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Whim Creek Copper Mine (Whim Creek Copper prospect; Whim Well Mine), Whim Creek, Roebourne Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Whim Creek Copper Mine (Whim Creek Copper prospect; Whim Well Mine)Mine
Whim CreekCreek
Roebourne ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 20° 50' 49'' South , 117° 49' 52'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -20.84721,117.83121
GeoHash:G#: qs7c3kfh4
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


A copper mine located near the North West Coastal Highway between Roebourne and Port Hedland. Most of the specimens in collections were collected in 1985, mainly malachite, chrysocolla and golden crystals of wulfenite. Little material has been available since.

Copper mineralisation was discovered here in 1887 by prospector Phillip Saunders. Mining at the deposit has been sporadic. Minor production occurred from 1891-1893 by the Bateman Syndicate, and 1898-1901 by Preli & Co. Both closed due to the high cost of production and low copper prices. More substantial mining took place between 1906-1924 by Whim Well Copper Mines Ltd, later re-named Pilbara Copper Fields Ltd producing 67,177 tonnes of ore. Mining ceased at this time when the bulk of the near-surface secondary ore had been exhausted. Mining resumed in 1949 for copper as a fertilizer but ceased again in 1959. In 2003 large-scale mining of the deposit took place by Straits Resources and later BHP Billiton.

Whim Creek is a Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag deposit. Several small sulphide deposits formed in the area from volcanics and trough sedimentation in basins, which in turn were formed by oblique slip fault zones. The deposit initially plunges 20-25 degrees to the northeast, before steepening to 50 degrees at its northern limit. Folding divides the deposit into western and eastern shoots.

The primary sulphide ore is cobaltian pyrite-pyrrhotite-chalcopyrite-sphalerite of a highly variable texture with minor galena, magnetite, and arsenopyrite. Fine-grained disseminated sulphide is more common than massive sulphide pods. Quartz, chlorite, and siderite can be intermixed with the latter. A number of other sulphide species can be found in minor amounts including galena, argentian tetrahedrite, arsenopyrite, bismuthinite, bismuth, stannite, cobaltite, and rutile. Cassiterite is common as rounded grains.

The supergene zone is 25 metres to 75 metres in depth. Early reports indicate chalcocite was prevalent. Other species include covellite, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite.

The oxidized zone starts at 25 metres, composed of goethite-hematite, kaolinite, quartz, and cassiterite. The semi-arid environment has promoted the retention of an abundance of secondary ore minerals in this zone.

How the minerals were formed in the deposit is poorly understood. This is because there is little information about where in the deposit the specimens were obtained and their geological relationship. Azurite was said to be common in the early days of mining, however, by the 1980s the main specimens available was azurite pseudomorphed by malachite, commonly encrusted by crystals of wulfenite. In some cases, chrysocolla has pseudomorphed both the malachite and azurite.

A 1980 report describes osarizawaite ring crystals, probably the first time this form was described for the species. It is thought the inner portions of the crystals dissolved later. The species was found on one gossan as encrustations barely visible to the naked eye, with the crystals only 5-10 micrometres in diameter. As a result, they have not been seen in private collections so far.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
West Australian Element, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Warakurna Large Igneous Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province
Pilbara Craton, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


65 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3. Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994) The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203. Ferguson, K. M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 15, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 314 pp. (update of Blockley, 1971).
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Ferguson, K. M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 15, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 314 pp. (update of Blockley, 1971).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Downes, P., Bevan, J., Bevan, A. (1998): Minerals of Whim Creek Copper Mine Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy (1998):4(1): 13-29
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29; Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ferguson, K. M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 15, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 314 pp. (update of Blockley, 1971).
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Frost, R. L. (2004). Raman microscopy of selected chromate minerals. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35(2), 153-158.; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (BSE image of banded goethite from the locality on p. 129).; Downes, P., Bevan, J., and Bevan, A. (1998) Minerals of Whim Creek Copper Mine Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 4(1), 13-29.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., and Cornelius, M. (2004) Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Joan Rosell - RosellMinerals
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 445
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Murdochite
Formula: PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ferguson, K. M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 15, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 314 pp. (update of Blockley, 1971).
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Nickel, E.H.(1980): Ring Crystals of Osarizawaite from Whim Creek Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1980):65: 1287-1290; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Downes, P., Bevan, J., &.Bevan, A. (1998) Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29. Ferguson, K. M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 15, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 314 pp. (update of Blockley, 1971).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Watling, H. R., Collinson, D. M., Li, J., Mutch, L. A., Perrot, F. A., Rea, S. M., ... & Watkin, E. L. J. (2014). Bioleaching of a low-grade copper ore, linking leach chemistry and microbiology. Minerals Engineering, 56, 35-44.; Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Ferguson, K. M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 15, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 314 pp. (update of Blockley, 1971).
Tučekite
Formula: Ni9Sb2S8
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Collins, P., Hooper, B., & Cornelius, M. (2004). Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.
'UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPb'
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Reference: Nickel, E.H. & Hitchen, G.J. (1994) - The phosphate analog of molydofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. - The Mineralogical Record, 25, 203-204.
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Reference: P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: [MinRec 20:393]; Nickel, E. H., & Hitchen, G. J. (1994). The phosphate analog of molybdofornacite from Whim Creek, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record, 25(3), 203.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tučekite2.BB.10Ni9Sb2S8
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Murdochite3.DB.45PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPb'8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Native Amalgam'-(Ag,Hg)
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Tučekite3.2.5.5Ni9Sb2S8
3 <ø < 4
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Miscellaneous
Murdochite4.6.5.1PbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPb'43.4.3.4Pb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Native Amalgam'-(Ag,Hg)
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BaryteBaSO4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
S CovelliteCuS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cr UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Cr VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
ZnZinc
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
GaGallium
Ga UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
BrBromine
Br MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
MoMolybdenum
Mo UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag SilverAg
Ag Native Amalgam(Ag,Hg)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg Native Amalgam(Ag,Hg)
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3191737
Archean volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Pilbara Craton

Lithology: Mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 900049
Whim Creek Group

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Whim Creek Group

Description: Shale, siltstone, sandstone, basalt, high-Mg basalt, volcaniclastics, wacke, conglomerate, dacite, rhyolite, metamorphosed semi-pelite.

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; igneous volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment; igneous volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nickel, E.H. (1980) Ring Crystals of Osarizawaite from Whim Creek Western Australia, American Mineralogist: 65: 1287-1290.
England, B.M. (1991) The State of the Science: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 123-132 (BSE image of banded goethite from the locality on p. 129).
Downes, P., Bevan, J., and Bevan, A. (1998) Minerals of Whim Creek Copper Mine Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 4 (1): 13-29.
Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Collins, P., Hooper, B., and Cornelius, M. (2004) Whim Creek Cu-Zn-Pb deposit, Pilbara, WA. Regolith Expression of Australian Ore Systems. CRC LEME, Perth, 1-3.

External Links

http://dsm.gsd.spc.int/public/files/meetings/01_Terrestrial_Mining_and_Mineral_Resources_Potential_of_the_Pacific_Islands_Region_Akuila_Tawake.pdf [Akuila Tawake (2012) Mineral Resources Potential and Mining in the Pacific Islands Region - Lessons Learned. Pacific-ACP States Regional Training Workshop on Geological, Technological, Biological and Environmental Aspects of Deep Sea Minerals. Tanoa International Hotel, Nadi Fiji. 13th–17th August 2012]


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