SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Erongo Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Erongo RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
04896090014951796222463.jpg
Otjua pegmatite (also known as Beckers pegmatite)

Otjua Mine, Otjua Farm 37, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
07525340015789892588777.jpg
Geologic map of the Brandberg Intrusion, Amis Complex at the southwestern rim

Amis Complex, Brandberg Complex, Brandberg Area, Dâures, Erongo Region, Namibia
00195190014950361872782.jpg
Otjua pegmatite (also known as Beckers pegmatite)

Otjua Mine, Otjua Farm 37, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
08336300015789186724711.jpg
Geologic map of the Brandberg Intrusion, Amis Complex at the southwestern rim

Amis Complex, Brandberg Complex, Brandberg Area, Dâures, Erongo Region, Namibia
04896090014951796222463.jpg
Otjua pegmatite (also known as Beckers pegmatite)

Otjua Mine, Otjua Farm 37, Karibib, Erongo Region, Namibia
07525340015789892588777.jpg
Geologic map of the Brandberg Intrusion, Amis Complex at the southwestern rim

Amis Complex, Brandberg Complex, Brandberg Area, Dâures, Erongo Region, Namibia
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Walvis Bay52,058 (2017)
Swakopmund25,047 (2018)
Omaruru11,547 (2012)
Usakos9,147 (2012)
Otjimbingwe7,677 (2012)
Karibib6,898 (2012)
Other Languages:
Afrikaans:
Erongo, Namibië
French:
Erongo, Namibie
German:
Erongo, Namibia
Italian:
regione degli Erongo, Namibia
Russian:
Эронго, Намибия
Simplified Chinese:
埃龍戈區, 纳米比亚
Spanish:
Erongo, Namibia
Arabic:
إقليم إيرونغو, ناميبيا
Bengali:
এরোংগু অঞ্চল, নামিবিয়া
Bulgarian:
Еронго, Намибия
Catalan:
Erongo, Namíbia
Cebuano:
Erongo, Namibya
Croatian:
Erongo, Namibija
Czech:
Erongo, Namibie
Danish:
Erongo Region, Namibia
Dutch:
Erongo, Namibië
Esperanto:
Erongo-regiono, Namibio
Estonian:
Erongo ringkond, Namiibia
Faroese:
Erongo, Namibia
Farsi/Persian:
منطقه ارونگو, نامیبیا
Finnish:
Erongo, Namibia
Georgian:
ერონგოს რეგიონი, ნამიბია
Greek:
Ερόνγκο, Ναμίμπια
Gujarati:
એરોન્ગો પ્રદેશ, નામીબિયા
Hebrew:
ארונגו, נמיביה
Hindi:
एरोंगो प्रदेश, नामीबिया
Indonesian:
Wilayah Erongo, Namibia
Japanese:
エロンゴ州, ナミビア
Kannada:
ಎರಂಗೋ ಪ್ರದೇಶ, ನಮೀಬಿಯ
Korean:
에롱고주, 나미비아
Latvian:
Erongo reģions, Namībija
Lithuanian:
Erongo regionas, Namibija
Malay:
Erongo Region, Namibia
Marathi:
एरोन्गो प्रदेश, नामिबिया
Northern Frisian:
Erongo, Namiibia
Norwegian:
Erongo, Namibia
Polish:
Erongo, Namibia
Portuguese:
Erongo, Namíbia
Romanian:
Regiunea Erongo, Namibia
Sinhalese:
එරෝන්ගෝ කලාපය, නැම්බියාව
Swahili:
Mkoa wa Erongo, Namibia
Swedish:
Erongo , Namibia
Tamil:
இருங்கோ பகுதி, நமீபியா
Telugu:
ఇరోంగో ప్రాంతం, నమీబియా
Thai:
อีรอนโก, ประเทศนามิเบีย
Turkish:
Erongo, Namibya
Ukrainian:
Еронго, Намібія
Urdu:
عرونگو علاقہ, نمیبیا
Vietnamese:
Khu vực Erongo, Namibia
West Frisian:
Erongo, Namybje
Western Punjabi:
صوبہ ارونگو, نمیبیا


The region is further divided into seven constituencies originally known as districts.

The Erongo mountain is the largest of the late-Mesozoic alkaline complexes of central-west Namibia. Situated on the fringes of the Namib Desert between Usakos and Omaruru, rising to 2,319 m and 40 km diameter.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

340 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 256 pp. (in English)
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Steven, N. M. and Moore, J. M., 1994, Pan-African tungsten skarn mineralization at the Otjua Prospect, central Namibia, Economic Geology, 89: 1431-1453.
