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Patagonia Mining District, Patagonia Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Patagonia Mining DistrictMining District
Patagonia MtsMountain Range
Santa Cruz Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° North , 110° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~11km
Locality type:


A Zn-Pb-Cu-Ag-Au-Mn-Mo-V-W mining area located in T. 23-24S., R. 15-16E., in the southern Patagonia Mountains. This district lies on the Sonoran (Mexico) border and covers the southernmost part of the United States portion of the Patagonia Mountains and lies south of the Harshaw and Palmetto Districts. It is about 12 miles wide from east to west and 8 miles from north to south. On the west the boundary of the district for 4 miles north of the Mexican border follows the Santa Cruz River. On the east it roughly follows the upper or western edge of the wash or valley plain of the river, which toward the north coincides with the west or upper boundary of Meadow Valley Flat. The northern boundary, starting on the west, follows the divide north of Canada de la Paloma to the crest of the Patagonia Mountains on American Peak, from where it continues eastward across the Harshaw Creek drainage basin to Meadow Valley Flat.

The Patagonia Mountains extend across the district in a north-south belt about 7 miles wide, occupying the middle and almost the whole of the eastern part and forming the divide. The mountains average about 5,500 feet in elevation, but ridges in the southern part exceed 6,000 feet and two peaks rise to about 7,000 feet. On the north the mountains are low and spreading; on the south they are contracted into a single narrow ridge, that decreases 1,500 feet in altitude on both sides within 1½ miles.

Rock formations, beginning with the oldest are Paleozoic sediments, consisting of limestone, quartzite, and shale; Mesozoic intrusive rocks, comprising quartz monzonite, granite porphyry, diorite, and gabbro; Mesozoic sediments, consisting mainly of arenaceous limestones and shales; Tertiary rhyolite; and Quaternary gravels and wash. All the formations except the Mesozoic sediments contain mineral deposits.

The most widely distributed hard-rock formation is the quartz monzonite. It extends across the district in a north-south belt about 6 miles wide on the north and forms almost the whole of the Patagonia Mountains, especially the axis and west slope. It is intrusive into the Paleozoic sediments.

The next most abundant formation is the granite porphyry. It crosses the district in an interrupted north-south belt about 1 mile wide in the eastern foothills of the Patagonia Mountains and also in a north-south quadrangular area of about 2 by 3 miles in the western foothills toward the north. It is intrusive into the Paleozoic sediments, the quartz monzonite, and the diorite, and is economically important due to its relationship to the ore deposits.

The Paleozoic sediments occur in two areas, one at Mowry and the other at Washington. The area at Mowry is occupied mainly by limestones, but also contains some shale and quartzite. The Washington area is crudely lens-like in outline. It trends north and has a length of 2½ miles and width of about 1 mile. It is occupied mainly by white crystalline limestone which has yielded no fossils but contains the mineral deposits.

The Mesozoic sediments occur on the east slope of the range, in the northeastern part of the district, in interrupted areas extending for about 2 miles north, south, and west from Mowry.

The quartz diorite occurs as small stocklike masses and dikes intruding the quartz monzonite, as to the west of the Golden Rose Mine and at the O'Mara or Old Soldier Mine. The gabbro intrudes the Paleozoic limestone, principally at and near Mowry. The rhyolite occurs in irregular patches in the northeastern part of the district, on the upper east slope of the range, along the contact of the granite with the overlying Mesozoic rocks, into both of which it is intrusive. It seems to be the interrupted southerly extension of a larger body of rhyolite in the Harshaw District on the north.

The deposits are practically all contained in a belt 6 miles wide extending in a northwesterly direction across the district.

Mineralization is highly varied: (1) Pyrometasomatic deposits of base metal sulfides in complexly faulted and folded Paleozoic limestone blocks and roof pendants intruded by late Laramide porphyritic granodiorite; (2) Replacement deposits of argentiferous lead, copper, and zinc minerals in Paleozoic and Cretaceous limestone adjacent to, or along, fault or shear zones; (3) Quartz-fissure veins, quartz veinlets, and zones of strong silicification with disseminated copper and molybdenum mineralization in Late Laramide granodiorite; (4) Minor tungsten mineralization in pyrometasomatic deposits in Paleozoic limestone and with molybdenum and copper in shear zones in Jurassic granite; (5) Irrgular pods, seams, and narrow veinlets of manganese oxides, often with iron oxides and minor base and precious metals along fractures or faults or replacements in Paleozoic limestone or Laramide granodiorite intrusive; (6) Small gold placer deposits in stream alluvium.

