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Humite

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Sir Abraham Hume
Formula:
(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Colour:
White, yellow, dark orange or brown.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6
Specific Gravity:
3.20 - 3.32
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1813 by Jacques Louis, Comte de Bournon in honour of Sir Abraham Hume [February 20, 1749 London, England, UK – March 24, 1838 Wormley Bury. England, UK], English connoisseur and collector of gems, minerals and artwork.
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Classification of HumiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AF.50

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination
52.3.2c.1

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
17.1.11

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)

Physical Properties of HumiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White, yellow, dark orange or brown.
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Poor on 100.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.20 - 3.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.201 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HumiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.607 - 1.643 nβ = 1.619 - 1.653 nγ = 1.639 - 1.675
2V:
Measured: 68° to 81°, Calculated: 70° to 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of HumiteHide

Formula:
(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
IMA Formula:
Mg7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Mn,Ca

Crystallography of HumiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.7408(1) Å, b = 10.2580(2) Å, c = 20.8526(4) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.462 : 1 : 2.033
Unit Cell V:
1,014.09 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
Non-standard space-group setting Pbnm, data from Ribbe & Gibbs (1971).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of HumiteHide

Synonyms of HumiteHide

Other Language Names for HumiteHide

German:Humit
Umit
Russian:Гумит
Simplified Chinese:硅镁石
Spanish:Humita
Umita

Relationship of Humite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Spinel12 photos of Humite associated with Spinel on mindat.org.
Calcite11 photos of Humite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Phlogopite7 photos of Humite associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Magnetite7 photos of Humite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Chondrodite3 photos of Humite associated with Chondrodite on mindat.org.
Franklinite3 photos of Humite associated with Franklinite on mindat.org.
Diopside2 photos of Humite associated with Diopside on mindat.org.
Biotite2 photos of Humite associated with Biotite on mindat.org.
Sanidine1 photo of Humite associated with Sanidine on mindat.org.
Apatite1 photo of Humite associated with Apatite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.55SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.65Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
9.AF.75ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.80EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

52.3.2c.2LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
52.3.2c.3Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.13CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)Tric.
17.1.19YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
17.1.26ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m
17.1.28RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2Tet.
17.1.30SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HumiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ribbe, P.H., Gibbs, G.V. (1971): Crystal structures of the humite minerals: III. Mg/Fe ordering in humite and its relation to other ferromagnesian silicates. American Mineralogist, 56, 1155-1173.

Internet Links for HumiteHide

Localities for HumiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania D.J Kilpatrick and P.A Roberts (1982) St. Dizier Area, Progress report August 1981 to June 1982- Report Gold Fields Exploration PTY. Limited
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Ettendorf
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Ötz valley
        • Polles valley
Stephan Hoernes and Edgar Hoffer (1973): Der Amphibolitzug des mittleren Ötztales (Tirol). Veröffentlichungen des Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 53, 159-180.
Brazil
 
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • La Pêche
SABINA, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Whitehorse Copper Belt
Tenney, D., 1994. The Whitehorse Copper Belt: Mining, Exploration and Geology (1967-1980). Geology Section, Yukon Region, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Bulletin 1, 29 p.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Jingwen Mao, Yongjun Shao, Guiqing Xie, Jiandong Zhang, and Yuchuan Chen (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 109-119 XiaoQiuXiang (2012): The Alteration Characteristics and Mineralization in Dongguashan Copper-gold deposit and Hucun Copper-molybdenum deposit of Tongling, Anhui Province, Abstract. Master's thesis, Hafei Univerity of technology.
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
      • Xinqiao ore field
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Guazhou Co. (Anxi Co.)
Laigeng Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(6), 9-13
  • Guangdong Province
    • Meizhou Prefecture
      • Mei Co.
Jinyan Yao (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(4), 5-11
  • Hebei Province
    • Baoding Prefecture
      • Laiyuan Co.
Xiangzhen Meng and Meifang Zhao (1985): Acta Petrological Sinica 1(3), 82-86
Guoxi Ma (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 342-345
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Yingshouyingzikuang District
Sergey M. Rodionov, Alexander I. Khanchuk, Alexander A. Obolenskiy, Masatsugu Ogasawara, Zhan V. Seminskiy, Andrei V. Prokopiev, Vladimir F. Timofeev and Warren J. Nokleberg (2010): Middle Jurassic through Quaternary Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia. Chapter 8, Metallogenesis and Tectonics of Northeast Asia Edited by Warren J. Nokleberg U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 176
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Jianwei Li, Xinfu Zhao, Meifu Zhou, Vasconcelos, P., Changqian Ma, Xiaodong Deng, de Souza, Z.S., Yongxin Zhao, and Gang Wu (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 315-336.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Linwu Co.
        • Xianghualing Sn-polymetallic ore field
Dequan Zhang and Lihua Wang (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(4), 33-42
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China, Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Yudu Co.
Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
      • Kuandian Co.
Jingdang Liu, Rongge Xiao, Shengzhi Wang, and Cuizhi Wang (2005): Geology and Resources 14(2), 126-131
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Jianchang Co.
http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Matsuda, K. (1969) Copper-bearing contact deposits of Hua-tung-kou, Fu Hsien, Feng-tien province, Manchuria (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, vol. 2, pp 414-422, Tokyo University Press).; Zhiqian Zhang and Jianning Wang (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 34-37, 53
    • Liaoyang Prefecture
      • Liaoyang Co.
Mingshou Yang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(2), 8-18
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Dechang Co.
Xiaoyu Li (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(2), 151-160
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Coqên Co. (Cuoqin Co.)
        • Nixiong Fe-Cu ore field (Nyixung Fe-Cu ore field)
Yushuai Yu, Zhusen Yang, Yingchao Liu, Shihong Tian, Can Zhao, Yuan Gao, Xianhua Ji, Weizheng Hu, and Shenghua Cao (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(4), 775-790
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
        • Machangqing Cu-Mo-Au ore field (Baoxingchang Cu-Mo-Au ore field)
Yunnan Metallurgical Geology Team No. 310 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(2), 20-28
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Lappeenranta
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Arhe, Markku 1980. Iitin Perheniemen kalkkiivi-karsi esiintymästä ja sen ympäristön geologiasta. 155 s., 16 l. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M/3111/-80/1/10.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Gailbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990 Okrusch, Martin, Geyer, Gerd, Lorenz, Joachim (2011): Spessart. Geologische Entwicklung und Struktur, Gesteine und Minerale.- Sammlung Geologischer Führer Band 106, VIII, 368 Seiten, http://www.spessartit.de/46.htm#Mineralien
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Arnschwang
        • Kalkofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Indonesia
 
  • Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
          • Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)
New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Italy (TL)
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Salerno Province
        • Nocera Inferiore
Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Petti, C., Puliti, R. (2002): Re-examination of fluosiderite, an unknown mineral from southern Italy: equal to fluorine-rich chondrodite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 151-155; Lacalamita, M., Balassone, G., Schingaro, E., Mesto, E., Mormone, A., Piochi, M., Ventruti, G., Joachimski, M., (2016): Fluorophlogopite-bearing and carbonate 1 metamorphosed xenoliths from the Campanian Ignimbrite (Fiano, southern Italy): crystal chemical, geochemical and volcanological insights. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1290;jsessionid=2etf74elfv6x4.x-ic-live-02
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
D. Colzada - V. De Michele - località mineralogiche consigliate: S. Giorgio di Novate Mezola (SO) - Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo - Milano - Vol 1 - (March, 1973) pagg. 10-11
Madagascar
 
Anthony,Bideaux,Bladhhttp://www.minsocam.org/msa/Handbook/Humite.PDF
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Maromby Commune
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
          • Belafa area
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
        • Tranomaro Commune
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 397
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Álamos
      • Piedras Verdes
Espinosa Perea, V. J. (1999). Magmatic evolution and geochemistry of the Piedras Verdes deposit, Sonora, Mexico. MS thesis University of Arizona
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
Sharygin I.S., Golovin A.V. (2001) Origin of djerfisherite in mantle xenoliths and its relation to kimberlite magmatism. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
Aleksandrov, S. M., & Troneva, M. A. (2009). Composition and genesis of endogenous borates from the Pitkáranta ore field, Karelia. Geochemistry International, 47(9), 914-929.
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Igualeja
Curras, J. y Torres, J. (1992).Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 15 (1), 319-322.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
  • Lappland
    • Malå
Imaña, M., Allen, R., & Barrett, T. (2005, January). Volcanic stratigraphy, chemical stratigraphy and alteration system of the Storliden massive sulphide deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 627-630). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Uppland
    • Norrtälje
      • Väddö
Wilke, H.-J. (1997): Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 200 pp. (in German)
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Långban district
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Hj. Sjøgren (1894): Contribution to Swedish Mineralogy, Part II, On the Chemical Composition of Chondrodite, humite, and Clinohumite from Nordmark, and on the Constitution of the Minerals of the humite Group in general. page 39-54, Prolectite, a New Mineral of the Humite Group99-108. Bulletin of the geological institution of the university of Upsala, Vol II, Part 1
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Rocks & Min.: 63:145; Dana 6:535.; Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38; Hj. Sjögren:(1883) Kristallografiska studier IV. Humit fraan Ladugrufvan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie and Paläontologie,Band 1 Pp 22-28
Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Burträsk
http://geonord.se/fyndort/i.html#anchor285525
  • Västmanland
    • Lindesberg
Kjell Gatedal
    • Ljusnarsberg
      • Kopparberg
G von Rath (?):Ueber Humitkrystalle von Nya-Kopparberg in Schweden. Mineralogische Mittelungen no 56
    • Nora
      • Timansberg
Kjell Gatedal
    • Sala
Kjell Gatedal; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 25, pp. 647-658( 1987)
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Khorog Region
        • Shakhdara range
          • Badom-Dara
P.M. Kartashov data
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
Paul Render
        • Broadford
          • Kilchrist
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
Min Rec 35:5 pp383-404, 419-420
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • White Mts
Barton, M. D. (1987). Lithophile-element mineralization associated with Late Cretaceous two-mica granites in the Great Basin. Geology, 15(4), 337-340.; Barton, M. D. (2000). Overview of the lithophile-element-bearing magmatic hydrothermal system at Birch Creek. White Mountains, California: Society of Economic Geologists Guidebook Series, 32, 9-26.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Bergen Park area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Norway
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1., p.188.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Lost Creek District
Shannon, E. V. (1923). Note on leuchtenbergite from Philipsburg, Montana. American Mineralogist, 8, 8-10.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt3:347.
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
(Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Manchester, 1931) (Trainer, 1938) (Whitlock, 1903). N.V. Chukanov(2014),Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library,Vol 1Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy of mineral species
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Nolan, T.B., 1935, The Gold Hill Mining District, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 177, 172 p.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Nolan, T.B., 1935, The Gold Hill Mining District, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 177, 172 p.
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Town of Athens
        • Athens
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Deer Trail District
            • Adams Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Vietnam
 
  • Yenbai Province (Yen Bai Province)
Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Christian Bracke Collection.
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Mineral and/or Locality  
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