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Bingham Canyon Mine (Bingham Canyon deposit; Kennecott Mine; Bingham Copper Mine; Utah Copper Mine), Bingham District (West Mountain District), Oquirrh Mts, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 31' 19'' North , 112° 8' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.52222,-112.14861
Owned/operated by:Rio Tinto Kennecott
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

An open pit Cu-Au-Mo(-Ag-Pb) (principally copper) mine. Mineralization is in a monzonite porphyry. Capacity was 60,000 tons/day as far back as the 1930's!

One of the largest and highest-grade porphyry orebodies in the world, the mine is currently (2017) producing 1% of the world's copper.


The Utah Copper Company was incorporated on June 4th, 1903 to process the low-grade copper ore (39 pounds of copper per ton of ore / 19.5kg per tonne of ore) found in Bingham Canyon.

In 1936 the Kennecott Copper Corporation acquired the Utah Copper Company.

In 1981 Kennecott Corporation merges into Standard Oil of Ohio, the stock of which is acquired by British Petroleum in 1989. In 1989 BP divest the assets and facilities of the Kennecott Corporation to the RTZ Corporation.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

87 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

33.9 - 37.8 Ma

ID: 2820538
Silver City Monzonite, Sunrise Peak Monzonite Porphyry, Swanson Quartz Monzonite

Age: Eocene (33.9 - 37.8 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Silver City Monzonite; Sunrise Peak Monzonite Porphyry; Swanson Quartz Monzonite

Description: Silver City Monzonite (31 my), Sunrise Peak Monzonite Porphyry, Swanson Quartz Monzonite

Comments: includes rocks that host Bingham Canyon porphyry copper deposit

Lithology: Major:{monzonite,granodiorite}, Incidental:{monzodiorite, quartz monzonite, granite, diorite, quartz diorite, quartz monzodiorite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals (1935): 10: 111-112.
Rubright, R. D. and Hart, O. J. (1968): Non-porphyry ores of the Bingham district, Utah. In Ridge, J. D. (Ed.): Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967 - The Graton-Sales Volume, Vol. 1, Am. Inst. Mining, Metall. and Petroleum Engineers, New York, pp. 886-907.
Warnaars, F.W., Smith, W.H., Bray, R.E., Lanier, G., and Shafiqullah, M. (1978) Geochronology of igneous intrusions and porphyry copper mineralization at Bingham, Utah. Econmic Geology: 73: 1242-1249.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 39.
Economic Geology (1987) 82: 395-428.
Minerals Yearbook (1988) Mining & Quarrying Trends: 31.
Chesley, J.T. and Ruiz, J. (1997) Prelminary geochronology on molybdenite mineralization from the Bingham Canyon ore deposit, Utah. In Geology and Ore Deposits of the Oquirrh and Wasatch Mountains, Utah (D.A. John and G.H. Ballantyne, editors). Society of Economic Geologists, Guidebook Series 29: 282.
Deino, A. and Keith, J.D. (1997) Ages of volcanic and intrusive rocks in the Bingham mining district, Utah. Society of Economic Geologists, Guidebook Seres 29: 91-100.
Phillips, C.H., Smith, T.W., and Harrison, E.D. (1997) Alteration, metal zoning, and ore controls in the Bingham Canyon porphyry copper deposits, Utah. In: Geology and Ore Deposits of the Oquirrh and Wasatch Mountains, Utah (.A. John & .H. Ballantyne, editors). Society of Economic Geologists, Guidebook Series 29: 133-145.
Waite, K.A., Keith, J.D., Christiansen, E.H., Whitney, J.A., Hattori, K., Tingey, D.G., and Hook, C.J. (1997) Petrogenesis of the volcanic and intrusive rocks associated with the Bingham Canyon porphyry Cu-Au-Mo deposit, Utah. In: Geology and Ore Deposits of the Oquirrh and Wasatch Mountains, Utah (D.A. John & G.H. Ballantyne, editors). Society of Economic Geologists, Guidebook Series 29: 1242-1249.
Redmond, P.B. (2002) Magmatic-Hydrothermal Fluids and Copper-Gold Ore Formation at Bingham Canyon, Utah. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Redmond, P.B., Einaudi, M.T., Inan, E.E., Landtwing, M.R., and Heinrich, C.A. (2004) Copper deposition by fluid cooling in intrusion-centered systems: new insights from the Bingham porphyry ore deposit, Utah: Geology: 32: 217-220.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
North, Jerry (2010) Displays of Nature : History, Minerals & Crystals of Utah's Bingham Canyon Copper Mine.
Redmond, P. B. and Einaudi, M. T. (2010): The Bingham Canyon Porphyry Cu-Mo-Au Deposit. I. Sequence of Intrusions, Vein Formation, and Sulfide Deposition. Economic Geology 105, 43-68.

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