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About PolylithioniteHide

white, gray, violet, light green, pinkish
2 - 3
Crystal System:
Member of:
From the Greek "POLY," for many or much, and in allusion to its composition with a high LITHIum content.
Mica Group.
Polylithionite-Trilithionite Series.

Several polytypes are known (see below).

Classification of PolylithioniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
2 : Silicates with fluoride

Physical Properties of PolylithioniteHide

white, gray, violet, light green, pinkish
2 - 3 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of PolylithioniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.530 nβ = 1.551 - 1.556 nγ = 1.555 - 1.559
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025 - 0.029
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of PolylithioniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of PolylithioniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Monoclinic Monoclinic 
2 - Sphenoidal2/m - Prismatic
B2 B2/b
C2 C2/c
a = 5.251(1) Å, b = 9.066(2) Å, c = 10.087(2) Å
β = 100.694(5)°
a = 5.262 Å, b = 9.085 Å, c = 10.099 Å
β = 100.72°
a:b:c = 0.579 : 1 : 1.113a:b:c = 0.579 : 1 : 1.112
V 471.86 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 474.36 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of PolylithioniteHide

Other Language Names for PolylithioniteHide

Simplified Chinese:多硅锂云母
Traditional Chinese:多矽鋰雲母

Varieties of PolylithioniteHide

Relationship of Polylithionite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
BalestraiteKLi2V5+Si4O12Mon. 2 : B2
BiotiteA series or subgroup of the Mica Group.
BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
LepidoliteA Li-rich mica in, or close to, the so-called Polylithionite-Trilithionite series.Mon.
LuanshiweiiteKLiAl1.50.5(Si3.5Al0.5)O10(OH,F)2 Mon. 2/m : B2/b
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
VoloshiniteRb(LiAl1.51.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Aegirine81 photos of Polylithionite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Serandite65 photos of Polylithionite associated with Serandite on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite49 photos of Polylithionite associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Natrolite38 photos of Polylithionite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Albite28 photos of Polylithionite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Leucophanite25 photos of Polylithionite associated with Leucophanite on mindat.org.
Analcime23 photos of Polylithionite associated with Analcime on mindat.org.
Microcline22 photos of Polylithionite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Quartz15 photos of Polylithionite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Tugtupite14 photos of Polylithionite associated with Tugtupite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.2.2b.1PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.3AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.6HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.11NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.13Sodium PhlogopiteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
71.2.2b.14Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.2.1TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.2.3Leifite(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2Trig. 3m : P3m1
17.2.5Meliphanite(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]Tet. 4 : I4
17.2.7GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
17.2.10MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmma

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PolylithioniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's system of mineralogy, 6th edition. New York: 626-627.
Vlasov, K.A., Editor (1966) Mineralogy of Rare Elements, vol. II: 25-29.
Vlasov, K.A., M.V. Kuz'menko, and E.M. Es'kova (1966) The Lovozero alkali massif. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 425-429 (in English).
Takeda, H. and C.W. Burnham (1969) Fluor-polylithionite: a lithium mica with nearly hexagonal (Si2O5)2- ring. Mineralogical Journal (Japan): 6: 102-109.
Raade, G. and A. Larsen (1980) polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Norsk. Geol. Tidsskr., 60, 117-124.
Chemical Abstracts: 94: 50381.
Canadian Mineralogist (1998): 36: 905-912.
BRIGATTI, Maria Franca, Enrico CAPRILLI, Daniele MALFERRARI, Luca MEDICI and Luciano POPPI (2005): Crystal structure and chemistry of trilithionite-2M2 and polylithionite-2M2. European Journal of Mineralogy 17, 475-481.
Elmi C, Brigatti M F, Guggenheim S, Pasquali L, Montecchi M, Nannarone S (2014): Crystal chemistry and surface configurations of two polylithionite-1M crystals. American Mineralogist 99, 2049-2059.

