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Clintonite

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Formula:
Ca(Mg,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
3
SiO
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
System:MonoclinicColour:Brown, golden brown, ...
Hardness:3½ - 6
Member of:Mica Group
Name:
Named in 1843 by William Williams Mather, John Finch, and William Horton in honor of DeWitt Clinton [March 2, 1769 Little Britain, New York, USA - February 11, 1828 Albany, New York, USA], multi-talented American statesman and naturalist. Clinton was a Congressional senator for New York and later mayor of New York City. He was an organizer of the Historical Society of New York and the American Academy of Fine Arts. Clinton was one of the original surveyors of the route of the Erie Canal and later governor of New York state (July 1, 1817 - December 31, 1822. Work of the Erie Canal began with Clinton's breaking the ground for construction on July 4, 1817. Daniel Walker Howe (2007) wrote about Clinton: "The infrastructure he worked to create would transform American life, enhancing economic opportunity, political participation, and intellectual awareness." Sixteen towns and eight USA state counties are named for him.
Isostructural with:Anandite, Bityite, Kinoshitalite, Margarite

Classification of Clintonite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/H.12-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.EC.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
Dana 8th edition ID:71.2.2c.2

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.11.5

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
11 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and Mg with or without alkalis
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Type Occurrence of Clintonite

Type Locality:Clintonite type locality, Amity, Town of Warwick, Orange Co., New York, USA
General Appearance of Type Material:bronzey plates in matrix
Year of Discovery:1828
Geological Setting of type material:High temperature marble
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SpinelPyrrhotitePhlogopiteGraphiteChondrodite
Calcite

Occurrences of Clintonite

Geological Setting:High grade marble
chlorite schist
meta-diorite

Physical Properties of Clintonite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Brown, golden brown, reddish brown, yellow green, dark green
Streak:Colorless to white, pale brown
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 6
Comment:Extreme hardness variation. 3.5 || {001}, 6 ⊥ {001}
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
{001}
Fracture:Micaceous
Density (measured):3.0 - 3.1 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.12 g/cm3

Crystallography of Clintonite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/m
Space Group Setting:C2/m
Cell Parameters:a = 5.204Å, b = 9.026Å, c = 9.812Å
β = 100.35°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.577 : 1 : 1.087
Unit Cell Volume:V 453.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Platy
Comment:Space group C2/m (1M polytype); 2M1 and 3A polytypes rare.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
9.68 (50)
3.21 (70)
2.56 (100)
2.45 (50)
2.11 (70)
1.505 (60)
1.485 (50)
Comments:ICDD 20-321

Optical Data of Clintonite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.643 - 1.648 nβ = 1.655 - 1.662 nγ = 1.655 - 1.663
2V:Measured: 2° to 40°
Birefringence:0.013
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.012 - 0.015

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:none
Optical Extinction:Y=b 1M or Z=b 2M1
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:X

Chemical Properties of Clintonite

Formula:
Ca(Mg,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
3
SiO
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Essential elements:Al, Ca, H, Mg, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, H, Mg, O, Si
Analytical Data:Al may be present in excess amounts in tetrahedral sites
Common Impurities:Na,K,Ti,Fe,F

Relationship of Clintonite to other Species

Member of:Mica Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aluminoceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
Annite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Aspidolite
NaMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Balestraite
KLi
 
2
V
5+
 
Si
 
4
O
 
12
Biotite
Bityite
LiCaAl
 
2
(AlBeSi
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Boromuscovite
KAl
 
2
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Brammallite
(Na,H
 
3
O)(Al,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Celadonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
 
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Chernykhite
(Ba,Na)(V
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Chromceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Cr,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Chromphyllite
K(Cr,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
Eastonite
KMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Ephesite
LiNaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Ferro-aluminoceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Ferroceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Ferrokinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
Fluorannite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Fluorophlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Ganterite
(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Glauconite
(K,Na)(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Illite
K
 
0.65
Al
 
2.0
[Al
 
0.65
Si
 
3.35
O
 
10
](OH)
 
2
Kinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn
2+
 
,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Lepidolite
Luanshiweiite
KLiAl
 
1.5
□0
 
.5
(Si
 
3.5
Al
 
0.5
)O
 
10
(OH,F)
 
