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Erongo Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Erongo RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Region
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Walvis Bay52,058 (2017)
Omaruru11,547 (2012)
Usakos9,147 (2012)
Otjimbingwe7,677 (2012)
Karibib6,898 (2012)
Arandis4,507 (2012)


The region is further divided into seven constituencies originally known as districts.

The Erongo mountain is the largest of the late-Mesozoic alkaline complexes of central-west Namibia. Situated on the fringes of the Namib Desert between Usakos and Omaruru, rising to 2319m and 40km diameter.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

335 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 444 pp. (in English)
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Steven, N. M. and Moore, J. M., 1994, Pan-African tungsten skarn mineralization at the Otjua Prospect, central Namibia, Economic Geology, 89: 1431-1453.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Van King
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Steven, N.M., Armstrong, R.A., Moore, J.M. (1993): The Sandamap Noord gold prospect, central Namibia: discovery of a new style of turbidite-hosted gold mineralization. International Geology Review 35, 840-854.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.; Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Dziggel, A., Wulff, K., Kolb, J., and Meyer, F.M. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 665-687.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Description: there was some finds of mostly white xls up to some cm large in typical Habitus.
Reference: New finds by several claimers in 2007 (Thomas Kleser information)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
'Arandisite'
Formula: 3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, pg 41 (in English)
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 57
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh. (1980) 6, 247-257.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 409 pp. (in English)
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Tony Gill
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Cebaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Steven, N. M. and Moore, J. M., 1994, Pan-African tungsten skarn mineralization at the Otjua Prospect, central Namibia, Economic Geology, 89: 1431-1453.
Changoite
Formula: Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Dr. Ing. Thomas Krassmann specimen at Munich Show 2012 (Krassmann & Kolitsch, to be published)
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Clays'
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Bideaux, R, 2000, Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 116.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Werner & Marianne Teich collection
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Steven, N.M. (1993) A study of epigenetic mineralisation in the Central Zone of the Damara Orogen, Namibia with special reference to gold, tungsten, tin and rare earth elements. Memoir of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 16, 166 pp; Steven, N. M., Badenhorst, F. P., & Petzel, V. F. W. (1994). A review of gold occurrences in the Northern and Central Zones of the Damaran Orogen and the underlying mid-Proterozoic basement, central Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 9, 63-77.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD, PXRD)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; Cairncross, B. and U. Bahmann (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: The Erongo Mountains Namibia. Mineralogical Record 37, No. 5, 377.
'Davidite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
'Desert Rose'
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008), Namibia, Minerals and Localities. (in English).
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
Formula: {KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Reference: P. Keller et al., NJMA 183, 197-201 (2007)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Dollaseite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Elbaite var: Siberite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Ernstite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: The way this mineral is described, it is a ferrian variety of eosphorite where the Mn>Fe.
Reference: [NJMM (1970), 289; MinRec 2:129]
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Eylettersite
Formula: Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: in the collection from F.J.Emmerich
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Fergusonite'
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Fluor-elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: G. Niedermayr & A. Ertl (unpublished crystal-structure refinement and SEM-EDS analysis, 2015)
'Fluor-hornblende'
Formula: (◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Fluorkenopyrochlore' (FRL)
Formula: (□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 673-698.; Schmitt A.K., Trumbull R.B., Dulski P., Emmermann R. (2002) Zr-Nb-REE mineralization in peralkaline granites from the Amis Complex, Brandberg (Namibia): evidence for magmatic pre-enrichment from melt inclusions, - Economic geology, v.97, pp. 399-413.
Fluor-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Description: Intergrown with fluorite.
Reference: U. Kolitsch & A. Ertl (unpublished results)
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.83-86
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Giniite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
Description: Alteration product of triphylite.
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1980) 49-56 and 561-563
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Gormanite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Replaces muscovite flakes in alluaudite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 597 pp (in English).
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Bonardo, L., Fraccaro, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Ambrino, P. (2008). Primo ritrovamento di grandidierite in Namibia. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2/2008, 129-131.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Steven, N.M., Armstrong, R.A., Moore, J.M. (1993): The Sandamap Noord gold prospect, central Namibia: discovery of a new style of turbidite-hosted gold mineralization. International Geology Review 35, 840-854.
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hagendorfite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Description: Resembles alluaudite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 598 pp (in English).
Haiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Hectorite
Formula: Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 336 pp. (in English)
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
'Heulandite subgroup'
'Hornblende'
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Humberstonite
Formula: Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Eckardt, F. D., & Drake, N. (2010). Introducing the Namib Desert Playas. In Sabkha Ecosystems (pp. 19-25). Springer Netherlands.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Idaite (TL)
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1219.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Description: Ilvaite is unlikely-not a typical miarole or pegmatite mineral
Reference: Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ; Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71 (p. 36) ; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Joosteite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
Type Locality:
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Keller, P., et al. (2007): NJMA 183,197-201(2007)
Kahlerite
Formula: Fe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Karibibite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos (1973) 6, 265-272
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Khristovite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Landesite
Formula: Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Colour: Reddish brown
Description: Occurs as grains with deep blue flakes of vivianite as an alteration product of alluaudite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 636 pp (in English).
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: (Often listed by sellers as inclusions in quartz crystals, but no lepidocrocite has been analytically confirmed as inclusions in quartz.)
Reference: (See Hematite.)
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Schreiber, U. (2005) Uranium mineralization in Namibia (poster), Namibia Geological Survey.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lindströmite
Formula: Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/22_9/22_9.html; Nörtemann, M. F. J., Mücke, A., Weber, K., & Meinert, L. D. (2000). Mineralogy of the Navachab skarn deposit, Namibia: an unusual Au-bearing skarn in high-grade metamorphic rocks. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 12, 149-156.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Egil Hollund Collection Photo ID: 585531
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: in the collection of F.J.Emmerich
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German).
Mélonjosephite
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Metahaiweeite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English); Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Metakahlerite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metasideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; to be published)
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.prodg.cc/johnston/spitzkoppe.htm
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: White, J. S. (1970): What's new in Minerals. Mineralogical Record, 1: 29,32; von Bezing, L, Bode, R. and Jahn,S. (2007): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Published (2007) by Bode Verlag GmbH, p.333-334
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Van King
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Reference: http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)
Formula: NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordenskiöldine
Formula: CaSn4+[BO3]2
Description: Occurs in an ore pipe in marble near a granite contact.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 578; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 333.
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ottemannite ?
Formula: beta Sn2S3
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Peter Seroka
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 335 pp (in English).
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Peterandresenite ?
Formula: Mn4Nb6O19·14H2O
Habit: up to 0.6 mm large crystals
Colour: translucent orange
Description: Reported but analytical methode is not given in the source.
A sample said to be possible peteterandresenite, based on chemistry only, originating from Nambia, was found to be Columbite-(Mn) at NHM, Oslo (H.Friis communication to Knut Edvard Larsen 27.06.2017)
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R. & Jahn S. (2016): Namibia. Minerals and localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag, p. 452 (Pers. Comm. Bowell 2016)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Psilomelane' ?
Description: As a black coating on boltwoodite crystals
Reference: Palfi, A.G., Wartha, R., Niedermayr, G. & Jahn, S. (2001): Das Boltwoodit-Vorkommen von Goanikontes in der Namib. In: Jahn, S. et al (editors): Namibia. Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag. 2001, p 126-135
Pucherite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: Blackish-dark green
Description: Spherical/balls found with prehnite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 683 (in English).
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Wooley (2001)
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Bahmann, U. (2007): Zepterquarz und Prehnit vom Tafelkop, Goboboseb-Berge, Namibia. Lapis 32 (6), 37-43. (in German)
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Raspite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Habit: Prismatic
Description: Found in vugs in granite
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:272-275; JAHN, St.; SCHNAITMANN, E.A.; NIEDERMAYR, G. (2010): Spektakuläre Neufunde aus dem Erongo (IV). - MINERALIEN-Welt (5), 60-66.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
Russellite
Formula: Bi2WO6
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. (2001): Schon gesehen? Sampleit. Mineralien-Welt 12 (4), 10-11.
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Schneiderhöhnite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Reference: Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2016): Refinement of crystal structure of schneiderhöhnite. Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 707-713.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Schröckingerite
Formula: NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Namibia/Erongo%2C%20Region/Karibib%2C%20Kreis/Ebony
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German); NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; MDO2 polytype)
'Sideronatrite-2M'
Reference: NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; MDO2 polytype)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver ?
Formula: Ag
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 856 pp. (in German)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Spessartine var: Emildine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: J S van der Lingen (1928) African J. Sci 25:12,15
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Werner & Marianne Teich collection
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Colour: Pink to lilac
Description: cabachon quality is reported.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 335 pp (in English).
Stanĕkite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
Reference: Keller, P., Fontan, F., Velasco-Roldan, F., Melgarejo i Draper, J. C. (1997): Stanĕkite, Fe3+(Mn,Fe2+,Mg)(PO4)O: a new phosphate mineral in pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France). European Journal of Mineralogy 9, 475-482.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Eckardt, F. D., & Drake, N. (2010). Introducing the Namib Desert Playas. In Sabkha Ecosystems (pp. 19-25). Springer Netherlands.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Tinsleyite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: K.Walenta (2002): Tinsleyit von der Farm Etemba bei Omaruru in Namibia; Aufschluss 53, S.118-120 (2002)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Titanite var: Keilhauite
Formula: (Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Reference: Harvard Museum no. 89494
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: www.prodg.cc/johnston/erongo.htm
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 331 (in English).