Internet Links for PolylithioniteHide

Localities for PolylithioniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills mining district
          • Glen Wills
Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
  • Amazonas
    • Presidente Figueiredo
      • Pitinga mine
A. C. Bastos Neto, V. P. Pereira, L. H. Ronchi, E. F. de Lima and J. C. Frantz (2009): The world-class Sn, Nb, Ta, F (Y, REE, Li) deposit and the massive cryolite associated with the albite-enriched facies of the Madeira A-type granite, Pitinga mining district, Amazonas State, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1329-1357.; Sighnolfi, G., Costi, H. T., Horbe, A. M. C., Borges, R. M. K., Dall'agnol, R., & Rossi, A. (2008). Mineral chemistry of cassiterites from Pitinga Province, Amozonian Craton, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 30(4), 775-782
  • Minas Gerais
    • São João del Rei pegmatite province
      • Nazareno
Fernando R.M. Pires and A. Raphael Cabral (1998) The Volta Grande pegmatites, Minas Gerais, Brazil: an example of rare-element granitic pegmatites exceptionally enriched in lithium and rubidium: Discussion. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1157-1158.
  • Manitoba
    • Red Cross Lake
Cerny et al. 2012; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012)
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 31-60.
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
    • O'Grady Lake area
Northern Mineral Showings Database, NWT Geoscience Office.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52; Perrault, G. (1966), Polylithionite from St. Hilaire, P.Q. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 671.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Miller (1996), Canadian Mineralogist: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Henan Province
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lushi Co.
        • Guanpo
          • Guanpo pegmatite field
Fan G., Li G., Shen G., Xu J., Dai J. (2013): Luanshiweiite: A New Member of Lepidolite Series. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 33, 713-721.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Yuzhuang Sun, Yanheng Li, Cunliang Zhao, Mingyue Lin, Jinxi Wang, and Shenjun Qin (2010): Energy, Exploration & Exploitation 28(2), 97-104
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Czech Republic
  • South Bohemia Region
    • Český Krumlov
Welser, P. et al.: Lithný pegmatit Nová Ves. Minerál, Special volume, 2007, roč. 15.; Novák, M., Ertl, A., Povondra, P., Vašinová Galiová, M., Rossman, G. R., Pristacz, H., ... & Škoda, R. (2013). Darrellhenryite, Na (LiAl2) Al6 (BO3) 3Si6O18 (OH) 3O, a new mineral from the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 98(10), 1886-1892.
  • Ústí Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Krupka (Graupen)
        • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
Rob Lavinsky (ex. Josef Vajdak specimen)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Hrotovice
        • Biskupice
Rieder, M., Huka, M., Kučerová, D., Minařík, L., Obermajer, J., and Povondra, P. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 131-158.
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Křižanov
Novák, M.: Bór obsahující minerály z granitických pegmatitů moldanubika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 164-169.
      • Rožná
Novák, M., Houzar, S., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a historie klasické lokality lepidolitového pegmatitu v Rožné u Bystřice nad Pernštejnem, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 83:3-48.
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
          • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (P.336-337);Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
          • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.
            • Head of Kangerluarsuk
              • Lilleelv
B. Otter collection
Petersen, O. V. (2001). List of minerals identified in the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland.Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190: 25-33.
Friis, H., Balic-Zunic, T, Pekov, I., Peterson, O. (2004): Kuannersuite-(Ce), a new member of the Apatite-group, from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, 95-106
Metcalf-Johansen, J. (1977): Willemite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline Intrusion. Mineralogical Magazine. 41, 71-75
Friis, H., Balic-Zunic, T, Pekov, I., Peterson, O. (2004): Kuannersuite-(Ce), a new member of the Apatite-group, from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist. 42, 95-106
          • Taseq area
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Cole, M. (2003): Fluorescent Minerals of the Ilimaussaq Complex, Greenland, MinerShop 2003
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.44)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.44)
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Abd El-Naby, H.H. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 436-446.
Germany & Czech Republic
  • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Rieder, M., Huka, M., Kučerová, D., Minařík, L., Obermajer, J., and Povondra, P. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 131-158.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
P.M. Kartashov data; Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F. C., Stepanov, A. V., Bekenova, G. K., & Kotel’nikov, P. E. (2009). Camaraite, Ba3NaTi4 (Fe2+, Mn) 8 (Si2O7) 4O4 (OH, F) 7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan.
  • Zomba District
Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192
  • Gobi Desert
    • Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii)
Hawthorne F C, Fleischer M, Grew E S, Grice J D, Jambor J L, Puziewicz J, Roberts A C, Vanko D A, Zilczer J A (1986) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 71, 1277-1282