2
Margarite
CaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Masutomilite
(K,Rb)(Li,Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Montdorite
(K,Na)
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
Muscovite
KAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Nanpingite
CsAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
Natro-glauconite
(Na,K)(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Norrishite
KLiMn
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)O
 
2
Oxykinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(O,OH,F)
 
2
Oxyphlogopite
K(Mg,Ti,Fe)
 
3
[(Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
](O,F)
 
2
Paragonite
NaAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Phengite
Phlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
Polylithionite
KLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Preiswerkite
NaMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Roscoelite
K(V
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Shirokshinite
KNaMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
Shirozulite
K(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Siderophyllite
KFe
2+
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Sokolovaite
CsLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
Suhailite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Tainiolite
KLiMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
Tetraferriannite
KFe
2+
3
((Fe
3+
 
,Al)Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Tetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
Tobelite
(NH
 
4
,K)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Trilithionite
K(Li,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Voloshinite
Rb(LiAl
 
1.5
 
1.5
)(Al
 
0.5
Si
 
3.5
)O
 
10
F
 
2
Wonesite
(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
6
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
Yangzhumingite
KMg
 
2.5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
Zinnwaldite
KLiFe
2+
 
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Common Associates:
VesuvianiteSpinelMonticelliteHumite GroupGrossular
DiopsideCalcite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.EC.05Minnesotaite
(Fe,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.05Talc
Mg
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.05Willemseite
(Ni,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.10Ferripyrophyllite
Fe
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.10Pyrophyllite
Al
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Boromuscovite
KAl
 
2
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Celadonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
 
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chernykhite
(Ba,Na)(V
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Montdorite
(K,Na)
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
9.EC.15Muscovite
KAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Nanpingite
CsAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.15Paragonite
NaAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Roscoelite
K(V
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Tobelite
(NH
 
4
,K)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Aluminoceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chromphyllite
K(Cr,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.15Ferro-aluminoceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Ferroceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chromceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Cr,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Tainiolite
KLiMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.15Ganterite
(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Annite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Ephesite
LiNaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Masutomilite
(K,Rb)(Li,Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Norrishite
KLiMn
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)O
 
2
9.EC.20Phlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.20Polylithionite
KLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Preiswerkite
NaMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Siderophyllite
KFe
2+
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Tetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorotetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Wonesite
(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
6
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
9.EC.20Eastonite
KMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Tetraferriannite
KFe
2+
3
((Fe
3+
 
,Al)Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Trilithionite
K(Li,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorannite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Shirokshinite
KNaMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Shirozulite
K(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Sokolovaite
CsLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Aspidolite
NaMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorophlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi
(Cs,K)(Al,Li)
 
2.6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Suhailite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Yangzhumingite
KMg
 
2.5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Orlovite
KLi
 
2
Ti(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)OF
9.EC.20Oxyphlogopite
K(Mg,Ti,Fe)
 
3
[(Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
](O,F)
 
2
9.EC.25Brammallite
(Na,H
 
3
O)(Al,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.30Margarite
CaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Bityite
LiCaAl
 
2
(AlBeSi
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn
2+
 
,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(O,OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.35Fluorokinoshitalite
BaMg
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.40Beidellite
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
0.3
Al
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Kurumsakite
(Zn,Ni,Cu)
 
8
Al
 
8
V
5+
2
Si
 
5
O
 
35
· 27H
 
2
O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.33
(Al,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Nontronite
Na
 
0.3
Fe
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Volkonskoite
Ca
 
0.3
(Cr,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite
(Ca,Na)
 
0.5
(Cu,Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Hectorite
Na
 
0.3
(Mg,Li)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.45Saponite
Ca
 
0.25
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.45Sauconite
Na
 
0.3
Zn
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Spadaite
MgSiO
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite
(Ca,Na)
 
x
Mg
 
3-x
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.45Swinefordite
Li(Al,Li,Mg)
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.45Zincsilite
Zn
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Ferrosaponite
Ca
 
0.3
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.50Vermiculite
(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
3
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.55Baileychlore
(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Chamosite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Clinochlore
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Cookeite
(Al
 
2
Li)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Franklinfurnaceite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
 
Mn
2+
3
Mn
3+
 
(Zn
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Gonyerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Fe
3+
 
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Nimite
(Ni,Mg,Al)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,O)
 
8
9.EC.55Pennantite
Mn
2+
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Sudoite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Donbassite
Al
 
