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Rössing Uranium Mine, Arandis, Erongo Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Rössing Uranium MineMine (Active)
Arandis- not defined -
Erongo RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 28' 41'' South , 15° 3' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.47806,15.06000
GeoHash:G#: kk48neyrg
Owned/operated by:Rio Tinto Group
Locality type:Mine (Active) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


A huge open-pit uranium mine owned by Rio Tinto Zinc Corp. (46.5%) & Industrial Development Corp. of South Africa (13%) & 4 others.
The deposit was discovered in 1928. The mine was producing an estimated 4,000 tons per year (1982 thru 1984); from 2002-2006 the production ranged from about 2,400 to 3,800 t of U3O8 per year. The lifetime of the mine is expected to extend beyond 2020 (situation in 2007).

The mine is worked for uranium minerals (uraninite, betafite and secondary U-minerals) in leucogranite sheets. Granites in the Rössing Uranium Mine SJ area are dominated by sheeted leucogranites that intruded into weak zones such as faults and shear zones and preferentially at the Khan/Rössing metasedimentary formations.

Located in the Namib Desert area south of Arandis, about 70 km north-east of Swakopmund, near the town Arandis.

NOTES:
1. Spectacular specimens of bright orange, acicular boltwoodite crystals, which have been on the market during the last 25-30 years, were first labelled as coming from a "Boltwoodite locality near Arandis", and later from "Rössing" and thus confused with the Rössing Uranium mine in the area (which never produced any boltwoodite specimens). The correct locality is Goanikontes see http://www.mindat.org/loc-7864.html
2. Milarite labeled "Rössing" has not been found at this locality but in a pegmatite in Rössing Mountains Area see http://www.mindat.org/loc-221312.html

Also see the discussion on the messageboard: http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-173021.html

Note on the mineral list: the spinel and clinohumite (both in marble) may come from a locality near Rössing.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


44 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Found as dark grey-black crystals to 1.5cm
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pg (in English); Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
'Biotite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); USGS Open File Report 81-1666
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Description: Boltwoodite specimens are not known from here although boltwoodite is recorded as minor - occur in small amounts.
Reference: Am.Min.: 84:993.; Kinnaird, J. A., and Nex, P. A. M., (2007): A review of geological controls on uranium mineralisation in sheeted leucogranites within the Damara Orogen, Namibia: Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B, Applied Earth Science , V.116, pp. 68-85; Abraham, I. M., (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand, pg 29;
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Cebaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Werner & Marianne Teich collection
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Davidite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Dollaseite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Gummite'
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); USGS Open File Report 81-1666
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Khristovite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Metahaiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Monazite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Rick Turner
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Description: betafite occurs as small octahedral to subrounded, isolated, dodecahedral crystals or clusters of crystals up to 2 cm in size, although commonly of 1-3 mm diameter in the Goanikontes area. Typically, betafite is greenish brown or yellowish brown in colour, although it shows a range from yellowish- or greenish-brown through grey to progressively darker colours, such as reddish brown or almost black body colour. The proportions of U, Ti, Nb, and Ta vary between betafite grains.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); USGS Open File Report 81-1666; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Description: betafite occurs as small octahedral to subrounded, isolated, dodecahedral crystals or clusters of crystals up to 2 cm in size, although commonly of 1-3 mm diameter in the Goanikontes area. Typically, betafite is greenish brown or yellowish brown in colour, although it shows a range from yellowish- or greenish-brown through grey to progressively darker colours, such as reddish brown or almost black body colour. The proportions of U, Ti, Nb, and Ta vary between betafite grains.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); USGS Open File Report 81-1666; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Min Rec 35:5 pp405-418
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Werner & Marianne Teich collection
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Description: The black cubic uraninite is not visible in hand specimens. It sometimes contains traces of other elements such as Pb or Ti-Ca. Uraninite may also be metamict and exhibit a range of alteration features. (The bulk of the occurrence is as free grains or a nucleus enclosed in other minerals such as zircon, feldspars, and quartz, generally close to the crystal boundaries of these minerals.
Reference: Zambezi Resources Limited (2006) Progress Report on Oryx (Uranium Project).; Abraham, I.M. (2009) Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.; USGS Open File Report 81-1666.
'commodity:Uranium'
Formula: U
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Zambezi Resources Limited (2006) Progress Report on Oryx (Uranium Project).; Abraham, I.M. (2009) Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.; http://www.rossing.com
Vuoriyarvite-K
Formula: K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite-(Ce)'4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Brannerite'4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Carnotite'4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Polycrase-(Y)'4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Thorianite'4.DL.05ThO2
'Thorutite'4.DH.05(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
'Tyuyamunite'4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cebaite-(Ce)'5.BD.15Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Kamphaugite-(Y)'5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Powellite'7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chernovite-(Y)'8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Metatorbernite'8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Arfvedsonite'9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Boltwoodite'9.AK.15(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
'Clinohumite'9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Coffinite'9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
'Dollaseite-(Ce)'9.BG.05{CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
'Haiweeite'9.AK.25Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
'Khristovite-(Ce)'9.BG.05{CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
'Metahaiweeite'9.AK.25Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
'Nacareniobsite-(Ce)'9.BE.20NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
'Titanite'9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Uranophane'9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranophane-β'9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Vuoriyarvite-K'9.CE.30bK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Biotite'-
'Davidite'-
'Gummite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brannerite8.3.4.1(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Thorutite8.3.4.2(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Cebaite-(Ce)16a.1.9.1Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Boltwoodite53.3.1.5(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Haiweeite53.3.2.2Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Metahaiweeite53.3.2.3Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)56.2.5.2NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dollaseite-(Ce)58.2.1a.6{CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Khristovite-(Ce)58.2.1a.9{CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Davidite'-
'Gummite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Vuoriyarvite-K-K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
H Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
H HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
H MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
O Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
O MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ThorianiteThO2
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
F Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
NaSodium
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Na Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Na Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Al Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Si HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Si Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Si MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Si Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Ca MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Ca Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
V TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
MnManganese
Mn Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
FeIron
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
YYttrium
Y Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
CeCerium
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Ce Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Ce Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Ce Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
U Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
U MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
U TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mining Annual Review (1985) 423.
Zambezi Resources Limited (2006) Progress Report on Oryx (Uranium Project).
Kinnaird, J.A. and Nex, P.A.M. (2007) A review of geological controls on uranium mineralisation in sheeted leucogranites within the Damara Orogen, Namibia. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, B, Applied Earth Science, 116, 68-85.
Abraham, I.M. (2009) Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia. Master thesis, University of the Witwatersrand.

External Links

http://www.rossing.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%B6ssing

https://www.investegate.co.uk/article.aspx?id=200603010730020330Z [report on uranium at the Oryx Prospect in Zambia, mentions its similarity to Rössing]


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