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Sapphirine Supergroup

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About Sapphirine SupergroupHide

Name:
Named after the first mineral of the Sapphirine Supergroup to be discovered, sapphirine.
According to the new IMA group nomenclature (Mills et al., 2009), this supergroup is subdivided into the Sapphirine Group, Aenigmatite Group and Rhönite Group.
Earlier it was subdivided by Grew et al. (2008) into the 'Sapphirine Subgroup', 'Aenigmatite Subgroup' and 'Rhönite Subgroup'.

Surinamite is an unassigned member of this supergroup.


Classification of Sapphirine SupergroupHide

Notes:
IMA Approved Group Name
Approval History:
Approved by IMA in 2009 (Proposal 09–A, cfr. Mills et al. 2009)

Relationship of Sapphirine Supergroup to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Aenigmatite Group 
  Aenigmatite Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
  Krinovite Na2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
  Kuratite Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]Tric. 1 : P1
  UM1991-29-SiO:FeMgNa Na4(Mg5Fe3+7)O4[Si9Fe3+3O36]
  Wilkinsonite Na2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
Beckettite Ca2V6Al6O20Tric. 1 : P1
Khesinite Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Fe3+9Si3)O36Tric. 1 : P1
Rhönite Group 
  Dorrite Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)Tric.
  Høgtuvaite Ca4[Fe2+6Fe3+6]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
  Leucorhönite Ca2(Mg,Fe3+,Al)6(Si,Al)6O20Tric.
  Makarochkinite (Ca,Na)2Fe2+4Fe3+Ti[O2|BeAlSi4O18]Tric. 1 : P1
  Rhönite Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]Tric. 1 : P1
  Serendibite Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
  Welshite Ca4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
Sapphirine Group 
  Addibischoffite Ca2Al6Al6O20Tric. 1 : P1
  Khmaralite (Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
  Sapphirine Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
  Unnamed (Al-analogue of Sapphirine) Mg4(Mg1.5Fe+20.3Fe+31.6Al8.5)O4[Si1.7Al10.3O36]
  Warkite Ca2Sc6Al6O20Tric. 1 : P1
Surinamite (Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16Mon.
UM1988-26-SiO:AlMg Mg4Al2O[Si3Al2O15]

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Sapphirine Supergroup in petrologyHide

References for Sapphirine SupergroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dornberger-Schiff, K. and Merlino, S. (1974): Order-disorder in sapphirine, aenigmatite and aenigmatite-like minerals. Acta Crystallogr. A30, 168-173.
Grew, E.S.; Hålenius, U.; Pasero, M.; Barbier, J. (2008): Recommended nomenclature for the sapphirine and surinamite groups (sapphirine supergroup). Mineralogical Magazine 72, 839-876.
Mills, S.J., Hatert, F., Nickel, E.H., Ferraris, G. (2009): The standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals. European Journal of Mineralogy: 21: 1073-1080.

Internet Links for Sapphirine SupergroupHide

Localities for Sapphirine SupergroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
[Sapphirine] Deer, Howie and Zussman (1978) Rock-forming Minerals, Vol. 2A, Single-Chain Silicates. (2nd ed.)
Algeria
 
  • Béchar Province
    • Béchar
[Rhönite] Kuehner, S. M. & Irving, A. J. (2007) Primary Ferric Iron-Bearing Rhönite in Plutonic Igneous Angrite NWA 4590: Implications for Redox Conditions on the Angrite Parent Body. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abstract #P41A-0219. (Dec 2007)
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • In Ouzzal
[Sapphirine] M. Guiraud, J.R. Kienast, A. Rahmani : "Petrological study of high-temperature granulites from In Ouzal, Algeria : some implications on the phase relationships in the FMASTOCr system", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1375-1390.
    • Tanezrouft
[Addibischoffite] Ma, C. and Krot, A.N. (2015) Addibischoffite, IMA 2015-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 532; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535;Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
[Sapphirine] D. J. Ellis, J. W. Sheraton, R. N. England, W. B. Dallwitz (1980) Osumilite-sapphirine-quartz granulites from Enderby Land Antarctica — Mineral assemblages and reactions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 72:123-143
      • Edward VIII Bay
[Sapphirine] Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
[Sapphirine] Harley, S.L. and Motoyoshi, Y. (2000) Al zoning in orthopyroxene in a sapphirine quartzite: evidence for (greater than) 1120° C metamorphism in the Napier Complex, Antarctica, and implications for the entropy of sapphirine. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 293-307; http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003AM/finalprogram/abstract_60995.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
        • Casey Bay
          • Khmara Bay
[Surinamite] Edward S. Grew Surinamite, taafeite and beryllian saphirine from pegmatites in graulite-facies rocks of Casey Bay, Enderby Land, Antarctica, - Am. Miner., 1981,v.66, p.1022-1033.
[Surinamite] PLEASE ADD REFERENCE
[Surinamite] Grew, E. S. (1981): Surinamite, taaffeite and beryllian sapphirine from pegmatites in granulite-facies rocks of Casey Bay, Enderby Land, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 66, 1022-1033
        • Tula Mts
          • Amundsen Bay
[Sapphirine] Polar Geoscience 14:1-24
[Surinamite] Baba, S., Grew, E. S., Shearer, C. K., & Sheraton, J. W. (2000). Surinamite: A high-temperature metamorphic beryllosilicate from Lewisian sapphirine-bearing kyanite-orthopyroxene-quartz-potassium feldspar gneiss at South Harris, NW Scotland. American Mineralogist, 85(10), 1474-1484.
[Sapphirine] Grew, E. (1982): Osumilite in the Sapphirine-Quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica:…., American Mineralogist, Vol. 67, pp. 762-787
[Sapphirine] Grew, E. (1982): Osumilite in the Sapphirine-Quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica:…., American Mineralogist, Vol. 67, pp. 762-787
          • Mt. Riiser-Larsen
[Sapphirine] Y. Motoyoshi and B.J. Hensen, Eur. J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 467-471.
    • Mac Robertson Land
[Sapphirine] Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Prydz Bay
          • Larsemann Hills (Larseman Hills)
[Sapphirine] Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
[Sapphirine] Laixi Tong, Xiaohan Liu, Liansheng Zhang, Haihong Chen, Liudong Ren, Yanbin Wang, and Yue Zhao (1997): Acta Petrologica Sinica 13(2), 127-138
[Sapphirine] MinMag 58:259 (1994)
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
[Sapphirine] Kawakami, T., Grew, E. S., Motoyoshi, Y., Shearer, C. K., Ikeda, T., Burger, P. V., & Kusachi, I. (2008). Kornerupine sensu stricto associated with mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Lützow-Holm Complex at Akarui Point, East Antarctica: what is the source of boron?. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 308(1), 351-375.; Yuki Mori, Takeshi Ikeda (2017) Formation of Corona around Corundum from Akarui Point in the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica: Controlling factor and P-T slope of reaction. JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017 - SMP42-P02
        • East Ongul Island
          • Showa Station (Syowa Station)
[Sapphirine] Yoshikuni Hiroi, et al (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, S1-15.
[Aenigmatite] Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Island
[Rhönite] Am Min 60:722-725
  • Western Antarctica
    • Marie Byrd Land
      • Executive Committee Range
[Rhönite] R.H. Grapes et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , August 2003, Vol. 67, N°4, pp. 639-651.
Argentina
 
