SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar District, USAi
Regional Level Types
Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar DistrictMining District
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Paducah24,864 (2018)
Princeton6,174 (2017)
Farley4,701 (2017)
Hendron4,687 (2011)
Reidland4,491 (2011)
Marion2,986 (2017)


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

61 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Alkaline Rocks and Carboratites of the World Part I, North & South America, 1987, Wolley, A, R,
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Alkaline Rocks and Carboratites of the World Part I, North & South America, 1987, Wolley, A, R,
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Habit: sharpely terminated pseudo-hexagonal pyramids up to 2 mm in length
Colour: colorless to grey, transparent
Description: Lining cavities in veins of waxy benstonite, finegrained calcite and witherite crystals.
Reference: Rossman, G. R. and Squires, R. L. (1974) The occurence of alstonite at Cave in Rock, Illinois. Mineralogical Record 5: 266-269; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 214.; ; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:199
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:199
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 146 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: U.S.G.S. Bulletin 255
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, v. 28, no. 1, 1997
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Diopside ?
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Enstatite ?
Formula: MgSiO3
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Florencite'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 63:199
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 289 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 153 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: specimen in my collection
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Rocks & min.:64:18; Bain(1905).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Leucoxene
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Paralstonite (TL)
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: A. C. Roberts (1979) Paralstonite, a new mineral from the Minerva no. 1 mine, Cave-in-Rock, Illinois. Geol. Surv. Can. Pap.,79-lC, 99-100.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Plessite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Zeitner ,1968. Appalachian Mineral & Gem Trails
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zeitner ,1968. Appalachian Mineral & Gem Trails
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Zeitner ,1968. Appalachian Mineral & Gem Trails
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile ?
Formula: TiO2
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Description: Common with large skeletal crystals enveloped by swathing kamacite. Also found as grain boundary precipitates.
Reference: Oliver Cummings Farrington (1915) Catalogue of the Meteorites of North America, to January 1. 1909. U.S. Government Printing Office. 513 pages.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 132 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Rocks & min.:64:18; Bain(1905).
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p17
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile ?4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Paralstonite (TL)5.AB.40BaCa(CO3)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Diopside ?9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite ?9.DA.05MgSiO3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Florencite'-
'Hornblende'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Rutile ?4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Paralstonite (TL)14.2.2.2BaCa(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside ?65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite ?65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Florencite'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
CCarbon
C ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
C AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
OOxygen
O ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O WitheriteBaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AragoniteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
O CupriteCu2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O RutileTiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SulphurS8
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S TroiliteFeS
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S VaesiteNiS2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ca AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe IronFe
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni VaesiteNiS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BaBarium
Ba ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ba AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
CeCerium
Ce Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
ThThorium
Th Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Northwood, J.G., and Worthen, A.H. (1866) Geological survey of Southern Illinois. Illinois Geological Survey, volume 1: 504 p
Bain, H. F. (1905) The fluorspar deposits of southern Illinois. United States Geological Survey, Washington Government Printing Office, Bulletin 255: 98.
Pogue, J.E. (1918) Optical fluorite in southern Illinois. State of Illinois Department of Registration and Education, State Geological Survey Division, University of Illinois, Urbana, extract from Bulletin No. 38: 8.
Weller, S., Butts, C., Currier, L.W., Salisbury, R.D. (1920) The geology of Hardin County and the adjoining part of Pope County. Illinois Geological Survey, Bulletin 76: 147.
Bastin, E.S. (1931) The fluorspar deposits of Hardin and Pope Counties, Illinois. Illinois Geological Survey, Bulletin 58: 116.
Currier, L.W. (1937) Geologic factors in the interpretation of fluorspar reserves in the Illinois-Kentucky field. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 866-B: 10
Currier, L.W. (1937) Origin of the bedding replacement deposits of fluorspar in the Illinois field: Economic Geology: 32 (3): 364-386.
Hatmaker, P., and Davis, H.W. (1938) The fluorspar industry of the United States with special reference to the Illinois-Kentucky District. Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 59: 128.
Currier, L.W. and Wagner, O.E. (1944) Geology of the Cave in Rock District. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 942: 71.
Weller, J.M., Grogan, R.M., and Tippie, F.E. (1952) Geology of the fluorspar deposits of Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey, Bulletin 76: 147.
