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Oatman Mining District, Black Mountains, Mohave County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Oatman Mining DistrictMining District
Black MountainsMountain Range
Mohave CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 114° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~38km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
San Francisco Mining District; Union Pass Mining District; Katherine District; Gold Road District; Vivian District; Boundary Cone District


This is a Au mining area located on the western slopes, southern portion of the Black Mountains, 9 miles East of Hardyville, which is on the Colorado River. The district was discovered in 1863. It lies between 2,000 to 3,200 feet of altitude. The district had several obscure names as listed.

The southern portion of the Black Mountains consists of a very ruggedly dissected, gently eastward-dipping block of Tertiary volcanic rocks which rest upon a basement of Pre-Cambrian gneiss and granite. The most important ore-bearing formation is the Oatman Andesite, which Schrader termed the "green chloritic andesite." These formations are cut by numerous faults of prevailingly northwestward strike and steep northeastward dip.

Veins of the Oatman District occur within fissures along which faulting has taken place, as a rule before, during, and after the period of vein formation. In general, no distinction between faults and veins can be made, although some fissures, such as the Military fault, are younger than the veins. The veins are rather widely distributed, and the most productive ones are in the northeastern half of the district.

Vein-filled fissures are particularly abundant in the southern and central parts of the district, especially in the Oatman Andesite and Esperanza Trachyte. The general strike is NW, but the strike of individual fissures may range from nearly north to nearly west. The dip is high as a rule, over 60º, and to the NE. Many of the fissures branch, but there appears to be no recognizable rule in respect to this; some fissures diverge to the NW, and others to the SE. The veins vary in width, but few of them are wider than 50 feet at any point. As a rule the large ore bodies of the district have been mined from veins or parts of veins that are not prominent at the surface.

Some of the veins have tabular forms but the larger ones are essentially stringer lodes of complex structure. Compound veins, consisting of two or more veins separated by country rock, with stringer veinlets, are common. Many of the veins are lenticular in all dimensions. A strong vein may pinch out within a few tens of feet, and an insignificant stringer may thicken to considerable width within a distance of 30 feet (10 meters). The veins of the Oatman District are of the epithermal bonanza type characteristic of Tertiary volcanic activity. The ores were deposited by ascending hydrothermal solutions at depths of not more than about 3,000 feet (1,000 meters) before the then existing surface.

The Oatman veins are mineralogically of simple character, consisting mainly of quartz, calcite, and adularia, associated in the ore shoots with free gold. As a rule, only quartz and calcite are recognizable with the naked eye. Generally several generations of quartz and calcite may be discernible. The gold is characteristically fine grained and generally can be seen only in rich ore. The adularia occurs generally in microscopic crystals.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

27 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: As thin sheets of mountain leather between layers of quartz.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 92.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MRDS file #10027945.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: MRDS file #10027945.
'Heulandite'
Description: Occurs in andesite associated with thomsonite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 250.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: MRDS file #10027920.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Description: As thin plates in quartz.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153, Minerals of AZ: 24.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Description: As pulverulent material in cavities.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 28.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Description: N. side of the pass in tuff & lapilli tuff, Golden Deer volcanics.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 306; Sheppard, R.A. (1969), Zeolites, in Mineral and water resources of AZ, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 180: 464-467.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Tiny specks of fire opal under a power line.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87.
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Tiny specks of fire opal under a power line.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Description: Occurs as corroded relics in marble with brucite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 325.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: MRDS file #10027920.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Blair, 1992. Rockhounding Arizona.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 347; Roedder, E., et al (1963), Studies of the Fluid Inclusions III, ..., Econ.Geol.: 58:353-374; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 84.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Fire Agate
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Colorless
Description: Colorless crystals in abundance.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 347; Roedder, E., et al (1963), Studies of the Fluid Inclusions III, ..., Econ.Geol.: 58:353-374; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 84.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Locally abundant in gangue.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 84.
Quartz var: Sardonyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Blair, 1992. Rockhounding Arizona.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 377; Schrader, F.C. (1909), Mineral deposits of the Cerbat Range, Black Mountains, and Grand Wash Cliffs, Mohave Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 397; Thomas, B.E. (1949), Ore deposits of the Wallapai district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44:663-705; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), AZ zinc & lead deposits, Part I, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 156; Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 56.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Description: In amygdules in vesicular basalt and andesite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 250, 395.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Fire Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sardonyx4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Opal
var: Fire Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Fire Agate-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Sardonyx-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O PericlaseMgO
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Quartz (var: Fire Agate)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Sardonyx)SiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Quartz (var: Fire Agate)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Sardonyx)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Silliman, B. (1866), On some mining districts of Arizona near Rio Colorado, ...., American Journal of Science: 41: 289-308.
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, Arizona: 70.
Ransome, F.L. (1923), Geology of the Oatman Gold District, Arizona, USGS Bulletin 743.
Ransome, F.L. (1923), Geology of the Oatman gold district, Arizona, a preliminary report, USGS Bulletin 743.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 137: 80-89.
Wilson, E.D. (1944), Arizona nonmetallics: A summary of past production and present operations, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 152.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 36, 43, 47, 84, 88.
Roedder, E., et al (1963), Studies of the Fluid Inclusions III, ..., Economic Geology: 58: 353-374.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 148, 283, 235, 347.

Localities in this Region

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