  • Buenos Aires
    • Coronel Suaréz
      • D'Orbigny
[Rhönite] Jambon, A. & Boudouma, O. (2011). Evidence for Rhönite in Angrites D'Orbigny and Sahara 99555: 74th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Supplement, id.5167. (Sept 2011)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gowen Co.
      • Warrumbungle National Park
[Aenigmatite] Duggan, M. B. (1988). Zirconium-rich sodic pyroxenes in felsic volcanics from the Warrumbungle Volcano, Central New South Wales, Australia. Mineral Mag, 52, 491ą496.
    • Nandewar Co.
[Aenigmatite] Handbook of Mineralogy; Stolz 1986
    • Rous Co.
[Aenigmatite] Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Wellesley Co.
[Sapphirine] Min Mag 50:635-640
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
        • Ambalindum Station
          • Mount Mabel
[Sapphirine] Warren, R.G., Stewart, A.J., Shaw, R.D. (1974) Summary of Information on Mineral Deposits of the Arunta Complex, Alice Springs area, NT. Department of Minerals and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Record 1974/17.
[Sapphirine] R.G.Warren & D.H.McColl 1983. Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, 8 pp. 93-96 1983
[Sapphirine] Warren, R.G. & McColl, D.H. (1983) Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 8 pp. 93-96.
[Sapphirine] Vry, J.K.(1994): Boron-free Kornerupine from the Reynolds Range Arunta Block Central Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1994): 58, 27-37.
[Sapphirine] Neues Jahrb Mineral Monatsh1:15-35. (1976)
[Sapphirine] Wilson, A. F. (1977) A zincian högbomite and some other högbomites from the Strangways Range, Central Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.41, pp. 337-44.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
[Aenigmatite] Handbook of Mineralogy
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Lake Gairdner - Gawler Ranges area
[Sapphirine] Crooks, A.F. and Abbot, P.J.(2003). Corundum in South Australia. Report Book 2003/3. PIRSA (Mine Department)
    • North West Province
      • Musgrave Ranges
[Sapphirine] D.R.Hudson, Allan F. Wilson & Ian M. Threadgold (1967) A new polytype of taaffeite- a rear beryllium mineral from the granulites of central Australia. Mineral Mag 36: 305-310
  • Tasmania
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Interlaken
[Aenigmatite] Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp
    • Dorset municipality
      • Scottsdale district
        • West Scottsdale
[Rhönite] http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
[Aenigmatite] Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
[Warkite] Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. and Tschauner, O. (2014) Warkite, IMA 2013- 129. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 552; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
[Rhönite] R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
  • Lower Austria
    • Mostviertel
      • Dunkelstein Forest
        • Dunkelsteinerwald
          • Gansbach
[Sapphirine] Carswell, D.A., Möller, C., O'Brien, P.J. (1989): Origin of sapphirine-plagioclase symplectites in metabasites from Mitterbachgraben, Dunkelsteinerwald granulite complex, Lower Austria. Eur. J. Mineral., 1, 455-466.
Brazil
 
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
[Aenigmatite] Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(4), 645-658
Cameroon
 
  • North Region
[Aenigmatite] Ngounouno, I., Moreau, Ch., Deruelle, B., Demaiffe, D., Montigny, R. (2001): Petrologie du complexe alcalin sous-sature de Kokoumi (Cameroun), Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France; November 2001; vol. 172; no. 6; p. 675-686
  • South-West Region
    • Buea
      • Cameroon Mt
[Aenigmatite] Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
[Aenigmatite] Ostinsoe, E. A., 1960, Level Mountain, Northwestern British Columbia, University of British Columbia thesis.
[Aenigmatite] Yagi, K., Souther, J. G. (1974): Aenigmatite from Mt. Edziza, British Columbia, Canada. American Mineralogist 59, 820-829
  • New Brunswick
    • Queens Co.
[Aenigmatite] Martin, R F, Payette, C (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
[Aenigmatite] Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
      • Grenville
[Sapphirine] Arima, M., Gower, C. (1991): Osumilite-bearing Granulites in the Eastern Grenville Province, Eastern Labrador, Canada: Mineral Parageneses and Metamorphic Conditions, Journal of Petrolog, Vol. 32 (1), pp. 29-61
[Aenigmatite] L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.; Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
[Aenigmatite] \"Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences,\" G.J. Orris and R.I. Grauch, Open File Report 02-189, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2002.; GSC database locality No. 4100
[Aenigmatite] GSC database; GSC database locality No. 4101
[Sapphirine] Tectonophysics 347:167–177 (2002)
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • King´s Point
[Aenigmatite] Miller, R. R., & Abdel-Rahman, A. M. (1995) The King's Point Complex, Newfoundland, and Its Potential for Rare-metal Mineralization. Geological Survey Report 95-1 pp159-175
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
[Aenigmatite] SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
[Aenigmatite] Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
[Serendibite] Hutcheon, I., Gunter, A.E. and Lecheminant, A.N. (1977) Serendibite from Penrhyn group marble, Melville Peninsula, District of Franklin. Canadian Mineralogist, 15, 108-112.
    • Somerset Island
[Sapphirine] Mineralogical Record 22:386
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
[Aenigmatite] Mitchell (1991) Can, J, Earth Sci 28, 1653-1663.
      • Pic Township
[Aenigmatite] Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.91
  • Québec
    • Capitale-Nationale
      • Charlevoix RCM
[Sapphirine] Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
          • Saint-Urbain-de-Charlevoix
[Sapphirine] Sabina (1983) GSC MR 32, 78-81
[Sapphirine] Sabina (1983) GSC MR 32, 78-81
[Sapphirine] Sabina (1983) GSC MR 32, 78-81
[Sapphirine] Sabina (1983) GSC MR 32, 78-81
[Sapphirine] Sabina (1983) GSC MR 32, 78-81
[Sapphirine] Sabina (1983) GSC MR 32, 78-81
    • Côte-Nord
      • Minganie RCM
        • Havre-Saint-Pierre
[Sapphirine] Charlier, B. et al. (2010): Origin of the giant Allard Lake ilmenite ore deposit (Canada) by fractional crystallization, multiple pulses and mixing. Lithos 117, 119-134.
[Sapphirine] Perreault, S. (2003) Contrasting styles of Fe-Ti mineralization in the Havre-Saint-Pierre anorthosite suite, Quebec’s North Shore, Canada: in Ilmenite deposits and their geological environment. Jean-Clair Duchesne & Are Korneliussen ed. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Special Publication No. 9
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
[Aenigmatite] Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[Aenigmatite] Canadian Micro Mineral Association (CMMA), 45 (6), 2
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
[Aenigmatite] Finley (1930)
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
[Serendibite] Belley (2013) Abstracts with Program GAC/MAC Meeting, Winnipeg; McDougall, Raymond (2014), What's New? short presentations before the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.; BELLEY, P.M., GRICE, J.D., FAYEK, M., KOWALSKI, P.M. & GREW, E.S. (2014): A new occurrence of the borosilicate serendibite in tourmaline-bearing calc-silicate rocks, Portage-du-Fort marble, Grenville Province, Québec: evolution of boron isotope and tourmaline compositions in a metamorphic context. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 595-616.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
[Aenigmatite] Currie (1985): GSC Paper 85-1A, 73-80 ; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
[Sapphirine] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
[Aenigmatite] Geol, Survey of Canada database
Cape Verde
 
