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Icelandi
Regional Level Types
IcelandCountry

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Key
06611640015185277354672.jpg
Map of active volcanic areas and systems

Iceland
01824850014947747692246.jpg
iceland

Iceland
08738950014947121895345.jpg
Zeolite localities in Iceland

Iceland
06677950015185276756833.jpg
Map of active volcanic areas and systems

Iceland
09011680014947747612205.jpg
iceland

Iceland
04912650014946570985587.jpg
Zeolite localities in Iceland

Iceland
01020070015185277365506.jpg
Map of active volcanic areas and systems

Iceland
01824850014947747692246.jpg
iceland

Iceland
Area:
103,001 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Reykjavík118,918 (2017)
Kópavogur31,719 (2017)
Hafnarfjörður26,808 (2016)
Akureyri17,693 (2016)
Garðabær11,421 (2016)
Mosfellsbær8,651 (2016)
Other Languages:
French:
Islande
German:
Island
Icelandic:
Ísland
Italian:
Islanda
Russian:
Исландия
Simplified Chinese:
冰岛
Spanish:
Islandia
Abkhaz:
Исландиа
Achinese:
Islandia
Afrikaans:
Ysland
Akan:
Iceland
Albanian:
Islanda
Alemannic:
Island
Amharic:
አይስላንድ
Anglo-Saxon:
Īsland
Arabic:
آيسلندا
Aragonese:
Islandia
Armenian:
Իսլանդիա
Aromanian:
Islanda
Asturian:
Islandia
Avaric:
Исландия
Aymara:
Islandiya
Azeri:
İslandiya
Bambara:
Aisland
Bashkir:
Исландия
Basque:
Islandia
Bavarian:
Island
Belarusian:
Ісландыя
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Ісьляндыя
Bengali:
আইসল্যান্ড
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
আইসল্যান্ড
Bislama:
Iceland
Bosnian:
Island
Breton:
Island
Bulgarian:
Исландия
Burmese:
အိုက်စလန်နိုင်ငံ
Catalan:
Islàndia
Cebuano:
Iceland
Central Bikol:
Islanda
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
ئایسلەند
Chamorro:
Islandia
Chavacano:
Islandia
Chechen:
Исланди
Cherokee:
ᎤᏁᏍᏓᎶᎢ
Church Slavic:
Исландъ
Chuvash:
Исланди
Classical Chinese:
冰島
Cornish:
Island
Corsican:
Islanda
Crimean Tatar (Latin):
İslandiya
Croatian:
Island
Czech:
Island
Danish:
Island
Doteli:
आइसल्याण्ड
Dutch:
IJsland
Dutch Low Saxon:
Ieslaand
Dzongkha:
ཨའིསི་ལེནཌ་
Egyptian Arabic:
ايسلاندا
Emilian-Romagnol:
Islanda
Erzya:
Исландия Мастор
Esperanto:
Islando
Estonian:
Island
Ewe:
Iceland
Extremaduran:
Islándia
Faroese:
Ísland
Farsi/Persian:
ایسلند
Fiji Hindi:
Iceland
Finnish:
Islanti
Franco-Provençal:
Islande
Friulian:
Islande
Fula:
Islannda
Gagauz:
İslandiya
Galician:
Islandia
Georgian:
ისლანდია
Greek:
Ισλανδία
Greenlandic:
Islandi
Guarani:
Iylanda
Gujarati:
આઈસલેંડ
Haitian:
Islann
Hakka:
Pên-tó
Hausa:
Iceland
Hawaiian:
ʻĀina Hau
Hebrew:
איסלנד
Hindi:
आइसलैण्ड
Hungarian:
Izland
Ido:
Islando
Igbo:
Iceland
Iloko:
Islandia
Indonesian:
Islandia
Interlingua:
Islanda
Interlingue:
Island
Irish Gaelic:
An Íoslainn
Jamaican Patois:
Aislan
Japanese:
アイスランド
Javanese:
Èslan
Judaeo-Spanish:
Islandia
Kabardian:
Ислэнд
Kabiye:
Isilandɩ
Kabyle:
Island
Kalmyk:
Ислгудин Орн
Kannada:
ಐಸ್‍ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್
Kapampangan:
Islandya
Karachay-Balkar:
Исландия
Karakalpak:
İslandiya
Kashmiri:
اَیِسلینٛڑ
Kashubian:
Islandëjô
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Исландия
Khmer:
ប្រទេសអាយឡែន
Kikuyu:
Aislandi
Kinyarwanda:
Isilande
Komi:
Исландия
Komi-Permyak:
Исланд
Kongo:
Islande
Konkani:
आइसलँड
Korean:
아이슬란드
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Îsland
Kyrgyz:
Исландия
Lao:
ອິດສະລັງ
Latgalian:
Īslandeja
Latin:
Islandia
Latvian:
Islande
Lezghian:
Исландия
Ligurian:
Islanda
Limburgian:
Iesland
Lingala:
Islandi
Lingua Franca Nova:
Island
Lithuanian:
Islandija
Livvi-Karelian:
Islandii
Lojban:
island
Lombard:
Islanda
Low Saxon/Low German:
Iesland
Lower Sorbian:
Islandska
Luganda:
Isilandi
Luri:
ایسلند
Luxembourgish:
Island
Macedonian:
Исланд
Maithili:
आइसलैंड
Malagasy:
Islandy
Malay:
Iceland
Malayalam:
ഐസ്‌ലാന്റ്
Maltese:
Iżlanda
Manx:
Yn Eeslynn
Maori:
Tiorangi
Marathi:
आइसलँड
Mazanderani:
ایسلند
Meadow Mari:
Исландий
Min Dong Chinese:
Bĭng-dō̤
Mingrelian:
ისლანდია
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Peng-tó
Mirandese:
Eislándia
Moksha:
Исланда
Mongolian:
Исланд
Nahuatl:
Iztlālpan
Narom:
Islaunde
Nauruan:
Aiterand
Navajo:
Tin Kéyah
Nepali:
आइसल्याण्ड
Norfolk:
Iseland
Northern Frisian:
Islönj
Northern Sami:
Islánda
Norwegian:
Island
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Island
Novial:
Islande
Occitan:
Islàndia
Odia:
ଆଇସଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
Oromo:
Aayislaandi
Ossetian:
Исланди
Pali:
आइसलैंड
Pangasinan:
Island
Papiamento:
Islandia
Pashto:
آیسلنډ
Picard:
Islinde
Piedmontese:
Islanda
Polish:
Islandia
Pontic Greek:
Ισλανδία
Portuguese:
Islândia
Punjabi:
ਆਈਸਲੈਂਡ
Quechua:
Islandya
Ripuarian:
Ißland
Romanian:
Islanda
Romansh:
Islanda
Rundi:
Ayisilandi
Russia Buriat:
Исланд
Rusyn:
Ісланд
Samoan:
Aiselani
Samogitian:
Islandėjė
Sango:
Islânde
Sanskrit:
आइसलैंड
Sardinian:
Islanda
Saterland Frisian:
Ieslound
Scots:
Iceland
Scottish Gaelic:
Innis Tìle
Serbian:
Исланд
Serbo-Croatian:
Island
Sesotho:
Iceland
Shona:
Iceland
Sicilian:
Islandia
Silesian:
Islandyjo
Sindhi:
آئس لينڊ
Sinhalese:
අයිස්ලන්තය
Slovak:
Island
Slovenian:
Islandija
Somali:
Island
South Azerbaijani:
ایسلند
Sranan Tongo:
Islenikondre
Sundanese:
Islandia
Swahili:
Iceland
Swati:
Echweni
Swedish:
Island
Tagalog:
Lupangyelo
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Исландия
Tamil:
ஐசுலாந்து
Tarantino:
Islanne
Tatar:
Исландия
Telugu:
ఐస్‌లాండ్
Tetum:
Izlándia
Thai:
ไอซ์แลนด์
Tibetan (Standard):
ཨཡིསུ་ལེན་ཌ།
Tigrinya:
አይስላንድ
Tok Pisin:
Aislan
Tongan:
ʻAisilani
Traditional Chinese:
冰島
Tsonga:
Iceland
Tumbuka:
Iceland
Turkish:
İzlanda
Turkmen:
Islandiýa
Tuvan:
Исландия
Udmurt:
Исландия
Ukrainian:
Ісландія
Upper Sorbian:
Islandska
Urdu:
آئس لینڈ
Uyghur:
ئىسلاندىيە
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Islandiya
Venetian:
Islanda
Veps:
Islandii
Vietnamese:
Iceland
Volapük:
Lisladeän
Võro:
Island
Walloon:
Izlande
Waray:
Islandya
Welsh:
Gwlad yr Iâ
West Flemish:
Ysland
West Frisian:
Yslân
Western Punjabi:
آئس لینڈ
Wolof:
Islaand
Wu Chinese:
冰岛
Yakut:
Исландия
Yiddish:
איסלאנד
Yoruba:
Íslándì
Zazaki:
İslanda
Zeelandic:
Iesland
Zhuang:
Binghdauj
Zulu:
I-Ayisilandi