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 447 (in English)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; Contrib Mineral Petrol (1986) 92:502-517
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Van King
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Van King
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Steven, N.M., Armstrong, R.A., Moore, J.M. (1993): The Sandamap Noord gold prospect, central Namibia: discovery of a new style of turbidite-hosted gold mineralization. International Geology Review 35, 840-854.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Description: Known to contain 7.7% fluorine very close composition to pure Montebrasite.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008), Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 448 (in English). http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.; Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Noted at pink needles in kaolin.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 450 (in English).
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Andradite var. Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Christian Bracke
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Dziggel, A., Wulff, K., Kolb, J., and Meyer, F.M. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 665-687.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).
'Apophyllite'
Description: there was some finds of mostly white xls up to some cm large in typical Habitus.
Reference: New finds by several claimers in 2007 (Thomas Kleser information)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
'Arandisite'
Formula: 3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min. (1955) 30, 339-342
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: (KNa)(Fe2+◻)Ca(Na2◻)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2
Description: Found as dull dark green glassy mineral with no distinct crystal development with other phosphate minerals
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593; Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English); Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Colour: dark red
Description: Found from the metazeunerite pocket as 0.1mm balls that line hollows of crystal casts that were previously monazite-(Ce)
Reference: Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43 (in German); Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 37 pg (in English)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, pg 41 (in English)
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Dana 7:I:578.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Description: Although these minerals have been well-characterized, the source is uncertain.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/berndtite.pdf#search=%22berndtite%22
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 31:194]
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Beryl var. Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var. Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Found in miarolitic cavities.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 288 pp (in English).
Beryl var. Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Reference: Bideaux, R. Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 67.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 57
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: www.prodg.cc/johnston/erongo.htm
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Habit: Needles to 1 cm, as radial, compact spheres (rare)
Colour: yellow to orange-yellow
Fluorescence: Reddish orange in longwave, no fluoresence in shortwave
Description: Spherelike aggregates up to 3 cm in diameter have been found
Reference: Palfi, A.G., Wartha, R., Niedermayr, G., Jahn, S. (2001) Das Boltwoodit-Vorkommen von Goanikontes in der Namib. In: Jahn, S. et al (editors): Namibia. Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag. 2001, 126-135.; Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh. (1980) 6, 247-257.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 409 pp. (in English)
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Tony Gill
Brushite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Habit: Euhedral
Description: Average crystals 1cm diameter.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 64.
Cebaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in an ore pipe in marble near a granite contact.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 578; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 333.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Steven, N. M. and Moore, J. M., 1994, Pan-African tungsten skarn mineralization at the Otjua Prospect, central Namibia, Economic Geology, 89: 1431-1453.
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Dr. Ing. Thomas Krassmann specimen at Munich Show 2012 (Krassmann & Kolitsch, to be published)
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 841.
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Joan Rosell
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 508 pp. (in English)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
'Clays'
Reference: Roering, C. & Heckroodt, R. O. (1966): The alteration of beryl in the Dernburg pegmatite, Karibib, South West Africa. Annals of the Geological Survey, Republic of South Africa (Annale van die Geologiese Opname, Republiek van Suid-Afrika) 3, 133-137.
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Bideaux, R, 2000, Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 116.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Werner & Marianne Teich collection
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 418 pp. (in English)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35;
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Steven, N.M. (1993) A study of epigenetic mineralisation in the Central Zone of the Damara Orogen, Namibia with special reference to gold, tungsten, tin and rare earth elements. Memoir of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 16, 166 pp; Steven, N. M., Badenhorst, F. P., & Petzel, V. F. W. (1994). A review of gold occurrences in the Northern and Central Zones of the Damaran Orogen and the underlying mid-Proterozoic basement, central Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 9, 63-77.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD, PXRD)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 512 pp. (in English)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Mineralogical Research Co. specimen
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Keller, P. (1974): Phosphatmineralien aus Pegmatiten Sudwestafrikas, Der Aufschluss 25,577-591(1974)
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; Cairncross, B. and U. Bahmann (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: The Erongo Mountains Namibia. Mineralogical Record 37, No. 5, 377.
'Davidite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
'Desert Rose'
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008), Namibia, Minerals and Localities. (in English).
