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Xitieshan Mine, Xitieshan, Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.), Haixi Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 19' 45'' North , 95° 34' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.3294444444, 95.5675
Name(s) in local language(s):锡铁山铅锌银矿, 锡铁山, 大柴旦行政委员会, 海西蒙古族藏族自治州, 青海省, 中国
Other regions containing this locality:Asia

Sedimentary-exhalative (SEDEX) lead-zinc-iron deposit with a well developed oxidation zone.

Located near Xitieshan, about 75 km SE of Da Qaidam.

The monoclinic 2M polytype of sideronatrite was described from the deposit.

Mineral List

52 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Qingtong Ye (1983): Physico-chemical conditions of the formation of the oxidation zone of the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit. Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)

Bin Liu (1985): Fluid inclusion studies of the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit with a special discussion on physicochemical conditions for ore deposition. Mineral Deposits 4(1), 22-30 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Jieren Wu (1985): Geological characteristics of the Xitieshan massive sulphide deposit, Qinghai Province. Mineral Deposits 4(2), 1-12 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Wanmao Li and Guoying Chen (1985): The discovery of heliophyllite in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(3), 216–220 (in Chinese with English abstract); also in: Mineral. Abs. 38, 347 (1987).

Guoying Chen, Wanmao Li, and Shurong Sun (1985): Mimetite discovered in Xitieshan mine, China, and its mineralogical study. Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Sciences Edition 21(3).

Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Chaidamuite - A new zinc and ferric sulphate mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114.

Dianwu Jia, Zengyou Fu, Huiwen Zhang, and Chunpei Zhao (1988): The first discovery of Cd-freibergite in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(2), 136-137.

Wang Jincao, Xia Bin, and Ji Shaocheng (2004): On deposits controlled by tectonic lenses. Science in China Ser. D 47(12), 1095-1101.

Yaohui Liu, Lieshan Wu, Jiangping Mo, Fang Zhang, Jie Huang, and Mingde Yang (2006): Fluid inclusions and metallogenic environment of the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit. Geology and Prospecting 42(6), 47-51.

Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): The exhalation-sedimentary system of Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province. Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 18-23.

Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, and Junchang Fan (2006): Study of two types of ore bodies in Xitieshan lead-zinc SEDEX deposit, Qinghai Province. Mineral Deposits 25(3), 252-262 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Xinyou Zhu, Jiniu Deng, Jingbin Wang, Longjun Lin, Junchang Fan and Shuqiu Sun (2007): Identification and study of stockwork altered pipe of Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province. Geochimica 36(1), 37-48.

Changzhi Wu, Lianxing Gu, Hui Feng, Zunzhong Zhang, Sihai Liu, Jianhua Huang, Changhua Wang, and Zhenyu Wang (2008): Genetic type of orebodies in the Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, western China. Geology in China 35(6), 1185-1196 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Runtang Jian, Feng Li, and Xiangdong Zhao (2009): Rare earth element geochemistry of the Xitieshan carbonaceous schist type Pb-Zn deposit, Qinghai Province. Geology and Exploration 45(3), 240-246.

Yang, Z., Giester, G., Ding, K., Li, H. (2015): Crystal structure of sideronatrite-2M, Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)3, a new polytype from Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 427-432.

Yang, Z. & Giester, G. (2016): Hydrogen-bonding system in amarillite, NaFe(SO4)2(H2O)6: the structure refinement. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 953-958 [Sample from Xitieshan used in the study]

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