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Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massif, Northern Karelia, Murmansk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massifMassif
Northern Karelia- not defined -
Murmansk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast
Name(s) in local language(s):
массив Вуориярви


This locality is not within the Karelia Republic, but rather, it is in the Murmanskaja Oblast', at the northern shore of Lake Vuoriyarvi. It is an alkali-ultrabasite massif with dunites, pyroxenites, ijolite-melteigites, phoscorites, and carbonatites. The carbonatites are in the eastern portion of the area while the main rock facies is a pyroxenite.

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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

88 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
'Ancylite'
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: In fluid inclusions
Reference: Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Belkovite (TL)
Formula: Ba3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jb. Min,Mh.(1991) 23-31; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract).
Calcioburbankite
Formula: Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Reference: SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract). P.M. Kartashov data; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Carbocernaite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: BULAKH, A.G., KONDRAT'EV, V.V., and BARANOVA, E.N. (1961) Carbocernaite, a New Rare Earth Carbonate. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 90, 42 49. (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 46, 1202. Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [MinRec 31:205]
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Ewaldite
Formula: Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Franconite
Formula: Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Georgechaoite
Formula: NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kozlov, E. N., Fomina, E. N., Mytsa, D. D., & Kirkin, V. V. (2017). Rare-earth carbonatites of the Vuori-Yarvi (Kola Region): First results of the study. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 117-120).
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Hochelagaite
Formula: (Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Reference: Min Rec (2006) 37: 5-60
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce(CO3)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 31:205]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Kenoplumbopyrochlore'
Formula: (Pb,□)Nb2O6(□,O)
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
Komkovite (TL)
Formula: BaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineral. Zhurnal (1990) 12 (3), 69-73 ; Amer. Mineral. (1992) 77, 207-208; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: ZAITSEV, A.N., YAKOVENCHUK, V.N., CHAO, G.Y., GAULT, R.A., SUBBOTIN, V.V., PAKHOMOSKY, Y.A., and BOGDANOVA, A.N. (1996) Kukharenkoite (Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia and Qu_bec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327 1336.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
Labuntsovite-Mn
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Mckelveyite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
Reference: ZVMO 119(6):76 (1990)
Mckelveyite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
'Mica Group'
Reference: Kozlov, E. N., Fomina, E. N., Mytsa, D. D., & Kirkin, V. V. (2017). Rare-earth carbonatites of the Vuori-Yarvi (Kola Region): First results of the study. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 117-120).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kozlov, E. N., Fomina, E. N., Mytsa, D. D., & Kirkin, V. V. (2017). Rare-earth carbonatites of the Vuori-Yarvi (Kola Region): First results of the study. In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 117-120).; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
'Monazite'
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Neskevaaraite-Fe (TL)
Formula: K3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Kapustin, J.L. (1965) Norsethite – The first find in USSR. Doklady Acad. Nauk USSR, 161, 922–924 (in Russian).; Belovitskaya, Yulia V. and Pekov, Igor V. (2004) Genetic mineralogy of the burbankite group. New Data on Minerals, 39, 50-64.
Nyerereite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Perovskite var. Dysanalyte
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
'Pseudo-autunite'
Formula: (H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: [MinRec 31:205]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Rémondite-(Ce)
Formula: Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Reference: BELOVITSKAYA, Y.V. and PEKOV, I.V. (2004) Genetic mineralogy of the burbankite group. New data on minerals, 39, 50-64.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [MinRec 31:205]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Ternovite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Description: North shore.
Reference: Neues Jahrb., Mh.(1997) 49-60; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Sokolov, S. V. (2014). Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs. Geochemistry International, 52(8), 698-701.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Description: In fluid inclusions
Reference: Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.; Prokopyev, I.; Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Doroshkevich, A.; Dyomkin, M. (2020) Mineralogy and Fluid Regime of Formation of the REE-Late-Stage Hydrothermal Mineralization of Petyayan-Vara Carbonatites (Vuoriyarvi, Kola Region, NW Russia). Minerals 10, 405.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Tumchaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: SUBBOTIN, V.V., MERLINO, S., PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu., PAKHOMOVSKY, Y.A., FERRO, O., BOGGANOVA, A.N.,VOLOSHIN, A.V., SOROKHTINA, N.V., ZUBKOVA, N.V. (2000) Tumchaite Na2(Zr,Sn)Si4O11•H2O - A new mineral from the carbonatites of the Vuoriyarvi alkali-ultrabasic massif, Murmansk Region, Russia. American Mineralogist, 85, 1516-1520.
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Vuoriyarvite-K (TL)
Formula: K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Ya.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu., PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu., RASTSVETAEVA, R.K., and NADEZHINA, T.N. (1998) Vuoriyarvite, (K,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2Si4O12(O,OH)2•4H2O, a new mineral from carbonatites of the Vuoriyarvi massif (Kola Peninsula). Doklady Rossiyskogo Akademii Nauk, 358, 517-519. (In Russian). Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Franconite4.FM.15Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hochelagaite4.FM.15(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var. Dysanalyte4.CC.30CaTiO3
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Ternovite (TL)4.FM.15(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioburbankite5.AC.30Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Calkinsite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Carbocernaite (TL)5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ewaldite5.CC.05Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)(OH)
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.10Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
'Mckelveyite-(Nd)'5.CC.05(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
Mckelveyite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Nyerereite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rémondite-(Ce)5.AD.15Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Shortite5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Belkovite (TL)9.BE.75Ba3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Georgechaoite9.DM.15NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Komkovite (TL)9.DM.10BaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
Labuntsovite-Mn9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Neskevaaraite-Fe (TL)9.CE.30hK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tumchaite (TL)9.EA.60Na2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vuoriyarvite-K (TL)9.CE.30bK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Kenoplumbopyrochlore'-(Pb,□)Nb2O6(□,O)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Pseudo-autunite'-(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
X(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Franconite8.6.1.1Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Hochelagaite8.6.1.2(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Ewaldite14.2.4.1Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Nyerereite14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioburbankite14.4.4.3Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite (TL)14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Rémondite-(Ce)14.4.5.1Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Shortite14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
'Mckelveyite-(Nd)'15.3.4.3(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
Mckelveyite-(Y)15.3.4.2NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Calkinsite-(Ce)15.4.1.1(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.2.1Ce(CO3)(OH)
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
'Pseudo-autunite'40.2a.1.3(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Georgechaoite59.2.2.4NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Hilairite59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Komkovite (TL)59.2.4.1BaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Belkovite (TL)-Ba3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Kenoplumbopyrochlore'-(Pb,□)Nb2O6(□,O)
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)-Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Labuntsovite-Mn-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Neskevaaraite-Fe (TL)-K3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Perovskite
var. Dysanalyte
-CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group
var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ternovite (TL)-(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Tetraferriphlogopite-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Tumchaite (TL)-Na2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Vuoriyarvite-K (TL)-K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
H TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
H Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
H Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
H KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
H Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
H EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
H Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
H Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
H Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
H Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
H Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
CCarbon
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
C Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
C EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
C CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
C SideriteFeCO3
C VateriteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
C NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
C Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
OOxygen
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
O TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
O Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
O Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
O BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
O KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
O Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
O Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
O EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
O Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O BrookiteTiO2
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O Perovskite var. DysanalyteCaTiO3
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
O SideriteFeCO3
O TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O VateriteCaCO3
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
O Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
O NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
O Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
O Kenoplumbopyrochlore(Pb,□)Nb2O6(□,O)
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O CelestineSrSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
FFluorine
F Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
F TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NaSodium
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Na Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Na Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Na EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Na CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Na FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Na Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Na GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Na Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Na Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Na NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Na Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Si Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Si BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Si KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
Si Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Si Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Si LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CelestineSrSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
K Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
K EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
K GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
K TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Ca OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Ca CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Ca Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Ca Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ca Perovskite var. DysanalyteCaTiO3
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ca ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Ca Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ca Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
TiTitanium
Ti BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Ti Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Perovskite var. DysanalyteCaTiO3
Ti Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ti LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ti SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ti Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Fe Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Sr Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Y Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Y Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2O
Zr KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Zr HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb Vuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Nb Ternovite(Mg,Ca)Nb4O11 · nH2O
Nb BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Nb Neskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb FranconiteNa(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Nb Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Nb Pyrochlore Group var. Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Nb Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nb Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Nb Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Nb Kenoplumbopyrochlore(Pb,□)Nb2O6(□,O)
BaBarium
Ba Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Ba KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2O
Ba Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Ba OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ba EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ba Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ba Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ba NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Ba Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
LaLanthanum
La CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
La Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
La Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
CeCerium
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ce Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
Ce Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Ce EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Ce CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
Ce Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Ce Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NdNeodymium
Nd Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2O
PbLead
Pb Kenoplumbopyrochlore(Pb,□)Nb2O6(□,O)
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
U Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
U Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Devonian : 402 Ma to 380 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Phlogopite (youngest age)380 Ma
    
