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Icelandi
Regional Level Types
IcelandCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Map of active volcanic areas and systems

Iceland
iceland

Iceland
Zeolite localities in Iceland

Iceland
Map of active volcanic areas and systems

Iceland
iceland

Iceland
Zeolite localities in Iceland

Iceland
Map of active volcanic areas and systems

Iceland
iceland

Iceland
Name in French:Islande
Name in German:Island
Name in Italian:Islanda
Name in Russian:Исландия
Name in Simplified Chinese:冰岛
Name in Spanish:Islandia
Name in Afrikaans:Ysland
Name in Albanian:Islanda
Name in Arabic:آيسلندا
Name in Belarusian:Ісландыя
Name in Bulgarian:Исландия
Name in Catalan:Islàndia
Name in Czech:Island
Name in Danish:Island
Name in Dutch:IJsland
Name in Estonian:Island
Name in Farsi/Persian:ایسلند
Name in Finnish:Islanti
Name in Galician:Islandia
Name in Greek:Ισλανδία
Name in Hebrew:איסלנד
Name in Hindi:आइसलैण्ड
Name in Hungarian:Izland
Name in Icelandic:Ísland
Name in Indonesian:Islandia
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Íoslainn
Name in Japanese:アイスランド
Name in Korean:아이슬란드
Name in Latvian:Islande
Name in Lithuanian:Islandija
Name in Macedonian:Исланд
Name in Norwegian:Island
Name in Polish:Islandia
Name in Portuguese:Islândia
Name in Romanian:Islanda
Name in Serbian:Исланд
Name in Slovak:Island
Name in Slovenian:Islandija
Name in Swahili:Iceland
Name in Swedish:Island
Name in Tagalog:Lupangyelo
Name in Thai:ไอซ์แลนด์
Name in Turkish:İzlanda
Name in Ukrainian:Ісландія
Name in Vietnamese:Iceland
Name in Welsh:Gwlad yr Iâ
Area:103,001 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Reykjavík118,918 (2017)
Kópavogur31,719 (2017)
Hafnarfjörður26,808 (2016)
Garðabær11,421 (2016)
Mosfellsbær8,651 (2016)
Akranes6,612 (2016)
Museums in region:


There are eight regions which are primarily used for statistical purposes.
Furthermore, there are 23 counties which for the most part are historical divisions. Currently, Iceland is split up among 26 magistrates that represent government in various capacities.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

