Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About HumiteHide

Sir Abraham Hume
White, yellow, dark orange or brown.
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Specific Gravity:
3.20 - 3.32
Crystal System:
Named in 1813 by Jacques Louis, Comte de Bournon in honour of Sir Abraham Hume [February 20, 1749 London, England, UK – March 24, 1838 Wormley Bury. England, UK], English connoisseur and collector of gems, minerals and artwork.

Classification of HumiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of HumiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Transparent, Translucent
White, yellow, dark orange or brown.
Poor on {100}
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
3.20 - 3.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.201 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HumiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.607 - 1.643 nβ = 1.619 - 1.653 nγ = 1.639 - 1.675
Measured: 68° to 81°, Calculated: 70° to 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Optical Extinction:

Chemical Properties of HumiteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of HumiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.7408(1) Å, b = 10.2580(2) Å, c = 20.8526(4) Å
a:b:c = 0.462 : 1 : 2.033
Unit Cell V:
1,014.09 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Non-standard space-group setting Pbnm, data from Ribbe & Gibbs (1971).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
10.42 (6)
5.17 (10)
5.11 (10)
4.97 (18)
4.59 (20)
4.20 (2)
3.97 (6)
3.90 (12)
3.66 (6)
3.64 (50)
3.47 (6)
3.453 (30)
3.430 (25)
3.312 (30)
3.119 (8)
3.102 (8)
2.980 (6)
2.885 (6)
2.770 (20)
2.744 (30)
2.691 (50)
2.674 (6)
2.589 (8)
2.572 (40)
2.490 (4)
2.453 (4)
2.443 (30)
2.438 (70)
2.399 (20)
2.308 (8)
2.304 (12)
2.297 (8)
2.256 (100)
2.251 (35)
2.218 (18)
2.189 (8)
2.158 (6)
2.107 (40)
2.103 (30)
2.057 (6)
1.920 (6)
1.881 (8)
1.867 (8)
1.850 (2)
1.814 (6)
1.794 (2)
1.779 (6)
1.772 (6)
1.7477 (6)
1.7387 (65)
ICDD 12-755 and 12-755a with 22 more lines including 1.4786 (70)

Type Occurrence of HumiteHide

Synonyms of HumiteHide

Other Language Names for HumiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硅镁石

Relationship of Humite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Spinel12 photos of Humite associated with Spinel on mindat.org.
Calcite11 photos of Humite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Phlogopite7 photos of Humite associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Magnetite7 photos of Humite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Chondrodite3 photos of Humite associated with Chondrodite on mindat.org.
Franklinite3 photos of Humite associated with Franklinite on mindat.org.
Diopside2 photos of Humite associated with Diopside on mindat.org.
Biotite2 photos of Humite associated with Biotite on mindat.org.
Sanidine1 photo of Humite associated with Sanidine on mindat.org.
Apatite1 photo of Humite associated with Apatite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.3.2c.2LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.21Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of HumiteHide

Sometimes fluoresces weak pale-yellow in SW. May be confused with norbergite or chondrodite that may have a bright fluorescent response, but chondrodite does not always fluoresce.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HumiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ribbe, P.H., Gibbs, G.V. (1971): Crystal structures of the humite minerals: III. Mg/Fe ordering in humite and its relation to other ferromagnesian silicates. American Mineralogist, 56, 1155-1173.

