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Passaic pit (Marshall Mine; Passaic Mine), Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Passaic pit (Marshall Mine; Passaic Mine)Pit
Sterling HillHill
Ogdensburg- not defined -
Franklin Mining DistrictMining District
Sussex Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 4' 57'' North , 74° 36' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ogdensburg2,286 (2017)1.2km
Franklin4,855 (2017)4.9km
Sparta19,722 (2018)6.1km
Hamburg3,155 (2017)8.3km
Lake Mohawk9,916 (2017)8.4km


The Passaic pit is an old open cut workings dating to the late 19th century (circa 1870), operated by the Passaic Zinc Co. It mined an outcropping of altered ore which sets within the folds of the Sterling orebody. Primary zinc ores were weathered principally to hemimorphite "maggot" ore and a suite of secondary manganese, zinc and lead minerals. It is now on the property of the Sterling Hill Mining Museum and is still producing minerals.

This locality is within the Franklin Mining District.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


64 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt2:310.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Occurs as an alteration product of galena in weathered zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):129; Dunn(1995):Pt5:627.
'Anomalite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palche et al. (1944) Dans's System of Mineralogy, v. 1.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Dunn (1995)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Habit: prismatic with dome terminations
Colour: brown-black to green-black
Description: Now recognized as augite, this material was formerly called "jeffersonite." It occurs as dark colored, rough crystals to over 20 cm in weathered ore zones between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody. Good crystals also occur at the contact of very tough, massive, dark augite/hendricksite/augite rock with marble. Crystal terminations typically slightly rounded.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:432.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Personally collected by Modris Baum & visually ID'd by him.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:584.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: tabular
Colour: blue
Description: formed from small grains of bornite and chalcopyrite in the Franklin Marble found just outside the "mud zone" in the walls of the Passaic Pit, associated with malachite.
Reference: Earl Verbeek; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Fluorescence: White (SW UV)
Description: As scarce blebs in the genthelvite assemblage in amphibole-rich rock.
Reference: Mr. Mark Boyer; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Colour: Black, blue-tarnished
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs as other than microscopic (visible blebs and crystals) for the first time in this area in Precambrian Franklin marble associated with pararealgar, pyrite and phlogopite. Collected by Mr. Zumrill.
Reference: J. Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Habit: anhedral grains
Colour: purple-black tarnish
Description: small grains in the Franklin Marble found just outside the "mud zone" in the walls of the Passaic Pit, associated with malachite and azurite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: A huge boulder of galena altering to cerussite was found during recent excavations in the pit. The cerussite is nicely crystallized.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt4:620; Palalche(1935):57; Common knowledge of local collectors and museum officials.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Chalcophanite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Rhombohedral crystals on stalactites.
Colour: bluish black
Description: Occurs in weathered ore zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Moore G E (1875) On chalcophanite, a new mineral species. The American Chemist 6, 1-2; Palache(1935):52; Baum( J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10 (1962); Dunn(1995):Pt4:587.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Habit: anhedral grains
Colour: brassy with purple tarnish
Description: small grains in the Franklin Marble found just outside the "mud zone" in the walls of the Passaic Pit, associated with malachite and azurite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Van Fleet, James A. and Verbeek, Earl R.(2013) "Fluorescent Chrysotile From Sterling Hill, New Jersey." The Picking Table: Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society 54, no. 1 : 17-21
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: Occurs in altered ore as relic material from disintegrated marble.
Reference: Palache(1935):41.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Frondel, C.: Am.Min.:38:761-769; Dunn(1995):Pt4:591.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs in weathered ore on altered augite between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):122; Dunn(1995):Pt5:666.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Habit: Hemispherical aggregates.
Colour: White
Description: A huge boulder of galena altering to cerussite was found during recent excavations in the pit. The cerussite is nicely crystallized. The white mineral found in this assemblage was analyzed and proved to be dundasite, a mineral new to the locality and the
Reference: John Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum, analysis by Malcolm Back, Royal Ontario Museum.
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Modris Baum
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: prismatic with shallow pyramidal terminations
Colour: blue-green, brownish green, white, gray
Fluorescence: none
Description: Crystals up to 15 cm mostly in marble in contact with augite-rich rock at the saddle between the Passaic and Noble pits. Not fluorescent. Typically have bumpy resorbed surfaces. Some crystals naturally weathered out of calcite in the "mud zone" on the saddle have dull color and chalky appearance.
Reference: Dunn (1995); Harold Moritz collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Personally collected by Modris Baum & visually ID'd by him.
Fluor-uvite
Formula: CaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Dunn, P. J., Appleman, D., Nelen, J., and Norberg, J. 1977, Uvite, a New (Old) Common Member of the Tourmaline Group and Its Implications for Collections, Mineralogical Record, v. 8, p. 100-108.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: Large octahedrons
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs as massive material, blebs and granules to large octahedral crystals weathered from primary ore.
Reference: Common knowledge of occurrence.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Habit: octahedral