There are eight regions which are primarily used for statistical purposes.
Furthermore, there are 23 counties which for the most part are historical divisions. Currently, Iceland is split up among 26 magistrates that represent the government in various capacities.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

136 valid minerals. 8 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Description: Deposited in vesicles from vapor phase.
Reference: GSA Southeastern Section - 60th Annual Meeting (23–25 March 2011) Paper No. 13-17
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Jørgensen, K. A. (1980). The Thorsmörk ignimbrite: an unusual comenditic pyroclastic flow in southern Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 8(1), 7-22. doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90004-9 Jørgensen, K. A. (1987). Mineralogy and petrology of alkaline granophyric xenoliths from the Thorsmörk ignimbrite, southern Iceland. Lithos, 20(2), 153-168. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(87)90004-1
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ragnarsdóttir, K. V., Walther, J. V., & Arnórsson, S. (1984). Description and interpretation of the composition of fluid and alteration mineralogy in the geothermal system, at Svartsengi, Iceland. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 48(7), 1535-1553.
Albite var. Anorthoclase
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Collected by Jamie Turnbull
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: As phenocryst in basaltic rock.
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Sigurdur H. Markússon, Andri Stefánsson, Geothermal surface alteration of basalts, Krýsuvík Iceland—Alteration mineralogy, water chemistry and the effects of acid supply on the alteration process, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 206, Issues 1–2, 1 September 2011, Pages 46-59, ISSN 0377-0273, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.05.007.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Betz, V. (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record. 12:5-26
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Augite var. Ferroaugite
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Augite var. Ferrohedenbergite
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8): 6459-6476.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Schnorrer, G., (2006): Babingtonit - ein neues Mineral in den tholeyitischen Basalten der westlichen Fjorde Islands, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 355-358
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: self collected by Jamison Turnbull
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526, 543.; Sigurdur H. Markússon, Andri Stefánsson, Geothermal surface alteration of basalts, Krýsuvík Iceland—Alteration mineralogy, water chemistry and the effects of acid supply on the alteration process, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 206, Issues 1–2, 1 September 2011, Pages 46-59, ISSN 0377-0273, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.05.007.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Calcite var. Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Cavansite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Reference: http://en.ni.is/geology/minerals/cavansite/
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Zeolite Collection of Volker Betz
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Reference: Walker, G. P. L. (1962) Garronite, a New Zeolite, from Ireland and Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine. 33: 173-186; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection (according to Weisberger & Selbekk (2009) the chabazite in this area is chabazite-Ca)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Saemundsson, K., Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006) Icelandic Rocks and Minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pages.
Chessexite
Formula: (Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Jørgensen, K. A. (1980). The Thorsmörk ignimbrite: an unusual comenditic pyroclastic flow in southern Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 8(1), 7-22. doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90004-9 Jørgensen, K. A. (1987). Mineralogy and petrology of alkaline granophyric xenoliths from the Thorsmörk ignimbrite, southern Iceland. Lithos, 20(2), 153-168. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(87)90004-1
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: $m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Reference: Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., Arnórsson, S., and Bird, D.K. (1999) Porosity changes and mineralparagenesis during low-grade metamorphism at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland. American Journal of Science: 299: 467-501
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Selbekk, R. S. & Mattsson, H. (2004): Zeolitt mineraliseringer i Hvalfjördur, Island. STEIN 31 (1), 28-33
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Found by Björn Mamat (inclusions in Obsidian)
Cryptohalite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Jørgensen, K. A. (1980). The Thorsmörk ignimbrite: an unusual comenditic pyroclastic flow in southern Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 8(1), 7-22. doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90004-9 Jørgensen, K. A. (1987). Mineralogy and petrology of alkaline granophyric xenoliths from the Thorsmörk ignimbrite, southern Iceland. Lithos, 20(2), 153-168. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(87)90004-1
Diopside var. Salite
Reference: Jørgensen, K. A. (1980). The Thorsmörk ignimbrite: an unusual comenditic pyroclastic flow in southern Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 8(1), 7-22. doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90004-9 Jørgensen, K. A. (1987). Mineralogy and petrology of alkaline granophyric xenoliths from the Thorsmörk ignimbrite, southern Iceland. Lithos, 20(2), 153-168. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(87)90004-1
Eldfellite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: self collected by Jamison Turnbull
Epistilbite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'Erionite'
Formula: $m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: [MinRec 12:21]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Enxsr, E. (1925), Uber Olivin von Onundarfjord, N-W Island-Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Olivingruppe: Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Bei.lage8 d.52' 113-156