Internet Links for HumiteHide

Localities for HumiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania D.J Kilpatrick and P.A Roberts (1982) St. Dizier Area, Progress report August 1981 to June 1982- Report Gold Fields Exploration PTY. Limited
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Ettendorf
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Ötz valley
        • Polles valley
Stephan Hoernes and Edgar Hoffer (1973): Der Amphibolitzug des mittleren Ötztales (Tirol). Veröffentlichungen des Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 53, 159-180.
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • La Pêche
SABINA, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Whitehorse Copper Belt
Tenney, D., 1994. The Whitehorse Copper Belt: Mining, Exploration and Geology (1967-1980). Geology Section, Yukon Region, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Bulletin 1, 29 p.
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Jingwen Mao, Yongjun Shao, Guiqing Xie, Jiandong Zhang, and Yuchuan Chen (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 109-119 XiaoQiuXiang (2012): The Alteration Characteristics and Mineralization in Dongguashan Copper-gold deposit and Hucun Copper-molybdenum deposit of Tongling, Anhui Province, Abstract. Master's thesis, Hafei Univerity of technology.
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
      • Xinqiao ore field
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
  • Gansu
    • Jiuquan
      • Guazhou Co. (Anxi Co.)
Laigeng Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(6), 9-13
  • Guangdong
    • Meizhou
      • Mei Co.
Jinyan Yao (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(4), 5-11
  • Hebei
    • Baoding
      • Laiyuan Co.
Xiangzhen Meng and Meifang Zhao (1985): Acta Petrological Sinica 1(3), 82-86
Guoxi Ma (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 342-345
    • Chengde
      • Yingshouyingzikuang District
Sergey M. Rodionov, Alexander I. Khanchuk, Alexander A. Obolenskiy, Masatsugu Ogasawara, Zhan V. Seminskiy, Andrei V. Prokopiev, Vladimir F. Timofeev and Warren J. Nokleberg (2010): Middle Jurassic through Quaternary Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia. Chapter 8, Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia Edited by Warren J. Nokleberg U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 176
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Daye Co.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Jianwei Li, Xinfu Zhao, Meifu Zhou, Vasconcelos, P., Changqian Ma, Xiaodong Deng, de Souza, Z.S., Yongxin Zhao, and Gang Wu (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 315-336.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Linwu Co.
        • Xianghualing Sn-polymetallic ore field
Dequan Zhang and Lihua Wang (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(4), 33-42
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China, Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Yudu Co.
Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
      • Kuandian Co.
Jingdang Liu, Rongge Xiao, Shengzhi Wang, and Cuizhi Wang (2005): Geology and Resources 14(2), 126-131
    • Huludao
      • Jianchang Co.
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian
        • Wafangdian Co.
Matsuda, K. (1969) Copper-bearing contact deposits of Hua-tung-kou, Fu Hsien, Feng-tien province, Manchuria (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, vol. 2, pp 414-422, Tokyo University Press).; Zhiqian Zhang and Jianning Wang (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 34-37, 53
    • Liaoyang
      • Liaoyang Co.
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Dechang Co.
Xiaoyu Li (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(2), 151-160
  • Tibet
    • Ngari
      • Coqên Co. (Cuoqin Co.)
        • Nixiong Fe-Cu ore field (Nyixung Fe-Cu ore field)
Yushuai Yu, Zhusen Yang, Yingchao Liu, Shihong Tian, Can Zhao, Yuan Gao, Xianhua Ji, Weizheng Hu, and Shenghua Cao (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 775-790
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Midu Co.
        • Machangqing Cu-Mo-Au ore field (Baoxingchang Cu-Mo-Au ore field)
Yunnan Metallurgical Geology Team No. 310 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(2), 20-28
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Iitti
Arhe, Markku 1980. Iitin Perheniemen kalkkiivi-karsi esiintymästä ja sen ympäristön geologiasta. 155 s., 16 l. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/3111/-80/1/10.
  • South Karelia
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Gailbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990 Okrusch, Martin, Geyer, Gerd, Lorenz, Joachim (2011): Spessart. Geologische Entwicklung und Struktur, Gesteine und Minerale.- Sammlung Geologischer Führer Band 106, VIII, 368 Seiten, http://www.spessartit.de/46.htm#Mineralien
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Arnschwang
        • Kalkofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Italy (TL)
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
          • Sant'Anastasia
    • Salerno
      • Nocera Inferiore
Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