  • Barlavento Islands
[Rhönite] De Ignacio, C., Muñoz, M., & Sagredo, J. (2012). Carbonatites and associated nephelinites from Sao Vicente, Cape Verde Islands. Mineralogical magazine, 76(2), 311-355.
China
 
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
        • Zhimafang
[Sapphirine] Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Zheng, J.P. (2004): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 147, 21-31.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mianning Co.
[Aenigmatite] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Czech Republic
 
  • South Bohemia Region
    • Písek
[Sapphirine] J. Kotkova, S.L. Hartley, M. Fisera, Eur J. Mineral., 1997, Vol. 9, N. 5, pp. 1017-1033
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
          • Narsaarsuk Plateau
[Aenigmatite] Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.307); Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
[Aenigmatite] Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
[Aenigmatite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"] + Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
[Aenigmatite] Larsen, L. M. (1977). "Aenigmatites from the Ilímaussaq intrusion, south Greenland: Chemistry and petrological implications." Lithos 10(4): 257-270.
            • Qeqertaussaq Island
[Aenigmatite] Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
[Aenigmatite] Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages
[Aenigmatite] Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.307)
[Aenigmatite] Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
        • Nunarssuit Island
[Aenigmatite] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
[Aenigmatite] Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
        • Quagdlimiut
[Aenigmatite] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    • Northeast Greenland National Park
[Rhönite] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    • Qeqqata
      • Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen)
[Sapphirine] Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn, p.192; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
[Sapphirine] Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages (p.192)
    • Sermersooq
[Aenigmatite] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
      • Kialineq Bay
[Aenigmatite] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
[Sapphirine] Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.192]
[Sapphirine] Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
          • Bjørnesund
[Sapphirine] Petersen, O.V & Johnsen, O. (1980): Giant crystals of Kornerupine. Mineralogical Record 11,93-96
[Sapphirine] Friend, C.R.L. (1982): A1-Cr substitution in peraluminous sapphirines from the Bjoernesund area, Fiskenaesset region, southern West Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 323-328
[Sapphirine] Williams, H.R. (1984): Field relations and chemistry of Sapphirine-bearing rocks from the Bjoernesund area, Fiskenaesset, Western Greenland, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 22, 417 - 421
[Sapphirine] Stromeyer (1819): Analyse einiger von dem Prof. von Giesecke in Grönland entdeckten Fossilien, 2. Saphirin von Fiskenaes oder Kikertarsoeitsiak, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 63, p 374; Mineralogical Magazine 1987 51 : 695-708.
[Sapphirine] Ackermand, D., Windley, B.F., Herd R.K. (1983): Magnesian Högbomite in a Sapphirine-bearing rock from the Fiskenaesset region, W. Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 47, 555-561
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
[Sapphirine] No reference listed
[Sapphirine] Haapala, Ilmari; Siivola, Jaakko; Ojanperä, Pentti & Yletyinen, Veijo 1971. Red corundum, sapphirine and kornerupine from Kittilä, Finnish Lapland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 43 (2), 221-231.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kajaani
      • Vuolijoki
[Aenigmatite] Lindholm,O. & Anttonen, R. 1980. Geology of the Otanmäki mine. s. 25-33 in: Häkli, T.A. (toim.) Precambrian ores of Finland, 26th International Geological Congress, Paris 1980. Guide to excursions 078 A+C, Part 2 (Finland), Geological Survey of Finland.
[Sapphirine] Rouhunkoski, P. 1968. On the geology and geochemistry of the Vihanti ore deposit, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de la Finlande
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Privas
        • Alissas
[Rhönite] Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
        • Freyssenet
[Rhönite] Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Saint-Ilpize
[Sapphirine] FORESTIER F. H., LASNIER B. (1969) – Découverte de niveaux d’amphibolites à pargasite, anorthite, corindon et saphirine dans les schistes cristallins de la vallée du Haut-Allier – Existence du faciès granulite dans la massif Central Français, Contr. Mineral. And Petrol. 23, pp. 194-235.
        • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
[Sapphirine] PERINET F., PEGERE G. (2009) – Les sables éluvionnaires à rubis et sapphirine du secteur de Peygerolles, St-Privat-du-Dragon, Haute-Loire – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n° 104, pp. 35-41.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Besse-et-Saint-Anastaise
        • Murol
[Rhönite] Queneau Patrice collection
[Rhönite] hède
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Massat
        • Le Port
          • Col d'Agnès
            • Etang de Lherz
[Sapphirine]
    • Aveyron
[Khesinite] Kruszewski, Ł., Gatel, P., Thiéry, V., Moszumańska, I., Kusy, D. (2018)(?): Lapanouse-de-Sévérac (France): an example of unique crystallochemical behaviour of slag minerals and new mineral potential. Coal and Peat Fires, vol. 5, xx-xx (in review/correction); Ł. Kruszewski EPMA/PXRD/Rietveld data
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Stuttgart
      • Ostfildern
[Rhönite] Walenta, K. (1960) Jber. u. Mitt. oberrh. geol. Ver. Vol 42 (1960): 23-53
  • Hesse
    • Fulda
[Rhönite] Soellner, J. (1907): Über Rhönit, ein neues änigmatitähnliches Mineral und über das Vorkommen desselben in basaltischen Gesteinen, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie und Geologie, Beilage, 24, 1-57.
    • Vogelsberg
      • Schotten
        • Gonterskirchen
[Rhönite] S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Andernach
      • Kruft
[Rhönite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
      • Nickenich
[Rhönite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
[Rhönite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
    • Daun
      • Oberstadtfeld
[Rhönite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Üdersdorf