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Galeite
Formula: Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Garronite-Ca
Formula: Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Walker, G. P. L. (1962) Garronite, a New Zeolite, from Ireland and Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine. 33: 173-186; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
'Gismondine'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
'Glass'
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Sigurdur H. Markússon, Andri Stefánsson, Geothermal surface alteration of basalts, Krýsuvík Iceland—Alteration mineralogy, water chemistry and the effects of acid supply on the alteration process, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 206, Issues 1–2, 1 September 2011, Pages 46-59, ISSN 0377-0273, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.05.007.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Selbekk, R. S. & Mattsson, H. (2004): Zeolitt mineraliseringer i Hvalfjördur, Island. STEIN 31 (1), 28-33
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526, 543.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Heklaite (TL)
Formula: KNaSiF6
Type Locality:
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: self collected by Jamison Turnbull
Heterogenite ?
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: collection of Jamie Turnbull
'Heulandite'
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: Neuhoff et al finds that heulandites from the stage II formation are dominantly occupied by Ca 2+, although in some samples Na+ and K+ constitute up to 30 % of the exchangable ions.
Reference: Zeolite collection of Volker Betz; Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., Arnórsson, S., and Bird, D.K. (1999) Porosity changes and mineralparagenesis during low-grade metamorphism at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland. American Journal of Science: 299: 467-501.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Hieratite
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Blake, D. H. (1966). The net-veined complex of the Austurhorn intrusion, southeastern Iceland. The Journal of Geology, 74(6), 891-907. doi.org/10.1086/627218 Weidendorfer, D., Mattsson, H. B., & Ulmer, P. (2014). Dynamics of magma mixing in partially crystallized magma chambers: textural and petrological constraints from the basal complex of the Austurhorn intrusion (SE Iceland). Journal of Petrology, 55(9), 1865-1903. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egu044
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Ilmenite var. Ferrian Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Ti)2O3
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Tschernich, R. W. (1992): Zeolites of the world. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, Arizona. [p.524]; Robinson, G. W. (1986): What's new in minerals? Mineralogical Record: 17: 339-342 [p.340]
Jakobssonite (TL)
Formula: CaAlF5
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P. & Leonardsen, E. (2012): Jakobssonite, CaAlF5, a new mineral from fumaroles at the Eldfell and Hekla volcanoes, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 751-760.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
'Julgoldite'
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., Arnórsson, S., and Bird, D.K. (1999) Porosity changes and mineralparagenesis during low-grade metamorphism at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland. American Journal of Science: 299: 467-501
Leonardsenite (TL)
Formula: MgAlF5 · 2H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić,T., Acquafredda, P. and Jakobsson, S.P. (2011): Leonardsenite, IMA 2011-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2889; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: Walker, G. P. L. (1962) Garronite, a New Zeolite, from Ireland and Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine. 33: 173-186.; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Lévyne-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Collection of Jamison Turnbull
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Malladrite
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Meniaylovite
Formula: Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Mercallite
Formula: KHSO4
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Merlinoite
Formula: (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Reference: SCHNORRER-KÖHLER, G. (1990): Merlinoit - ein neues Zeolithmineral von der Halbinsel Tjörnes, N-Island.- Der Aufschluss, 41 (H. 5), S. 295-298
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Reference: Yves Masson collection, photo ID: 435000
Metathénardite
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Collected by Jamie Turnbull
'Microperthite'
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 48.
'Monazite'
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Sigurdur H. Markússon, Andri Stefánsson, Geothermal surface alteration of basalts, Krýsuvík Iceland—Alteration mineralogy, water chemistry and the effects of acid supply on the alteration process, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 206, Issues 1–2, 1 September 2011, Pages 46-59, ISSN 0377-0273, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.05.007.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: none
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: John Betts
'Natrolite Subgroup'
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Hards, V. L., Kempton, P. D., Thompson, R. N., & Greenwood, P. B. (2000). The magmatic evolution of the Snaefell volcanic centre; an example of volcanism during incipient rifting in Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 99(1-4), 97-121. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(00)00160-8 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Selbekk, R. S. & Mattsson, H. (2004): Zeolitt mineraliseringer i Hvalfjördur, Island. STEIN 31 (1), 28-33
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Opal var. Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jones, B., and Renaut, R.W. (2007) Microstructural changes accompanying the opal-A to opal-CT transition: New evidence from the siliceous sinters of Geysir, Haukadalur, Iceland. Sedimentology, 54, 4, 921-948.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Óskarssonite (TL)
Formula: AlF3
Reference: Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Lahan, M. M. (2012). Geological and geothermal mapping in the Trölladyngja field, SW-Iceland. United Nations University Geothermal Training Programme Report 19, 397-418. [https://orkustofnun.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2012-19.pdf]
