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Amity, Town of Warwick, Orange Co., New York, USAi
Regional Level Types
Amity- not defined -
Town of Warwick- not defined -
Orange Co.County
New YorkState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 16' 5'' North , 74° 27' 19'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.26806,-74.45528
GeoHash:G#: dr74c8x7f
Köppen climate type:Dfa : Hot-summer humid continental climate


The Town of Warwick, New York, covers approximately 104 sq. miles. Amity and Edenville are among many unincorporated areas within the town. Amity is approximately 2 miles west of Edenville. Virtually all the famous minerals listed for the Amity – Edenville area are derived from the Franklin Marble. Amity is near the center of the Franklin Marble belt, while the village of Edenville proper is east of it in terrain underlain by Paleozoic dolomites and slate. The accepted locality terminology is that Edenite Hill is referred to as Edenville, while the lower western slope of that feature is ascribed to Amity. The unofficial boundary is where the slope of Edenite Hill essentially flattens. There is coincidentally a small rounded gully along the Pipeline Locality where the slope of Edenite Hill extends below the general level of the flatter terrain to the West, but that feature is very localised and not apparent in the wooded sections of western Edenite Hill. The Amity coordinates refer to the center of the village and not to a mineral locality, although there are several important mineral localities nearby.

This Amity-Edenville area has attracted collectors since the early 19th century. Since the landscape is generally gentle and outcrops are small and scattered, it was originally a “stone wall fence” locality. A few outcrops that yielded unusual mineral assemblages, such as large spinels, were excavated with black powder. In the present era the area is gradually suburbanising and so exposures are occasionally available in the foundation excavations for the new "McMansions".

The mineralogy of this classic area, and of the Franklin Marble in general, has received some attention in the past 35 years. The geological environment of the Franklin Marble and its associated rocks is gradually coming into focus. Major advances in the understanding of this area have recently been made and investigations are ongoing.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Amity, New York

Regions containing this locality

North America Plate

Plate - 4,949 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

53 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Margaret Cooper (1958) Bibliography and Index of Literature on Uranium and Thorium and Radioactive occurrences in the United States. GSA Special Paper 67
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
'Apatite'
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
'Chlorite Group'
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clintonite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
'Feldspar Group'
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Fluorite var: Yttrocerite ?
Formula: (Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Reference: Margaret Cooper (1958) Bibliography and Index of Literature on Uranium and Thorium and Radioactive occurrences in the United States. GSA Special Paper 67
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Glenn Rheim
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Yale Peabody Museum
'Hydrotalcite-2H' (FRL)
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Frondel (1941)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: University of Arizona Mineral Museum 4231
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
'Scapolite'
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Reference: http://www.colgate.edu/portaldata/imagegallerywww/05777dac-97c8-4ba0-aef5-86db2fa9f363/ImageGallery/rader-peck-poster-06.pdf
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Vesuvianite var: Xanthite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Warwickite
Formula: (Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Glenn Rhein
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrocerite ?3.AB.25(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydrotalcite-2H (TL)5.DA.45Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Warwickite6.AB.20(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Chondrodite'9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrysotile'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clintonite' (TL)9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvite Series9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
var: Xanthite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Feldspar Group-
Pyroxene Group-
Scapolite-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
'Hydrotalcite-2H' (FRL)16b.6.1.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
A2BO2[XO3]
Warwickite24.2.2.1(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite (TL)71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorite
var: Yttrocerite ?
-(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Fluoro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Vesuvianite
var: Xanthite
-(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
B Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
NaSodium
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Mg Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Al Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Si Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
CrChromium
Cr Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Fe Vesuvianite (var: Xanthite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
YYttrium
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2793831
Calcitic and dolomitic marble

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: Variably siliceous; in part with calcsilicate rock and amphibolite.

Comments: Original map source: NYS Museum, NYS Geological Survey, NYS Museum Technology Center, 1999, bedrock geology of NYS data is distributed in ARC/INFOr EXPORT format (with '.e00' extension) in 5 seperate files based on 1970 printed map sheets, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{marble}, Incidental:{amphibolite, calc silicate rock}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3188605
Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss; paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Manchester, James G. (1931) The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin, 3(1), 63.
Kearns, L.E. (1978) The Amity Area, Orange County, New York. The Mineralogical Record, 9, 85 – 90.
Kearns, L.E. (1977) The Mineralogy of the Franklin Marble, Orange County, New York. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 211 p.
Volkert, R.A., Zartman, R.E., and Moore, P.B. (2005) U – Pb Geochronology of Mesoproterozoic Postorogenic Rocks and Implications for Post-Ottawan Magmatism and Metallogenesis, New Jersey Highlands and Contiguous Areas, USA. Precambrian Research, 139, 1 – 19 (and references therein).

Localities in this Region
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