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Formula: (KNa)(Mn2+◻)Ca(Na2Na)Mn2+13Al(PO4)11(PO4)(OH)2
Reference: Keller, P., et al (2007): Joosteite, Mn2+(Mn3+, Fe3+)(PO4)O: A new phosphate mineral from the Helikon II Mine, Karibib, Namibia, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 183(2), 197-201;
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Dollaseite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: von Knorring, Oleg & Clifford, T. N. (1960): On a skarn monazite occurrence from the Namib desert near Usakos, South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 32, 650-653.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern: 417 (in English).
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Blue, green, pink to red.
Description: Considered to be the best specimens of pocket tourmaline from Namibian pegmatites. Lots of crystals were badly fractured, commonly seen was green, dark green or blue-black rinds and red to pink cores but said to lack lustre. Large crystals up to 30cm. Uncertain if these crystals are (at least in part) fluor-elbaite (compare fluor-elbaite entry).
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 529 (in English).
Elbaite var. Siberite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org
Enstatite var. Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Ernstite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: The way this mineral is described, it is a ferrian variety of eosphorite where the Mn>Fe.
Reference: [NJMM (1970), 289; MinRec 2:129]
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Eylettersite
Formula: Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: in the collection from F.J.Emmerich
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: - Cairncross, B. and U. Bahmann (2006) Famous Mineral Localities: The Erongo Mountains Namibia. Mineralogical Record 37, #5, page 457.
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).; Broccardo, L., Kinnaird, J. A., & Nex, P. A. M. (2011). Preliminary fluid inclusion results from the Rubicon pegmatite, Karibib, Namibia. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Serie D, publicación especial No, 14, 45-48.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Fergusonite'
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.; Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: The-Vug.com Quarterly Magazine V4 #4 pg 37; Ernst A. Schnaitmann
Ferrowyllieite
Formula: (Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Reference: Förch, M. (1998): Röntgenographische, chemische und optische Untersuchungen an pegmatitischen Fe-Mn-Phosphaten und deren Genese. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany, 135 pp. (in German).
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: www.prodg.cc/johnston/erongo.htm
Fluorapatite var. Manganese-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: G. Niedermayr & A. Ertl (unpublished crystal-structure refinement and SEM-EDS analysis, 2015)
'Fluor-hornblende'
Formula: (◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
'Fluorkenopyrochlore' (FRL)
Formula: (◻,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 673-698.; Schmitt A.K., Trumbull R.B., Dulski P., Emmermann R. (2002) Zr-Nb-REE mineralization in peralkaline granites from the Amis Complex, Brandberg (Namibia): evidence for magmatic pre-enrichment from melt inclusions, - Economic geology, v.97, pp. 399-413.
Fluor-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Description: Intergrown with fluorite.
Reference: U. Kolitsch & A. Ertl (unpublished results)
Foitite
Formula: (◻,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Description: Note: reported "foitite" in Jahn & Bode (2003) is not based on reliable analyses.
Reference: Jahn, St. & Bode, R. (2003): Mineralogische Neuigkeiten vom Erongo in Namibia (III). Mineralien-Welt 14 (6), 58-64 (in German). [reported but not based on reliable analyses]; Ferdinando Giovine collection (analysed by Prof. Al Falster); Lensing-Burgdorf, M., Watenphul, A., Schlüter, J., Mihailova, B. (2017): Crystal chemistry of tourmalines from the Erongo Mountains, Namibia, studied by Raman spectroscopy. European Journal of Mineralogy 29, 257-267.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Broccardo, L., Kinnaird, J. A., & Nex, P. A. M. (2011). Preliminary fluid inclusion results from the Rubicon pegmatite, Karibib, Namibia. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Serie D, publicación especial No, 14, 45-48.
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern: 417 (in English).; Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Giniite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
Description: Alteration product of triphylite.
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1980) 49-56 and 561-563
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86; http://www.mme.gov.na/gsn/pdf/gold.pdf
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Gormanite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Replaces muscovite flakes in alluaudite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 597 pp (in English).
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Bonardo, L., Fraccaro, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Ambrino, P. (2008). Primo ritrovamento di grandidierite in Namibia. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2/2008, 129-131.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist 87 (2002) pp. 17-44; P. Ramdohr, The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths 2nd ed (1980) p. 387.
Grayite
Formula: (Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Joan Rosell. RosellMinerals.com
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Grunerite
Formula: ◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Steven, N.M., Armstrong, R.A., Moore, J.M. (1993): The Sandamap Noord gold prospect, central Namibia: discovery of a new style of turbidite-hosted gold mineralization. International Geology Review 35, 840-854.
