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Sir Abraham Hume
White, yellow, dark ...
Named in 1813 by Jacques Louis, Comte de Bournon in honor of Sir Abraham Hume [February 20, 1749 London, England, UK – March 24, 1838 Wormley Bury. England. UK], English connoisseur and collector of gems, minerals, and artwork.

Classification of Humite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of Humite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
White, yellow, dark orange or brown.
Hardness (Mohs):
Poor on 100.
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
3.20 - 3.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.201 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Humite

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.607 - 1.643 nβ = 1.619 - 1.653 nγ = 1.639 - 1.675
Measured: 68° to 81°, Calculated: 70° to 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Humite

IMA Formula:
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Humite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.24 Å, b = 20.72 Å, c = 4.73 Å
a:b:c = 0.494 : 1 : 0.228
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,003.58 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of Humite

Relationship of Humite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x (x~0.4)
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2
17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3Si4O10(F,OH)2 · nH2O
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4Si8O20F · 8H2O
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4Si8O20F · 8H2O
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4Si8O20(OH,F) · 8H2O
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr,Ba,Mn)15-16(Ca,Na)32Si70(O,OH)180(OH,F)4 · nH2O
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2[SiO3(OH)]F · H2O
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Other Names for Humite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:硅镁石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Humite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 56: 1155-1173.