Workings include many shaft, open cut, and tunnel operations. Prospected and mined since Spanish and Mexican occupations to recent years. There were several large mining operations. Total estimated and recorded production would be some 691,000 tons of base and precious metal ore containing about 26,900 tons of zinc, 21,500 tons of lead, 18,300 tons of copper, 3,300,000 oz. of silver, and 730 oz. of gold. Some 200 tons of Mo ore and 650 pounds of W oxide have also been produced. Possibly about 100 oz. of placer gold were recovered.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

93 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Colour: Reddish-brown
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anglesite var: Argentiferous Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112; Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 296-297, 299-305; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 58; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Occurs as labradorite-andesine in quartz monzonite in phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Occurs as labradorite-andesine in quartz monzonite in phenocrysts to 1 inch diameter.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: In metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 122; Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Eckhard D. Stuart
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: One of the principal gangue minerals in the district.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 129; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 94-95; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 299-305; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 76; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 136; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cerussite var: Argentiferous Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Description: Occurs in oligoclase-rutile rock rich in molybdenite; replaces former dark silicates in the mafic igneous rock hosting the ores.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 167.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Collected by Joe Ruiz. Raman analyzed at UofA.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Some native copper found near the surface.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 78 (Table 4); Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 343; ; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 195; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond (1943), The manganese oxide minerals: A preliminary report, Econ.Geol.: 38: 269-286;
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 210.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 216.
Erionite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.:216
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 423.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
'Hornblende'
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Description: In several contact metamorphic deposits.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 258; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12:237-269.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
'K Feldspar var: Valencianite'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Luetheite
Formula: Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p123; Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 27-32]
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities:
Magnetite var: Lodestone
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Occurs in considerable quantities.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 284; Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 12: 237-269; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 39.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 289; Havens,R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern Arizona, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5024; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 36.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 314-315.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Description: Observed in a drill core as silky, white fibers with calcite in veinlets cutting fresh granodiorite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 294.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Muntyan, B. (2012) Amethyst scepters from the Santo Nino Mine, Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #2, 126-133.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Molybdenite-2H'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Frondel,Judith W. and Wickman, Frans E,(1970) Molybdenite Polytypes In Theory And Occurrence .II.Some Naturally- Occurring Polytypes Of Molybdenite. The America Mineralogist,Vol.55,Nov-Dec,1970
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10037099, MRDS ID #M030397.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cupriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Moore, R.T. (1953), Minerals and Metals of Increasing Interest, Rare and Radioactive Minerals, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 163: 13.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: James R. Mitchell, Gem Trails of Arizona, pg 202
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Sporadic.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 340.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 313.; MRDS database Dep. ID file #10026974, MRDS ID #M001445.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Description: Occurs on adularia.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 383.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Occurs as micro-crystals on quartz.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 386.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 338.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Occurrence begins on the 400 level.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 81 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 296-306; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 411; Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 303; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Colour: Lime-green
Description: Crystal fragments.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 414; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3:53-56.
'Wad'
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 423; Hill, J.M. (1910b), Note on the occurrence of tungsten minerals near Calabasas, AZ, USGS Bull. 430: 164-166; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 79.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 430; Wilson, E.D. & G.H. Roseveare (1949), Arizona nonmetallics: a summary of past production and present operations (2nd. ed.), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 155; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 105.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Description: An accessory mineral in aplitic granite dikes.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. and J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 328.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cupriferous Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Lodestone4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
var: Argentiferous Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
var: Argentiferous Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Luetheite8.DD.05Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erionite-K9.GD.20(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'var: Valencianite'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Molybdenite-2H'-MoS2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Luetheite42.7.10.2Cu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anglesite
var: Argentiferous Anglesite
-PbSO4
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cerussite
var: Argentiferous Cerussite
-PbCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Erionite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'var: Valencianite'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Lodestone
-Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Molybdenite-2H'-MoS2
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyrite
var: Cupriferous Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
CCarbon
C Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Anglesite (var: Argentiferous Anglesite)PbSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Magnetite (var: Lodestone)Fe2+Fe23+O4
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Anglesite (var: Argentiferous Anglesite)PbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SulphurS8
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S Pyrite (var: Cupriferous Pyrite)FeS2
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Molybdenite-2HMoS2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Valencianite)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Magnetite (var: Lodestone)Fe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Pyrite (var: Cupriferous Pyrite)FeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
NiNickel
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo Molybdenite-2HMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Cerussite (var: Argentiferous Cerussite)PbCO3
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb Anglesite (var: Argentiferous Anglesite)PbSO4
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dinsmore, C.A. (1909) The Patagonia district, Arizona: Mining World [Chicago]: 31: 224.
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 292-348.
Schrader, F.C. (1917), The geologic distribution and genesis of the metals in the Santa Rita-Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, Economic Geology: 12: 237-269.
Keener, H. (1918) The Patagonia District: Arizona Mining Journal, June, 1918, p. 42-43.
Carpenter, M.M. (1940) Mine operations in the Patagonia district: Mining Journal: 24(3): 3-6.
Smith, G.E. (1956) Geology and ore deposits of the Mowry mine area, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 44 p.
Baker, R.C. (1961) The geology and ore deposits of the southeast portion of the Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, Ph.D. dissertation.
Simons, F.S. (1971) Geologic map of the Nogales quadrangle, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 71-0263, 6 sheets, scale 1:48,000.
Simons, F.S. (1974) Geologic map and sections of the Nogales and Lochiel quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-762, 9 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:48,000.
Keith, Stanton B. (1975), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 191, Index of Mining Properties in Santa Cruz County Arizona: 75 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 129, 287.

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