'Gummite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Hagendorfite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Description: Resembles alluaudite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 598 pp (in English).
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 336 pp. (in English)
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Hectorite
Formula: Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English) ; Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Böllinghaus, T. & van der Smit, M. (2007): Prächtige Amethyst-Fensterquarze aus den Goboboseb-Bergen. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43.
Herderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)F
Reference: M Kampf collection
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 336 pp. (in English)
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Reference: Keller P. (1991): The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communcations Geological Survey of Namibia: 7: 21-35
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
'Heulandite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
'Hornblende'
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Humberstonite
Formula: Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Eckardt, F. D., & Drake, N. (2010). Introducing the Namib Desert Playas. In Sabkha Ecosystems (pp. 19-25). Springer Netherlands.
Hureaulite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Idaite (TL)
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Description: Ilvaite is unlikely-not a typical miarole or pegmatite mineral
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ; Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71 (p. 36) ; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Reference: Herting, S. & Strunz, H. (1978): Jeremejewit von Mile 72 in SW-Afrika. Aufschluss, 29, 45-53. (in German); Wilson, W.E. et al. (2002): Jeremejevite from Namibia. Mineralogical Record. 33, 289-301.
Joosteite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
Type Locality:
Fluorescence: none
Description: Associated minerals are lithiophilite, sicklerite, eosphorite, amblygonite, varulite, dickinsonite, hureaulite, apatite and unidentified Fe/Mn oxides. The mineral has been formed by alteration processes at the expense of pegmatitic lithiophilite. Joosteite exhibits a black lustre and occurs as irregular small aggregates up to 3 mm in length.
Reference: Keller, P., et al (2007): Joosteite, Mn2+(Mn3+, Fe3+)(PO4)O: A new phosphate mineral from the Helikon II Mine, Karibib, Namibia, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 183(2), 197-201;
Kahlerite
Formula: Fe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Steven, N.M., Armstrong, R.A., Moore, J.M. (1993): The Sandamap Noord gold prospect, central Namibia: discovery of a new style of turbidite-hosted gold mineralization. International Geology Review 35, 840-854.
Karibibite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos (1973) 6, 265-272
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern: 417 (in English).
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.
Khristovite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.; Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Landesite
Formula: Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Colour: Reddish brown
Description: Occurs as grains with deep blue flakes of vivianite as an alteration product of alluaudite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 636 pp (in English).
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Colour: Blue
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 637 pp (in English); Förch, M. (1998): Röntgenographische, chemische und optische Untersuchungen an pegmatitischen Fe-Mn-Phosphaten und deren Genese. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany, 135 pp. (in German).
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: (Often listed by sellers as inclusions in quartz crystals, but no lepidocrocite has been analytically confirmed as inclusions in quartz.)
Reference: (See Hematite.)
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Description: From Becker pegmatite associated with elbaite and purple apatite.
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 639 (in English);
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Schreiber, U. (2005) Uranium mineralization in Namibia (poster), Namibia Geological Survey.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/22_9/22_9.html; Nörtemann, M. F. J., Mücke, A., Weber, K., & Meinert, L. D. (2000). Mineralogy of the Navachab skarn deposit, Namibia: an unusual Au-bearing skarn in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 12, 149-156.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: The Giant Crystal Project http://giantcrystals.strahlen.org/africa/rubicon.htm; Broccardo, L., Kinnaird, J. A., & Nex, P. A. M. (2011). Preliminary fluid inclusion results from the Rubicon pegmatite, Karibib, Namibia. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Serie D, publicación especial No, 14, 45-48.
'Manganese Oxides var. Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Egil Hollund Collection Photo ID: 585531
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: in the collection of F.J.Emmerich
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
Mélonjosephite
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/melonjosephite.pdf
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Joan Rosell
Metahaiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Metakahlerite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; to be published)
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Herbert Nägele collection
'Mica Group'
Reference: Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Description: A cavity found in the mid 70's had several hundred Microcline specimens as elongated crystals up to 25cm, occasional with smoky Quartz crystals.