Colour: very dark green
Fluorescence: none
Description: Euhedral crystals typically occur in calcite pods within, or in calcite adjacent to, tough, massive, dark augite/hendricksite/gahnite rock in the East Ore Vein. Crystals can be over 5 cm on an edge, faces usually lustrous with some resorption/rounding. Internally fractured and very brittle, they crumble readily. Also occurs in weathered zones between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):44; Dunn (1995); Harold Moritz collection.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Galena was found several years ago in a huge boulder in the Passaic pit, associated with cerussite and dundasite. Recently (August, 2002) galena is being retrieved from another section of the Passaic pit associated with gahnite, fluorapatite, sphalerite a
Reference: J. Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Min. Museum; C. Lemanski, Jr.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Habit: 7.5 to 8 cm on edge
Colour: Colorless, whitish, pale greenish.
Fluorescence: Gray-green (LW UV).
Description: Found in an assemblage of gahnite, apatite, rhodonite, galena, quartz, titanite, zircon, barite and ore minerals in the footwall of the East vein, Sterling orebody, in the Passaic Pit at the entrance to the fill quarry. Most specimen were represented by s
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.; John Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum; Mr. Mark Boyer
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs in weathered zones within the folds of teh Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Baum, J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10; Dunn(1995):Pt4:592.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Peter Chin
Graeserite
Formula: (Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Habit: Tabular, exhibiting apparent oscillatory growth pattern.
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None.
Description: One extraordinaryily large crystal (3.8 x 3.7 x 0.3 cm) in matrix.
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: The magnesian variety of hastingsite occurring in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:432,454.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: Colorless to white, brown-stained.
Fluorescence: Blue-white to greenish-white (SW) + white phosphorescence
Description: Occurs abundantly as crusts and masses of aggregated crystals forming structures termed "maggot ore."
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt3:414.
Hendricksite
Formula: K(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: prismatic with tapering or pinacoidal terminations
Colour: dark brownish black
Fluorescence: none
Description: Large crystals to over 9 cm across and more than 15 cm long in marble associated with tough, massive, dark augite/hendricksite/gahnite rock in the East Ore Vein. Good crystals at the contacts of these rocks.
Reference: Dunn (1995); Harold Moritz collection; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Hetaerolite (TL)
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Frondel, C. & Heinrich, E.W.: Am.Min.:27:48-56 (1942); Frondel, C. & Klein, C., Jr.: Am.Min.:50:1670-1680 (1965); Dunn(1995):Pt4:598-599.
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite (FRL)
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs as crusts and masses in weathered zones within the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):53; Baum, J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10; Dunn(1995):Pt4:599.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Bright blue (SW).
Description: Occurs as films and coatings in weathered ore zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody. A notable occurrence in the early 1990's was as veinlets of hydrozincite with copper minerals coursing through red-fluorescent calcite boulders.
Reference: Common knowledge of local collectors and museum officials.
'Jeffersonite'
Formula: Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Habit: Blocky, rough to relatively sharp
Colour: Black, brown-black
Fluorescence: None
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Verbeek, E. et al (2006) Mineral News: 22(9): 8-9.; Dunn, Pete J. (1995), chapter 22: magnetite.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: acicular, radiating, massive
Colour: green
Description: formed from small grains of bornite and chalcopyrite in the Franklin Marble found just outside the "mud zone" in the walls of the Passaic Pit, associated with azurite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Habit: massive with fibrous cleavage, granular, stout prismatic crystals
Colour: white to pale green
Fluorescence: pink to magenta
Description: ID based on Dunn's report of the prevalence of meionite in the district. Large cleavable masses to 15 cm, granular, and as stout crystals with calcite, augite, black mica, magnetite, fluorapatite in the saddle between the Passaic and Noble pits. Weathers to a frosty, crumbly, semi-fibrous white material.
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits; 512.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Colour: Golden-yellow.
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occurs in Precambrian Franklin marble associated with baumhauerite, pyrite and phlogopite. Collected by Mr. Zumrill.
Reference: J. Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: stubby to elongated, tapered prismatic with pseudohexagonal outline rarely terminated by pinacoids
Colour: black
Description: Large essentially black crystals to over 9 cm across and more than 15 cm long in marble associated with tough, massive, dark augite/gahnite rock in the East Ore Vein. Good crystals at the contacts of these rocks. 2008 EDS analysis shows abundant Mg plus much Fe, Zn and Mn; XRD with 10.3 Å spacing indicates a phlogopite-3T polytype, probably mixed with some phlogopite-1M, seeing that the (001) reflection is broad ranging down to 9.2 Å and the other peaks are sharp (Van King communication 2016).
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
'Phlogopite-1M'
Reference: Fritz Moritz
'Phlogopite-3T'
Reference: Fritz Moritz
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody. Recently observed as massive, glassy material in the amphibole-rich genthelvite assemblage.
Reference: Palache(1935):36; Mr. Mark Boyer, C. Lemanski, Jr..; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):49.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: George Elling
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Occurs as a secondary mineral in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):56.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: massive, granular
Colour: colorless to pale brown
Fluorescence: bright orange long-wave fluorescence for late stage sphalerite
