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Signal Mining District (Vontrigger Mining District), San Bernardino Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Signal Mining District (Vontrigger Mining District)Mining District
San Bernardino Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 1' 59'' North , 115° 9' 2'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Hackberry Mining Mountain


Location & History: A W-Au-Cu mining area located 30 miles NW of Needles. Gold and copper have been mined in the Hackberry Mountain-Von Trigger Spring area of eastern San Bernardino County, about 25 miles S of Ivanpah, on federal reservation land (Mojave National Preserve/East Mojave National Scenic Area). The mines were intermittently worked from the 1890's through the 1940's, but the most productive period was 1904 to 1915.

Geology: The deposits consist either of mineralized shear zones or gold- and copper-bearing quartz veins in gneiss and schist. Yellow cuprodescloizite, a rare vanadium-bearing mineral, has been found at the Leiser Ray mine.

Mines: The principal sources of production have been the Leiser Ray, True Blue, and Von Trigger mines.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1943b), Mineral resources of San Bernardino County: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 39): 39(4): 432; Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 49): 49(1-2): 68-69; Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 142; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 227.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1911f), Cuprodescloizite from California: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 1: 149-150; Cloudman, H.C., F.J.H. Merrill & E. Huguenin (1919), San Bernardino County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 774-899; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 394]: 849; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 167, 380.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 119; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 297.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.; Rolf Luetcke
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
'Copper Stain'
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10035757.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Platy
Colour: Colourless, yellowish
Description: Occurs as minute crystals.
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1911f), Cuprodescloizite from California: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 1: 149-150; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1912a), Cuprodescloizite from California: USGS Bulletin 509: 88; Cloudman, H.C., F.J.H. Merrill & E. Huguenin (1919), San Bernardino County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 849; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 167.
Descloizite var: Cuprian Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Habit: Platy
Colour: Colourless, yellowish
Description: Occurs as minute crystals.
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1911f), Cuprodescloizite from California: Washington Academy of Science Journal: 1: 149-150; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1912a), Cuprodescloizite from California: USGS Bulletin 509: 88; Cloudman, H.C., F.J.H. Merrill & E. Huguenin (1919), San Bernardino County: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 849; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 167.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Tucker, W. Burling (1921), Los Angeles field division: California Mining Bureau. Report 17: 375; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 325.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817; Schrader, Frank Charles, R.W. Stone & Samuel Sanford (1917), Useful minerals of the United States (a revision of Bulletin 585): USGS Bulletin 624: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 323.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 852.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vanadinite var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Reference: Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 340.; Paul M. Adams (2003) Micromineralogy of the Leiser Ray Mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineral News, 19, #6.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Descloizite8.BH.40Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Copper Stain'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Copper Stain'-
Descloizite
var: Cuprian Descloizite
-Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Vanadinite
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
-Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O HübneriteMnWO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
O CerussitePbCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
FFluorine
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
V Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
FeIron
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W HübneriteMnWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 852.
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.
Ver Planck, Wm. E., Jr. (1961), History of mining in northeastern San Bernardino County: California Division of Mines Mineral Information Service: 14(9).
Lemmon, Dwight Moulton and Tweto, O.L. (1962) Tungsten in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. USGS Mineral Investigative Resources Map MR-25.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 545.
Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193: 158.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #60000006.
Lemmon, Dwight Moulton, Tungsten deposits in the US; Vol. I, unpublished data: 369-370.

Other Databases

USGS MRDS Record:60000006

Localities in this Region

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