[Dorrite] Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2014): Die Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (2/14). Mineralien-Welt 25 (5), 62-75 (in German).
    • Kelberg
      • Drees
[Rhönite] Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
    • Mayen
      • Ettringen
        • Bellerberg volcano
[Rhönite] [Hentschel, G., Seltene Minerale in Calcium-reichen Auswürflingen vom Bellerberg bei Mayen/Eifel, Aufschluß 29, 77-83, 1978] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
    • Niederzissen
      • Wassenach
[Rhönite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
[Rhönite] Soellner, J. (1907): Über Rhönit, ein neues aenigmatitähnliches Mineral und über das Vorkommen desselben in basaltischen Gesteinen, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie und Geologie, Beilage, Vol. 24, 1-57
    • Polch
      • Ochtendung
[Rhönite] Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
[Rhönite] Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
[Rhönite] Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
  • Saxony
    • Döbeln
      • Waldheim
[Sapphirine] Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
[Sapphirine] Frank-Uwe Braun, Jena, personal communication to Michael Scheven.
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
[Sapphirine] J.B.H. Jansen (1977) Ph.D. Thesis, State Univ. of Utrecht
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
      • Thermes
[Sapphirine] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Szászvár
[Aenigmatite] Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Karancs-Medves Mts
      • Bárna
[Rhönite] Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Salgótarján
[Rhönite] EGU / EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Abstracts from the meeting held in Nice, France, 6 - 11 April 2003, abstract #748 "Silicate melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts from Hegyestu (Bakony-Balaton Highland) and Pecsko alkaline basalts (Nograd-Gomor), Hungary"
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Zánka
[Rhönite] XVI ECROFI European Current Research On Fluid Inclusions, Porto 2001, Abstracts (Eds F. Noronha, A. Dória and A. Guedes), Faculdade de Ciências do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memória nº 7, pp. 237-240. Porto, 2001
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Visakhapatnam District
      • Anantagiri District
        • Eastern Ghats Belt
[Sapphirine] Journal of Petrology: 31: 971-996.
      • Eastern Ghats Belt
[Sapphirine] Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 344, 401-403.; European Journal of Mineralogy (1991) 3, 367-386.; Journal of Petrology (1987): 28: 1139-1168.
[Sapphirine] American Mineralogist: 91: 375-384.
[Sapphirine] Journal of Metamorphic Geology: 18: 223-240.
    • Vizianagaram District
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
[Surinamite] Kumar, P. R., Raju, K. K. V. S., & Rao, B. G. (1995). Surinamite (Be, B, Ga) from cordierite gneisses of eastern Ghat mobile belt, India. Current Science, 763-767.; Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Koraput District
      • Eastern Ghats Belt
[Sapphirine] C.V. Dharma Rao, M. Santosh, Reia M. Chmielowski (2012) Sapphirine granulites from Panasapattu, Eastern Ghats belt, India: Ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism in a Proterozoic convergent plate margin. Geoscience Frontiers 3:9-31
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Madurai District
[Sapphirine] Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645; T. N. Muthuswami (1950) Sapphirine (Madura) — Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 30, 6, 295-301.
[Sapphirine] Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
Israel
 
  • Negev
    • Hatrurim Formation
[Khesinite] Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Pakhomova, A.S., Widmer, R., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Grew, E.S., Vapnik, Y., Dzierżanowski, P. and Murashko, M. (2014) Khesinite, IMA 2014-033. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 802; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Vapnik, Y., Prusik, K., Stasiak, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2017): Gurimite, Ba3(VO4)2, and hexacelsian, BaAl2Si2O8 – two new minerals from schorlomite-rich paralava of the Hatrurim Complex, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1009-1019.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
[Aenigmatite] Melluso, L., Morra, V., Guarino, V., de’Gennaro, R., Franciosi, L., & Grifa, C. (2014). The crystallization of shoshonitic to peralkaline trachyphonolitic magmas in a H 2 O–Cl–F-rich environment at Ischia (Italy), with implications for the feeder system of the Campania Plain volcanoes. Lithos, 210, 242-259
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Ferrara Province
      • Vigarano Mainarda
        • Vigarano Pieve
[Warkite] Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. and Tschauner, O. (2014) Warkite, IMA 2013- 129. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 552; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
[Sapphirine] Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
[Sapphirine] [MinRec 27:303]
      • Varaita Valley
        • Brossasco
[Sapphirine] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
[Sapphirine] Piccoli, G.C. (2002). Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 366 pp.
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
[Rhönite] http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
    • Trapani Province
[Aenigmatite] Foerstner H. (1881): Ueber Cossyrit, ein Mineral aus Liparit-laven der Insel Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 5, 4, 348-362; Soellner J. (1909): Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Cossyrits von Pantelleria. Zeits. Krist. Min., 46, 1, 518-562; Fleischer M. (1936): The formula of aenigmatite. Amer. Journ. Sci., ser. 5, 32, 343-348; Zies E.G. (1966): A new analysis of cossyrite from the Island of Pantelleria. Am. Mineral., 51, 200-205.
[Aenigmatite] Foerstner H. (1881): Ueber Cossyrit, ein Mineral aus Liparit-laven der Insel Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 5, 4, 348-362; Soellner J. (1909): Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Cossyrits von Pantelleria. Zeits. Krist. Min., 46, 1, 518-562; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Umbria
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
[Aenigmatite] Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V. and Cundari, A. (1997) New mineral data from the kamafugite-carbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61, 27-45.
Ivory Coast
 