Description: Granular masses, sparkling with cleavage and commonly colorless to pale brown and translucent, associated with massive augite, galena, meionite, gahnite, and calcite in the East ore vein or on the saddle between the Passaic and Noble pits.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Description: Occurs in weathered zones between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Palache(1935):119.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Habit: anhedral
Colour: reddish-brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: massive material with gahnite, franklinite, minor willemite (along tephroite grain boundaries and as exsolution in tephroite) in calcite. From the northernmost part of the East Ore Vein within the Passaic Pit, just south of the Edison Tunnel entrance.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Description: Non-fluorescent glassy white to cloudy slender laths to 1 cm on coarse franklinite-rich ore. X-ray by PJD.
Reference: Harvard University #114036
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: Occurs as small, dark brown crystals in the genthelvite assemblage in amphibole-rich rock.
Reference: Mark Boyer; C. Lemanski, Jr.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Description: Occurs in weathered ore between the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Baum, J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Sterling Hill Mining Museum
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Description: The tourmaline in the Franklin Marble is fluorine-dominant
Reference: Palache(1935):112; Dunn, P. J., Appleman, D., Nelen, J., and Norberg, J. 1977, Uvite, a New (Old) Common Member of the Tourmaline Group and Its Implications for Collections, Mineralogical Record, v. 8, p. 100-108.; Dunn(1995):Pt3:425-427.
'Wad' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palche et al. (1944) Dans's System of Mineralogy, v. 1.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Steve Sanford; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Fluorescence: Golden yellow (SW UV)
Description: The outcrop of the wollastonite zone within the fold of the Sterling orebody, near the keel (South end), was recently discovered in the Passaic Pit. The material occurs with calcite.
Reference: Mr. Mark Boyer
Woodruffite (TL)
Formula: Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in weathered ore zones within the folds of the Sterling Hill orebody.
Reference: Frondel, C.: Am. Min.:38:761-769 (1953); Baum, J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10; Dunn(1995):Pt4:606.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Simple tabular crystals
Colour: Butterscotch yellow
Description: Tiny crystals in vugs of matrix.
Reference: Personally collected by Modris Baum & visually ID'd by him & Chester Lemanski.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Habit: Prismatic
Description: One large crystal observed in the genthelvite assemblage (in situ) by J. Kolic. Crystal could not be extracted with any integrity.
Reference: Mr. John Kolic; C. Lemanski, Jr.; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Baumhauerite2.HC.05bPb12As16S36
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite (TL)4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graeserite4.JB.55(Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Hetaerolite (TL)4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite (TL)4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Woodruffite (TL)4.FL.25Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluor-uvite9.CK.05CaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hendricksite9.EC.20K(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Uvite Series' ?9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Anomalite' (TL)-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Jeffersonite'-Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
'Phlogopite-1M'-
'Phlogopite-3T'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad' (TL)-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2 < ø < 2.49
Baumhauerite3.6.13.1Pb12As16S36
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hetaerolite (TL)7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite (FRL)7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Aurorite7.8.2.2(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite (TL)7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Woodruffite (TL)7.8.1.2Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Fluor-uvite61.3.1.3CaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Uvite Series' ?61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Hendricksite71.2.2b.6K(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Genthelvite76.2.4.3Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Anomalite' (FRL)-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Graeserite-(Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Jeffersonite'-Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Phlogopite-1M'-
'Phlogopite-3T'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad' (FRL)-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
H WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2·yH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
H HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
CCarbon
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2·yH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
O JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
O Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
O HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CerussitePbCO3
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CorundumAl2O3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BaryteBaSO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
NaSodium
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Si JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Si HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PararealgarAs4S4
S BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
S BaryteBaSO4
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
TiTitanium
Ti Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2·yH2O
Mn JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
FeIron
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Fe Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2·yH2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Zn JeffersoniteCa(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Zn HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Graeserite(Fe3+,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
As PararealgarAs4S4
As BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3188605
Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss; paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2874051
Franklin Marble