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
Econ Geol (1995) 90:530-547; Andreeva, I. A. (2016). Genesis and mechanisms of formation of rare-metal peralkaline granites of the Khaldzan Buregtey massif, Mongolia: Evidence from melt inclusions. Petrology, 24(5), 462-476.
Kovalenko, V. I., Tsaryeva, G. M., Goreglyad, A. V., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Troitsky, V. A., Hervig, R. L., & Farmer, G. (1995). The peralkaline granite-related Khaldzan-Buregtey rare metal (Zr, Nb, REE) deposit, western Mongolia. Economic Geology, 90(3), 530-547.
Econ Geol (1995) 90:530-547
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Thomas, R., Davidson, P. (2010): Hambergite-rich melt inclusions in morganite crystals from the Muiane pegmatite, Mozambique and some remarks on the paragenesis of hambergite. - Mineralogy and Petrology, 100, 3-4, 227-23
Neiva, A.M.R. (2014): Micas, feldspars and columbite–tantalite minerals from the zoned granitic lepidolite-subtype pegmatite at Namivo, Alto Ligonha, Mozambique. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25(6): 967-985
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm; Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German); Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Rosing-Schow, N., Müller, A. & Friis, H. (2017): Composition and classification of mica from south Norwegian pegmatites. PEG2017. NGF Abstracts and Proceedings, 2017 (2): 78-79.
    • Porsgrunn
      • Eidanger
        • Bergsbygda
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Farris
S. A. Berge
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Svein A.Berge collection (collected in 1988)
      • Langesundsfjorden
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O.: Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60 (1980), 117-124
        • Lille Arøya (Midtre Arøy; Øvre Arøy; Övre-Arö)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp, p.190
        • Vesle Arøya
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O.: Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60 (1980), 117-124; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Fuglevika
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
        • Jahren pegmatite (Jaren pegmatite)
Åsheim, A. (1994): Hamberg(itt). STEIN 21 (2), 117-119
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
        • Klåstad
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-324 (Visual id only)
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Sandefjord
      • Vesterøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp; Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
Sharygin, V. V., & Vladykin, N. V. (2014). Mineralogy of cryolite rocks from the Katugin massif, Transbaikalia, Russia. Abstract Book of 30th International Conference on “Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism,” Antalya, Turkey, 166-168.
Thomas, R., Davidson, P., & Badanina, E. (2009). A melt and fluid inclusion assemblage in beryl from pegmatite in the Orlovka amazonite granite, East Transbaikalia, Russia: implications for pegmatite-forming melt systems. Mineralogy and Petrology, 96(3-4), 129-140.
    • Tuva Republic
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Alluaiv Mt
          • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
        • Karnasurt Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Seidozero Lake
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
      • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. V. et al. (2010) Voloshinite, a New Rubidium Mica from Granitic Pegmatite of Voron’i Tundras, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 52(7): 591–598
  • Madrid
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Uvarova, Y.A., Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu. (2005): Senkevichite, CsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18(OH)], a new mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 11-16; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).; Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Belakovskiy, D. I., Rouse, R. C., Su, S. C., & Marquez, N. (1994). Hyalotekite from reedmergnerite-bearing peralkaline pegmatite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan and from Mn skarn, Langban, Varmland, Sweden: a new look at an old mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(391), 285-298.
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Aravaipa
            • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 333.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 288.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Karl Estes (1998) Mineral News, 14, #5, 8-10.; Min News (1999) 15:4 p 5
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
        • Granite Mountain area
H. Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Yucca Valley
[Polylithionite-1M] David Lowe personally analyzed sample obtained from Rick Kennedy using XRD
  • Colorado
    • Douglas Co.
American Mineralogist, Vol. 85, pp. 1275-1286, 2000.
    • El Paso Co.
American Mineralogist, Vol. 85, pp. 1275-1286, 2000.
AmMin 85:1275-1286 (2000)
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
Cobban, R., et a., 1997, Mineralogy of Colorado.
Bob Cobban
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Jefferson Co.
American Mineralogist, Vol. 85, pp. 1275-1286, 2000.
    • Park Co.
American Mineralogist, Vol. 85, pp. 1275-1286, 2000.
American Mineralogist, Vol. 85, pp. 1275-1286, 2000.
    • Teller Co.
      • Pikes Peak
American Mineralogist, Vol. 85, pp. 1275-1286, 2000.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Laszlo Horvath collection
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 454
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