4.33
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Glagolevite
Na(Mg,Al)
 
6
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,O)
 
8
9.EC.55Borocookeite
Li
 
1+3x
Al
 
4-x
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.60Aliettite
Ca
 
0.2
Mg
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Corrensite
(Mg,Fe)
 
9
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
10
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.60Dozyite
Mg
 
7
Al
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
15
)(OH)
 
12
9.EC.60Hydrobiotite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.60Karpinskite
(Ni,Mg)
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
5
(OH)
 
2
(?)
9.EC.60Kulkeite
Mg
 
8
Al(AlSi
 
7
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
10
9.EC.60Lunijianlaite
Li
 
0.7
Al
 
6.2
(AlSi
 
7
O
 
20
)(OH,O)
 
10
9.EC.60Rectorite
(Na,Ca)Al
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Saliotite
(Li,Na)Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
5
9.EC.60Tosudite
Na
 
0.5
(Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
18
)(OH)
 
12
· 5H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Brinrobertsite
Na
 
0.3
Al
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 3.5 H
 
2
O
9.EC.65Macaulayite
(Fe,Al)
 
24
Si
 
4
O
 
43
(OH)
 
2
9.EC.70Burckhardtite
Pb
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)Te
4+
 
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.EC.75Ferrisurite
(Pb,Ca)
 
2.4
Fe
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)
 
1.7
(OH)
 
3
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.75Surite
(Pb,Ca)
 
3
(Al,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
9.EC.75Niksergievite
(Ba,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.80Kegelite
Pb
 
8
Al
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.11.1Madisonite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
13
or near
16.11.3Alumino-magnesio-hornblende
☐{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
4
Al}(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.4Tschermakite
☐(Ca
 
2
)(Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
)(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.6Juanite
Ca
 
10
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
Si
 
11
O
 
39
· 4H
 
2
O or near
16.11.7Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
MgAl
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
16.11.8Tacharanite
Ca
 
12
Al
 
2
Si
 
18
O
 
51
· 18H
 
2
O
16.11.9Aluminobarroisite
☐{CaNa}{Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
}(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.10Taramite
{Na}{CaNa}{Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.12Edenite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
5
}(AlSi
 
7
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.13Pargasite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
4
Al}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.14Katophorite
{Na}{CaNa}{Mg
 
4
Al}[(AlSi
 
7
)O
 
22
](OH)
 
2
16.11.15Beidellite
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
0.3
Al
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
16.11.15Magnesiosadanagaite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
}(Al
 
3
Si
 
5
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
16.11.16Sadanagaite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
3
Al
 
2
}(Al
 
3
Si
 
5
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Clintonite

Synonyms:
BrandisiteBronzite (of Finch)ChrysophaneDisterriteHolmesite
Holmite (of Thompson)SeybertiteXanthophyllite
Other Languages:
German:Brandisit
Clintonit
Holmesit
Seybertit
Xantofillit
Italian:Xantofillite
Russian:Клинтонит
Simplified Chinese:绿脆云母
Spanish:Brandisita
Clintonita
Holmesita
Seybertita
Xantofillita
Varieties:
Valuevite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent in UV
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clintonite

Reference List:

- +
Sanero E. – (1940) La struttura della xantofillite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 53-77.

Forman, S.A., H. Kodama, and S. Abbey (1967): A re-examination of xanthophyllite [clintonite] from the type locality. Can. Mineral., 9, 25-30.

MacKinney, J.A., C.I. Mora, and S.W. Bailey (1988): Structure and crystal chemistry of clintonite. Am. Mineral., 73, 365-375.

Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 905-912.

Internet Links for Clintonite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Clintonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Localities for Clintonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Chile
     
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Limarí Province
        • Ovalle
    Sugaki, A., Campos, E. & Kojima, S. (2000): Mineralogy of the Panulcillo skarn copper deposit, Coquimbo region, Chile. Revista Geologica de Chile 27, 139-155.
    China
     
    • Hebei Province
    Jianwei Wang and Zhengmin Cao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(4)
        • She Co.
    Zheng-Min Cao, Shan Qin, Yu-Run Bi, and Jian-Wei Wang (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica [Yanshikuangwuxue Zazhi] 16(4), 353-356.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Třebíč
    Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
    Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
    Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
    Finland
     
