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Thames, Thames-Coromandel District, Waikato Region, New Zealandi
Regional Level Types
Thames- not defined -
Thames-Coromandel DistrictDistrict
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03360860015226983656092.jpg
View of the Thames gold mining area, ca. 1907.

Thames, Thames-Coromandel District, Waikato Region, New Zealand
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° 8' 16'' South , 175° 32' 28'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Thames7,136 (2014)0.1km
Ngatea1,151 (2011)16.6km
Kerepehi537 (2011)18.0km
Paeroa3,994 (2011)27.7km
Whangamata4,253 (2011)29.6km


Gold was discovered in Kuranui Creek on 10 August 1867 by Hunt, White, Clarkson and Cobley at what would become the Shotover claim. The discovery led to a gold-rush, and by the end of 1868, the Thames area held 1200 claims, with about 800 working, and 600 of those on gold to variable degrees. There were also 27 batteries, with 13 more under construction. By this stage the field had produced 83 000 ounces of gold.

Like many goldfields, leases passed from prospectors to small local companies, reaching a maximum output by 1871. This was largely to do with the bonanza discovery in the Caledonian Mine. The quartz reefs in the Thames area were generally low in gold, except where veins intersected, at which point there were at times rich gold specimens. The central area of the mines produced half a dozen bonanzas of this kind, overall contributing to about 40% of the gold produced.

Gold production gradually decreased, and the English capital boom of the 1890's did little to arrest the slide. The vast sums of money spent by English investors was not warranted, often leading to the early ceasing of operations, sale of the properties, and the companies liquidated. The Waiotahi bonanza discovery of 1904 was the last hurrah, and major mining had ceased by the World War One years. Minor intermittent mining and prospecting continued until the 1940's.

A major structural feature is the north north-west to south-south-east Moanataiari Fault, which divides the goldfield into an upland, and lowland area. The fault traverses the mountains behind Thames, and can be seen as a stepped feature. Parallel to this is the beach slide, a fault following the former foreshore, and now crossing the middle of the Thames town-site, and marking the western limit of the goldfield. More minor faults include Collarbone, a north-south feature from Shortland Flat in the south to the head of the Waiotahi Valley, and the Hague Smith Fault, also north-south trending further inland.

The majority of the quartz reefs trend north-east to south-west, and are majorly thrown at the Moanataiari Fault, to the point many have separate names either side of the fault. Reefs on both sides can be gold bearing, and the fault effectively divides the goldfield in two. The reefs are often highly lenticular, show for a short distance, and go to no depth. The quartz is finely crystalline, shows many small cavities near surface, often stained black or brown in the upper areas by manganese oxides/pyrolusite/manganite and limonite, but is otherwise white, or bluish-white, with also chalcedony and jasper in some of the veins.

The reefs are hosted by variably propylitised altered andesite. The alterated andesite is soft white, light grey, purplish-grey or greenish, with chalky feldspars, secondary pyrite, leucoxene, siderite, and minor epidote. The major components of the andesite include hornblende, augite, pyroxene, and hypersthene. Inamongst this is harder dark un-altered andesite. Also found is breccia, the quartz veins being more defined and usually holding more gold where they cross the altered andesite, rather than breccia. Clay, quartz grit, sandy material, fragmentary country rock fill the faults.

Gold and silver is found in electrum, as jagged shreds, filaments, plates, and granular aggregates. Gold-silver may also be found in relatively minor tellurides. The northern section of the Thames field contains the most tellurides, with hessite the main ore component of the Waitangi Mine. Sulphides include major amounts of pyrite, some galena (often low grade argentiferous), sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and minor arsenopyrite and molybdenite, associated with gold in the veins across most of the goldfield, however again more prevalent in the northern sections. Minor enargite can be associated with gold in clay areas.

Of other species, calcite and aragonite is found in small quantities; selenite and chalcanthite as major recent encrustations in old workings that are almost impossible to access now; ankerite common in the Una Hill and Karaka Stream areas; chlorite the Tararu Stream area, pyrargyrite in the Kuranui-Caledonian mine area; minor copper oxidation products like bornite, malachite, and cuprite; common rhodonite and rhodochrosite in the northern sections of the goldfield, giving the reefs a pinkish tinge.

Specimens likely seen from the goldfield are attractive stibnite crystal aggregates, with yellow cervantite as an alteration product. Clear barite transparent plates and rhombic prisms attached on edge to quartz and pyrite in cavities. Gold specimens are generally found in local museums, being a few saved that were not processed.

Mindat only lists the most major of the mines for the Thames area. The town has the Thames School of Mines, which includes a mineral display, and attached rock shop, although its selection of New Zealand specimens is limited. The Thames Gold Mine Experience, includes an operational stamp battery, and underground tours. The pumphouse, and technological museum may also be worthwhile. Most have limited opening times, especially in winter.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

54 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hauraki goldfield, Braithwaite, Cristie and Skinner. Mineral deposits of NZ, 1987
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hauraki goldfield, Braithwaite, Cristie and Skinner. Mineral deposits of NZ, 1987
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cervantite ?
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Stephanie Martin specimen
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Christie, A.B., Mauk, J.L., Simpson, M.P., Brathwaite, R.L., Simmons, S.F. (2007) Epithermal Au-Ag and Related Deposits of the Hauraki Goldfield, Coromandel Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 102:5, 785-816.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Christie, A.B., Mauk, J.L., Simpson, M.P., Brathwaite, R.L., Simmons, S.F. (2007) Epithermal Au-Ag and Related Deposits of the Hauraki Goldfield, Coromandel Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 102:5, 785-816.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Hauraki goldfield, Braithwaite, Cristie and Skinner. Mineral deposits of NZ, 1987
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: McOnie, A.. Mineral Report 3050, 1991.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Leucoxene
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Hauraki goldfield, Braithwaite, Cristie and Skinner. Mineral deposits of NZ, 1987
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Hauraki goldfield, Braithwaite, Cristie and Skinner. Mineral deposits of NZ, 1987
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Christie, A.B., Mauk, J.L., Simpson, M.P., Brathwaite, R.L., Simmons, S.F. (2007) Epithermal Au-Ag and Related Deposits of the Hauraki Goldfield, Coromandel Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 102:5, 785-816.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Quartz var: Jasper
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Harris S.G. Mineral Report 2279, 1981.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cervantite ?4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cervantite ?4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CupriteCu2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S CinnabarHgS
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ArsenicAs
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
TeTellurium
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
IrIridium
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
PtPlatinum
Pt PlatinumPt
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb LeadPb
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.

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