  • Dix-Huit Montagnes region
    • Biankouma department
[Sapphirine] Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
[Aenigmatite] The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    • Chugoku region
      • Shimane Prefecture
[Aenigmatite] The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Jordan
 
  • Amman
    • Hashem region
      • Lisdan-Siwaga Fault
        • Siwaga
[Dorrite] Khoury, H.N., Sokol, E.V., Kokh, S.N., Seryotkin, Y.V., Nigmatulina, E.N., Goryainov, S.V., Belogub, E.V., Clark, I.D. (2016): Tululite, Ca14(Fe3+,Al)(Al,Zn,Fe3+,Si,P,Mn,Mg)15O36: a new Ca zincate-aluminate from combustion metamorphic marbles, central Jordan. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110, 125-140
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar
[Rhönite] Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI
Kenya
 
  • Kajiado County
[Aenigmatite] Nash, W.P., Carmichael, I.S.E., Hohnson, R.W. (1969) The Mineralogy and Petrology of Mount Suswa, Kenya. Journal of Petrology, 10:3, 409-439.
  • Makueni County
[Sapphirine] Ulianov, A., Kalt, A., Pettke, T. (2005) Hibonite, Ca (Al, Cr, Ti, Si, Mg, Fe2+)12 O19, in granulite xenoliths from the Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17:2, 343-356.
  • Taita-Taveta County
[Sapphirine] Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Libya
 
  • Al Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
[Aenigmatite] Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
  • Al Jufrah District
    • Dar al Gani
[Sapphirine] Zhang, A.-C. & Yurimoto, H. (2013). Petrography and mineralogy of the ungrouped type 3 carbonaceous chondrite Dar al Gani 978. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 (9): 1651–1677. (Sept 2013)
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Bongolava Region
      • Tsiroanomandidy District
        • Ambatolampy Commune
[Aenigmatite] Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Anorotsangana Commune
[Aenigmatite] Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Antsirabe Commune
[Aenigmatite] Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Ihorombe Region
      • Ihosy District
        • Mahasoa Commune
[Sapphirine] B. Devouard et al. : "Occurrence of musgravite in anorthite-corundum-spinel-sapphirine rocks ("sakenites") from South Madagascar : Evidence for a high-grade metasomatic event". 18th General Meeting of the IMA, Sept. 2002, Edinburgh, Scotland.
[Sapphirine] Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
        • Sahambano Commune
[Sapphirine] Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
[Sapphirine] Goujou, J.C. (2005): Inventaire minéralogique des zones prospectées:Sahambano-Mosalahy-Befanova-Manivala, y compris les secteurs méridionaux visités lors de la 2ème mission de terrain Ranotsara, Iakora. Rapport [http://fonjatany-mth.com/pdf/etudes/annexes_rapport.pdf]
[Sapphirine] Goujou, J.C. (2005) : Etude géologique (pétro-structurale) et minéralogique des zones de Sahambano, Mosalahy, Befanova, Manivala, Zazafotsy, Ranotsara, Iakora–Madagascar. Rapport [http://fonjatany-mth.com/pdf/etudes/rapport_jcg_consult.pdf]
[Serendibite] Nicollet, C. (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, 131-133.
        • Zazafotsy Commune
[Sapphirine] Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Androy Region
      • Ambovombe-Androy District
        • Antanimora Sud Commune
[Sapphirine] Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1269
        • Imanombo Commune
[Sapphirine] Ackermand, D., Windley, B. F. & Razafiniparany, A. .H. (1991): Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine 55: 71-80
[Sapphirine]
      • Amboasary Sud District
        • Behara Commune
[Serendibite] Razakamanana, T., Windley, B.F. & Ackermand, D. (2010): Petrology, chemistry and phase relations of borosilicate phases in phlogopite diopsidites and granitic pegmatites from the Tranomaro belt, SE Madagascar; boron-fluid evolution. IN Kusky, T. M., Zhai, M.-G. & Xiao, W. (eds) The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 338, 139–161.
        • Tranomaro Commune
[Sapphirine] Niedermayr, G. (1998): Für den Sammler. Informationen für den sammler- Ausgabe 1998. Carinthia II. 188[108]: 285-290 [p.290]
[Sapphirine] Bruyère, D., Delor, C., Raoul, J. A, Rakotondranaivo, R., Willie, G. Maubec & Lahfid, A. (2016) New Deposit of Gem-Quality Grandidierite in Madagascar. Gems & Gemology: 52 (3): 266-275
[Sapphirine] Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample # 13333
        • Ianabinda Commune
[Sapphirine] Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60 ; Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
[Sapphirine] Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60
[Sapphirine] Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 46 ; Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60
[Sapphirine] Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 313
        • Ianakafy Commune
[Sapphirine] von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
        • Isoanala Commune
[Sapphirine] Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.; Arima, M., Kimoto, K., Rakotondrazafy, R., Rakotoandrasana, N.O.T., & Ranaivoson, M.A. (2013): Igneous sapphirine in Ambatomena, southern Madagascar. Goldschmidt2013 Conference Abstracts. Mineralogical Magazine: 77 (5): 615
        • Mahabo Commune
[Sapphirine] Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Mahasoa Est Commune
[Sapphirine] American Mineralogist 9:22
[Sapphirine] Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
    • Atsimo-Andrefana Region
      • Benenitra District
        • Ianapera Commune
[Serendibite] www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/Serendibite.PDF; Nicollet, Christian (1985) Thèse d'Etat. Clermont Fd, 350pp.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) In Granulites and Crustal Differentiation (Vielzeuf, D. and Vidal, P., eds.), Kluwer Academic publishers, in press.; Nicollet, C. (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, 131-133.
Malawi
 
[Aenigmatite] Woolley, A.R. (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London, 384 p.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
[Aenigmatite] Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Colima
    • Mun. de Manzanillo
      • Revillagigedo Islands
[Aenigmatite] Bohrson W. A., Reid M. R. (1997): Genesis of silicic peralkaline volcanic rocks in an oceanic island setting by crustal melting and open-system processes: Socorro Island, Mexico. Journal of Petrology, 38, 1137–1166.
Mongolia
 
