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Carolina Slate Belt, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Carolina Slate BeltBelt
Davidson Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 80° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~10km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

62 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rocks and Minerals - 3/1/1999
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Most blue spots and especially crystals are linarite. However, unimpressive blue splotches of azurite associated with malachite (affirming carbonate composition) have turned up over the years. Steve Adams
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Christopher P.Indorf,1981,Economic Geology (v.76,p.1170)The Silver Hill zinc deposit and associated deposits,central North Carolina
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Christopher P.Indorf,1981,Economic Geology (v.76,p.1170)The Silver Hill zinc deposit and associated deposits,central North Carolina
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 610 "Principal Gold Producing Districts of the United States"
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Genth,F.A.,and Kerr,W.C.,(1885)Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chert var: Novaculite' ?
Description: The cited reference gives a question mark after the term "novaculite". See my messageboard discussion for May 20, 2019. The rock is highly improbable to be sedimentary, hence a variety of chert - a strictly sedimentary rock term - does not fit. Rather the abundant material being referred to is almost certain to be rhyolite. The largely uniform light grey color reduces the amount of interest in it as a lapidary material, but it can and has been used for that.
Reference: Carpenter III, P. Albert (1976) Metallic Mineral Deposits of the Carolina Slate Belt, North Carolina : NCGS Bulletion 84
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Elyite ?
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Jason B. Smith visual I.D To follow up on Jason, I (Steve Adams) obtained a micro of "elyite" in a slag vesicle from this mine with a few really tiny lavender hairs. This piece is now in the Kenny Gay collection. Both the visual I.D. and the geochemistry of its context make sense. No one has yet succeeded in collecting the mineral in the actual dump rocks, even though the other minerals (except caledonite) have all been found in the rocks.
Ferrimolybdite ?
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Carpenter III, P. Albert (1976) Metallic Mineral Deposits of the Carolina Slate Belt, North Carolina : NCGS Bulletion 84
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74,pp.81
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Genth,F.A.,and Kerr,W.C.,(1885) Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Victor A.Zullo (1991) The Geology of the Carolinas, pg #330
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Found as altered product on waste dumps
Reference: The Adams Collection ( Steve and Laurie Adams)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Hematite takes two modes at Conrad Hill: red ochre and black coarse platy. The platy is not aptly descriptive as "specularite". The material does not resemble the sparkly compact variety specularite and should be called platy hematite.
Reference: Pogue,J.E.,(1910) The Cid district of Davidison County,North Carolina, Steve Adams
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Pogue,Joseph E.Jr (1910)The Cid District Davidson County,North Carolina :NCGS Bulletion 22
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Carpenter III, P. Albert (1976) Metallic Mineral Deposits of the Carolina Slate Belt, North Carolina : NCGS Bulletion 84
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: J.E.Pogue,Jr, 1910, The Cid Mining District of Davidison County,NC Geological Survey Bulletion 22,144 pg
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Christopher P.Indorf,1981,Economic Geology (v.76,p.1170)The Silver Hill zinc deposit and associated deposits,central North Carolina
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Christopher P.Indorf,1981,Economic Geology (v.76,p.1170)The Silver Hill zinc deposit and associated deposits,central North Carolina
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Found on Pyromorphite.
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. M10652-00
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dana 6: 40, 320.
Pentlandite ?
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Christopher P.Indorf,1981,Economic Geology (v.76,p.1170)The Silver Hill zinc deposit and associated deposits,central North Carolina
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Steve Adams collection, others, abundant black Mn oxide coatings
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Christopher P.Indorf,1981,Economic Geology (v.76,p.1170)The Silver Hill zinc deposit and associated deposits,central North Carolina
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Auriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: See notes under pyrite. If pyrite actually is present, it would likely be auriferous. The chalcopyrite is definitely auriferous, which in fact made the mine profitable.
Reference: Pogue,J.E.,(1910) The Cid district of Davidison County,North Carolina, Steve Adams
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Genth,F.A,1891,Minerals of North Carolina
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Genth,F.A.,and Kerr,W.C.,(1885) Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: numerous small specimens have been found both in rock and slag vesicles of light blue silky sprays and tuffs that i long supposed to be aurichalcite. but recently jason Smith had this material analyzed (consult him for details) and determined it is serpierite. This makes more sense anyway given sulfate associates. Steve Adams
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Pogue, J. E. Jr. (1910) The Cid Mining District of Davidson County, North Carolina: North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey (NCGS) Bulletin No.22. 144p.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Description: Old name was Melaconite
Reference: Genth,F.A.,and Kerr,W.C.,(1885) Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Dana 7:I:163.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Wad'
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 610 "Principal Gold Producing Districts of the United States"
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Habit: Small spots of radial sprays or "wheels". More rarely as tiny white acicular needles upright in patches in vugs.
Colour: White, pale grey, beige, brown, pale green
Description: A specimen of tiny white sprays of this mineral I found years ago is now in the Kenny Gay collection. The patch of numerous sprays occupied a surface approx. 4 x 7 cm. Steve Adams
Reference: Dana 6:843. Genth and Kerr, 1885, page 106, copied in NC Dept. of Conservation & Development information circular 16 "Mineral Localities of North Carolina" by James F. Conley, 1958, 1971.
Wulfenite ?
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Jason B. Smith visual I.D
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite ?2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Auriferous Pyrite ?2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite ?4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Elyite ?7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Ferrimolybdite ?7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite ?7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chert
var: Novaculite' ?
-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite ?2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Elyite ?30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite ?48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite ?49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3
'Chert
var: Novaculite' ?
-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite ?
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyrite
var: Auriferous Pyrite ?
-FeS2
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TenoriteCuO
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
S CovelliteCuS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S Pyrite (var: Auriferous Pyrite)FeS2
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Pyrite (var: Auriferous Pyrite)FeS2
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SbAntimony
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BiBismuth
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi

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