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Buer, Bjørkedalen, Porsgrunn, Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
BuerDump
BjørkedalenValley
PorsgrunnMunicipality
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° 10' 13'' North , 9° 45' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Porsgrunn34,377 (2017)6.4km
Skien50,595 (2016)9.2km
Langangen505 (2014)9.7km
Kvelde854 (2018)12.6km
Herre1,356 (2013)13.1km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Buer, Bjørkedalen, Porsgrunn kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge


Dumps located near the outlet of a watertunnel in the Bjørkedalen valley, 9 km SE of the town Skien.
The Syenite pegmatite material found on the dumps originates from construction of a watertunnel. The pegmatite dikes were hosted in Permian basalt and larvikite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


44 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O.(1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63,499-505
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Larsen, A. O & Raade, G.(1997): Pyroksener fra Oslofeltets syenittpegmatitter. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 12,16-17
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Svein A. Berge 1991
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63: 188-195
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Lars O. Kvamsdal. Gandolfi NHM i Oslo, POW 1532
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Description: small crystals up to 3mm long
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O.(1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63,499-505
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Chromatite ?
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Description: It may be a contamination from machinery used during the construction of the water tunnel which the dump material the analyzed sample originates from
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley, Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine. 76, 649-672; Larsen, A. O. (2013): Contributions to the mineralogy of the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic complex. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 101-109
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 51: 735-770
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
'Eudialyte Group'
Formula: [N(1)N(2)N(3)N(4)N(5)]3[M(1.1)M(1.2)]3[M(2.1)M(2.2)M(2.3)]3-6[M(3)M(4)]Z3[Si24O724X(1)X(2)
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Pirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkalinepegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 649–672
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Husdal,T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Husdal,T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Colour: Light green
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection (Micro # 4922)
Gadolinite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Type Locality:
Colour: Black
Description: As black, vitreous irregular masses up to 20 mm in diameter. Often with an orange or yellow, thin alteration rim (up to 0.5 mm)
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63: 188-195
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Habit: tetrahedra up to 2mm
Colour: greenish yellow
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
'Helvine Group'
Formula: Be3M4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Husdal,T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Description: Good crystals have been found, and sometimes loparite-(Ce) occure in the core of perrierite, together with pyrophanite.
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O.(1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63,499-505
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: Ca2Nb2O6O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species. Extended library. Springer, Dordrecht 2014., p.434
Perrierite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O. (1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist, 63, 499-505.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Knut Eldjarn collection
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O.(1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63,499-505
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Description:
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O.(1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63,499-505

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chromatite ?7.FA.10CaCr6+O4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Barylite9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferriallanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Gadolinite-(Ce) (TL)9.AJ.20(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Perrierite-(La)9.BE.70(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Eudialyte Group'-[N(1)N(2)N(3)N(4)N(5)]3[M(1.1)M(1.2)]3[M(2.1)M(2.2)M(2.3)]3-6[M(3)M(4)]Z3[Si24O724X(1)X(2)
'Helvine Group'-Be3M4(SiO4)3S
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'-
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification


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Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Chromatite ?35.3.2.1CaCr6+O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Gadolinite-(Ce) (TL)54.2.1b.2(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [4] and higher coordination
Barylite55.1.1.1Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Eudialyte Group'-[N(1)N(2)N(3)N(4)N(5)]3[M(1.1)M(1.2)]3[M(2.1)M(2.2)M(2.3)]3-6[M(3)M(4)]Z3[Si24O724X(1)X(2)
Ferriallanite-(Ce)-{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Helvine Group'-Be3M4(SiO4)3S
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'-
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
Perrierite-(La)-(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
Be Helvine GroupBe3M4(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Eudialyte Group[N(1)N(2)N(3)N(4)N(5)]3[M(1.1)M(1.2)]3[M(2.1)M(2.2)M(2.3)]3-6[M(3)M(4)]Z3[Si24O724X(1)X(2)
O OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Helvine GroupBe3M4(SiO4)3S
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O ChromatiteCaCr6+O4
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
MgMagnesium
Mg Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Eudialyte Group[N(1)N(2)N(3)N(4)N(5)]3[M(1.1)M(1.2)]3[M(2.1)M(2.2)M(2.3)]3-6[M(3)M(4)]Z3[Si24O724X(1)X(2)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Helvine GroupBe3M4(SiO4)3S
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S Helvine GroupBe3M4(SiO4)3S
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca ChromatiteCaCr6+O4
TiTitanium
Ti Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromatiteCaCr6+O4
MnManganese
Mn Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
FeIron
Fe Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
YYttrium
Y Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
BaBarium
Ba BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
LaLanthanum
La Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
La Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Ce Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NdNeodymium
Nd Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63: 188-195
Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 499-505
Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124 [with analysis of helvite from Buer]
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1), 15-71
Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100

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