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Franklin Marble

Description: White- to light-gray-weathering, white, grayish-white, or, less commonly pinkish-orange, coarse- to locally fine-crystalline calcite marble with accessory amounts of graphite, phlogopite, chondrodite, clinopyroxene, and serpentine. Contains pods and layers of clinopyroxene-garnet skarn, hornblende skarn, and clinopyroxene-rich rock. Thin layers of metaquartzite occur locally. Intruded by the Mount Eve Granite in the Pochuck Mountain area. Franklin Marble is host to the Franklin and Sterling Hill zinc ore bodies; exploited for talc and asbestiform minerals near Easton, Pennsylvania. Subdivided into an upper marble, "Wildcat marble," and a lower marble, "Franklin marble," by New Jersey Zinc Co. geologists (Hague and others, 1956).

Comments: Metasedimentary Rocks (Middle Proterozoic) Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{marble}, Minor:{skarn,quartzite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C. (1935) The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 180: 36, 41, 44, 49, 52, 53, 56, 57, 112, 119, 122, 129.
Frondel, C. and Heinrich, E.W. (1942) New data on hetaerolite, hydrohetaerolite, coronadite and hollandite. American Mineralogist, 27, 48-56.
Frondel, C. (1953) New manganese oxides: hydrohausmannite and woodruffite. American Mineralogist, 38, 761-769.
Frondel, C. and Klein, C., Jr. (1965) Exsolution in franklinite. American Mineralogist, 50, 1670-1680.
Dunn, P.J., Appleman, D., Nelen, J., and Norberg, J. (1977) Uvite, a New (Old) Common Member of the Tourmaline Group and Its Implications for Collectors. Mineralogical Record, 8(2) [Pegmatite Issue # 1], 100-108.
Dunn, Pete J. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 2: 310; Part 3: 414, 425-427, 432, 454; Part 4: 584, 587, 591, 598-599, 606, 620; Part 5: 627, 666.
Verbeek, E. et al. (2006) Mineral News, 22(9), 8-9.
Leavens, P.B., Zullo, J., and Verbeek, E. (2009) A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.


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