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Xitieshan Mine, Xitieshan, Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.), Haixi, Qinghai, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Xitieshan MineMine
Xitieshan- not defined -
Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)County
HaixiPrefecture
QinghaiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):锡铁山铅锌银矿, 锡铁山, 大柴旦行政委员会, 海西蒙古族藏族自治州, 青海省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 19' 45'' North , 95° 34' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.32944,95.56750
GeoHash:G#: wneuqew5u
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


Sedimentary-exhalative (SEDEX) lead-zinc-iron deposit with a well developed oxidation zone.

Located near Xitieshan, about 75 km SE of Da Qaidam.

The monoclinic 2M polytype of sideronatrite was described from the deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


52 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Wang Geng-chen, Wei De-zhou, and Zhang Kai (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(2), 165-169.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, Junchang Fan and Shuqiu Sun (2007): Geochimica 36(1), 37-48
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: Wang, L., Zhu, X., Wang, J., Deng, J., Wang, Y., and Zhu, H. (2006): Proceedings of the XIIIth International conference on thermobarogeochemistry and IVth APIFIS symposium, Vol. 2, 173-175
Amarillite
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; American Mineralogist 90, 1518-1521; Yang, Z. & Giester, G. (2016): Hydrogen-bonding system in amarillite, NaFe(SO4)2(H2O)6: the structure refinement. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 953-958
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Dianwu Jia, Zengyou Fu, Huiwen Zhang, and Chunpei Zhao (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(2), 136-137
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Yaohui Liu, Lieshan Wu, Jiangping Mo, Fang Zhang, Jie Huang, and Mingde Yang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(6), 47-51
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bin Liu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30; Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Li, W., and Chen, G. (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(3), 216–220; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Guoying Chen, Wanmao Li, and Shurong Sun (1985): Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Sciences Edition 21(3); Li, W., and Chen, G. (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(3), 216–220
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
Chaidamuite (TL)
Formula: ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, Junchang Fan and Shuqiu Sun (2007): Geochimica 36(1), 37-48
'Chert'
Reference: Runtang Jian, Feng Li, and Xiangdong Zhao (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(3), 240-246
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4); Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Runtang Jian, Feng Li, and Xiangdong Zhao (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(3), 240-246
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Bin Liu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30; Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101
Heliophyllite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Reference: Li, W., and Chen, G. (1985): The discovery of heliophyllite in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(3), 216–220
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262
Lishizhenite (TL)
Formula: ZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Li Wanmao and Chen Guoying (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(4), 299-305.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4); American Mineralogist 90, 1518-1521
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Yaohui Liu, Lieshan Wu, Jiangping Mo, Fang Zhang, Jie Huang, and Mingde Yang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(6), 47-51; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Guoying Chen, Wanmao Li, and Shurong Sun (1985): Mimetite discovered in Xitieshan mine, China, and its mineralogical study. Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Sciences Edition 21(3); Li, W., and Chen, G. (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(3), 216–220
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, Junchang Fan and Shuqiu Sun (2007): Geochimica 36(1), 37-48
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4); Bin Liu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30; Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4); Bin Liu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30; Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; American Mineralogist 90, 1518-1521
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Zhu Xin-you, Fan Jun-chang, and Den Jie-niu (2006): Mineral Resources and Geology 20(3), 205-210
Siderite var: Zincian Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Zn)CO3
Reference: Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; American Mineralogist 90, 1518-1521 Yang, Z., Giester, G., Ding, K., Li, H. (2015): Crystal structure of sideronatrite-2M, Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)3, a new polytype from Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 427-432
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Bin Liu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30; Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12; Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262; Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Jieren Wu (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262
Tetrahedrite var: Cd-Freibergite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
Reference: Dianwu Jia, Zengyou Fu, Huiwen Zhang, and Chunpei Zhao (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(2), 136-137
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Wang, L., Zhu, X., Wang, J., Deng, J., Wang, Y., and Zhu, H. (2006): Proceedings of the XIIIth International conference on thermobarogeochemistry and IVth APIFIS symposium, Vol. 2, 173-175
'UM1988-20-SO:FeH'
Formula: Fe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O
Reference: Wang, Q., Li, W. (1988): Crystal structure of a new ferric sulfate mineral. Kexue Tongbao: 33(1): 1783-1787 (in English); in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76: 670
Xitieshanite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Li Xilin, Zhou Jingliang, and Li Jiaju (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(4), 241-247.
Zincobotryogen (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114; Yang, Z., Giester, G., Mao, Q., Ma, Y., Zhang, D., Li, H. (2016): Zincobotryogen, IMA No. 2015-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413; Yang, Z., Giester, G., Mao, Q., Ma, Y., Zhang, D. & Li, H. (2017): Zincobotryogen, ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH)⋅7H2O: validation as a mineral species and new data. Mineral. Petrol. 111, 363-372.
Zincocopiapite (TL)
Formula: ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101
Zincovoltaite (TL)
Formula: K2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Type Locality:
Description: In the oxidation zone.
Reference: Li Wanmao, Chen Guoying, and Sun Shurong (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica (4), 307-312.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Aleksite'2.GC.40aPbBi2Te2S2
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Cd-Freibergite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Heliophyllite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Zincian Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Zn)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Amarillite'7.CC.75NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Botryogen'7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
'Butlerite'7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Chaidamuite (TL)7.DC.30ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lishizhenite (TL)7.CB.75ZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Xitieshanite (TL)7.DC.20Fe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
Zincobotryogen (TL)7.DC.25(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Zincocopiapite (TL)7.DB.35ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Zincovoltaite (TL)7.CC.25K2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chert-
Chlorite Group-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melnikovite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
UM1988-20-SO:FeH-Fe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Aleksite2.6.3.2PbBi2Te2S2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Amarillite29.5.3.2NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Lishizhenite (TL)29.7.2.2ZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Zincovoltaite (TL)29.9.1.2K2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Butlerite31.9.1.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Chaidamuite (TL)31.9.7.2ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Xitieshanite (TL)31.9.6.3Fe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
Zincobotryogen (TL)31.9.6.2(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Zincocopiapite (TL)31.10.5.6ZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Heliophyllite46.2.2.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Siderite
var: Zincian Siderite
-(Fe,Zn)CO3
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
Tetrahedrite
var: Cd-Freibergite
-(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1988-20-SO:FeH'-Fe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
H ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H UM1988-20-SO:FeHFe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O
H XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
H Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
H ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Siderite (var: Zincian Siderite)(Fe,Zn)CO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O UM1988-20-SO:FeHFe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O
O XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
O Siderite (var: Zincian Siderite)(Fe,Zn)CO3
O Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
O ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
S AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
S Tetrahedrite (var: Cd-Freibergite)(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
S CervelleiteAg4TeS
S ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S UM1988-20-SO:FeHFe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O
S XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
S Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
S ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fe ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe UM1988-20-SO:FeHFe2.67(SO4)2•14H2O
Fe XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
Fe Siderite (var: Zincian Siderite)(Fe,Zn)CO3
Fe Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Fe ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CuCopper
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Cd-Freibergite)(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
Zn LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Siderite (var: Zincian Siderite)(Fe,Zn)CO3
Zn Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Zn ZincocopiapiteZnFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2O
Zn ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Cd-Freibergite)(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
Ag CervelleiteAg4TeS
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd Tetrahedrite (var: Cd-Freibergite)(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Cd-Freibergite)(Cu,Ag)10Cd2Sb4S13
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
Te CervelleiteAg4TeS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi AleksitePbBi2Te2S2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3184572
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Comments: Tsaidam Basin