121 valid minerals. 8 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Description: Deposited in vesicles from vapor phase.
Reference: GSA Southeastern Section - 60th Annual Meeting (23–25 March 2011) Paper No. 13-17
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Collected by Jamie Turnbull
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: As phenocryst in basaltic rock.
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Ferrohedenbergite
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8): 6459-6476.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Schnorrer, G., (2006): Babingtonit - ein neues Mineral in den tholeyitischen Basalten der westlichen Fjorde Islands, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 355-358
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526, 543.; Sigurdur H. Markússon, Andri Stefánsson, Geothermal surface alteration of basalts, Krýsuvík Iceland—Alteration mineralogy, water chemistry and the effects of acid supply on the alteration process, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 206, Issues 1–2, 1 September 2011, Pages 46-59, ISSN 0377-0273, 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.05.007.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Cavansite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Reference: http://en.ni.is/geology/minerals/cavansite/
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chessexite
Formula: (Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
'Clinoptilolite'
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Eldfellite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Epistilbite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'Erionite'
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Galeite
Formula: Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Garronite-Ca
Formula: Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Gismondine'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Glass'
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Heklaite (TL)
Formula: KNaSiF6
Type Locality:
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heterogenite ?
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: collection of Jamie Turnbull
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Hieratite
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Tschernich, R. W. (1992): Zeolites of the world. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, Arizona. [p.524]; Robinson, G. W. (1986): What's new in minerals? Mineralogical Record: 17: 339-342 [p.340]
Jakobssonite (TL)
Formula: CaAlF5
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P. & Leonardsen, E. (2012): Jakobssonite, CaAlF5, a new mineral from fumaroles at the Eldfell and Hekla volcanoes, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 751-760.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Julgoldite'
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Leonardsenite (TL)
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić,T., Acquafredda, P. and Jakobsson, S.P. (2011): Leonardsenite, IMA 2011-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2889; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Lévyne-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Malladrite
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., Jakobson, S.P. (2010): Heklaite, KNaSiF6, a new fumarolic mineral from Hekla volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 147-157.
Meniaylovite
Formula: Ca4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Merlinoite
Formula: (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Reference: SCHNORRER-KÖHLER, G. (1990): Merlinoit - ein neues Zeolithmineral von der Halbinsel Tjörnes, N-Island.- Der Aufschluss, 41 (H. 5), S. 295-298
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Metathénardite
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Collected by Jamie Turnbull
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 48.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Natrolite Subgroup'
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jones, B., and Renaut, R.W. (2007) Microstructural changes accompanying the opal-A to opal-CT transition: New evidence from the siliceous sinters of Geysir, Haukadalur, Iceland. Sedimentology, 54, 4, 921-948.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Personally collected by Günter Frenz
Óskarssonite (TL)
Formula: AlF3
Reference: Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222.
'Phillipsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Lahan, M. M. (2012). Geological and geothermal mapping in the Trölladyngja field, SW-Iceland. United Nations University Geothermal Training Programme Report 19, 397-418. [https://orkustofnun.is/gogn/unu-gtp-report/UNU-GTP-2012-19.pdf]
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Carmichael, Ian S. E., (1967) The Mineralogy of Thingmuli, a Tertiary Volcano in Eastern Iceland. American Mineralogist, 52:1815-1841
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steen, H. (2005): Am Vulkanischen "Hotspot" - Klare Bergkristalle aus dem Norden Islands. Lapis, 30 (11), 30-33.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Rosenbergite
Formula: AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Reference: Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222. (p. 221)
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Siderazot ?
Formula: Fe5N2
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Snottite'
Reference: Frank deWit - http://www.strahlen.org/forum/index.php/topic,1871.msg93019/topicseen.html#new
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Saemundsson, K. & Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
'Thomsonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Viereck, L. G., Griffin, B. J., Schmincke, H. U., & Pritchard, R. G. (1982). Volcaniclastic rocks of the Reydarfjordur drill hole, eastern Iceland: 2. Alteration. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 87(B8), 6459-6476.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Topsøeite (TL)
Formula: FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-́Žunic, T., Garavelli, A. Mitolo, D. (2017): Topsøeite, IMA 2016-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409; Balić-Zunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D. (2018): Topsøeite, FeF3(H2O)3, a new fumarolic mineral from the Hekla volcano, Iceland. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 841-848.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Found by Björn Mamat (inclusions in Obsidian)
Tungusite
Formula: Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Reference: Ágústsdóttir, A. M., & Brantley, S. L. (1994). Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 99(B5), 9505-9522.
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)'
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Pedersen, L., Jakobsson, S.P. (2009): Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 51-57.
Vanthoffite
Formula: Na6Mg(SO4)4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Verneite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca3Al2F14
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.; Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
'Xylochlore'
Habit: crystals to 1.5mm
Colour: green
Description: Found in a fossil tree trunk
Reference: W. S. von Waltershausen (1853) Uber die Vulkanischen Gesteine in Sicilien und Island. p279