D. Colzada - V. De Michele - località mineralogiche consigliate: S. Giorgio di Novate Mezola (SO) - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Milano - Vol 1 - (March, 1973) pagg. 10-11
  • Issyk-Kul Oblast (Ysyk-Köl Oblast)
Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
  • Anosy
    • Amboasary Sud
      • Maromby
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Álamos
      • Piedras Verdes
Espinosa Perea, V. J. (1999). Magmatic evolution and geochemistry of the Piedras Verdes deposit, Sonora, Mexico. MS thesis University of Arizona
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Murmansk Oblast
Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
Aleksandrov, S. M., & Troneva, M. A. (2009). Composition and genesis of endogenous borates from the Pitkáranta ore field, Karelia. Geochemistry International, 47(9), 914-929.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
      • Daldyn
Sharygin I.S., Golovin A.V. (2001) Origin of djerfisherite in mantle xenoliths and its relation to kimberlite magmatism. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp. ; Sharygin, V. V., Kamenetsky, V. S., & Kamenetsky, M. B. (2008). Potassium sulfides in kimberlite-hosted chloride–“nyerereite” and chloride clasts of Udachnaya-East pipe, Yakutia, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(4), 1079-1095.
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Igualeja
Curras, J., Torres-Ruiz, J. (1992) El Skarn magnésico de magnetita-ludwigita del Cañuelo (Cordillras Béticas Occidentales). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 15:1, 319-322 (in Spanish).
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
    • Smedjebacken
      • Väster Silvberg
Jansson, N. F., Erismann, F., Lundstam, E., & Allen, R. L. (2013). Evolution of the paleoproterozoic volcanic-limestone-hydrothermal sediment succession and Zn-Pb-Ag and iron oxide deposits at Stollberg, Bergslagen Region, Sweden. Economic Geology, 108(2), 309-335.
  • Örebro County
    • Lindesberg
Kjell Gatedal
    • Ljusnarsberg
      • Kopparberg
G von Rath (?):Ueber Humitkrystalle von Nya-Kopparberg in Schweden. Mineralogische Mittelungen no 56
    • Nora
      • Timansberg
Kjell Gatedal
  • Stockholm County
    • Norrtälje
      • Väddö
Wilke, H.-J. (1997): Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 200 pp. (in German)
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban ore district
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Hj. Sjøgren (1894): Contribution to Swedish Mineralogy, Part II, On the Chemical Composition of Chondrodite, humite, and Clinohumite from Nordmark, and on the Constitution of the Minerals of the humite Group in general. page 39-54, Prolectite, a New Mineral of the Humite Group99-108. Bulletin of the geological institution of the university of Upsala, Vol II, Part 1
      • Persberg ore district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Rocks & Min.: 63:145; Dana 6:535.; Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38; Hj. Sjögren:(1883) Kristallografiska studier IV. Humit fraan Ladugrufvan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie and Paläontologie,Band 1 Pp 22-28
Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
  • Västerbotten County
    • Malå
Imaña, M., Allen, R., & Barrett, T. (2005, January). Volcanic stratigraphy, chemical stratigraphy and alteration system of the Storliden massive sulphide deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 627-630). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Burträsk
  • Västmanland County
    • Sala
Kjell Gatedal; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp. 647-658( 1987)
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
    • Shughnon
      • Shakhdara range
        • Badom-Dara
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Skye
Paul Render
        • Broadford
          • Kilchrist
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
Min Rec 35:5 pp383-404, 419-420
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • White Mts
Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Bergen Park area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Norway
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1., p.188.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Lost Creek Mining District
Shannon, E. V. (1923). Note on leuchtenbergite from Philipsburg, Montana. American Mineralogist, 8, 8-10.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
(Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938) (Whitlock, 1903). N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Nolan, T.B., 1935, The Gold Hill Mining District, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 177, 172 p.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Nolan, T.B., 1935, The Gold Hill Mining District, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 177, 172 p.
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Town of Athens
        • Athens
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Deer Trail District
            • Adams Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
  • Yenbai Province (Yen Bai Province)
Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Christian Bracke Collection.
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 21, 2019 01:57:56 Page generated: April 13, 2019 21:26:02
Go to top of page