Reference: Peter Seroka collection. Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 270 (in English)
Microcline var. Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.prodg.cc/johnston/spitzkoppe.htm
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: White, J. S. (1970): What's new in Minerals. Mineralogical Record, 1: 29,32; von Bezing, L, Bode, R. and Jahn,S. (2007): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Published (2007) by Bode Verlag GmbH, p.333-334
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Palfi, A., Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2009): Wulfenit & Vanadinit von "Marenica", Kleine Spitzkoppe. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 47-51.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Found at the Stiepelmann pegmatite only at the Klein Spitzkoppe, as flakes imbedded in microcline
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Description: Crystals to 15cm are found in Dolomite and Calcite, reddish brown and translucent. Due to their low radioactivity they are not metamict.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 656 (in English); Sam Broom-Fendley, Martin P Smith, Marcelo B Andrade, Santanu Ray, David A Banks, Edward Loye, Daniel Atencio, Jonathan R Pickles, Frances Wall (2020): Sulfur-bearing monazite-(Ce) from the Eureka carbonatite, Namibia: oxidation state, substitution mechanism, and formation conditions. Mineralogical Magazine 84, 35-48. [open access; https://doi.org/10.1180/mgm.2019.79]
Monetite
Formula: Ca(PO3OH)
Reference: U. Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Van King
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Petzel, V. F. W. & Jacob, R. E. (1987): Geology and alteration-mineralization of the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damara Orogen, South-West Africa/Namibia. South Afr. J. Geol. 90, 2562 69.
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Abraham, I.A. (2009) Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia. Master thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Nordenskiöldine
Formula: CaSn4+[BO3]2
Description: Occurs in an ore pipe in marble near a granite contact.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 578; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 333.
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Hyalite
Reference: No reference listed
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: MinRec, Jan/Feb 2001
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Ottemannite ?
Formula: Sn2S3
Description: Although these minerals have been well-characterized, the source is uncertain.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/ottemannite.pdf#search=%22ottemannite%22
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Peter Seroka
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 335 pp (in English).
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 826.
Peterandresenite ?
Formula: Mn4Nb6O19 · 14H2O
Habit: up to 0.6 mm large crystals
Colour: translucent orange
Description: Reported but analytical methode is not given in the source.
A sample said to be possible peteterandresenite, based on chemistry only, originating from Nambia, was found to be Columbite-(Mn) at NHM, Oslo (H.Friis communication to Knut Edvard Larsen 27.06.2017)
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R. & Jahn S. (2016): Namibia. Minerals and localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag, p. 452 (Pers. Comm. Bowell 2016)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Phosphuranylite
Formula: KCa(H3O)3(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35;
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Psilomelane' ?
Formula: Mn, O
Description: As a black coating on boltwoodite crystals
Reference: Palfi, A.G., Wartha, R., Niedermayr, G. & Jahn, S. (2001): Das Boltwoodit-Vorkommen von Goanikontes in der Namib. In: Jahn, S. et al (editors): Namibia. Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag. 2001, p 126-135
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Colour: Blackish-dark green
Description: Spherical/balls found with prehnite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 683 (in English).
Purpurite
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Research Co. specimen
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
'Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Description: betafite occurs as small octahedral to subrounded, isolated, dodecahedral crystals or clusters of crystals up to 2 cm in size, although commonly of 1-3 mm diameter in the Goanikontes area. Typically, betafite is greenish brown or yellowish brown in colour, although it shows a range from yellowish- or greenish-brown through grey to progressively darker colours, such as reddish brown or almost black body colour. The proportions of U, Ti, Nb, and Ta vary between betafite grains.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); USGS Open File Report 81-1666; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Description: betafite occurs as small octahedral to subrounded, isolated, dodecahedral crystals or clusters of crystals up to 2 cm in size, although commonly of 1-3 mm diameter in the Goanikontes area. Typically, betafite is greenish brown or yellowish brown in colour, although it shows a range from yellowish- or greenish-brown through grey to progressively darker colours, such as reddish brown or almost black body colour. The proportions of U, Ti, Nb, and Ta vary between betafite grains.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); USGS Open File Report 81-1666; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 333 pp;
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Dziggel, A., Wulff, K., Kolb, J., and Meyer, F.M. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 665-687.; Nörtemann, M. F. J., Mücke, A., Weber, K., & Meinert, L. D. (2000). Mineralogy of the Navachab skarn deposit, Namibia: an unusual Au-bearing skarn in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 12, 149-156.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 82 localities in this region.
Reference: Ernst A. Schnaitmann; Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Peter Seroka collection
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Quartz var. Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Amir Akhavan collection
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Quartz var. Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Quartz var. Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Sceptre development of the Quartz is varied and often bizarre.
