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Childs-Adwinkle Mine (Childs and Altwilkle Mine; Childs-Aldwinkle Mine), Copper Creek, Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon), Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District), Galiuro Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Childs-Adwinkle Mine (Childs and Altwilkle Mine; Childs-Aldwinkle Mine)Mine
Copper CreekCreek
Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)Creek
Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)Mining District
Galiuro MtsMountain Range
Pinal Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 45' 2'' North , 110° 28' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mammoth1,487 (2017)15.1km
San Manuel3,551 (2011)21.7km
Oracle3,686 (2011)31.1km
Dudleyville959 (2011)36.8km
Winkelman346 (2017)37.6km


A Mo-Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Zn-As-Sb-Bi mine located in the W½ sec. 11, T8S, R18E (Oak Grove Canyon 7.5 minute topo map), 3½ miles N of Sombrero Butte, just N of Copper Creek in the Copper Creek Canyon, and 11 miles E of the town of Mammoth. Discovered in 1883 by Aldwinkle and grubstaked by Childs. Owned by the Arizona Molybdenum Corp. (1933-1938). Also known as / designated: The Calumet and Arizona Mining Co. property; Arizona Molybdenum Corp. property; Table Mountain Copper Co. property; Patented claims MS 3263; Minnesota-Arizona Copper Co. property; and the Copper Creek project (in part).

The orebodies are breccia pipes. There are two ore bodies. The south ore body is 220 X 100 feet, the Alamo ore body is 270 X 150 feet. The breccia pipes probably join at 700 feet and pinch out at 800 feet. The ore minerals are confined to the cementing material where they occur as disseminations and lining of fractures. The ore body is funnel-shaped and tapering downward. Ore control was a breccia pipe at fault and fracture intersections. Alteration was sericitic, chloritic, tourmaline, silicification and oxidation to iron oxides in the outcrop. Associated rock unit is the Copper Creek granodiorite, a porphyritic biotite granodiorite. Bornite, tennantite were important at depth. Molybdenite was confined to open spaces. The bulk of the chalcopyrite is interstitial to breccia fragments. Molybdenite, the latest sulfide, is later than many gangue minerals. The breccia pipe may have a zoned sulfide mineralogy. The Au, Ag, As, Sb, and Bi were derived from treatment of the copper concentrates.

Area structures include Tertiary block faulting trending NNW and the breccia pipe in strong E-W vertical faults and fractures with N60°E and N70°W strikes.

Two ore bodies were developed, the South and Alamo bodies. Workings included 2 adits, 5 levels below the haulage level, a 2-compartment winze, and 2 large glory holes on surface. Workings were to the 850 level (1938). Most workings are now inaccessible. Production was 6,454,321 pounds of MoS (1933-July, 1938), 5,519,140 pounds of Cu, 19,167 oz. Ag, and 4730 oz. Au.