Baxter, J.W., Potter, P.E., and Doyle, F.L. (1958) Surficial Geology of the Illinois part of the Saline Mines, Cave in Rock, Dekovan and Repton Quadrangles, Illinois State Geological Survey, scale 1:24000.
Bailie, H., Powell, E., Melcher, W., and Myslinski, F.J. (1960) Fluorspar mining methods and costs, Ozark-Mahoning Co., Hardin County, Illinois. Bureau of Mines Information Circular, IC 7984: 33.
Finger, G.C., Risser, H.E., and Bradbury, J.C. (1960) Illinois fluorspar. Illinois Geological Survey, Circular 296: 36.
Heyl, A.D., and Brook, M.R. (1961) Structural framework of the Illinois-Kentucky mining district and its relation to mineral deposits. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 424-D: D3-D6.
Brecke, E.A. (1962) Ore genesis of the Cave-in-Rock Fluorspar District, Hardin County, Illinois. Economic Geology: 57(4): 499-535.
Baxter, J., Potter, P., Doyle, F. (1963) Areal geology of the Illinois Fluorspar District. Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 342: 43.
Hall, W.E., and Friedman, I. (1963) Composition of fluid inclusions, Cave-in-Rock Fluorite District, Illinois and Upper Mississippi Valley zinc-lead District. Economic Geology: 58: 886-911.
Bradbury, J.C, Finger, G.C., and Major, R.L. (1968) Fluorspar in Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey, Circular 420: 64.
White, J.S. and Jarosewich, E. (1970) Second occurrence of benstonite. The Mineralogical Record: 1 (4) : 140-141
Heyl, A.D. (1974) Some fluorite-barite deposits in the Mississippi Valley in relation to major structures and zonation. Kentucky Geological Survey Series, 10: 55
Rossman, G. R. and Squires, R. L. (1974) The occurrence of alstonite at Cave in Rock, Illinois. Mineralogical Record: 5(6): 266-269.
Trace, R.D. (1974) Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar District. Kentucky Geological Survey Special Publication, 22.
Pinckney, D. (1976) Mineral resources of the Illinois-Kentucky Mining District: United States Geological Survey, Geological Survey Professional Paper 970: 15.
Roedder, E. H. (1976) Fluid inclusion evidence in the genesis of ores in sedimentary and volcanic rocks. Handbook of stratibound and stratiform ore deposits, volume 2: 44.
Francis, C.A. (1982) Fluorite and associate minerals from southern Illinois. Rocks and Minerals: 57: 63-71.
Reinertsen, D.L. (1982) A guide to the geology of the Cave in Rock -- Rosiclare area, Hardin County. Illinois State Geological Survery, Field Trip Guidebook 1982D: 36.
Lillie, R.C. (1988) Minerals of the Harris Creek Fluorspar District, Hardin County, Illinois. Rocks and Minerals: 63(3): 210-226.
Reinertsen, D.L. (1992) Guide to the geology of the Cave in Rock and Rosiclare area, Hardin County. Illinois State Geological Survery, Field Trip Guidebook 1992A: 80.
U.S. Bureau of Mines (1995) Spatial data extracted from the minerals availability system/Mineral industry locator system (MAS/MILS). U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication 12-95.
Goldstein, A. (1997) The Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar District. The Mineralogical Record: 28(1): 3-49.
Myers, A.M. and Chenoweth, C. (2009) Directory of coal mines in Illinois 7.5-minute quadrangle series, Saline Mines Quadrangle, Gallatin and Hardin Counties. Illinois State Geological Survey: 28.
Pelch, M.A. (2011) Composition of fluid inclusions from the cave-in-rock bedded-replacement fluorite deposits in the Illinois-Kentucky district. Master’s thesis, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri: 60 p.
Denny, F.B., Devera, J.A., Kittler, A. (2013) Bedrock geology of the Saline Mines quadrangle, Gallatin and Hardin Counties, Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey, 12 p.
Fisher, J., Lillie, R., and Rakovan, J. (2013) Fluorite in Mississippi Valley-type deposits: Rocks & Minerals: 88(1): p. 20-49.
Denny, F.B, and Seid, M.J. (2014) Bedrock geology of Hardin County, Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey, scale 1:48000: 2 sheets.
Goldstein, A. (2016) The Illinois Fluorite District. Dallas Mineral Collecting Symposium, August 20, 2016.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 17, 2019 15:04:02 Page generated: October 17, 2019 04:53:47
Go to top of page