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Bird, D.K., Schiffman, P., Elders, W.A.,Williams, A.E. and McDowell, S.D. (1984): Calc-silicate mineralization in active geothermal systems. Economic Geology. 79,671-695
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Collected by Jamie Turnbull
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Jørgensen, K. A. (1980). The Thorsmörk ignimbrite: an unusual comenditic pyroclastic flow in southern Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 8(1), 7-22. doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(80)90004-9 Jørgensen, K. A. (1987). Mineralogy and petrology of alkaline granophyric xenoliths from the Thorsmörk ignimbrite, southern Iceland. Lithos, 20(2), 153-168. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(87)90004-1
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: self collected by Jamison Turnbull
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: John Betts
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Betz, V. (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record. 12:5-26
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Betz, V. (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record. 12:5-26
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steen, H. (2005): Am Vulkanischen "Hotspot" - Klare Bergkristalle aus dem Norden Islands. Lapis, 30 (11), 30-33.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Rosenbergite
Formula: AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Reference: Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222. (p. 221)
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Siderazot ?
Formula: Fe5N2
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Henderson, E.P. & S.H. Perry (1958), Studies of seven siderites: Proc. .S. National Museum: 107: 339-403.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
'Snottite'
Reference: Frank deWit - http://www.strahlen.org/forum/index.php/topic,1871.msg93019/topicseen.html#new
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Selbekk, R.S. & Weisenberger, T. (2005): Stellerite from the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. Jökull 55, 49-52.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: $m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: Neuhoff, P.S., Fridriksson, T., Arnórsson, S., and Bird, D.K. (1999) Porosity changes and mineralparagenesis during low-grade metamorphism at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland. American Journal of Science: 299: 467-501
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Michael Bamlett, John F. Potter, Icelandic Geology: an explanatory excursion guide based on a 1986 field meeting, Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, Volume 99, Issue 3, 1988, Pages 221-248, ISSN 0016-7878, 10.1016/S0016-7878(88)80037-3.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
'Thomsonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: Betz, V. (1981): Famous mineral localities: Zeolites from Iceland and the Faeroes. Mineralogical Record, 12, 5-26.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Topsøeite (TL)
Formula: FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-́Žunic, T., Garavelli, A. Mitolo, D. (2017): Topsøeite, IMA 2016-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409; Balić-Zunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D. (2018): Topsøeite, FeF3(H2O)3, a new fumarolic mineral from the Hekla volcano, Iceland. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 841-848.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Found by Björn Mamat (inclusions in Obsidian)
Tungusite
Formula: Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN' ?
Formula: (NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
Reference: Fjölrit náttúrufræðistofnunar: 52: 1
'UM2008-31-F:FeHOSi' ?
Formula: FeSiF6 · 6H2O
Reference: Fjölrit náttúrufræðistofnunar: 52: 1
'UM2008-49-SO:FeNa'
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Pedersen, L., Jakobsson, S.P. (2009): Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 51-57.
'UM2008-50-SO:HMgNa'
Formula: Na2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Fjölrit náttúrufræðistofnunar: 52: 1
Vanthoffite
Formula: Na6Mg(SO4)4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Verneite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca3Al2F14
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409. ; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Kristmannsdóttir, H. (1981) Wollastonite from hydrothermally altered basaltic rocks in Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine: 44(333): 95-99.; Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.; Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Flude, S., Burgess, R., & McGarvie, D. W. (2008). Silicic volcanism at Ljósufjöll, Iceland: insights into evolution and eruptive history from Ar–Ar dating. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 169(3-4), 154-175. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.08.019 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
'Xylochlore'
Habit: crystals to 1.5mm
Colour: green
Description: Found in a fossil tree trunk
Reference: W. S. von Waltershausen (1853) Uber die Vulkanischen Gesteine in Sicilien und Island. p279
Yugawaralite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Robinson, G.W. (1986) What's New in Minerals? The Mineralogical Record: 17(5): 339-342 (340).; Henderson Jr., W.A. (1987) Microminerals (Column). The Mineralogical Record: 18(6): 437-438.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Macdonald, R., McGarvie, D. W., Pinkerton, H., Smith, R. L., & Palacz, A. (1990). Petrogenetic evolution of the Torfajökull Volcanic Complex, Iceland I. Relationship between the magma types. Journal of Petrology, 31(2), 429-459. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/31.2.429 Martin, E., & Sigmarsson, O. (2007). Crustal thermal state and origin of silicic magma in Iceland: the case of Torfajökull, Ljósufjöll and Snæfellsjökull volcanoes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(5), 593-605. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-006-0165-5 Gunnarsson, B., Marsh, B. D., & Taylor Jr, H. P. (1998). Generation of Icelandic rhyolites: silicic lavas from the Torfajökull central volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 1-45. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00017-1

