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Ray Mica Mine (Wray Mine), Hurricane Mountain, Burnsville, Spruce Pine Mining District, Yancey Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Ray Mica Mine (Wray Mine)Mine
Hurricane MountainMountain
Burnsville- not defined -
Spruce Pine Mining DistrictMining District
Yancey Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 53' 9'' North , 82° 16' 44'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Burnsville1,660 (2017)4.0km
Bakersville452 (2017)18.0km
Spruce Pine2,134 (2017)19.6km
Mars Hill2,256 (2017)25.2km
Montreat723 (2017)26.9km


The Ray Mica Mines are located on Hurricane Mountain, 4.0 km (2.5 miles) SSE of Burnsville (coordinates of record), in the Bolen's Creek area, on National Forest land.

Mineralization is a mica-rich pegmatite. Additional commodities include U & Th.

Workings include 10 verticle shafts, which remain open.

See Forest Service for designated area for collecting.

Attention North Carolina rockhounds! The Ray Mica Mine site in Burnsville is now posted as a day use only area. It is also posted that entering any mine no matter depth or distance is under 'Emergency Temporary Closure', adding some confusion on whether surface collecting is still allowed.

According to a local rock shop owner in Spruce Pine, the sign was posted recently because a 'renegade' hunter camped up there for about a week, creating quite a mess outside the usual dig area. There are now blue flags on the trees, walking up the creek on the right which I'm assuming are creating an ok collecting area.

Collecting at this site could be on it's toes right now with the Forest Service, and installing their new signs could be a way a restricting it in the future.

Let's not let this site turn into the once Walker Creek Kyanite site that is now subjected to strict, no collecting laws.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


40 valid minerals. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Mineral was found out to be Columbite.
Reference: W.E,Hidden.,1882, Notes on some North Carolina Minerals,Jahrb.f.Min,1883,Vo.2,Ref,148-149,America Journal Of Science,1882,Vol.24,pg.372-374
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and "healed" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been mined for mica an
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:99.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Lesure, Frank G.,(1968) Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina :USGS Professional Paper 577
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \"healed\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been mined for mica
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been min
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Colour: green, blue, yellow, pink, white.
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey Co., NC"
Beryl var. Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:99.
Beryl var. Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:99.
Beryl var. Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange colo
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey,North Carolina
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey Co., NC"
Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Richard C. Erd, US. Geological Survey unpublished data
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Brobst,Donald A.,1962,Geology of the Spruce Pine District Avery, Mitchell,and Yancey Counties North Carolina: USGS Geological Survey Bulletin 1122-A
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: www.McRocks.com
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: www.McRocks.com
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under s
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorescence: Yellow - S.W , Bright Yellow - Midrange
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Fluorite var. Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Reference: www.mcrocks.com
Fluorite var. Yttrocerite ?
Formula: (Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen, Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C.,1885,The minerals and mineral localities of North Carolina:pp.127
Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite ?
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and "healed" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color.
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. \
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
'Lepidolite'
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Microcline var. Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine" by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M.
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Monazite-(La) ?
Formula: La(PO4)
Description: Data are needed to confirm that this mineral is correctly identified and that La is the dominant REE.
Monazite-(Nd) ?
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Description: Data are needed to confirm that this mineral is correctly identified and that Nd is the dominant REE.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Olenite ?
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Description: Recent studies put it as Elbaite tourmaline.
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Colour: pink, yellow, white
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Powellite ?
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: C.W. Allen collection
Purpurite ?
Formula: Mn3+(PO4)
Reference: K.Linnekin collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Habit: octahedral,with dodecahedral sfcs
Colour: brownish yellow or honey yellow
Description: Microscopic grains associated with orthoclase,tourmaline,etc
Reference: Genth,1875, Minerals of North Carolina,Appendix C to Kerr,W.C,Report Geological Survey of North Carolina,Raleigh,Vol.1.pg.79
'Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Habit: octahedral,with dodecahedral sfcs
Colour: brownish yellow or honey yellow
Description: Microscopic grains associated with orthoclase,tourmaline,etc
Reference: Genth,1875, Minerals of North Carolina,Appendix C to Kerr,W.C,Report Geological Survey of North Carolina,Raleigh,Vol.1.pg.79
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: Pyrolusite was formerly the usual identification of the mineral forming manganese dendrites. Potter and Rossman (1978) demonstrated that no pyrolusite existed anywhere in the world as a dendrite. Subsequently, Rossman has continued to search for pyrolusite in granite pegmatites and has yet to find a single specimen.
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Pyrrhotite ?
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: C.W.Allen collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and "healed" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been mined for mica an
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: beryl- green, blue, yellow, pink, white. Pollucite- pink, yellow, white apatite- pink, green, blue, white
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Sphalerite var. Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine"
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Dana 6: 1080.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Lesure, Frank G.,(1968) Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina :USGS Professional Paper 577
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \"healed\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been mined for mica
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Lesure, Frank G.,(1968) Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina :USGS Professional Paper 577
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.118781-00
Tremolite var. Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.118781-00
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: A complex pegmatite. Average grain size ranges from about 7mm to 1M. Muscovite highly fractionated. Tourmalines exhibit bent, broken, and \\\\\\\"healed\\\\\\\" forms. Apatite is highly fluorescent under sw UV light, a yellow-orange color. Has been min
Reference: Miller, J.W. and Allen, C.W. "Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina." UNCA, 2001. (to be published by NCGS)
Zoisite ?
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Description: I supplied "thulite" from eight locations in North Carolina to Richard Erd of the US Geological Survey and he determined that all 22 samples from the eight locations, including the Ray Pegmatite were clinozoisite and not its polymorph, zoisite.
Reference: Richard James Jacquot,Jr.,2003,Rock,Gem, and Mineral Collecting Sites In Western North Carolina pg # 36 Lesure, Frank G.,(1968)Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina:USGS Professional Paper 577
Zoisite var. Thulite ?
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: I supplied "thulite" from eight locations in North Carolina to Richard Erd of the US Geological Survey and he determined that all 22 samples from the eight locations, including the Ray Pegmatite were clinozoisite and not its polymorph, zoisite.
Reference: Richard James Jacquot,Jr.,2003,Rock,Gem, and Mineral Collecting Sites In Western North Carolina pg # 36 Lesure, Frank G.,(1968)Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina:USGS Professional Paper 577