  • Govi-Altay Aimag (Govi-Altai Aimag; Gobi-Altay Aimag)
    • Altai
[Aenigmatite] Sokol, A.K. & 4 others (2007) Late accretion and lithification of chondritic parent bodies: Mg isotope studies on fragments from primitive chondrites and chondritic breccias: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42(7/8):1291-1308. (Jul/Aug2007).
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
[Aenigmatite] G.M. Tsareva data
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
[Aenigmatite] Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
[Aenigmatite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
[Kuratite] http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.P41A0219K (as rhönite); http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2014/pdf/1818.pdf
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
[Aenigmatite] Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
[Serendibite] Rob Lavinsky collection; Greg Dainty collection
        • Mogok Valley
[Serendibite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[Serendibite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[Serendibite] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
[Aenigmatite] Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
New Zealand
 
  • Campbell Island group
[Aenigmatite] Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
  • North Island
[Aenigmatite] Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Bay of Plenty Region (Te Moana-a-Toi)
[Aenigmatite] Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106.
[Aenigmatite] NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
[Aenigmatite] NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
[Aenigmatite] NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • South Island
    • Otago Region
[Aenigmatite] Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
[Aenigmatite] Handbook of Mineralogy
[Rhönite] Kyle, P.R., Price, R.C. (1975) Occurrences of Rhönite in Alkalic Lavas of the McMurdo Volccanic Group, Antarctica, and Dundedin Volcano, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 60: 722-725.
Niger
 
  • Agadez Department
    • Aïr Region
      • South Aïr
[Aenigmatite] J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang-gun
[Aenigmatite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Yanggang Province (Ryanggang Province)
    • Paektu Mountain (Baekdu Mountain; Mt Hakuto)
[Aenigmatite] Suzuki, J. (1938) On a rock of nordmarkitic composition from Hakutou volcano, Korea. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Series IV, 4, #1-2, 173-181.
Northwest Africa Meteorites
 
[Rhönite] Mikouchi, T., McKay G., Koizumi E., Monkawa, A. & Miyamoto, M. (2003) Northwest Africa 1670: A new quenched angrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38(7,Suppl.): A115.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Hisøy (Hisø)
        • Havsøysund
[Sapphirine] Kihle, J., Harlov, D.E., Frigaard, Ø. & Jamtveit, B.(2010): A quartz-corundum-sapphirine-pyrope-bearing ultra high temperature (UHT) granulitepitaxial quartz inclusions in corundum from a sapphirine–garnet boudin, Bamble Sector, SE Norway: SiO2–Al2O3 miscibility at high P–T dry granulite facies conditions. Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 28: 769-784
    • Tvedestrand
[Sapphirine] Kihle, 1989: Polymetamorphic Evolution of the Cordierite-bearing metapelites of Bamble-sector, SE Norway. Thesis, Univ. Oslo
[Sapphirine] Visser, D., Thijssen, P.H.M. & Schumacher J.C.(1992) Högbomite in sapphirine-bearing rocks from the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 56: 343-351
      • Snaresund
[Sapphirine] Touret, J. & De La Roche, H. (1971): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway , No. 45. Saphirine à Snaresund, prés de Tvedestrand (Norvége Méridionale). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 51, 170-175
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Hamre
[Aenigmatite] Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. 1965: Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Olso. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
  • Finnmark
    • Nordkapp
      • Magerø island
[Sapphirine] Nordrum, F.S. (2012): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2011-2012. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 117-124
[Sapphirine] Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
  • Møre og Romsdal
    • Ulstein
      • Hareidland
[Sapphirine] Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 61.
      • Ulsteinvik
[Sapphirine] Straume, A. K. & Austrheim, H. (1999): Importance of fracturing during retro-metamorphism of eclogites.Journal of Metamorphic Geology. 17, 637-652
  • Nordland
    • Meløy
      • Meløyfjorden
[Sapphirine] Østergaard, T.V. (1969): Sapphirine in a kyanite- and staurolite- bearing rock. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse nr 258. (Årbok 1968), 62-65 + Neumann (1985, p. 132).
    • Rana
[Høgtuvaite] Grauch et al. (1994): Høgtuvaite, a new beryllian member of the aenigmatite group fom Norway, with x-ray data on aenigmatite. Canadian Mineralogist. 32: 439-448; Schilling, J., Bingen, B., Skår, O., Wenzel, T., Markl, G. (2015): Formation and evolution of the Høgtuva beryllium deposit, Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 170, 30. (21 pp.)
  • Rogaland
    • Bjerkreim
      • Vikeså
        • Ivesdalsfjellet
[Sapphirine] Hermans, G. A. E. M. et al. (1976): Sapphirine occurence near Vikeså in Rogaland, southwestern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 56 (4): 397-412
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Magdalenafjorden
[Sapphirine] Ohta, Y. (1968): Two localities of Sapphirine found in Norway. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 24.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
[Aenigmatite] Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100; Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
[Aenigmatite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
  • Troms
    • Tromsø
[Sapphirine] Janák, M., Uher, P., Ravna, E.K., Kullerud, K., Vrabec, M. (2015): Chromium-rich kyanite, magnesiostaurolite and corundum in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites (examples from Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia and Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 377-392
  • Vest-Agder
    • Lyngdal
[Sapphirine] Ohta, Y. (1968): Two localities of Sapphirine found in Norway. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 24.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Jahren pegmatite (Jaren pegmatite)
[Aenigmatite] Andresen, P., Friis, H., Kjærnet, T. & Larsen, A.O. (2018): The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 5-22.
[Aenigmatite] Andresen, P., Friis, H., Kjærnet, T. & Larsen, A.O. (2018): The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 5-22.
[Aenigmatite] Åsheim, A. (1994): Hamberg(itt). STEIN 21 (2), 117-119
    • Sandefjord
[Aenigmatite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
[Aenigmatite] Grew, E.S., Halenius, U., Pasero, M. (2008): The crystal-chemistry of aenigmatite revisited: electron microprobe data, structure refinement and Moessbauer spectroscopy of aenigmatite from Vesteroya (Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 983-991.
        • Auve
[Aenigmatite] Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-253
[Aenigmatite] Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65; Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
        • Framnes
[Aenigmatite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
[Aenigmatite] Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
[Aenigmatite] Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1833; Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
[Aenigmatite] Svein A. Berge collection; Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
[Aenigmatite] Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
[Aenigmatite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
[Aenigmatite] Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
[Aenigmatite] Knut Edvard Larsen collection
[Aenigmatite] Knut Edvard Larsen collection
[Aenigmatite] Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra Larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
[Aenigmatite] Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124; Raade, G. (2011): Chemistry of aenigmatite from Vesterøya, larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 37-40
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Gilgit District
[Sapphirine] Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
[Aenigmatite] Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
[Aenigmatite] Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
    • Terceira Island
      • Angra do Heroísmo
[Aenigmatite] Jeffery, A.J., Gertisser, R., Jackson, R.A., O'Driscoll, B., Kronz, A. (2016): PREPUBLICATION: On the compositional variability of dalyite, K2ZrSi6O15: a new occurrence from Terceira, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, 39 pp. (available on line since January 1, 2016).
Romania
 