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Pargas (Parainen)
    Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Prats de Mollo-La Preste (Prats de Molló-La Presta)
    Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
    Greenland
     
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
    Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
    B.F. Windley et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 427-437.
    Hungary
     
    • Komárom-Esztergom Co.
      • Visegrádi Mtns
        • Dömös
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
      • Pilis Mtns
        • Pomáz
    Fehér, B. (2004): Clintonite, a trioctahedral brittle mica from the Salabasina Ravine, Pomáz, Visegrád Mountains, Hungary. Földtani Közlöny, 134, 29–39. (in Hungarian with English abstract) [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/munkat/feher/publ/clintonit.pdf]; Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2006
      • Szentendre
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    Indonesia
     
    • Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
      • Papua Province
        • New Guinea
          • Carstensz Mts
            • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
              • Ertsberg Complex
    Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
    Am Min 73:3-4 pp 365-375
    Iran
     
    • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
      • Esfahan County (Isfahan County)
        • Feshark village
    Taghipour, B., Mackizadeh, M.A. and Moore, F. 2011. Paragenetic relationships of clintonite and spinel in Central Iran skarns as evidence of the formation of clintonite. N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh. 259/2, 217–229. Stuttgart
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
    Italy
     
    • Calabria
      • Catanzaro Province
        • Tiriolo
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    • Lombardy
      • Bergamo Province
        • Cene
          • Rossa Valley
    Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
      • Brescia Province
        • Camonica Valley
          • Breno
            • Cornone di Blumone
    Bianchi A. & Hieke O. (1945): La xantofillite dell’Adamello Meridionale. Periodico di Mineralogia, 15, 87-134. Di Colbertaldo, D. (1940): Petrografia del Monte Blumone (Adamello meridionale). Memorie Istit. Geolog. Univ. Padova, 14, 50 pp. Sanero E. (1940): La struttura della xantofillite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 11, 53-75.
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Malenco Valley
            • Chiesa in Valmalenco
              • Braccia Mt.
    Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 and A. Del Caldo, C. Del Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin M. "Guida ai Minerali" Fabbri ed. Milano, 1981 and De Michele V. (1975) – Guida Mineralogica d’Italia – Ist. Geogr. De Agostini, Novara
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 116.
          • Valfurva
            • Cedec Valley
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
    Scaini, G. (1972) Minerali del Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio. Atti Soc. It. Sc. Nat. e Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano, 113, 2, 150-152. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
            • Zebrù Valley
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006). I minerali della medio-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Tip. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Ortles-Cevedale Group
    Klausner, S. et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 79. (Abs.)
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    Tomasi, L. (1940): Fassaite di Val Solda e sua paragenesi. Studi Trentini Sc. Nat., 21,85-111. Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Trento Province
        • Fassa Valley
          • Monzoni Mts
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
        • Fiemme Valley
    Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Grisotto, M., & Grisotto, L. (2006). I Canzoccoli. Una località classica presso Predazzo, Val di Fiemme, Trento. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(3), 166-177.
        • Giudicarie Valley
          • Breguzzo
    Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Saitama Prefecture
          • Chichibu City
            • Ohtaki-mura
              • Nakatsugawa
    Kazuo Harada, H. Kodama, and T. Sudo (1965): New mineralogical data for xanthophyllite from Japan. Can. Mineral. 8, 255-262; Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Harada, K., Kodama, H., & Sudo, T. (1965). New mineralogical data for xanthophyllite from Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 8(2), 255-262.
    Harada, K., Kodama, H., & Sudo, T. (1965). New mineralogical data for xanthophyllite from Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 8(2), 255-262.
    Nakamura, H. (2000) Suisyou, 13, #1, 58.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Esashi City
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Shimazaki, H., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., & Bunno, M. (2008). Occurrence and new data of dellaite from the Akagane mine, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 103(6), 385-389.; Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Pueblito de Allende
    Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
    Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Narin-Kunta
    Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Gfeller, F., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Savelyeva, V.B., Zadov, A.E., Pertsev, N.N., Dzierżanowski, P. (2011): Chlorine content and crystal chemistry of dellaite from the Birkhin gabbro massif, Eastern Siberia, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 379-394.
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Ilmen Mts
          • Magnitogorsk
            • Sakhara District (Sakharinskii)
              • Sakhara massif
    Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.
          • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
    Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
          • Zlatoust
            • Nazyamskie Mts
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Štiavnica Co.
        • Vysoká
    Koděra P., Uher P., Ozdín D., Kollárová V., Lexa J., 2009: Monticellit, clintonit a hydroxylellestadit-fluorellestadit: vzácne skarnové minerály na Cu-Au porfýrovo-skarnovom ložisku Vysoká – Zlatno (štiavnický stratovulkán). Mineralia Slovaca, 41, 2, 169-178.; P. UHER, P. KODĚRA, T. VACULOVIČ (2011): Perovskite from Ca-Mg skarn-porphyry deposit Vysoká – Zlatno, Štiavnica stratovolcano, Slovakia. Mineralia Slovaca, 43, 247-254.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Málaga
        • Ojén
          • Sierra Blanca
    Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
    GFF 117, 151-152
      • Torsby
    Lorin, T., Strand, U. (1999). Bild-SMIDA, Svensk Mineraldatabas med bilder, Version 2.O cited in Grensman, F. & Sandström, F. (2002): Kyanitmineraliseringen i Hålsjöberg, Torsby, Värmland. Litiofilen 19 (2): 26-38
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
        • Ketchikan District
          • Prince of Wales Island
    Min Rec 35:5 pp383-404, 419-420
    • Arizona
      • Gila Co.
        • Dripping Spring Mts
          • Banner District
            • Christmas area
              • Christmas
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 225.
    • California
      • Fresno Co.
        • Lakeshore
    www.mineralsocal.org
        • Twin Lakes
          • Lower Twin Lake
    Chesterman, C.W. (1942), Contact metamorphic rocks of the Twin Lakes region, Fresno County, California: California Division Mines Report 38: 274; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 147, 431.
      • Riverside Co.
    Forman, S. A. (1951) Xanthophyllite, Am Min, 36: 450-457.
          • Crestmore quarries
            • Sky Blue Hill
    Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 368.
    Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 368.
        • Jurupa Mts
          • Jurupa
    Cooney, R.L. (1956), The mineralogy of the Jensen and Henshaw quarries near Riverside, California: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California at Los Angeles: 49; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 431; Devito, F. and Ordway, A. (1984), The Jensen Quarry, Riverside County, California. Mineralogical Record: 15(5): 273-290.
        • Winchester
          • Northeast of Winchester
    Larsen, Esper Signius (1948), Batholith and associated rocks of Corona, Elsinore, and San Luis Rey quadrangles, southern California: Geological Society of America Memoir 29: 182 pp.: 35-36; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 336.
      • San Bernardino Co.
    Museum Quarterly 43:99-104.
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Clark Mountain area
    Abstracts with Program of the Geological Society of America: 11: 65.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Volcan Mts
          • Ranchita
    Forman, S.A., Kodama, H., and Maxwell, J.A. (1967) The trioctahedral brittle micas. American Mineralogist: 52: 1124; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 431.
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Spring Mountain District
          • Quartzite Canyon
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Montana
      • Lewis and Clark Co.
        • Helena District (Spring Hill District)
          • Helena
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
          • Helena area
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
      • Madison Co.
        • Mineral Hill District (Pony District)
    American Mineralogist 50:292-293
      • Silver Bow Co.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lyon Co.
        • Yerington District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
    Struwe (1958), Dunn (1995)
    Dunn(1995):Pt4:469.
    • New York
      • Orange Co.
    The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 90.
        • Town of Warwick
    The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.; Can. Mineral., 9, 25-30.
    George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    Rhein Collection
    The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 96.
    • North Carolina
    Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881, Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey, North Carolina
    • Texas
      • Brewster Co.
        • Big Bend National Park
    Mineralogical Magazine 1979 43 : 479-482.
        • Terlingua District
          • Study Butte
    Marvin J. Droddy and John C. Butler (1979) A Note on Low-Grade Contact Metamorphism—Southwestern Brewster County, Texas. Mineralogical Magazine 43:479-482.
    • Utah
      • Beaver Co.
        • Rocky Range
          • Rocky District
    R&M 68:6 p381-393
      • Salt Lake Co.
        • Wasatch Mts
          • Big Cottonwood District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
            • Cottonwood Heights
    Weinrich Minerals, ex. Lane Johnson collection
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Wasatch Co.
    R&M 68:6 p381-393
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