Reference: Peter Seroka collection. Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 270 (in English)
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: Visited the site in April 2014 bought a specimen excellent quality and size 23cm X 7cm X 6cm. (see mindat photo 612365) Note this is a rare find as the crystals found here usually lack clarity and luster when the size increases.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Raspite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Habit: Prismatic
Description: Found in vugs in granite
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:272-275; JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Keller, P. (1974): Phosphatmineralien aus Pegmatiten Sudwestafrikas, Der Aufschluss 25,577-591(1974)
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Rossmanite
Formula: ◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
Russellite
Formula: Bi2WO6
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. (2001): Schon gesehen? Sampleit. Mineralien-Welt 12 (4), 10-11.
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Reference: Contrib Mineral Petrol (1986) 92:502-517
'Scapolite'
Reference: Steven, N. M. & Moore, J. M. (1994): Pan-African tungsten skarn mineralization at the Otjua Prospect, Central Namibia. Economic Geology 89, 1431-1453.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Schneiderhöhnite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Reference: Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2016): Refinement of crystal structure of schneiderhöhnite. Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 707-713.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Schröckingerite
Formula: NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Ludi von Bezing Namibia Minerals & Localities
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).;
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Namibia/Erongo%2C%20Region/Karibib%2C%20Kreis/Ebony
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35;
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: www.prodg.cc/johnston/erongo.htm
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German); NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; MDO2 polytype)
'Sideronatrite-2M'
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; MDO2 polytype)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 543 pp. (in English)
Silver ?
Formula: Ag
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
Spessartine var. Emildine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: J S van der Lingen (1928) African J. Sci 25:12,15
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Werner & Marianne Teich collection
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
Spodumene var. Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Colour: Pink to lilac
Description: cabachon quality is reported.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 335 pp (in English).
Stanĕkite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
Reference: Keller, P., Fontan, F., Velasco-Roldan, F., Melgarejo i Draper, J. C. (1997): Stanĕkite, Fe3+(Mn,Fe2+,Mg)(PO4)O: a new phosphate mineral in pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France). European Journal of Mineralogy 9, 475-482.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Stilbite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Gerhard Louw photo ID 970055
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 271 (in English)
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Eckardt, F. D., & Drake, N. (2010). Introducing the Namib Desert Playas. In Sabkha Ecosystems (pp. 19-25). Springer Netherlands.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Berger, J. (1979): Kostbare Klippen, Lapis 04(1) 27-30 (in German)
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37:361-470
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
Thorite var. Thorogummite
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Tinsleyite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: K.Walenta (2002): Tinsleyit von der Farm Etemba bei Omaruru in Namibia; Aufschluss 53, S.118-120 (2002)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Titanite var. Keilhauite
Formula: (Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Reference: Harvard Museum no. 89494
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: www.prodg.cc/johnston/erongo.htm
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
'Tourmaline var. Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
'Tourmaline var. Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
'Tourmaline var. Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 256 pp. (in English)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Description: Possibly russellite.
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Description: As small botroids in fissures in quartz at the Rubikon pegmatite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 802 pp (in English).
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: The black cubic uraninite is not visible in hand specimens. It sometimes contains traces of other elements such as Pb or Ti-Ca. Uraninite may also be metamict and exhibit a range of alteration features. (The bulk of the occurrence is as free grains or a nucleus enclosed in other minerals such as zircon, feldspars, and quartz, generally close to the crystal boundaries of these minerals.
Reference: Zambezi Resources Limited (2006) Progress Report on Oryx (Uranium Project).; Abraham, I.M. (2009) Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.; USGS Open File Report 81-1666.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 409 pp. (in English)
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Zambezi Resources Limited (2006) Progress Report on Oryx (Uranium Project).; Abraham, I.M. (2009) Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.; http://www.rossing.com
Uranotungstite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
Ushkovite
Formula: MgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Dunn, P. J. (1985): New occurrences for ushkovite and comments on laueite. Mineralogical Record 16, 463-464
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German); M. Kampf collection
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Varulite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Reference: P. Keller et al., NJMA 183, 197-201 (2007);
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Brown crystals as large as 8cm enclosed in Calcite, so far these are the best crystals found in Namibia.
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 808 pp. (in English)
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Research Co. specimen
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
Vuoriyarvite-K
Formula: K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Wad'
Reference: Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand);
Walpurgite
Formula: (BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
Waylandite
Formula: BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bideaux, R, 2000, Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 646.
Weeksite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Thomas Witzke
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: