Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Naica, Mun. de Saucillo, Chihuahua, Mexicoi
Regional Level Types
Naica- not defined -
Mun. de SaucilloMunicipality
Chihuahua- not defined -
MexicoCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Peter Megaw
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 51' North , 105° 30' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 27.85000,-105.50000
GeoHash:G#: 9suyrmcnp
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Naica4,938 (2018)1.1km
Santa Gertrudis (La Hacienda)759 (2013)24.0km
Estación Conchos1,670 (2018)24.9km
Estación Saucillo942 (2014)26.5km
Colonia Nicolás Bravo (Kilómetro Noventa y Dos)1,772 (2013)27.1km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Gibraltar, Maravillas, Lepanto, Siglo XX


Some caves encountered in and near the workings of the Naica Mine are famous for giant gypsum crystals (up to 14 m in length!), among them "Cave of Swords" within the old Gibraltar Mine workings and "Cave of Crystals" at about 480m depth in the main Naica Mine workings.

Note that the upper level oxide workings of the Gibraltar, Maravillas, Lepanto, Siglo XX etc. Mines were incorporated into the Naica Mine in the mid-1950s and for the most part sealed off and abandoned. Although the name Gibraltar Shaft survives within the Naica Mine, Gibraltar (and other old mine names) no longer bear any relation to the current workings (now dominantly well below the 500 m level). Pretty much any specimen mined since the 1950s...except for crystals taken from the Cave of the Swords (and most of the gypsum crystals that have come out in that period came from caverns other than the Cave of the Swords) should be simply labeled Naica Mine, Naica, ... etc.

Distinctive sharp gypsum crystals on a dark brown hard limestone matrix come from the Chubasco Breccia Body, probably a collapsed solution cave/pipe. Chubasco lies at the end of a long exploration heading driven to chase a geophysical anomaly. There was no ore present and the drift was closed off permanently.

2015: Rumors that the Cave of the Crystals is flooded are false. Strong water inflow was encountered in deep workings in early 2015 and some of the mine has been allowed to flood, but this does not affect the Cave. Work is underway on a work-around and the mine should be back in production before long.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

90 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Panczner(1987): 85.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: No reference listed
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Max Wisshak, Leif Tapanila: Current Developments in Bioerosion, p.149 (http://books.google.be/books?id=6Zy6xC4rB3oC&pg=PA149&lpg=PA149&dq=%22iceland+spar%22+naica&source=bl&ots=yNZUsRoVac&sig=m0Cp9OBbvp1TJtBm0syQM_c4puc&hl=nl&ei=6F_STviGJo6VOu3mveIJ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&sqi=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=%22iceland%20spar%22%20naica&f=false)
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Max Wisshak, Leif Tapanila: Current Developments in Bioerosion, p.149 (http://books.google.be/books?id=6Zy6xC4rB3oC&pg=PA149&lpg=PA149&dq=%22iceland+spar%22+naica&source=bl&ots=yNZUsRoVac&sig=m0Cp9OBbvp1TJtBm0syQM_c4puc&hl=nl&ei=6F_STviGJo6VOu3mveIJ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&sqi=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=%22iceland%20spar%22%20naica&f=false)
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.;
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: No reference listed
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Peter Megaw
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Peter Megaw
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rob Lavinsky, Carles Curto Milà, and AM Mizunaka specimens.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Rhodonite ?
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Rhodonite var: Fowlerite ?
Formula: (Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Panczner(1987): 98-351.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Tintinaite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Peter Megaw
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tintinaite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Rhodonite ?9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
var: Fowlerite ?9.DK.05(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Nuffieldite3.3.4.1Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Tintinaite3.6.19.2Pb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite ?65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apophyllite'-
Calcite
var: Iceland Spar
-CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
Rhodonite
var: Fowlerite ?
-(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Rhodonite (var: Fowlerite)(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Rhodonite (var: Fowlerite)(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CovelliteCuS
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S CinnabarHgS
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Rhodonite (var: Fowlerite)(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Rhodonite (var: Fowlerite)(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Cu NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Rhodonite (var: Fowlerite)(Mn2+,Zn,Ca)SiO3
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag SilverAg
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Pb NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
BiBismuth
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Bi NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Bi TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 2441292

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Limestone

Reference: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conjunto de Datos Vectoriales Geológicos. Continuo Nacional. Escala 1:1’000,000. [63]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Fisher, R.D. (2006): Die grössten Gipskristalle der Welt: "Crystal Cave of the Giants" in Naica, Mexiko. LAPIS 31 (11), 33-36. (in German)

External Links


Localities in this Region
Show map


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 24, 2019 07:12:24 Page generated: March 24, 2019 00:52:06
Go to top of page