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Siderazot ?1.BC.10Fe5N2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cryptohalite3.CH.15(NH4)2[SiF6]
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Malladrite3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Meniaylovite3.CG.10Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Rosenbergite3.CD.05AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite ?4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var. Ferrian Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Ti)2O3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chessexite7.DG.35(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Eldfellite (TL)7.AC.15NaFe3+(SO4)2
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Galeite7.BD.10Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Kröhnkite7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Löweite7.CC.45Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Mercallite7.AD.10KHSO4
Metathénardite7.AC.30Na2SO4
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rostite7.DB.10Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Vanthoffite7.AC.05Na6Mg(SO4)4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Anorthoclase9.FA.35(Na,K)AlSi3O8
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Ferrohedenbergite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Cavansite9.EA.50Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var. Salite9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite (TL)9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Garronite-Ca9.GC.05Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'9..
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lévyne-Ca9.GD.15(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Merlinoite9.GC.15(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Tungusite9.EE.30Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yugawaralite9.GB.15CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
'Erionite'-$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
Heklaite (TL)-KNaSiF6
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lévyne'-
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Snottite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite'-
Topsøeite (TL)-FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
'UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN' ?-(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
'UM2008-31-F:FeHOSi' ?-FeSiF6 · 6H2O
'UM2008-49-SO:FeNa'-Na3Fe(SO4)3
'UM2008-50-SO:HMgNa'-Na2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
'Xenotime'-
'Xylochlore'-
Óskarssonite (TL)-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Siderazot ?1.1.18.1Fe5N2
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite ?6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Rosenbergite9.3.6.1AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX6
Cryptohalite11.5.1.2(NH4)2[SiF6]
Heklaite (TL)11.5.8.KNaSiF6
Hieratite11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Mercallite28.1.1.1KHSO4
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Eldfellite (TL)28.3.4.2NaFe3+(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Vanthoffite28.4.1.1Na6Mg(SO4)4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Löweite29.4.3.1Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Galeite30.1.8.1Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Rostite31.9.11.2Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chessexite32.4.6.1(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Cavansite74.3.7.1Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Anorthoclase76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite (TL)77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Garronite-Ca77.1.3.3Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Merlinoite77.1.3.11(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Yugawaralite77.1.7.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tungusite78.5.9.1Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var. Ferroaugite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Ferrohedenbergite-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Calcite
var. Iceland Spar
-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Diopside
var. Salite
-CaMgSi2O6
'Erionite'-$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
var. Ferrian Ilmenite
-(Fe,Ti)2O3
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lévyne-Ca-(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Meniaylovite-Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Metathénardite-Na2SO4
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
Opal
var. Opal-CT
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Chalcedony
-SiO2
var. Jasper-SiO2
var. Rock Crystal-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Snottite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Topsøeite (TL)-FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
'UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN' ?-(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
'UM2008-31-F:FeHOSi' ?-FeSiF6 · 6H2O
'UM2008-49-SO:FeNa'-Na3Fe(SO4)3
'UM2008-50-SO:HMgNa'-Na2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
'Xenotime'-
'Xylochlore'-
Óskarssonite (TL)-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5 · 2H2O
H TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Erionite$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
H MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
H Clinoptilolite$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
H Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
H Opal var. Opal-CTSiO2 · nH2O
H Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
H MercalliteKHSO4
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H UM2008-50-SO:HMgNaNa2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H UM2008-31-F:FeHOSiFeSiF6 · 6H2O
H UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
CCarbon
C Calcite var. Iceland SparCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
N SiderazotFe5N2
N UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
OOxygen
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5 · 2H2O
O TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Calcite var. Iceland SparCaCO3
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O Erionite$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
O VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
O MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O MetathénarditeNa2SO4
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
O UM2008-49-SO:FeNaNa3Fe(SO4)3
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnataseTiO2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
O Clinoptilolite$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
O Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
O Opal var. Opal-CTSiO2 · nH2O
O CorundumAl2O3
O MercalliteKHSO4
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O UM2008-50-SO:HMgNaNa2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Ilmenite var. Ferrian Ilmenite(Fe,Ti)2O3
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O UM2008-31-F:FeHOSiFeSiF6 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F JakobssoniteCaAlF5
F HeklaiteKNaSiF6
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5 · 2H2O
F ÓskarssoniteAlF3
F TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
F VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
F MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
F FluoriteCaF2
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
F Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F UM2008-31-F:FeHOSiFeSiF6 · 6H2O
F UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
NaSodium
Na EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Na HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Na VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Na VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na MetathénarditeNa2SO4
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na UM2008-49-SO:FeNaNa3Fe(SO4)3
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na UM2008-50-SO:HMgNaNa2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
MgMagnesium
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5 · 2H2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Mg VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg UM2008-50-SO:HMgNaNa2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5 · 2H2O
Al ÓskarssoniteAlF3
Al VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Erionite$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O
Al MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Al Clinoptilolite$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Al K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
SiSilicon
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Erionite$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Si MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Clinoptilolite$m3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
Si CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Si Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Si Opal var. Opal-CTSiO2 · nH2O
Si Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si UM2008-31-F:FeHOSiFeSiF6 · 6H2O
PPhosphorus
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
S SulphurS8
S RosickýiteS
S PyriteFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
S VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S MetathénarditeNa2SO4
S GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S UM2008-49-SO:FeNaNa3Fe(SO4)3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S MercalliteKHSO4
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S UM2008-50-SO:HMgNaNa2Mg3(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
Cl KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K HeklaiteKNaSiF6
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
K SylviteKCl
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K HieratiteK2[SiF6]
K Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
K K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MercalliteKHSO4
K Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ca JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Ca VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Calcite var. Iceland SparCaCO3
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Ca Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O] · (Ca · 3H2O)
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Ca Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Ca Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Ilmenite var. Ferrian Ilmenite(Fe,Ti)2O3
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
VVanadium
V CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
FeIron
Fe EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Fe TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe UM2008-49-SO:FeNaNa3Fe(SO4)3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe FerricopiapiteFe3+0.67Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Ilmenite var. Ferrian Ilmenite(Fe,Ti)2O3
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe SiderazotFe5N2
Fe UM2008-31-F:FeHOSiFeSiF6 · 6H2O
Fe UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
CoCobalt
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co UM2008-29-F:CoFeHN(NH4)(Fe,Co)2F6
CuCopper
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Fossils