  • Vâlcea Co.
    • Valea Românilor
[Unnamed (Al-analogue of Sapphirine)] Săbău, G., Alberico, A. and Negulescu, E. (2002) Peraluminous sapphirine in retrogressed kyanite-bearing eclogites from the South Carpathians: status and implications. International Geology Review. 44:859-876.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Aldan
[Serendibite]
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Zabaikal'skii district
[Sapphirine] Igor Savin data
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Klyuchevskiy volcano (Klyuchevskaya)
[Rhönite] Anan’ev, V. V., & Selyangin, O. B. (2011). Rhonite in molten inclusions from the olivine of allivalite nodules from Malyi Semyachik Volcano and basalts of Klyuchevskoi Volcano, Kamchatka. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 5(5), 335-340.
[Rhönite] Anan’ev, V. V., & Selyangin, O. B. (2011). Rhonite in molten inclusions from the olivine of allivalite nodules from Malyi Semyachik Volcano and basalts of Klyuchevskoi Volcano, Kamchatka. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 5(5), 335-340.
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Sakhalin Island
        • Morotu (Morotsu; Morutu)
[Aenigmatite] Grapes, R., Yagi, K., and Okumura, K. (1979) Aenigmatite, sodic pyroxene, arfvedsonite and associated minerals in syenites from Morotu, Sakhalin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 69, 97–103.
[Rhönite] 6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Loukhi
          • Tedino
            • Dyadino lake
[Sapphirine] P.M. Kartashov data
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
[Aenigmatite] David Zakharov specimen
      • Khibiny Massif
[Aenigmatite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
          • Astrophyllite Stream
[Aenigmatite] Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
[Aenigmatite] Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Pakhomovsky Y A, Selivanova E A, Korchak J A, Nikolaev A P (2010) Strontiofluorite, SrF2, a new mineral species from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
        • Koashva Mt
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
[Aenigmatite] Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
[Aenigmatite] Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
[Aenigmatite] Am Min 79:1011; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
[Aenigmatite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
[Aenigmatite] Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[Aenigmatite] Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
[Aenigmatite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
[Aenigmatite] Pavel Kartasov photo; Khomyakov, A. P., Pushcharovskiy, D. Y., & Ronsbo, J. G. (1983). Clinophosinaite, Na3CaPSiO7, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 25(6), 731-734.
[Aenigmatite] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
      • Lovozero Massif
[Aenigmatite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
[Aenigmatite] Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
[Sapphirine] Dmitry Tonkacheev
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
[Dorrite] Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
[Leucorhönite] Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
            • Coal mine No. 204
[Leucorhönite] Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
            • Coal Mine No. 42
[Leucorhönite] Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Leucorhönite] Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Ilmen Mts
[Makarochkinite] http://un2sg4.unige.ch/athena
            • Lake Ishkul'
[Makarochkinite] Am. Min. 90:1402-1412 (2005); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Kyshtym (Kychtym; Kishtim)
[Sapphirine] V. G. Korinevsky & I. A. Blinov (2016): First find of srilankite in the Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 470, 957–960.
Sahara Desert
 
[Rhönite] Jambon, A. & Boudouma, O. (2011). Evidence for Rhönite in Angrites D'Orbigny and Sahara 99555: 74th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Supplement, id.5167. (Sept 2011)
Saint Helena
 
  • Ascension Island
[Aenigmatite] C. Harris, G. Cressey, J. D. Bell, F. B. Atkins and S. Beswetherick (1982) An Occurrence of Rare-Earth-Rich Eudialyte from Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Mineralogical Magazine 46:421-425.
[Aenigmatite] Mineralogical Magazine(1952) 29, 850-857
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec Co.
[Rhönite] Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
[Rhönite] Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
[Rhönite] Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Slovenia
 
[Sapphirine] Janák, M., Uher, P., Ravna, E.K., Kullerud, K., Vrabec, M. (2015): Chromium-rich kyanite, magnesiostaurolite and corundum in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites (examples from Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia and Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 377-392
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
      • Musina (Messina)
[Sapphirine] Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 240.
[Sapphirine] Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 240.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
[Aenigmatite] Wooley (2001) 269-270.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
[Sapphirine] Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
[Sapphirine] Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
      • Okiep Copper District
[Sapphirine] Minerals of South Africa; Hokada, T., Motoyoshi, Y., Hiroi, Y., Shimura, T., Yuhara, M., Shiraishi, K., ... & Knoper, M. W. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of high-grade pelitic gneisses and related rocks from Namaqualand, South Africa. Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research. Special issue, 55, 105-126.
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Ulleung-gun
[Aenigmatite] Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Gran Canaria (Grand Canary)
        • Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
[Rhönite] Analyzed by XRD by Dr. Joan Vinals (Barcelona)- Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa
Sri Lanka
 
  • Central Province
    • Ambakotte
[Serendibite] Nature (1902) 65, 383; Prior, G.T., Coomáraswámy, A.K. (1903) Serendibite, a new borosilicate from Ceylon. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 13, n° 61, 224-227.
[Sapphirine] Kriegsman, L. M., & Schumacher, J. C. (1999). Petrology of sapphirine-bearing and associated granulites from central Sri Lanka. Journal of Petrology, 40(8), 1211-1239.
[Sapphirine] Kriegsman, L.M., Schumacher, J.C. (1999) Petrology of Sapphirine-bearing and Associated Granulites from Central Sri Lanka. Journal of Petrology, 40:8, 1211-1239.
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Embilipitiya (Embilipitya; Ambilipitiya)
        • Kolonne (Kolonna; "Kollonne")
[Sapphirine] Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51; Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Suriname
 
  • Sipaliwini District
[Surinamite] De Roever, E.W.F., Kieft, C., Murray, E., Klein, E., Drucker, W.H., and Moore, P.B. (1976) Surinamite, a new Mg-Al silicate from the Bakhuis Mountains, western Surinam. I. Description, occurrence, and conditions of formation II. X-ray crystallography and proposed crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 61: 193-199.
Sweden
 