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Description: Possibly russellite.
Reference: Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Description: As small botroids in fissures in quartz at the Rubikon pegmatite.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 802 pp (in English).
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranotungstite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Ushkovite
Formula: MgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Varulite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Reference: P. Keller et al., NJMA 183, 197-201 (2007)
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
Vuoriyarvite-K
Formula: K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
'Wad'
Reference: Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).
Walpurgite
Formula: (BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Waylandite
Formula: BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bideaux, R, 2000, Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 646.
Weeksite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Dr. Gerhard Niedermayr, personal communication 2011
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 269 (in English)
Zinconigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., & Chervonnyi, A.D (2016): Infrared spectroscopy of mineral species and related compounds. Springer, Dordrecht 2016., p.193
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: http://www.mineral.tu-freiberg.de/econgeology/lehre/namibia/snlipegm/snlipegm_2_4.html
Zwieselite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver ?1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berndtite2.EA.20SnS2
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Idaite (TL)2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Lindströmite2.HB.05aPb3Cu3Bi7S15
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Ottemannite ?2.DB.10beta Sn2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferronigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Karibibite (TL)4.JA.15Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Raspite4.DG.20Pb(WO4)
Russellite4.DE.15Bi2WO6
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schneiderhöhnite4.JA.35Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Thorutite4.DH.05(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Zinconigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cebaite-(Ce)5.BD.15Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Liebigite5.ED.20Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Schröckingerite5.EG.05NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Jeremejevite6.AB.15Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Nordenskiöldine6.AA.15CaSn4+[BO3]2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Changoite7.CC.50Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Humberstonite7.DG.10Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Metasideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Uranotungstite7.HB.25(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Beusite8.AB.20Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)8.BF.05{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite (TL)8.DD.20(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Eylettersite8.BL.10Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Giniite (TL)8.DB.50Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
Gormanite8.DC.45(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Hagendorfite8.AC.10NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Herderite8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Joosteite (TL)8.BB.15Mn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
Kahlerite8.EB.05Fe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kryzhanovskite8.CC.05(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Landesite8.CC.05Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Lipscombite8.BB.90Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Metakahlerite8.EB.10Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metanováčekite8.EB.10Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monetite8.AD.10Ca(HPO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Morinite8.DM.05NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mélonjosephite8.BG.10CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phurcalite8.EC.35Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pucherite8.AD.40Bi(VO4)
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Sampleite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Stanĕkite (TL)8.BB.15(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tinsleyite8.DH.10KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Ushkovite8.DC.30MgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Varulite8.AC.10NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Walpurgite8.EA.05(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Waylandite8.BL.13BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zwieselite8.BB.10(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mg)9.BD.20Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Boltwoodite9.AK.15(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dalyite9.EA.25K2ZrSi6O15
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dollaseite-(Ce)9.BG.05{CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Siberite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fluor-schorl9.CK.Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Goldmanite9.AD.25Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Haiweeite9.AK.25Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hectorite9.EC.45Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Ilvaite ?9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Khristovite-(Ce)9.BG.05{CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Metahaiweeite9.AK.25Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)9.BE.20NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Olenite9.CK.05Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Emildine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Keilhauite9.AG.15(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuoriyarvite-K9.CE.30bK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Weeksite9.AK.30K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alluaudite-Na□'-4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Arandisite'-3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Brabantite'-CaTh(PO4)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copiapite Group'-
'Davidite'-
'Desert Rose'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Fluor-hornblende'-(◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
'Fluorkenopyrochlore' (TL)-(□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Peterandresenite ?-Mn4Nb6O19·14H2O
'Psilomelane' ?-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
'Sideronatrite-2M'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver ?1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite (TL)2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Ottemannite ?2.11.9.1beta Sn2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Berndtite2.12.14.5SnS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Lindströmite3.4.5.7Pb3Cu3Bi7S15
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
AB4X9
Karibibite (TL)7.10.2.1Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Thorutite8.3.4.2(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Liebigite15.3.2.1Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Cebaite-(Ce)16a.1.9.1Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Schröckingerite17.1.5.1NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Nordenskiöldine24.3.3.1CaSn4+[BO3]2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Jeremejevite25.8.1.1Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Metasideronatrite31.8.4.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates
Humberstonite32.2.2.1Na7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Monetite37.1.1.1Ca(HPO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Hagendorfite38.2.3.2NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Varulite38.2.3.3NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
(AB)3(XO4)2
Beusite38.3.3.2Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Sarcopside38.3.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
'Brabantite'38.4.3.4CaTh(PO4)2
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Kahlerite40.2a.15.1Fe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Metakahlerite40.2a.15.2Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metanováčekite40.2a.10.2Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Kryzhanovskite40.3.2.2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Landesite40.3.2.4Mn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Walpurgite40.5.9.1(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Brazilianite41.5.7.1NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Eylettersite41.5.12.2Th0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Herderite41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Waylandite41.5.12.1BiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
