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Latviai
Regional Level Types
LatviaCountry

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Name in French:Lettonie
Name in German:Lettland
Name in Italian:Lettonia
Name in Russian:Латвия
Name in Simplified Chinese:拉脫維亞
Name in Spanish:Letonia
Name in Afrikaans:Letland
Name in Albanian:Letonia
Name in Arabic:لاتفيا
Name in Belarusian:Латвія
Name in Bulgarian:Латвия
Name in Catalan:Letònia
Name in Czech:Lotyšsko
Name in Danish:Letland
Name in Dutch:Letland
Name in Estonian:Läti
Name in Farsi/Persian:لتونی
Name in Finnish:Latvia
Name in Galician:Letonia
Name in Greek:Λεττονία
Name in Hebrew:לטביה
Name in Hindi:लातविया
Name in Hungarian:Lettország
Name in Icelandic:Lettland
Name in Indonesian:Latvia
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Laitvia
Name in Japanese:ラトビア
Name in Korean:라트비아
Name in Latvian:Latvija
Name in Lithuanian:Latvija
Name in Macedonian:Латвија
Name in Norwegian:Latvia
Name in Polish:Łotwa
Name in Portuguese:Letónia
Name in Romanian:Letonia
Name in Serbian:Летонија
Name in Slovak:Lotyšsko
Name in Slovenian:Latvija
Name in Swahili:Latvia
Name in Swedish:Lettland
Name in Tagalog:Latbiya
Name in Thai:ลัตเวีย
Name in Turkish:Letonya
Name in Ukrainian:Латвія
Name in Vietnamese:Latvia
Name in Welsh:Latfia
Area:64,589 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Riga742,572 (2016)
Daugavpils111,564 (2016)
Liepāja85,132 (2018)
Jelgava61,791 (2017)
Jūrmala54,088 (2016)
Ventspils42,644 (2016)


Latvia is divided into five planning regions, which are further subidvided into 9 republican cities (republikas pilsētas) and 109 municipalities (novadi).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Amber'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Diallage
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Satin Spar Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
'Meteoritic Iron'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Troilite
Formula: FeS

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Satin Spar Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Diallage9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amber'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amber'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Diopside
var: Diallage
-CaMgSi2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Gypsum
var: Satin Spar Gypsum
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CelestineSrSO4
O Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S TroiliteFeS
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Diopside (var: Diallage)CaMgSi2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IronFe
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Dreimanis, A. & Liepiņš, P. (1942): Latvijas minerāli un ieži. Rīga, Universitātes apgāds, 312 pp.

External Links

- http://mapx.map.vgd.gov.lv/geo3/ [Latvia State Geological Survey / Latvija Valst Geologijas Dienests]

Localities in this Region
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