There are 27 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences379
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed13.8 Ma (Miocene)
Stratigraphic Units
UnitNo. OccurrencesAge
Breidavik493.6 - 2.588 Ma (Cenozoic)
Tjörnes15.333 - 3.6 Ma (Neogene)
Hreðavatn–Stafholt17.246 - 5.333 Ma (Miocene)
Skarðsströnd–Mókollsdalur1711.62 - 7.246 Ma (Miocene)
Brjánslækur-Seljá113.82 - 11.62 Ma (Miocene)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Astrononion
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Nonionidae : Astrononion0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Buccella
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Trichohyalidae : Buccella0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cassidulina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cassidulinidae : Cassidulina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cibicides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cibicididae : Cibicides0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cornuspira
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Cornuspiridae : Cornuspira0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Elphidium
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Elphidiidae : Elphidium0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lamarckina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Robertinida : Ceratobuliminidae : Lamarckina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Nonionellina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Nonionidae : Nonionellina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Oridorsalis
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Alabaminidae : Oridorsalis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Patellina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Spirillinida : Patellinidae : Patellina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Pyrgo
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Hauerinidae : Pyrgo0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Quinqueloculina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Hauerinidae : Quinqueloculina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Rosalina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Rosalinidae : Rosalina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gastropoda
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Helcion
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Patellidae : Helcion2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gibbula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Trochidae : Gibbula5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Margarites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Margaritidae : Margarites0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Solariella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Solariellidae : Solariella2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cingula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Rissoidae : Cingula5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Littorina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Littorinidae : Littorina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Natica
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Natica5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Rissoa
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Rissoidae : Rissoa2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Bela
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Mangeliidae : Bela2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Buccinum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Buccinidae : Buccinum5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Columbella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Columbellidae : Columbella2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Colus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Buccinidae : Colus5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Nassarius
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Nassariidae : Nassarius5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Trophon (Sipho)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Muricidae : Trophon : Trophon (Sipho)2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cylichna
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cephalaspidea : Cylichnidae : Cylichna5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Bivalvia
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Abra
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Semelidae : Abra5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Astarte
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Astarte2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cardium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardium5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Macoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Macoma3.6 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Spisula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Mactridae : Spisula2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Venerupis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Veneridae : Venerupis5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Cyrtodaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Adapedonta : Hiatellidae : Cyrtodaria3.6 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Lentidium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Corbulidae : Lentidium2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Mya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Myidae : Mya5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Panomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Adapedonta : Hiatellidae : Panomya5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Thracia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Thraciidae : Thracia2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Balanus
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Maxillopoda : Sessilia : Balanidae : Balanus5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Semibalanus
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Maxillopoda : Sessilia : Archaeobalanidae : Semibalanus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Verruca
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Maxillopoda : Sessilia : Verrucidae : Verruca0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cytheropteron
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Cytheruridae : Cytheropteron0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Finmarchinella
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Hemicytheridae : Finmarchinella0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Paradoxostoma
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Paradoxostomatidae : Paradoxostoma0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Robertsonites
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Trachyleberididae : Robertsonites0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Sarsicytheridea
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Cytherideidae : Sarsicytheridea0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Eubalaena
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Cetacea : Balaenidae : Eubalaena5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Odobenus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Odobenidae : Odobenus0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Serpulidae
family
Animalia : Annelida : Polychaeta : Sabellida : Serpulidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lentidium complanatum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadida : Corbulidae : Lentidium : Lentidium complanatum5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Acteon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cephalaspidea : Acteonidae : Acteon2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Monodon monoceros
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Cetacea : Monodontidae : Monodon : Monodon monoceros0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Carabidae
family
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Coleoptera : Carabidae11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Curculionidae
family
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Coleoptera : Curculionidae11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Bibio
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Bibionidae : Bibio11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Miliolidae
family
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Miliolidae0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Nuculana minuta
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculanida : Nuculanidae : Nuculana : Nuculana minuta2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Chlamys (Chlamys) islandica
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Chlamys : Chlamys (Chlamys) islandica0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Modiolus (Modiolus) modiolus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Mytilidae : Modiolus : Modiolus (Modiolus) modiolus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Mytilus edulis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Mytilidae : Mytilus : Mytilus edulis5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Glycymeris glycymeris
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Glycymerididae : Glycymeris : Glycymeris glycymeris5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Mya (Mya) truncata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadida : Myidae : Mya : Mya (Mya) truncata0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Buccinum undatum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Buccinidae : Buccinum : Buccinum undatum2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Serripes : Serripes (Serripes) groenlandicus5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Panomya ampla
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Adapedonta : Hiatellidae : Panomya : Panomya ampla3.6 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Puncturella noachina
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Fissurellidae : Puncturella : Puncturella noachina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Arctica islandica
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Arcticidae : Arctica : Arctica islandica5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Astarte crenata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Astarte : Astarte crenata2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cyclocardia borealis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Carditidae : Cyclocardia : Cyclocardia borealis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lagenorhynchus albirostris
