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Gischi glacier (incl. Gischihorn), Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley), Binn Valley, Valais, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Gischi glacier (incl. Gischihorn)Glacier
Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)Valley
Binn ValleyValley
ValaisCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 18' 58'' North , 8° 12' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Gischigletscher (einschl. Gischihorn), Kriegalptal (Chriegalptal), Binntal, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


The Gischi glacer is situated on the west slope of the Gischihorn. In general, both names refer to the same collecting area.

For the Italian side of the mountain, see http://www.mindat.org/loc-238361.html

NOTE: The grid reference marks the Gischihorn (3083 m; Swiss coordinates: 659´785 / 129´710).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


56 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: F. de Wit, A. van der Burgt (1996) De Gischigletscher (Binntal, Wallis, Zwitserland). Over strahlen, kluften en de geologie & mineralogie GEA Vol.29 Page(s): 109-124
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Description: Also pseudomorphoses from rutile to anatase
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: S. Cuchet, A. van der Burgt, N. Meisser (2005) Chummibort, eine neue Fundstelle für Arsenmineralien im Binntal / Le Chummibort, une nouvelle localité à arsénites et arséniates du Binntal Schweizer Strahler Nr.2: 19-29
Asbecasite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: http://binn.strahlen.org/php/frame.php?section=loc&sub=4&infoid=54&name=Gischigletscher
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 80
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Description: Pseudomorphoses from bismutite to bismuthinite
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Cafarsite
Formula: Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: F. de Wit, A. van der Burgt (1996) De Gischigletscher (Binntal, Wallis, Zwitserland). Over strahlen, kluften en de geologie & mineralogie GEA Vol.29 Page(s): 109-124
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Crichtonite
Formula: Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 168.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: M. Praeger (2005) Die Kluftmineralien des Binntals. extraLAPIS Nr.28: 76-100
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 192.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 273.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 273.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Gorsatt, A. (Ed.) (2014): Die besten Seiten des Binntals. Mineraliensuche - Alpenblumen - Ortsgeschichten. KristalloGrafik Verlag, Achberg, Deutschland, 344 pp.
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Min Rec 35:5 pp405-418
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: F. de Wit, A. van der Burgt (1996) De Gischigletscher (Binntal, Wallis, Zwitserland). Over strahlen, kluften en de geologie & mineralogie GEA Vol.29 Page(s): 109-124
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 192.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 340.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 340.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 356.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 364.
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
'Stilbite subgroup'
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Asbecasite4.JB.30Ca3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cafarsite4.JC.05Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Crichtonite4.CC.40Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
AB21O38
Crichtonite8.5.1.3Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senaite8.5.1.4Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Chernovite-(Y)38.4.11.2Y(AsO4)
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Asbecasite45.1.3.1Ca3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Cafarsite45.1.4.1Ca5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
O CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
O Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
O Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
O SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O AnataseTiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SideriteFeCO3
O BrookiteTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
FFluorine
F TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Ca CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Ca AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Ti AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
Ti CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Ti SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
VVanadium
V CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
V SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
CrChromium
Cr CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cr SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
MnManganese
Mn CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Mn CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Mn SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
FeIron
Fe CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Fe SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
As CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
As Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
As AsbecasiteCa3(Ti,Sn4+)Be2(AsO3)6(SiO4)2
As Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
YYttrium
Y Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Y SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
CeCerium
Ce Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
U SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
de Wit, F.C.A., van der Burgt, A. (1996) De Gischigletscher (Binntal, Wallis, Zwitserland): over strahlen, kluften en de geologie & mineralogie. Gea, 29 (4), 115-125 (in Dutch).


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