  • Halland
    • Falkenberg
[Sapphirine]
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
[Welshite] Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 129-132; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Pyandzh River Valley
[Sapphirine] Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
        • Kukh-i-Lal (Kukhilal; Kuhi-lal)
[Sapphirine] Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
[Sapphirine] Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Ngorongoro Conservation Area
[Aenigmatite] Journal of Conference Abstracts , Volume 2 Number 1 , vsg - Minsoc '97, http://www.the-conference.com/JConfAbs/2/26.html
[Aenigmatite] Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
  • Dodoma Region
    • Kongwa District
      • Kongwa
[Sapphirine] www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
  • Tanga Region
[Serendibite] Research Institute for African Geology, University of Leeds, 11th Annual Report, 40.
Thailand
[Sapphirine] Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
Uganda
 
  • Northern Region
    • Kotido District (Karamoja District)
[Sapphirine] http://www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/ugandaweb/index1.html?/petrographie/schenk/ugandaweb/labwor.html
UK
 
[Aenigmatite] Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North Ayrshire
      • Beith
[Aenigmatite] BMS Database
    • Outer Hebrides (Na h-Eileanan Siar)
      • Isle of Lewis and Harris
        • Harris
[Sapphirine] AmMin 85: 1474-1484
Ukraine
 
  • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
[Aenigmatite]
United Arab Emirates
[Sapphirine] Cont. Min. & Petrol. 116 (4) (May 1994)
  • Fujayrah Emirate (Fujairah)
    • Semail Ophiolite
      • Khawr Fakkan Massif (Khor Fakkan)
[Sapphirine] Geological Magazine 139 (3), 241 - 255
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
        • San Francisco Mountain
[Aenigmatite] Robinson, Henry H. (1913), The San Franciscan Volcanic Field, AZ, USGS PP 76: 110-112.
      • Winslow
        • Meteor Crater area
[Krinovite] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 171-172, 269, 356; Olsen, E. & L. Fuchs (1968), Krinovite, NaMg2CrSi3O10 = a new meteorite mineral, Science 161: 786-787; HB2/1 (1995); Eur.Jour.Min.: 11 (1999): 743.
    • La Paz Co.
      • Quartzsite
        • Dome Rock Mts
[Sapphirine] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Wilson, E.D. (1929), An occurrence of dumortierite near Quartzsite, AZ, Am.Min.: 14: 373-381.
[Aenigmatite] azminerals.com
[Aenigmatite] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 102; Laughlin, A.W., et al (1986), Hetromorphism and crystallization paths of katungites, Navajo volcanic field, AZ, USA, in J. Ross, et al (editor), Kimberlites and related rocks, vol. 1, Geol. Soc. Australia Spec. Pub. 14.
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
[Aenigmatite] Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
[Aenigmatite] Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
[Serendibite] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 334.
      • Riverside
[Serendibite] Richmond, Gerald Martin (1939), Serendibite and associated minerals from the New City Quarry, Riverside, California: American Mineralogist: 24: 725-726; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 508.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Santa Rosa
[Aenigmatite] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59, 282; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 473.
[Aenigmatite] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59.
[Aenigmatite] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
      • Cisneros Trail
[Sapphirine] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Hardscrabble District
[Sapphirine] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
[Sapphirine] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
[Sapphirine] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 601-622 (2005)
  • Hawaii
    • Kauai Co.
[Rhönite] AmMin 69:57
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
[Aenigmatite] Velde, D. (1978): An aenigmatite-richterite-olivine trachyte from Puu Koae, West Maui, Hawaii, American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 771-778
  • Idaho
    • Owyhee Co.
      • De Lamar District
[Aenigmatite] Mineralogical Record, Sep 1995
  • Kansas
    • Riley Co.
[Sapphirine] AmMin 61:1194
  • Maine
    • York Co.
[Aenigmatite] Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
      • York
[Aenigmatite] King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
[Aenigmatite] Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
[Aenigmatite] Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Norfolk Co.
[Aenigmatite] Sayer, Susan (1974): An Integrated Study of the Blue Hills Porphyry and Related Units, Quincy and Milton, Massachusetts (MIT master's thesis)
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
[Aenigmatite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
[Sapphirine] Schumacher and Robinson, 1987: Journal of Petrology 28 (6):1033-1073
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
[Aenigmatite] USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Warwick
[Serendibite] http://www.colgate.edu/portaldata/imagegallerywww/05777dac-97c8-4ba0-aef5-86db2fa9f363/ImageGallery/rader-peck-poster-06.pdf
[Serendibite] http://departments.colgate.edu/geology/research/Rader&Peck06.pdf
[Serendibite] http://departments.colgate.edu/geology/research/Rader&Peck06.pdf
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Russell Township
[Serendibite] Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G. and deLorraine, W. (1990) Serendibite from the Northwest Adirondack Lowlands, in Russell, New York, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, pp. 133-136.
    • Warren Co.
[Serendibite] www.excaliburmineral.com; Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G. and deLorraine, W. (1990) Serendibite from the Northwest Adirondack Lowlands, in Russell, New York, USA. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 54, n° 374, 133-136.
[Serendibite] Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.129; Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.115941
[Serendibite] Smithsonian collection, USNM nr R3995 [http://collections.si.edu/search/record/nmnhmineralsciences_1170574]
[Sapphirine] NY State Museum spec. no. 15779
    • Westchester Co.
[Sapphirine] Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.153; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
[Sapphirine] Van King
  • North Carolina
[Sapphirine] JMG, v. 14, p. 103-114
[Sapphirine] Forsyth Gem and Mineral Club; GEORGIA JOURNAL OF SCIENCE Volume 56 1998 Number 1
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Big Bend National Park
[Rhönite] Am Min 55:5-6 pp 864-874
    • Wichita Co.
      • Electra
[Krinovite] http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/krinovite.pdf.
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
[Aenigmatite] Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975 (37)
  • Wyoming
    • Campbell Co.
      • Reno Junction
[Dorrite] Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 1440-1448
    • Johnson Co.
      • Buffalo
[Dorrite] American Mineralogist, Volume 73, pages 1440-1448, 1988
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
[Aenigmatite] Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
Zambia
 
  • Eastern Province
    • Chipata District
[Surinamite] American Mineralogist, Volume 70, pages 710-713, 1985
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland South
    • Beitbridge District
[Rhönite] Kopylova, M.G., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 129, 366-384.
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