,Fe,F

Relationship of Clintonite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Annite-Phlogopite Series
AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BalestraiteKLi2V5+Si4O12
Biotite
BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
FluoranniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al,Fe3+)4O10)(OH)2
HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Lepidolite
LuanshiweiiteKLiAl1.5□0.5(Si3.5Al0.5)O10(OH,F)2
MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite-Celadonite Series
NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Natro-glauconite(Na,K)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2
OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phengite
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2
ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2
Suhailite(NH4)Fe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
VoloshiniteRb(LiAl1.51.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2
Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4
YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
ZinnwalditeKLiFe2+Al(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.05Minnesotaite(Fe,Mg)3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.05TalcMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.05Willemseite(Ni,Mg)3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe23+(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OF
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V25+Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2O
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50Vermiculite(Mg,Fe,Al)3((Al,Si)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Clinochlore(Mg,Fe2+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn32+Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Sudoite(Mg,Fe2+)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2O
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+,Mn3+)Te4+(AlSi3O10)O2(OH)2 · H2O
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe23+(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2O
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
16.11.1MadisoniteCa2Mg2Al2Si3O13 or near
16.11.3Alumino-magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.4Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.11.6JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
16.11.7Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
16.11.8TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O51 · 18H2O
16.11.9Aluminobarroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.10Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.11.12Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.13Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.11.14Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
16.11.15Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
16.11.15Magnesiosadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
16.11.16Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2

Other Names for Clintonite

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clintonite

Reference List:
Sanero E. – (1940) La struttura della xantofillite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 53-77.

Forman, S.A., H. Kodama, and S. Abbey (1967): A re-examination of xanthophyllite [clintonite] from the type locality. Can. Mineral., 9, 25-30.

MacKinney, J.A., C.I. Mora, and S.W. Bailey (1988): Structure and crystal chemistry of clintonite. Am. Mineral., 73, 365-375.

Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 905-912.

Internet Links for Clintonite

Localities for Clintonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Limarí Province
      • Ovalle
Sugaki, A., Campos, E. & Kojima, S. (2000): Mineralogy of the Panulcillo skarn copper deposit, Coquimbo region, Chile. Revista Geologica de Chile 27, 139-155.
China
 
  • Hebei Province
Jianwei Wang and Zhengmin Cao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(4)
      • She Co.
Zheng-Min Cao, Shan Qin, Yu-Run Bi, and Jian-Wei Wang (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica [Yanshikuangwuxue Zazhi] 16(4), 353-356.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Pargas (Parainen)
Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats de Mollo-La Preste (Prats de Molló-La Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
Windley B.F. et al. (1989): Geikielite and ilmenite in Archaean meta-ultramafic rocks, Fiskenaesset, West Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 1, 427-437
Hungary
 
  • Komárom-Esztergom Co.
    • Visegrádi Mts
      • Dömös
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
    • Pilis Mts
      • Pomáz
Fehér, B. (2004): Clintonite, a trioctahedral brittle mica from the Salabasina Ravine, Pomáz, Visegrád Mountains, Hungary. Földtani Közlöny, 134, 29–39. (in Hungarian with English abstract) [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/munkat/feher/publ/clintonit.pdf]; Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2006
    • Szentendre
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Indonesia
 
  • Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
            • Ertsberg Complex
Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Am Min 73:3-4 pp 365-375
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Esfahan County (Isfahan County)
      • Feshark village
Taghipour, B., Mackizadeh, M.A. and Moore, F. 2011. Paragenetic relationships of clintonite and spinel in Central Iran skarns as evidence of the formation of clintonite. N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh. 259/2, 217–229. Stuttgart
Israel
 