A2(XO4)Zq
Joosteite (TL)41.6.3.5Mn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Stanĕkite (TL)41.6.3.4(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Zwieselite41.6.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)41.7.2.2{KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lipscombite41.10.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mélonjosephite41.10.5.1CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Morinite42.4.2.1NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Phurcalite42.4.7.1Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Childrenite42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite (TL)42.7.1.3(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Gormanite42.9.2.2(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Sampleite42.9.4.1NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Giniite (TL)42.11.7.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
Laueite42.11.10.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Tinsleyite42.11.6.2KAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Ushkovite42.11.10.4MgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Whiteite-(CaMnMg)42.11.3.3{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Schneiderhöhnite45.1.12.1Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Raspite48.1.4.1Pb(WO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
A2XO4
Russellite48.2.1.1Bi2WO6
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Uranotungstite49.3.5.1(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Goldmanite51.4.3b.4Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Boltwoodite53.3.1.5(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Haiweeite53.3.2.2Ca(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
Metahaiweeite53.3.2.3Ca(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Weeksite53.3.2.1K2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mg)56.2.2.2Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Ilvaite ?56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Nacareniobsite-(Ce)56.2.5.2NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dollaseite-(Ce)58.2.1a.6{CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Khristovite-(Ce)58.2.1a.9{CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Olenite61.3.1.7Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Hectorite71.3.1b.4Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Dalyite72.2.1.1K2ZrSi6O15
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alluaudite-Na□'-4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Arandisite'-3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
Changoite-Na2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Copiapite Group'-
'Davidite'-
'Desert Rose'-
Elbaite
var: Siberite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'-
Fluor-elbaite-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Fluor-hornblende'-(◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
Fluor-schorl-Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Fluorkenopyrochlore' (FRL)-(□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Peterandresenite ?-Mn4Nb6O19·14H2O
'Psilomelane' ?-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Scapolite'-
'Sideronatrite-2M'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spessartine
var: Emildine
-Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Titanite
var: Keilhauite
-(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vuoriyarvite-K-K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zeolite Group'-
Zinconigerite-2N1S-(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Hafnian Zircon
-(Zr,Hf)SiO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
H GiniiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
H KaribibiteFe33+(As3+O2)4(As23+O5)(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Arandisite3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
H LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H MonetiteCa(HPO4)
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
H TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Uranotungstite(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
H Walpurgite(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
H LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
H Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
H Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
H Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
H Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
H LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PeterandreseniteMn4Nb6O19·14H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B NordenskiöldineCaSn4+[BO3]2
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
B OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
B Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
C AragoniteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
C LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
NNitrogen
N HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
OOxygen
O Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O GiniiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
O KaribibiteFe33+(As3+O2)4(As23+O5)(OH)
O Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
O Fluorkenopyrochlore(□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
O JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Arandisite3SnSiO4 · 2SnO2 · 4H2O
O BrabantiteCaTh(PO4)2
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Spessartine (var: Emildine)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O CassiteriteSnO2
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O NordenskiöldineCaSn4+[BO3]2
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O BismiteBi2O3
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O RutileTiO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Elbaite (var: Siberite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
O LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O MonetiteCa(HPO4)
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O RusselliteBi2WO6
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
O VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
O TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O Uranotungstite(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2O
O Walpurgite(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
O Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
O PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
O Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O RaspitePb(WO4)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O CorundumAl2O3
O Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
O BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
O BrookiteTiO2
O WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
O ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
O Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
O TridymiteSiO2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
O HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
O Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O ThorianiteThO2
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
O Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
O Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
O Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
O Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O HübneriteMnWO4
O OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
O Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O HumberstoniteNa7K3Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
O LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
O SchneiderhöhniteFe2+Fe33+As53+O13
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Fluor-hornblende(◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PeterandreseniteMn4Nb6O19·14H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Fluorkenopyrochlore(□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
F MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
F SellaiteMgF2
F Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
F Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
F Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
F Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3
F Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F Fluor-hornblende(◻/Na,K)Ca2({Fe2+/Mg}4{Fe3+/Mg})(AlSi7O22)F2
NaSodium
Na Fluorkenopyrochlore(□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+