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California Mining District, Cochise County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
California Mining DistrictMining District
Cochise CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° North , 109° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~91km
Locality type:


This is a Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Au-W mining area located in T15-17S, R29-31E, G&SRM, northern part of the Chiricahua Mountains, in the Galeyville area. The district was started before 1870. Total output has been 152,000 ounces of silver and 100 ounces of gold.

Base metal deposits comprised of sulfides, oxides and carbonates occur along strong silicified fault zones, in replacement pipes and lenses along quartz dikes, and in disseminated deposits in strongly folded, faulted, and often pyrometamorphosed Paleozoic limestone and Cretaceous sedimentary and volcanic formations that have been invaded by Laramide or Tertiary intrusives. Also, spotty scheelite mineralization in pyrometamorphosed Paleozoic limestones.

One production figure for the entire California District for 1902-1954 gives 28,000 short tons of ore and concentrates yielding 290 ounces of Au, 117,000 ounces of Ag, 4,035 short tons of Pb, 582 short tons of Zn, and 176 short tons of Cu. By far, the majority of this production came from the Hilltop Mine.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

66 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048226, MRDS ID #M800319.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Branch Bull. 187: 53 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 353, 354, 392; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56..
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10258080, MAS ID #0040030245.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10161529.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Bob Jenkins
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: rolf luetcke
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Bob Jenkins
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: rolf luetcke
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10185731.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10283082, MAS ID #0040030004.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 39.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10102442, MRDS ID #M002167.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10210093, MAS ID #0040030002.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bob Jenkins
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Occurs as microscopic blebs with acanthite in quartz.
Reference: Anthony. J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 100, 195.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10136913
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Colour: Purple and green
Description: Coarsely crystalline.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10056462, MRDS ID #TC00289.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10283082, MAS ID #0040030004.
Galena var. Silver-bearing Galena
Formula: PbS with Ag
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10282506, MAS ID #0040030055.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10282506, MAS ID #0040030055.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Bob Jenkins
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10136842.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10282506, MAS ID #0040030055.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Colour: Bright yellow
Description: Occurs as typical botryoidal coatings associated with wulfenite in gossan cavities.
Reference: C. Lemanski Jr. - self collected
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046190, MRDS ID #M241030.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10282506, MAS ID #0040030055.
Pyrite var. Gold-bearing Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10282496, MAS ID #0040030557.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: [MinRec 14:121]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz var. Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10060272.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Description: Occurs in lenses in a fissure vein that cuts limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 353, 354, 392; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56.
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 165, 228, 353, 354, 392; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: In the groundmass and in welded rhyolite tuffs with quartz & magnetite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 360; Enlows, H.E. (1955), Welded tuffs of Chiricahua National Monument, AZ, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 66: 1215-1246.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in quartz veins in silicified limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 362-363; Dale, V.B., et al (1960), Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Cos., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5650.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Bob Jenkins
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bob Jenkins
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10283082, MAS ID #0040030004.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10009477, MRDS ID #D002507.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 392; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046192, MRDS ID #M241033.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 424; Dale, V.B., et al (1960), Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Cos., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5650.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Crystal groups
Colour: Deep yellow
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 425; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 80; Miller, D.K. and Wilson, W.E. (1983), Famous Mineral Localities: The Hilltop Mine, Min.Rec.: 14:121-126; Rocks & Min.: 16:133; 63:329; Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Branch Bull. 187: 52 (Table 4)..
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432; Dale, V.B., et al (1960), Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Cos., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5650.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var. Silver-bearing Galena2.CD.10PbS with Ag
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Gold-bearing Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
'var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Hawleyite2.8.2.6CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var. Silver-bearing Galena
-PbS with Ag
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyrite
var. Gold-bearing Pyrite
-FeS2
Quartz
var. Amethyst
-SiO2
var. Milky Quartz-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup
var. Argentian Tetrahedrite'
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C GraphiteC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Quartz var. Milky QuartzSiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MiniumPb3O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Quartz var. Milky QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Pyrite var. Gold-bearing PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AlabanditeMnS
S Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
S HawleyiteCdS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Pyrite var. Gold-bearing PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CopperCu
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
MoMolybdenum
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
CdCadmium
Cd HawleyiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4 C22+)Sb4S12S
Sb Tetrahedrite Subgroup var. Argentian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb Galena var. Silver-bearing GalenaPbS with Ag
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A) In-text Citation No.
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881): 39.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 187: 6-7, 51 (Table 4).
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10113054.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

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