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Cerro de Pasco, Pasco province, Pasco department, Peru

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 10° South , 76° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~1km
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra

Large Zn-​Pb(-​Ag-​Bi-​Cu) deposit.

Since the discovery of silver in Cerro de Pasco in 1630, the Spanish mined the rich Cerro de Pasco silver-bearing oxide ore deposits since colonial times. Sulfide minerals are more common in the Atacocha district.
The area is still an active mining center.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

70 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Localities in this Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Singewald, J. T., Jr.; Miller, B. L. (1916): The Cerro de Pasco District, Peru. Engineering and Mining Journal 101, 1015-8.
Joseph, Werner (1948): The Cerro de Pasco mineral district. Bol. minero soc. nacl. mineria (Chile), No. 580, 470-484.
Ward, H. J. (1961): The Pyrite body and copper ore bodies of Cerro de Pasco mine, central Peru. Economic Geology 56, 402-422.
Baumann, I. H.; Amstutz, G. C. (1965): Natural x-ray amorphous lead-arsenic sulfides from the Cerro de Pasco Mine, Peru. Naturwissenschaften 52, 585-587.
Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J.; Amstutz, G.C. (1966): X-ray-amorphous sulfides of Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1966, 353-361.
Ascencios, C. (1966). The San Alberto Lead-Zinc Ore Body at Cerro de Pasco Mine, Cerro de Pasco, Peru. MS thesis University of Arizona.
Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J.; Amstutz, G. C. (1972): X-ray amorphous sulfides from Cerro de Pasco, Peru, and the crystalline inclusions. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 433-446.
Einaudi, Marco T. (1977): Environment of ore deposition at Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Economic Geology 72, 893-924.
Pedroni, G. (1996): Le district minier de Cerro de Pasco - Ande Péruviene. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana (4), 363-371.
Baumgartner, Regina; Fontbote, Lluis; Vennemann, Torsten (2008): Mineral zoning and geochemistry of epithermal polymetallic Zn-​Pb-​Ag-​Cu-​Bi mineralization at Cerro de Pasco, Peru. Economic Geology 103, 493-537.
Bissig, Thomas; Ullrich, Thomas D.; Tosdal, Richard M.; Friedman, Richard; Ebert, Shane (2008): The time-​space distribution of Eocene to Miocene magmatism in the central Peruvian polymetallic province and its metallogenetic implications. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 26, 16-35.
Cooke, Colin A.; Wolfe, Alexander P.; Hobbs, William O. (2009): Lake-​sediment geochemistry reveals 1400 years of evolving extractive metallurgy at Cerro de Pasco, Peruvian Andes. Geology 37, 1019-1022.
Baumgartner, Regina; Fontbote, Lluis; Spikings, Richard; Ovtcharova, Maria; Schaltegger, Urs; Schneider, Jens; Page, Lawrence; Gutjahr, Marcus (2009): Bracketing the age of magmatic-​hydrothermal activity at the Cerro de Pasco epithermal polymetallic deposit, central Peru: a U-​Pb and 40Ar​/39Ar study. Economic Geology 104, 479-504.
Bianchini, F.; Pascali, G.; Campo, A.; Orecchio, S.; Bonsignore, R.; Blandino, P.; Pietrini, P. (2015): Elemental contamination of an open-​pit mining area in the Peruvian Andes. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 12(3), 1065-1074.
Rottier, Bertrand; Kouzmanov, Kalin; Bouvier, Anne-Sophie; Baumgartner, Lukas P.; Wälle, Markus; Rezeau, Herve; Bendezú, Ronner; Fontboté, Lluis (2016): Heterogeneous melt and hypersaline liquid inclusions in shallow porphyry type mineralization as markers of the magmatic-​hydrothermal transition (Cerro de Pasco district, Peru). Chemical Geology 447, 93-116.

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