    
   Early Devonian
ⓘ Phlogopite (oldest age)402 Ma

References

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Bulakh, A.G., Kondrat'ev, V.V., and Baranova, E.N. (1961) Carbocernaite, a New Rare Earth Carbonate. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 90, 42 49. (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 46, 1202.
Kapustin, J.L. (1965) Norsethite – The first find in USSR. Doklady Acad. Nauk USSR, 161, 922–924 (in Russian).
Kukharenko, A.A., Orlova, M.P., Bulakh, A.G., Bagdasarov, Yu.A., Rimskaya-Korsakova, O.M., Nefedov, E.I., Iilinsky, G.A., Sergeev, A.S., and Aabakumova, N.B. (1965) The Caledonian complexes of ultrabasic-alkaline and carbonatite rocks on the Kola Peninsula and in Northern Karelia (geology, petrology, mineralogy and geochemistry). Nauka, Moscow. 772 pp. (in Russian).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow. 369 pp.
Subbotin, V.V., Merlino, S., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Ferro, O., Bogdanova, A.N., Voloshin, A.V., Sorokhtina, N.V., and Zubkova, N.V. (2000) Tumchaite Na2(Zr,Sn)Si4O11•H2O - A new mineral from the carbonatites of the Vuoriyarvi alkali-ultrabasic massif, Murmansk Region, Russia. American Mineralogist, 85, 1516-1520.
Subbotin, V.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovsky, Yu.A., and Bakhchisaraytsev, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract).
Subbotin, V.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bakhchisaraytsev, A.Yu., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., and Nadezhina, T.N. (1998) Vuoriyarvite, (K,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2Si4O12(O,OH)2•4H2O, a new mineral from carbonatites of the Vuoriyarvi massif (Kola Peninsula). Doklady Rossiyskogo Akademii Nauk, 358, 517-519. (In Russian) Abstracted in: Mandarino, J.A. (2001) New Minerals, 1995-1999, 258.
Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., and Bogdanova, A.N. (1996) Kukharenkoite (Ce) Ba2Ce(CO3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia and Quebec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327 1336.
Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.

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