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite ?2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var. Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var. Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
var. Yttrocerite ?3.AB.25(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
var. Yttrofluorite ?3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce) ?4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Pyrolusite ?4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10Fe2+Ta2O6
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Powellite ?7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La) ?8.AD.50La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) ?8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Purpurite ?8.AB.10Mn3+(PO4)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Alkali-beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var. Clinothulite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hafnon9.AD.30HfSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var. Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Olenite ?9.CK.05Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc ?9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var. Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite ?9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var. Thulite ?9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite ?2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite ?4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce) ?8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La) ?38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) ?38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Purpurite ?38.4.1.2Mn3+(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite ?48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Hafnon51.5.2.2HfSiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite ?58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Olenite ?61.3.1.7Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc ?71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Beryl
var. Alkali-beryl
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine-Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Clinozoisite
var. Clinothulite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
Fluorite
var. Chlorophane
-CaF2
var. Yttrocerite ?-(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
var. Yttrofluorite ?-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Microcline
var. Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
Opal
var. Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var. Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Sphalerite
var. Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
var. Chrome-Tremolite
-◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zoisite
var. Thulite ?
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Tremolite var. Chrome-Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
H Zoisite var. Thulite{Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. Alkali-berylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. HeliodorBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
OOxygen
O HafnonHfSiO4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Beryl var. Alkali-berylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Beryl var. HeliodorBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tremolite var. Chrome-Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
O Zoisite var. Thulite{Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorite var. ChlorophaneCaF2
F Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
F Fluorite var. Yttrocerite(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg Tremolite var. Chrome-Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Beryl var. Alkali-berylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl var. HeliodorBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Al Zoisite var. Thulite{Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si HafnonHfSiO4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Beryl var. Alkali-berylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Beryl var. HeliodorBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Tremolite var. Chrome-Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Beryl var. MorganiteBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Si Zoisite var. Thulite{Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
P PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Sphalerite var. Marmatite(Zn,Fe)S
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca Fluorite var. ChlorophaneCaF2
Ca Clinozoisite var. Clinothulite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Tremolite var. Chrome-Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Ca Fluorite var. Yttrocerite(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Zoisite var. Thulite{Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)
Mn Zoisite var. Thulite{Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Sphalerite var. Marmatite(Zn,Fe)S
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
CuCopper
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Sphalerite var. Marmatite(Zn,Fe)S
YYttrium
Y Fluorite var. Yttrofluorite(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x
Y Fluorite var. Yttrocerite(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
LaLanthanum
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Fluorite var. Yttrocerite(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
HfHafnium
Hf HafnonHfSiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Genth, F.A and Kerr, W.C.(1881),Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina, North Carolina Geologic Survey.
Hidden, W.E (1882), Notes on some North Carolina Minerals, Jahrb. f. Min, 1883, Volume 2, Ref. 148-149, America Journal Of Science, 1882: 24: 372-374.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 620, 735, 1080.
Pratt, J.H. (1916) Zircon, Monazite and Other Minerals Used in the Production of Chemical Compounds Employed in the Manufacture of Lighting Apparatus. North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey Bulletin 25, 120 pp.
Olson, J C (1944) North Carolina Department of Conservation & Development Bull. 43, Plate 2.
Brobst, Donald A. (1962), Geology of the Spruce Pine District Avery, Mitchell and Yancey Counties North Carolina: USGS Geological Survey Bulletin 1122-A.
Lesure, F.G. (1968), Mica Deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina, USGS Professional Paper 577.
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 99.
Jacquot, Jr., Richard James (2003), Rock, Gem, and Mineral Collecting Sites In Western North Carolina: 36.
Miller, J. William and Curtis W. Allen (2004) "Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, North Carolina": North Carolina Geological Survey Geonote #8. A vein type zoned pegmatite with stringers. 8 pages.
Erd, Richard C. USGS, unpublished data.

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