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Qingtong Ye (1983): Physico-chemical conditions of the formation of the oxidation zone of the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit. Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)
Bin Liu (1985): Fluid inclusion studies of the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit with a special discussion on physicochemical conditions for ore deposition. Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jieren Wu (1985): Geological characteristics of the Xitieshan massive sulphide deposit, Qinghai Province. Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Wanmao Li and Guoying Chen (1985): The discovery of heliophyllite in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(3), 216–220 (in Chinese with English abstract); also in: Mineral. Abs. 38, 347 (1987).
Guoying Chen, Wanmao Li, and Shurong Sun (1985): Mimetite discovered in Xitieshan mine, China, and its mineralogical study. Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Sciences Edition 21(3).
Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Chaidamuite - A new zinc and ferric sulphate mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114.
Dianwu Jia, Zengyou Fu, Huiwen Zhang, and Chunpei Zhao (1988): The first discovery of Cd-freibergite in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(2), 136-137.
Wang Jincao, Xia Bin, and Ji Shaocheng (2004): On deposits controlled by tectonic lenses. Science in China Ser. D 47(12), 1095-1101.
Yaohui Liu, Lieshan Wu, Jiangping Mo, Fang Zhang, Jie Huang, and Mingde Yang (2006): Fluid inclusions and metallogenic environment of the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit. Geology and Prospecting 42(6), 47-51.
Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): The exhalation-sedimentary system of Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province. Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 18-23.
Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Study of two types of ore bodies in Xitieshan lead-zinc SEDEX deposit, Qinghai Province. Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, Junchang Fan and Shuqiu Sun (2007): Identification and study of stockwork altered pipe of Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province. Geochimica 36(1), 37-48.
Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Genetic type of orebodies in the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, western China. Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Runtang Jian, Feng Li, and Xiangdong Zhao (2009): Rare earth element geochemistry of the Xitieshan carbonaceous schist type Pb-Zn deposit, Qinghai Province. Geology and Exploration 45(3), 240-246.
Yang, Z., Giester, G., Ding, K., Li, H. (2015): Crystal structure of sideronatrite-2M, Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)3, a new polytype from Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 427-432.
Yang, Z. & Giester, G. (2016): Hydrogen-bonding system in amarillite, NaFe(SO4)2(H2O)6: the structure refinement. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 953-958 [Sample from Xitieshan used in the study]


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