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Cetacea : Delphinidae : Lagenorhynchus : Lagenorhynchus albirostris0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Hiatellida : Hiatellidae : Hiatella : Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Macoma (Macoma) calcarea
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Macoma : Macoma (Macoma) calcarea2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Erignathus barbatus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Phocidae : Erignathus : Erignathus barbatus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Mya pseudoarenaria
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Myidae : Mya : Mya pseudoarenaria2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Yoldia (Yoldia) myalis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculanida : Yoldiidae : Yoldia : Yoldia (Yoldia) myalis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Clinocardium (Ciliatocardium) ciliatum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Ciliatocardium : Clinocardium (Ciliatocardium) ciliatum5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Spisula arcuata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Mactridae : Spisula : Spisula arcuata5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Testudinalia testudinalis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Patellogastropoda : Acmaeidae : Tectura : Testudinalia testudinalis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Thyasira sarsii
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Thyasiridae : Thyasira : Thyasira sarsii0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Littorina obtusata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinidae : Littorina : Littorina obtusata0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Littorina saxatilis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinidae : Littorina : Littorina saxatilis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Euspira pallida
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Euspira : Euspira pallida2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cryptonatica affinis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Cryptonatica : Cryptonatica affinis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Moelleria costulata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Turbinidae : Moelleria : Moelleria costulata0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lacuna vincta
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinidae : Lacuna : Lacuna vincta0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Oenopota pyramidalis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Oenopota : Oenopota pyramidalis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Heteranomia squamula
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Anomiidae : Heteranomia : Heteranomia squamula0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Trophon clathratus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Muricidae : Trophon : Trophon clathratus2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Zirfaea crispata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadida : Pholadidae : Zirfaea : Zirfaea crispata0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Musculus niger
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Crenellidae : Musculus : Musculus niger2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Curtitoma decussata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Curtitoma : Curtitoma decussata2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Admete viridula
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Cancellariidae : Admete : Admete viridula2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Calyptraea chinensis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Calyptraeidae : Calyptraea : Calyptraea chinensis3.6 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Onoba semicostata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Rissoidae : Onoba : Onoba semicostata5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Skeneopsis planorbis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Skeneopsidae : Skeneopsis : Skeneopsis planorbis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Euspira helicina
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Naticidae : Euspira : Euspira helicina2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Acanthocardia (Acanthocardia) echinata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Acanthocardia : Acanthocardia (Acanthocardia) echinata5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Plecoptera
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Lepidoptera : Erebidae : Plecoptera11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Trichoptera
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Trichoceridae : Trichoptera11.62 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Propebela rugulata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Propebela : Propebela rugulata2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Propebela scalaris
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Propebela : Propebela scalaris2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cerastoderma edule
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Cerastoderma : Cerastoderma edule5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Macoma (Macoma) obliqua
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Macoma : Macoma (Macoma) obliqua2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Dilophus
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Bibionidae : Dilophus11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Penthetria
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Lepidoptera : Penthetria11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Brachycera
suborder
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Brachycera11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis
species
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Camarodonta : Strongylocentrotidae : Strongylocentrotus : Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Astarte borealis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Astarte : Astarte borealis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Pygocardia rustica
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Arcticidae : Pygocardia : Pygocardia rustica3.6 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Macoma (Macoma) praetenuis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Macoma : Macoma (Macoma) praetenuis5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Cercopoidea
superfamily
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hemiptera : Cercopoidea11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Ichneumonoidea
superfamily
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hymenoptera : Ichneumonoidea11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Aculeata
unranked clade
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hymenoptera : Aculeata11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Cyrtodaria angusta
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Adapedonta : Hiatellidae : Cyrtodaria : Cyrtodaria angusta5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Pinguinus impennis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Alcidae : Pinguinus : Pinguinus impennis0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Neodermaptera
suborder
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Dermaptera : Neodermaptera11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Orthocladiinae
subfamily
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Chironomidae : Orthocladiinae11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Miliolinella subrotunda
species
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Hauerinidae : Miliolinella : Miliolinella subrotunda0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Daphniidae
family
Animalia : Arthropoda : Cladocera : Daphniidae11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Carabites islandicus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Coleoptera : Carabidae : Carabites : Carabites islandicus13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Longistigma caryae
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hemiptera : Lachninae : Longistigma : Longistigma caryae11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Drusinae
subfamily
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Trichoptera : Limnephilidae : Drusinae11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Balanus crenatus
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Maxillopoda : Sessilia : Balanidae : Balanus : Balanus crenatus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Bibio edda
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Diptera : Bibionidae : Bibio : Bibio edda11.62 - 7.246 Ma
Miocene
Chlamys (Chlamys) breidavikensis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Chlamys : Chlamys (Chlamys) breidavikensis2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Chlamys (Chlamys) tjornesensis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Chlamys : Chlamys (Chlamys) tjornesensis2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 27 fossil localities

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Walker, G.P.L. (1960) Zeolite zones and dike distribution in relation to the structure of the basalts of eastern Iceland. Journal of Geology, 68, 515-528.
Kristmannsdottir, H., Tomasson, J. (1978) Zeolite zones in geothermal areas in Iceland. In: Sand, L.B. Mumpton, F.A. (eds.) Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties and Use. Pergamon Press. 277-284.
Betz, V. (1981) Famous mineral localities: Zeolites from Iceland and the Faeroes. Mineralogical Record, 12(1), 5-26.
Schalkhaußer, F. (1983) Fundstellen von Mineralien und Fossilien in Island. Verlag Fritz Schalkhaußer, Flemingstr. 116, München, Germany (in German) [2nd ed. appeared in 1984].
Sæmundsson, Kristjan, Einar Gunnlaugssson (1999) Islenska steinabokin. Reykjavik, xx pages (in Icelandic).
Saemundsson, K., Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006) Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pages.
Saemundsson, K., Gunnlaugsson, E. (2014) Icelandic rocks and minerals. Mál og menning, 232 pages.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland
Wikidata ID:Q189
GeoNames ID:2629691

Mindat Articles

Iceland's zeolites by Dagmara Lesiow


External Links


Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
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