Assay data: Mo grade 0.4-0.75%, Cu grade 3-4%. Molybdenite nearly constant at 1-2%. Cu content increased from 1% at surface to 6-8% at the 800 feet, then decreased to 2% at the bottom of the mine.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Description: Gangue min.; crystals on 600 ft level; 5 inch xl. 820 level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Description: Occurs on 600 level.
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 142; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Denton, T.C. (1947a), Old Reliable copper mine, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. of Mines Rept. Inv. 4006; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 17.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Principle ore mineral in deeper levels.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152, 302; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Denton, T.C. (1947a), Old Reliable copper mine, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. of Mines Rept. Inv. 4006; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 16.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 167, 390; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of ines Bull. 153: 19.
'Chlorite Group'
Description: Occurs in country rock.
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 196; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Description: Occurs sparingly with tennantite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 28.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Habit: Radiating crystal aggregates
Colour: Yellow
Description: Also occurs as a powder.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 82.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: In cavities (300 level).
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Lindgrenite
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Markascherite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H. and Bloch, E.M. (2010) Markascherite, IMA 2010-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 28; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Description: Prin. ore min.; at one time considered to be among the highest Re contents known (320-580 ppm).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152, 302; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Anderson, C.A. (1969), Copper, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 117-156; Fleischer, M. (1959), The geochemistry of rhenium, with special reference to its occurrence in molybdenite, Econ.Geol.: 54: 1406-1413; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 24.
Molybdenite var: Rhenian Molybdenite
Formula: (Mo,Re)S2
Description: Prin. ore min.; at one time considered to be among the highest Re contents known (320-580 ppm).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 152, 302; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Anderson, C.A. (1969), Copper, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 117-156; Fleischer, M. (1959), The geochemistry of rhenium, with special reference to its occurrence in molybdenite, Econ.Geol.: 54: 1406-1413; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 24.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in altered country rock.
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in altered country rock.
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: Crystals to 6 inches long
Description: Pegmatite zone at base of breccia pipe (300 level).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 318; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538.
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Shannon, David (1996) Orthoserpierite from the Copper Creek District, Pinal County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record: 27: 189-190. Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 7.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: As excellent crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 341; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 23.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Crystals with orthoclase in open cavities (300 level).
Reference: Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Small, single crystals
Description: Assoc. with molybdenite, quartz, and orthoclase crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W. , et al (1995),Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 359.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Gangue mineral in breccia pipe deposit.
Reference: Anthony, J.W. , et al (1995),Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 401; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 27.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213, 390; Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, AZ, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 28.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Description: Associated with stromeyerite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W. , et al (1995),Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 393; Kuhn, Truman H. (1938), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130; Simons, F.S. (1964), Geology of the Klondyke quadrangle, Graham and Pinal Cos., AZ, USGS PP 461; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 27.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
var: Rhenian Molybdenite2.EA.30(Mo,Re)S2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Lindgrenite7.GB.05Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Orthoserpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Markascherite (TL)-Cu3(MoO4)(OH)4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Orthoserpierite31.6.7.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Lindgrenite48.3.1.1Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Markascherite (TL)-Cu3(MoO4)(OH)4
Molybdenite
var: Rhenian Molybdenite
-(Mo,Re)S2
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MarkascheriteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O MarkascheriteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Molybdenite (var: Rhenian Molybdenite)(Mo,Re)S2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu MarkascheriteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MarkascheriteCu3(MoO4)(OH)4
Mo Molybdenite (var: Rhenian Molybdenite)(Mo,Re)S2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
ReRhenium
Re Molybdenite (var: Rhenian Molybdenite)(Mo,Re)S2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleocene : 61 Ma to 60.4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Paleocene
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)60.4 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)61 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kuhn, T.H. (1938) Some Arizona Ore Deposits. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 127-130.
Kuhn, Truman H. (1941), Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area, Arizona, Economic Geology: 36: 512-538.
Denton, T.C. (1947a), Old Reliable Copper Mine, Pinal County, Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4006.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 16, 17, 19, 23, 24, 27, 28.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 57.
Fleischer, M. (1959), The geochemistry of rhenium, with special reference to its occurrence in molybdenite, Economic Geology: 54: 1406-1413.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 72, 82.
Mining World (1962) DMBD Makes Success of 60-ton a Day Copper-Moly Operation in Arizona.
Simons, F.S. (1964), Geology of the Klondyke quadrangle, Graham and Pinal Counties, Arizona, USGS PP 461: 155.
Anderson, C.A. (1969), Copper, in Mineral and water resources of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180: 117-156.
Guthrie, J.O., and Moore, D.G. (1978) The geology of the Copper Creek area, Bunker Hill mining district, Galiuro Mountains, Arizona, in Jenney, J.P., and Hauck, H.R., eds., Proceedings of the Porphyry Copper Symposium, Tucson, Ariz., March 18-20, 1976: Arizona Geological Society Digest: 11: 25-31.
Hicks, Clifford J. (1979) Molybdenum Occurrences in Arizona, Arizona Department of Mineral Resources: 21.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 14 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 117, 126, 142, 152, 164, 167, 196, 213, 221, 278, 302, 318, 341, 359, 390, 393, 401.
Shannon, David (1996) Orthoserpierite from the Copper Creek District, Pinal County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record: 27: 189-190.
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 7.
Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
USGS Oak Grove Canyon Quadrangle map.
U.S. Bureau of Mines War Minerals Report #275: 3.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet 741.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Magma Chief Mine file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Burney mill file.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10039463, MRDS ID #M050120; and Dep. ID #10113884, MAS ID #0040210232.

USGS MRDS Record:10039463

Localities in this Region

  • Arizona
    • Pinal Co.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)
          • Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)
            • Copper Creek
              • Childs-Adwinkle Mine (Childs and Altwilkle Mine; Childs-Aldwinkle Mine)

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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