Internet Links for Humite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.
The following Humite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Humite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania D.J Kilpatrick and P.A Roberts (1982) St. Dizier Area, Progress report August 1981 to June 1982- Report Gold Fields Exploration PTY. Limited
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Ettendorf
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Ötz valley
        • Polles valley
Stephan Hoernes and Edgar Hoffer (1973): Der Amphibolitzug des mittleren Ötztales (Tirol). Veröffentlichungen des Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 53, 159-180.
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • La Pêche
SABINA, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Whitehorse Copper Belt
Tenney, D., 1994. The Whitehorse Copper Belt: Mining, Exploration and Geology (1967-1980). Geology Section, Yukon Region, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Bulletin 1, 29 p.
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Jingwen Mao, Yongjun Shao, Guiqing Xie, Jiandong Zhang, and Yuchuan Chen (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 109-119 XiaoQiuXiang (2012): The Alteration Characteristics and Mineralization in Dongguashan Copper-gold deposit and Hucun Copper-molybdenum deposit of Tongling, Anhui Province, Abstract. Master's thesis, Hafei Univerity of technology.
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
      • Xinqiao ore field
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Guazhou Co. (Anxi Co.)
Laigeng Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(6), 9-13
  • Guangdong Province
    • Meizhou Prefecture
      • Mei Co.
Jinyan Yao (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(4), 5-11
  • Hebei Province
    • Baoding Prefecture
      • Laiyuan Co.
Xiangzhen Meng and Meifang Zhao (1985): Acta Petrological Sinica 1(3), 82-86
Guoxi Ma (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 342-345
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Yingshouyingzikuang District
Sergey M. Rodionov, Alexander I. Khanchuk, Alexander A. Obolenskiy, Masatsugu Ogasawara, Zhan V. Seminskiy, Andrei V. Prokopiev, Vladimir F. Timofeev and Warren J. Nokleberg (2010): Middle Jurassic through Quaternary Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia. Chapter 8, Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia Edited by Warren J. Nokleberg U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 176
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Jianwei Li, Xinfu Zhao, Meifu Zhou, Vasconcelos, P., Changqian Ma, Xiaodong Deng, de Souza, Z.S., Yongxin Zhao, and Gang Wu (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 315-336.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Linwu Co.
        • Xianghualing Sn-polymetallic ore field
Dequan Zhang and Lihua Wang (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(4), 33-42
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China, Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Yudu Co.
Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
      • Kuandian Co.
Jingdang Liu, Rongge Xiao, Shengzhi Wang, and Cuizhi Wang (2005): Geology and Resources 14(2), 126-131
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Jianchang Co.
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Matsuda, K. (1969) Copper-bearing contact deposits of Hua-tung-kou, Fu Hsien, Feng-tien province, Manchuria (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, vol. 2, pp 414-422, Tokyo University Press).; Zhiqian Zhang and Jianning Wang (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 34-37, 53
    • Liaoyang Prefecture
      • Liaoyang Co.
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Dechang Co.
Xiaoyu Li (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(2), 151-160
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Coqên Co. (Cuoqin Co.)
        • Nixiong Fe-Cu ore field (Nyixung Fe-Cu ore field)
Yushuai Yu, Zhusen Yang, Yingchao Liu, Shihong Tian, Can Zhao, Yuan Gao, Xianhua Ji, Weizheng Hu, and Shenghua Cao (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 775-790
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
        • Machangqing Cu-Mo-Au ore field (Baoxingchang Cu-Mo-Au ore field)
Yunnan Metallurgical Geology Team No. 310 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(2), 20-28
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Arhe, Markku 1980. Iitin Perheniemen kalkkiivi-karsi esiintymästä ja sen ympäristön geologiasta. 155 s., 16 l. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/3111/-80/1/10.
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Gailbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990 Okrusch, Martin, Geyer, Gerd, Lorenz, Joachim (2011): Spessart. Geologische Entwicklung und Struktur, Gesteine und Minerale.- Sammlung Geologischer Führer Band 106, VIII, 368 Seiten,
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Arnschwang
        • Kalkofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Italy (TL)
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Salerno Province
        • Nocera Inferiore
Balassone, G., et al. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorite-rich Chondrodite, European Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 14, 151-155
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
D. Colzada - V. De Michele - località mineralogiche consigliate: S. Giorgio di Novate Mezola (SO) - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Milano - Vol 1 - (March, 1973) pagg. 10-11
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Maromby Commune
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
          • Belafa area
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
        • Tranomaro Commune
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 397
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Álamos
      • Piedras Verdes
Espinosa Perea, V. J. (1999). Magmatic evolution and geochemistry of the Piedras Verdes deposit, Sonora, Mexico. MS thesis University of Arizona
  • Nordland
    • Gildeskål
Bradshaw, R. & Leake, B. E. (1964) : A chondrodite-humite-spinel marble from Sørfinnset, near Glomfjord, northern Norway. Mineralogical Magazine, 33: 1066-1080
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
Sharygin I.S., Golovin A.V. (2001) Origin of djerfisherite in mantle xenoliths and its relation to kimberlite magmatism. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
Aleksandrov, S. M., & Troneva, M. A. (2009). Composition and genesis of endogenous borates from the Pitkáranta ore field, Karelia. Geochemistry International, 47(9), 914-929.
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Igualeja
Curras, J. y Torres, J. (1992).Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 15 (1), 319-322.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
  • Lappland
    • Malå
Imaña, M., Allen, R., & Barrett, T. (2005, January). Volcanic stratigraphy, chemical stratigraphy and alteration system of the Storliden massive sulphide deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 627-630). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Uppland
    • Norrtälje
      • Väddö
Wilke, H.-J. (1997): Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 200 pp. (in German)
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Långban district
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Hj. Sjøgren (1894): Contribution to Swedish Mineralogy, Part II, On the Chemical Composition of Chondrodite, humite, and Clinohumite from Nordmark, and on the Constitution of the Minerals of the humite Group in general. page 39-54, Prolectite, a New Mineral of the Humite Group99-108. Bulletin of the geological institution of the university of Upsala, Vol II, Part 1
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Rocks & Min.: 63:145; Dana 6:535.; Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38; Hj. Sjögren:(1883) Kristallografiska studier IV. Humit fraan Ladugrufvan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie and Paläontologie,Band 1 Pp 22-28
Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Burträsk
  • Västmanland
    • Lindesberg
Kjell Gatedal
    • Ljusnarsberg
      • Kopparberg
G von Rath (?):Ueber Humitkrystalle von Nya-Kopparberg in Schweden. Mineralogische Mittelungen no 56
    • Nora
      • Timansberg
Kjell Gatedal
    • Sala
Kjell Gatedal; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp. 647-658( 1987)
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Khorog Region
        • Shakhdara range
          • Badom-Dara
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
Paul Render
        • Broadford
          • Kilchrist
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
Min Rec 35:5 pp383-404, 419-420
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • White Mts
Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Bergen Park area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Norway
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1., p.188.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Lost Creek District
Shannon, E. V. (1923). Note on leuchtenbergite from Philipsburg, Montana. American Mineralogist, 8, 8-10.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
(Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938) (Whitlock, 1903). N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Nolan, T.B., 1935, The Gold Hill Mining District, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 177, 172 p.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Nolan, T.B., 1935, The Gold Hill Mining District, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 177, 172 p.
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Town of Athens
        • Athens
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Deer Trail District
            • Adams Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
  • Yenbai Province (Yen Bai Province)
Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Christian Bracke Collection.
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
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