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Catanzaro Province
      • Tiriolo
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
    • Brescia Province
      • Adamello-Brenta Natural Park
De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
      • Camonica Valley
        • Breno
          • Cornone di Blumone
Bianchi A. & Hieke O. (1945): La xantofillite dell’Adamello Meridionale. Periodico di Mineralogia, 15, 87-134. Di Colbertaldo, D. (1940): Petrografia del Monte Blumone (Adamello meridionale). Memorie Istit. Geolog. Univ. Padova, 14, 50 pp. Sanero E. (1940): La struttura della xantofillite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 11, 53-75.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
            • Braccia Mt.
Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 and A. Del Caldo, C. Del Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin M. "Guida ai Minerali" Fabbri ed. Milano, 1981 and De Michele V. (1975) – Guida Mineralogica d’Italia – Ist. Geogr. De Agostini, Novara
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 116.
        • Valfurva
          • Cedec Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
Scaini, G. (1972) Minerali del Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio. Atti Soc. It. Sc. Nat. e Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano, 113, 2, 150-152. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
          • Zebrù Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006). I minerali della medio-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Tip. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Ortles-Cevedale Group
Klausner, S. et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 79. (Abs.)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Tomasi, L. (1940): Fassaite di Val Solda e sua paragenesi. Studi Trentini Sc. Nat., 21,85-111. Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Trento Province
      • Fassa Valley
        • Monzoni Mts
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Fiemme Valley
Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Grisotto, M., & Grisotto, L. (2006). I Canzoccoli. Una località classica presso Predazzo, Val di Fiemme, Trento. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(3), 166-177.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Daone & Breguzzo
          • Valbona (Val Bona) & Val d'Arnò
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Kazuo Harada, H. Kodama, and T. Sudo (1965): New mineralogical data for xanthophyllite from Japan. Can. Mineral. 8, 255-262; Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Harada, K., Kodama, H., & Sudo, T. (1965). New mineralogical data for xanthophyllite from Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 8(2), 255-262.
Harada, K., Kodama, H., & Sudo, T. (1965). New mineralogical data for xanthophyllite from Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 8(2), 255-262.
Nakamura, H. (2000) Suisyou, 13, #1, 58.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Esashi City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Shimazaki, H., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., & Bunno, M. (2008). Occurrence and new data of dellaite from the Akagane mine, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 103(6), 385-389.; Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Narin-Kunta
Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Gfeller, F., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Savelyeva, V.B., Zadov, A.E., Pertsev, N.N., Dzierżanowski, P. (2011): Chlorine content and crystal chemistry of dellaite from the Birkhin gabbro massif, Eastern Siberia, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 379-394.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
        • Magnitogorsk
          • Sakhara District (Sakharinskii)
            • Sakhara massif
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.
        • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
        • Zlatoust
          • Nazyamskie Mts
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
      • Vysoká
Koděra P., Uher P., Ozdín D., Kollárová V., Lexa J., 2009: Monticellit, clintonit a hydroxylellestadit-fluorellestadit: vzácne skarnové minerály na Cu-Au porfýrovo-skarnovom ložisku Vysoká – Zlatno (štiavnický stratovulkán). Mineralia Slovaca, 41, 2, 169-178.; P. UHER, P. KODĚRA, T. VACULOVIČ (2011): Perovskite from Ca-Mg skarn-porphyry deposit Vysoká – Zlatno, Štiavnica stratovolcano, Slovakia. Mineralia Slovaca, 43, 247-254.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
GFF 117, 151-152
    • Torsby
Lorin, T., Strand, U. (1999). Bild-SMIDA, Svensk Mineraldatabas med bilder, Version 2.O cited in Grensman, F. & Sandström, F. (2002): Kyanitmineraliseringen i Hålsjöberg, Torsby, Värmland. Litiofilen 19 (2): 26-38
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
Min Rec 35:5 pp383-404, 419-420
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 225.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Lakeshore
www.mineralsocal.org
      • Twin Lakes
        • Lower Twin Lake
Chesterman, C.W. (1942), Contact metamorphic rocks of the Twin Lakes region, Fresno County, California: California Division Mines Report 38: 274; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 147, 431.
    • Riverside Co.
Forman, S. A. (1951) Xanthophyllite, Am Min, 36: 450-457.
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 368.
Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 368.
      • Jurupa Mts
        • Jurupa
Cooney, R.L. (1956), The mineralogy of the Jensen and Henshaw quarries near Riverside, California: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California at Los Angeles: 49; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 431; Devito, F. and Ordway, A. (1984), The Jensen Quarry, Riverside County, California. Mineralogical Record: 15(5): 273-290.
      • Winchester
        • Northeast of Winchester
Larsen, Esper Signius (1948), Batholith and associated rocks of Corona, Elsinore, and San Luis Rey quadrangles, southern California: Geological Society of America Memoir 29: 182 pp.: 35-36; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 336.
    • San Bernardino Co.
Museum Quarterly 43:99-104.
        • Clark Mountain District
          • Clark Mountain area
Abstracts with Program of the Geological Society of America: 11: 65.
    • San Diego Co.
      • Volcan Mts
        • Ranchita
Forman, S.A., Kodama, H., and Maxwell, J.A. (1967) The trioctahedral brittle micas. American Mineralogist: 52: 1124; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 431.
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Spring Mountain District
        • Quartzite Canyon
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Montana
    • Lewis and Clark Co.
      • Helena District (Spring Hill District)
        • Helena
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
        • Helena area
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
    • Madison Co.
      • Mineral Hill District (Pony District)
American Mineralogist 50:292-293
    • Silver Bow Co.
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
          • Ludwig
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
Struwe (1958), Dunn (1995)
Dunn(1995):Pt4:469.
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 90.
      • Town of Warwick
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.; Can. Mineral., 9, 25-30.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Rhein Collection
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 96.
  • North Carolina
Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881, Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey, North Carolina
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Big Bend National Park
Mineralogical Magazine 1979 43 : 479-482.
      • Terlingua District
        • Study Butte
Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Rocky Range
        • Rocky District
R&M 68:6 p381-393
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Big Cottonwood District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
          • Cottonwood Heights
Weinrich Minerals, ex. Lane Johnson collection
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Wasatch Co.
R&M 68:6 p381-393
Mineral and/or Locality  
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