Yugawaralite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Siderazot ?1.BC.10Fe5N2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Malladrite3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Meniaylovite3.CG.10Ca4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Rosenbergite3.CD.05AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite ?4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chessexite7.DG.35(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Eldfellite (TL)7.AC.15NaFe3+(SO4)2
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Galeite7.BD.10Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Löweite7.CC.45Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Metathénardite7.AC.30Na2SO4
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rostite7.DB.10Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Vanthoffite7.AC.05Na6Mg(SO4)4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferrohedenbergite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Cavansite9.EA.50Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite (TL)9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Garronite-Ca9.GC.05Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'9..
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lévyne-Ca9.GD.15(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Merlinoite9.GC.15(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tungusite9.EE.30Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yugawaralite9.GB.15CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
Heklaite (TL)-KNaSiF6
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lévyne'-
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Snottite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
Topsøeite (TL)-FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)'-Na3Fe(SO4)3
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
'Xylochlore'-
Óskarssonite (TL)-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Siderazot ?1.1.18.1Fe5N2
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite ?6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Rosenbergite9.3.6.1AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX6
Heklaite (TL)11.5.8.KNaSiF6
Hieratite11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Eldfellite (TL)28.3.4.2NaFe3+(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Vanthoffite28.4.1.1Na6Mg(SO4)4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Löweite29.4.3.1Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Galeite30.1.8.1Na15(SO4)5F4Cl
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Rostite31.9.11.2Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chessexite32.4.6.1(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Cavansite74.3.7.1Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite (TL)77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Garronite-Ca77.1.3.3Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Merlinoite77.1.3.11(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Yugawaralite77.1.7.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tungusite78.5.9.1Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Augite
var: Ferrohedenbergite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Calcite
var: Iceland Spar
-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lévyne-Ca-(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Meniaylovite-Ca4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Metathénardite-Na2SO4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
Opal
var: Opal-CT
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Phillipsite'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Snottite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Topsøeite (TL)-FeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)'-Na3Fe(SO4)3
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
'Xylochlore'-
Óskarssonite (TL)-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
H TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
H Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
H Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N SiderazotFe5N2
OOxygen
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
O TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
O VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O MetathénarditeNa2SO4
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnataseTiO2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
O Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
O Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
FFluorine
F JakobssoniteCaAlF5
F HeklaiteKNaSiF6
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
F ÓskarssoniteAlF3
F TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
F VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
F FluoriteCaF2
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
NaSodium
Na EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Na HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Na VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Na VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na MetathénarditeNa2SO4
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Na Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Mg VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Al ÓskarssoniteAlF3
Al VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Si MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Si Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Si Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
S SulphurS8
S RosickýiteS
S PyriteFeS2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
S VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S MetathénarditeNa2SO4
S GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
Cl KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
KPotassium
K HeklaiteKNaSiF6
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
K SylviteKCl
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K HieratiteK2[SiF6]
K Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ca JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Ca VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Calcite (var: Iceland Spar)CaCO3
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Ca Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
VVanadium
V CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
FeIron
Fe EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Fe TopsøeiteFeF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4 · H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Fe SiderazotFe5N2
CoCobalt
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Walker, G.P.L. (1960) Zeolite zones and dike distribution in relation to the structure of the basalts of eastern Iceland. Journal of Geology, 68, 515-528.
Kristmannsdottir, H. and Tomasson, J. (1978) Zeolite zones in geothermal areas in Iceland. In: Sand, L.B. and Mumpton, F.A. (eds): Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties and Use. Pergamon Press. 277-284.
Betz, V. (1981) Famous mineral localities: Zeolites from Iceland and the Faeroes. Mineralogical Record 12 (1), 5-26
Schalkhaußer, F. (1983) Fundstellen von Mineralien und Fossilien in Island. Verlag Fritz Schalkhaußer, Flemingstr. 116, München, Germany. (in German) [2nd ed. appeared in 1984]
Kristjan Sæmundsson and Einar Gunnlaugssson (1999) Islenska steinabokin. Reykjavik, xx pp. (in Icelandic)
Saemundsson, K. and Gunnlaugsson, E. (2006) Icelandic rocks and minerals. Edda UK Ltd., 234 pp.
Saemundsson, K. and Gunnlaugsson, E. (2014): Icelandic rocks and minerals. Mál og menning, 232 pp.

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Iceland's zeolites by Dagmara Lesiow


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