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Xinqiao Mine, Xinqiao ore field, Tongling, Anhui, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Xinqiao MineMine
Xinqiao ore fieldOre Field
TonglingPrefecture
AnhuiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):新桥矿, 新桥铜硫铁金矿田, 铜陵市, 安徽省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 55' 21'' North , 117° 59' 33'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 30.92250,117.99250
GeoHash:G#: wt7zuvr88
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Polymetallic deposit with two major types of mineralization: one is an economically significant stratiform orebody hosted in the Lower Carboniferous Gaolishan siltstone and overlying Middle Carboniferous Huanglong limestone, while the other is a less important skarn-type mineralization restricted to the contact between Yanshanian diorite (110–168 Ma) and Lower Permian Qixia marble. The ore in the Xinqiao deposit is dominated by massive pyrite with minor amounts of other sulphides and oxides.

Some references list two neighbouring deposits, Xinqiao-A (30°55'44'' N, 117°59'40'' E) and Xinqiao-B (30°55'44'' N, 118°00'00'' E). The minerals occurring in the two deposits are essentially the same, but there appear to be differences in the relative abundances of the ore minerals and in the extent of the oxdiation zone. It is not always evident however, which deposit is meant when minerals are listed, and most papers treat Xinqiao as a single deposit anyway. Therefore, we have combined the Xinqiao deposits in one entry.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


47 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Lin (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 107-138
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Lin (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 107-138; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Jurui He, Zhongyou Yao, Ying Li, Nangui Sun, and Aihua Dai (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 27-32; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Jurui He, Zhongyou Yao, Ying Li, Nangui Sun, and Aihua Dai (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 27-32
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Lin (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 107-138.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Jurui He, Zhongyou Yao, Ying Li, Nangui Sun, and Aihua Dai (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 27-32; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Jurui He, Zhongyou Yao, Ying Li, Nangui Sun, and Aihua Dai (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(9), 27-32
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14; Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhichao Chu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hengcheng Xu (1993): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 8(1), 11-27; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242
'Turgite'
Reference: Chaoyi Wang (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21; Bailin Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Emplectite'2.HA.05CuBiS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydrogoethite-3Fe2O3·4H2O
K Feldspar-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melnikovite-
Psilomelane-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Turgite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
FFluorine
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 3189488
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Zhichao Chu (1982): Occurrence of gold and silver ores in the Xinqiao Cu-S-Fe-Au deposit and preliminary studies on their laws of distribution. Geology and Prospecting 18(11), 8-14 (in Chinese).
Chaoyi Wang (1988): On the formation conditions of gold in gossans in the Tongling Mining District, Anhui Province. Geology and Prospecting 24(12), 19-21.
Bailin Chen (1989): Gold deposits of the gossan type, Tongling Prefecture, Anhui. Geology and Prospecting 25(4), 17-22.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Geology of gold-bearing skarn deposits in the middle and lower Yangtze River Valley and adjacent regions. Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): The Lower Changjiang (Yangzi/Yangtze) River metallogenic belt, east central China: intrusion- and wall rock-hosted Cu-Fe-Au, Mo, Zn, Pb, Ag deposits. Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Xu, G., and Zhou, J. (2001): The Xinqiao Cu–S–Fe–Au deposit in the Tongling mineral district, China: synorogenic remobilization of a stratiform sulfide deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 18(1/2), 77-94.
Yan-Bin Wang, Pu-Sheng Zeng, Yan-He Li, Yi-Feng Meng, Zhu-Sen Yang, and Shi-Hong Tian (2004): Origin of Ore-Forming Fluids of the Xinqiao Cu-Au Deposit in the Tongling Mineral District, Anhui: Evidence from He and Ar Isotopes. Geoscience [Xiandai Dizhi] 18(4), 524-528.
Jianfeng Gao and Jianjun Lu (2005): REE characters of sulphide oxidation zone of Xinqiao massive sulphide deposit of Anhui, China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement 69(10), Supplement 1: Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2005, no. A880.
Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Lin (2007): Distinctive features of Late Palaeozoic massive sulphide deposits in South China. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 107-138.
Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Geodynamic settings and tectonic model of skarn gold deposits in China: An overview. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Wenshuan Zang, Ganguo Wu, Da Zhang, Xiangxin Zhang, Jinwen Li, Aihua Liu, and Zhongyi Zhang (2007): A preliminary discussion on genesis of Xinqiao S-Fe orefield. Mineral Deposits 26(4), 464-474 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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